Maranta is a favorite plant of many flower growers. Maranta is quite unpretentious in care, grows well in all conditions. This indoor flower lifts the leaves up in the evening and blooms again in the morning. For such an unusual property Marant received the name "prayer plant." Leaves of arrowroot decorated with brown specks in the amount of 10 pieces. That is why, connecting this plant with religion, the flower has another name “ten commandments”.
The flower was named after the famous botanist and scientist Bartolemeo Maranta, who helped people and treated them with herbs. The leaves of the plant are a real work of art - shades gently intertwine with each other, creating unusual patterns and weaves. Leaf color can vary from white to dark green, with red and burgundy veins. Maranta blooms with small flowers, which can be white, cream or lilac. Many growers believe that the flowers of arrowroot cannot be compared in beauty with its leaves, so they immediately remove the inflorescences so that the plant does not waste their strength on them.
Maranta is a medium height plant, it rarely grows to more than 40 cm. This unpretentious flower grows well in breadth and, with proper care, appears to the person in all its glory.
Types of maranth plants
The flower of arrowroot has more than 25 species, depending on the color and shape of the leaves. Here are some of the most common types:
- White-yielding maranth is most common. The leaves are dark green, central vein of silver color. On the sides are white stripes.
- Red-colored arrowroot. The color of the leaves varies all shades of green. On the edge of the leaves there is a red line that becomes burgundy or pink. Leaflets in the form of feathers.
- Maranta Kerhovina has oval leaves on short cuttings. The leaves are green with a white stripe in the center. On the reverse side leaves may be pink or bluish.
- Maranta reed. The color is similar to other varieties of arrowroot, but the edges of the leaves have a wavy shape. The reed maranth grows in dense shrubs.
- Maranta masanzha has a dark color of leaves - from black to olive.
How to care for arrowroot
In order for a person, a plant or an animal to feel good, to grow and multiply with pleasure, it is necessary to create comfortable living conditions for them. Here are some tips for creating a comfortable environment for growth arrowroot.
- Maranta is quite a water-loving plant. Land in the pot of this flower should always be wet. The frequency of watering depends on the time of year and the level of humidity in the room. Usually maranta is watered a couple of times a week, in hot summer months - every other day.
- It is best to place a tropical arrowroot in a claydite pallet with water.
- Marant must be sprayed with water from a spray bottle. From this, its leaves become alive and moist.
- Water for irrigation and spraying arrowroot should be at room temperature. It is not allowed to water the plant with hot or cold water. It is best to water the plants with settled water so that there are no impurities in it.
- Marant can not be watered with water containing chlorine or lime - it dies from it.
- The plant arrowroot - shade. Do not put a pot with a flower in direct sunlight, especially in the summer and spring months.
- The optimum temperature for growth of arrowroot is from 16 to 25 degrees. The flower does not tolerate frost and sudden changes in temperature. The humidity of the room in which the arrowroot grows is also important. In the winter months, when radiators and batteries dry the air, additional flower moistening is necessary.
- Maranta does not like drafts, so placing the plant on the windowsill is not entirely correct. Also near the pot with a flower should not be extraneous plants, at least at a distance of 20 cm. Maranta grows well, if it does not block anything.
How to transplant arrowroot
Every two years, this plant requires a transplant, because the roots become crowded in the previous pot. The new pot should not differ much from the previous one - in the large earthy space, the arrowroot grows worse.
Before transplanting the plant must be prepared. Cut off all the dull and wilted leaves and some shoots. A flower should spend its strength on new shoots, and not on the restoration of wilted leaves. If you want the arrowroot to grow in length, cut off the lateral young shoots. If you want to get a more spreading and lush plant, it is better to cut the flower at the tops.
Preparing a new pot, pour claydite to the bottom so that the roots of the plant do not rot in the remaining water from irrigation. The lower layer must be filled with soil with low acidity. To do this, mix one part of the sand, two parts of peat and three parts of the usual soil. Pour some crushed coal into the ground, and then plant a lump of earth with a plant. Cover the gaps between the roots of the plant and the walls of the pot with ordinary earth.
How to feed arrowroot
To maranth was beautiful, lush and spreading, it must be fertilized. Especially strongly the plant needs top dressing in the spring and in the summer, during active growth and blossoming. Fertilizer arrowroot can be special mineral complexes, which can be bought in the shop of decorative indoor plants.
Fertilize the plant should be every two weeks. Dissolve a piece of the mineral complex the size of a match head in a liter of pure water and pour it over the plant. After two weeks you can pour the same composition that remained in the bottle - not necessarily dilute a new batch. However, be careful - do not overdo it. An excess of mineral fertilizers can lead to the death of the plant.
Propagation of arrowroot
Maranth can be propagated in several ways. First, the division of the roots. When you transplant the plant, divide the roots into two or three parts. Note that each root system must be viable. After that, the roots of the plant are placed in water or immediately planted in a pot (if the roots are sufficiently developed). After this maranth needs plenty of watering during the first weeks. Next, the plant develops as usual.
If the plant is far from the transplant and the flower needs to be propagated, this can be done by cutting. Cut off a viable stalk of 10-12 cm from a plant. Young shoots that we remove when pruning get well acclimatized. The stalk should be placed in water to give the twig roots. When measles is tied at arrowroot, it can be transplanted into a pot with soil. Cover it with plastic wrap to create a greenhouse imitation. In such conditions, the plant is accepted better. Cuttings cut from May to September take root best.
Diseases and pests
The plant does not have any special pests and diseases. Marantas usually have two enemies - mealybugs and spider mites. The mealybug is localized on the plant stem. To get rid of it, you need to wipe the trunk of a flower with soapy water. After processing, thoroughly rinse the flower with clean water so that there are no soap residues on it.
The presence of spider mites can be determined by the thin web that forms on the wrong side of the plant leaves. At the same time the plant loses the lower leaves, becomes sluggish. Spider mite infects plants when the humidity in the room is too low. To get rid of this, you need to cut off all the infected leaves and process the maranth with a bacteriological composition, which can be bought at a specialized store. It is designed specifically for decorative indoor plants - merciless to pests and delicate with plants.
Questions for the care of arrowroot
Here are the main problems faced by flower growers in growing the arrowroot plant.
Why maranth dries? Maranta can dry for several reasons. One of the main ones is the lack of moisture. If you do not water the plant often enough, if you do not spray the leaves, the lower leaves may turn yellow and the upper leaves dry at the ends. Maranta may dry out due to an excessive amount of lime in the soil. Check it out is easy. Put some earth on a plate and pour vinegar over the soil. If the earth began to foam, it means a lot of lime in it. Maranta can become covered with brown spots, if in the room where the flower grows, low humidity.
Why does the arrowroot leaf curl? Virtually any changes in the flower are the cause of improper care. Maranta twists the leaves before each night, and in the morning again dismissed. If the leaves remain twisted throughout the day, then the plant is just cold. Place it in a room with a higher temperature so that it “comes to itself”.
Why maranth changes the color of the leaves? If the leaves of the plant become faded, dull or yellow, then something in the care is wrong. Try to move the plant to a warmer room, eliminate drafts, increase the frequency of watering. Perhaps the arrowroot changes the color of its leaves, because it lacks nutrients - remember how long ago you fed the plant.
Decorative indoor flowers - like children. They require attention, care, care and love. Create comfortable living conditions for your plants so that they will please you with active growth and lush flowering.
What conditions to create for arrowroot in the house
To make the whimsical flower comfortable in your abode, take care of the correct temperature, moisture and lighting conditions, do not forget to fertilize it and transplant it to the best of growth. Maranta does not forgive mistakes when growing at home, which means that the more you love it and bother it, the brighter it will glow with chic foliage, but it is worth it to cool down a bit - the plant will die (it’s not for nothing that got into the list of Caprials). However, do not let this fact scare you. The main task in care is to bring room cultivation as close as possible to the native culture environment. Having got used, you learn to please the beauty.
The "praying grass" has special requirements for placement, and where you put the pot, you will understand by observing its leaves. Their mobility complements the uniqueness of an exotic flowerpot. During normal development, plants, in the evenings and on rainy weather, the arrowroot leaves curl up in a tubule, rising slightly, and in the mornings and on bright sunny days, they are widely stretched to a horizontal position.
If the old foliage turned pale and began to wither, and the new one grows shallow, has lost its juiciness and sank down, it means that the flower is uncomfortable due to an excess of light. While the loss of the pattern on the leaves, their constant torsion, on the contrary, speaks of poor lighting.
An ideal option for placing a flower would be the northern windows, where there is always partial shade and there is no burning direct sunlight. If this is not possible, east-west sides are acceptable. In extreme cases, the flower can be placed away from the window, somewhere on the table or on the floor stand. The irreparable mistake of many flower growers lies in the fact that they push the arrowroot into dark corners. In such conditions, it cannot develop and perishes.
Did you know?For arrowroot grown in the apartment, a better place than the living room simply can not be found. In addition, there is a perception that the bush attracts money to the house and cleans it of negative energy, protecting the whole family. Flower need partial shade. The diffused light can be created with the help of fluorescent lamps, provided that they daily work at least 14 - 16 hours. By the way, artificial lighting is gaining relevance from November to February, when there is not enough natural light or heat.
In its natural environment, the plant grows in heat and moisture. Therefore, low temperatures will adversely affect the tropical guest. The permissible limit is +15 ° C, and if you do not water the plant abundantly. Do not forgive the "praying grass" drafts, sudden changes in temperature and heat. In summer, it is comfortable for it at + 22 ... + 25 ° C, and in winter, the thermometer should not fall below +18 ° C. With increasing temperature, the need to increase the humidity of the air increases.
Watering and humidity
The most important requirement of the arrowroot flower for home care is to moisten the soil and air. It can be carried out simultaneously or alternated. Usually, tropical plants need abundant watering in the summer and moderate in the winter. Also make sure that the potted earth does not dry out, but you should not turn it into a swamp. In both cases, the culture risks getting sick and dying.
Water for moistening should be soft, room temperature. In snowy weather, you can use the thawed. If you take water from the tap, leave the container for a few nights to properly settle.
The number of irrigations depends on the temperature conditions that contain the pet room. Some growers are advised to fill the tray under the tank with a plant with gravel or moss, and only after that pour water there. Naturally, there should be a hole in the bottom of the pot.
Elegant maranth requires daily spraying. In the cold season, when central heating or other heating devices are active in the apartments, the procedure should be repeated in the morning and evening. A naughty flower and a warm shower will invigorate, just remember to cover the ground in a pot with a polyethylene patch. This procedure is recommended once a month, and the water should not be warmer than 40 ° C. Keep in mind that in rooms with overdried air, all humidifying procedures will be in vain, which you can identify from the dry, rusty tips of the leaves.
Top dressing and fertilizer
The exhausted maranta begins to be fed in early spring, and the approximate feeding period covers the time from April to August. Fertilize the plant twice a month, introducing in turn organic and mineral complex fertilizers. The latter is diluted to light concentrations.
Of organics, the most valuable fertilizer is chicken manure. It contains large quantities of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium necessary for the flora. These beneficial substances are absorbed gradually. Nevertheless, in some cases, beginners of room pottery lovers are afraid to overdo the proportions and bring only purchased mineral dressing, adhering to clear instructions. When preparing fertilizer from chicken excrement, it is important to consider the following recommendations:
- Never use fresh manure as a feed, as it contains uric acid, which can burn the roots.
- In order to reduce excessive concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus, leave litter at night in the open air.
- To prepare a liquid feed dilute the collected excrement with water in the ratio of 1:20. The mixture should be more than a week on the street. Do not pour it under the roots. In addition, for the beginning it is necessary to water the plant abundantly with ordinary water.
Important!Young arrowroot transplants need to be transplanted annually, and mature — every 2-3 years.
How to transplant
For the transplant of arrowroot, in the spring they are looking for a shallow container (a few centimeters wider than the previous one) and preparing the substrate. In the absence of the necessary components, you can use the purchase soil for arrowroot. At home, it is prepared from coarse sand, garden soil and peat in a ratio of 1: 3: 0.5. If desired, you can add charcoal. Another way is to mix equal parts of humus, leaf and peat ground.
Regardless of the option you choose, the soil should be loose and slightly acidic. You can check the acidity with a special decoction: in a glass of boiling water, a couple of leaves of black currant are brewed, and when it is well drawn and cooled down, throw a small earthen ball there. Observe: if the reaction results in a slightly reddened water - the soil is sour, the green tint indicates a slightly acidic environment, and the bluish one indicates a neutral one. Now, when everything is ready for transplantation, let us examine in detail how to transplant the arrowroot. To begin with, lay a layer of expanded clay on the bottom of the pot, carefully roll over a moist earthen tuber with a rosette from the previous tank and sprinkle it with fresh substrate. Take care not to damage the root system. At the end of the procedure, water the plant and spray it with a spray bottle. It will need increased attention until rooting.
Reproduction by division
To get a second copy of the plant, it is enough to cut off part of the root when it is being transplanted:An earthen tuber is simply cut in half and planted delenki in different containers. If the planted parts with poorly developed shoots, they are watered, covered with a plastic bag and sent to a warm place, creating greenhouse conditions. When the bush goes to growth, sheltered remove, continuing to regularly spray the leaves.
Important!It will take at least a month to root the young rosette of arrowroot.
Reproduction by cuttings
Этот способ интересует очень много людей, однако исходя из количества вопросов, часто задаваемых на различных форумах можно сделать вывод о нехватке знаний в этом направлении. О том, как размножить маранту черенками уже написано немало научных статей, однако чтобы не углубляться в научную терминологию, отметим лишь, что технология проста и доступна каждому.
Посадочный материал берут с однолетних ростков в летнее или осеннее время (срезанные верхушки побегов должны иметь не менее 4 листиков). Then, for several months they are placed in water, and when the roots appear, the cuttings are deepened 6 cm into the substrate, the preparation of which we mentioned above. Further care for the young pot is the same as when dividing the rhizomes.
Solving possible problems when growing arrowroot
Do not even doubt: the slightest error in the care will be obvious. The appearance of "praying grass" often deteriorates due to inappropriate conditions that lead to diseases. Besides maranth is very sensitive to pests. Her love to "squat" spider mites, thrips, scale insects, often taking up the entire inside of the sheet. This usually happens with dry indoor air.
In the fight against harmful parasites insecticides have an impeccable reputation. At home, you can try to wash the healthy and infected foliage with a solution of soap and a weak extract of tobacco. However, proceed with extreme caution so as not to tear the perennial. Processing plants with crushed sulfur also helps. 2-3 hours after the procedure, put the pot under a cool shower. Be prepared: it will all have to be repeated several times, right up to the complete disappearance of the hated bugs. There are cases when it is no longer possible to save a copy.
In order to avoid pests, diseases of arrowroot and to avoid possible treatment, increase the humidity of the air and water the soil.
When it is sour, the roots will begin to rot, which will result in the appearance of nematodes. You will learn about this by education on the leaves of brown spot. Salvation will only cut off the damaged parts on the living edge. It is important to process slices with potassium permanganate. Only after that the root socket can be transplanted into fresh soil and further follow the rules of watering.
Seeing that the arrow has dropped the leaves, do not exhaust yourself with the thought “what to do?”. To start, inspect the pot and check it for pests. If you find nothing, pay attention to the lighting. Located near the battery or in direct sunlight flower immediately relocate. However, at the same time, too much moisture, dryness and total darkness are also useless.
Pay attention to the leaves:
- if they twist and begin to fall off - increase moisture,
- dried and brown on the tips - review the irrigation mode, there may be an excess or lack of moisture,
- became yellow and faded slightly - water more often,
- lost the picture and acquired a pale lifeless color - rearrange the pot in partial shade.
Did you know?The roots of some types of arrowroot are widely used for the preparation of healthy dietary flour. Often, when a maranth dies, not knowing what to do with it and how to save, novice growers throw out a lost bush and later refuse to grow a crop, assuming that they will not be able to overcome all the whims of a tropical beauty. Do not rush to conclusions. With proper care, the “praying grass” will pleasantly surprise you and amuse you with its diversity.
Maranta is not a big plant in height, only some species exceed a height of 20 centimeters. The plant maranta attracts attention with its spectacular appearance and color of leaves. With bright light on the arrowroot horizontal streaks and spots are clearly visible. The color of the foliage of the plant, occurs from light to dark green. The shape of the leaves oblong resembles a large oval. Inflorescences at arrowroot are panicles.
In the leaves of arrowroot there is one interesting feature to change the direction of the leaves when the light rays change. At sunset, the leaves rise and close, and at sunrise, the leaves are directed to the side. In connection with such capabilities of the plant it is called "praying grass." Another nickname of the plant because of its 10 spots on some species, the British called it "10 commandments."
Maranta species and varieties
Maranta belozhilkovaya one of the most popular and common species. The root system of arrowroot around in the form of tubers. Shoots at arrowroot about 30 cm. The shape of the leaves is oval - oblong, about 15 cm in length and about 9 cm in width. The base of the leaf is heart-shaped, olive-colored with a light stripe along the leaf. The lateral horizontal veins are lighter with bright olive patterns. Leg about 2 cm in length.
Maranta Kerhoven it is not a large plant, reaching a height of about 25 cm. The foliage of a plant is about 14 cm in length on small legs. The outer side of the sheet has a rich green hue with patterns resembling a feather. The inner side of the leaves of the scarlet shade. Inflorescences are small in several pieces on the leg.
Maranta tricolor or red hilly, the foliage of this species resembles an oval, about 13 cm long and 6 cm wide. Outside are light green tones, and then they are distinguished by light tones or dark tones. And from the inside of the sheet is a bright pink shade. Along the leaf red streaks and pinkish on the inside. Also in the middle of the sheet there is a yellow-green speck. Flowers purple hue.
Maranta reed its birthplace is South America. Neat shrub to one in height, shoots die off in winter. The root system is tuberiform. Leaves elongated about 25 cm long, ovate to apex. From the inside the sheet is pubescent and has a grayish tint. Blooms beige.
Maranta fascinator or arrowroot tricolor The medium of florist is in demand and interesting. This type is distinguished by its individual coloring. On the surface of the foliage plate stands a three-color pattern in the form of reddish streaks on a green background and yellowish spots in the center of the sheet.
Maranta home care
How to care for arrowroot, so that the plant pleases the owners with its beauty? The first step is to ensure proper lighting for the plant.
The plant maranta lighting loves scattered, without obsessive direct rays and in good quantity, that is, the whole light day. The plant does not tolerate direct sunlight, and dark conditions for the content too. Well, if the plant, without natural light, provide artificial light up to 15 hours a day.
Maranta is quite a heat-loving plant and prefers a warm climate to keep around 24 degrees. In winter, it will withstand a decrease in temperature to - 16 degrees. Due to sudden changes in temperature and frequent drafts, the plant may die.
Description of famous varieties of arrowroot with photo
This ornamental shrub has small oval leaves of unusual coloring. The center of the sheet is painted in dark green, and the edges in a lighter shade. Light stripes depart from the middle of the leaf plate, and the leaf streaks are colored dark red. This type of arrowroot is considered the most decorative in indoor floriculture. Treats unpretentious plants which are successfully grown even by beginners.
This species reaches a height of about 30 cm. Leaves of arrowroot oval, dark green color with a silver band in the center. Veins sheet plate in white. The size of a leaf at an adult plant reaches 15 cm.
A rare ornamental shrub that is almost never found in our stores. Its leaves are dark green. Light green specks are visible across the leaf plate. The underside of the leaf is a purple color.
The shrub reaches one meter in height. Leaves are elongated oval-shaped, dark green. The flowers are very small, white.
Conditions of keeping arrowroot in the room
Caring for arrowroot at home is easy. It is enough to follow all the rules of care and provide the plant with comfortable growing conditions.
Maranta demanding lighting. The pot is better placed in a bright room. The ideal is the content of the flower in the penumbra. The plant does not like to hit direct sunlight, so in the summer it is worth pritenyat. However, it is not possible to place the pot on the northern windowsill. The lack of sunlight leads to the fact that the flower loses the decorative coloring of the leaves. The best option - the eastern or western windows.
We should not forget that arrowroot is a tropical plant and loves warmth. Based on this, you need to comply with the required temperature. In the summer, the temperature in the room where arrowroot is grown should be maintained at 20-25 degrees. In winter, the temperature is reduced to 18 degrees. When airing the room, no drafts should be allowed as the plant does not tolerate them. The gentle leaves of arrowroot dry under the influence of the wind. In the warm season it is useful to put a pot of arrowroot on the loggia.
3. Air humidity.
Caring for arrowroot at home requires maintaining a certain humidity. It depends on whether the plant will develop well. A high level of moisture is vital flower. In the summer period, conduct daily spraying with warm water. In addition, the moisture level can be maintained by using a moss-moistened pallet, on which a plant pot is installed.
Irrigation mode also plays an important role in flower development. A tropical plant is watered as the soil dries out, preventing it from being overwetted. In winter, the frequency of irrigation is reduced, it is carried out with warm settled water.
Maranta loves feeding, but responds to their excess extremely negatively. Therefore, the nutrient mixture should be of low concentration. Fertilize the plant from early spring, with the beginning of active growth. In the fall, all feeding is stopped, the plant is preparing for a period of rest. Fertilize arrowroot liquid fertilizer for decorative leafy indoor plants.
Care for arrowroot at home: transplanting
Any gardener, sooner or later, is faced with the need to transplant a tropical plant. When and how to do it?
In the process of growth arrowroot increases in size and requires a transplant, which is carried out in the spring. Adult plants are transplanted once every two years.
Tip!The new pot for the plant should be wide and low, this is due to the fact that the root system of arrowroot is shallow.
Transplantation is carried out by transferring plants from one pot to another. Before planting a flower, it is examined for damage and disease. Remove all yellowed leaves and dry leaves.
At the bottom of the new pot, holes are made to drain excess fluid, drainage is laid. To do this, use claydite or pebbles. The pot is half filled with the nutrient mixture and the plant is planted by adding soil.
Experienced growers advise after transplanting to cut off all the sprouts of arrowroot, leaving only one internode. This procedure stimulates the growth of new young shoots. After a time maranth turns into a lush shrub.
How to propagate arrowroot (photo)
While caring for arrowroot at home, do not forget about the reproduction of the plant. Excessive pomp of the bush leads to loss of decoration. The flower propagates in several ways:
• dividing the bush during transplantation,
Both methods are effective and used in indoor floriculture. But the most popular is grafting.
Reproduction by cutting
The cuttings remaining after cutting can be rooted and used for further cultivation. The length of the cutting should be at least 10 cm. Each process has several leaves and internodes. Rooting of planting material is carried out in water.
After the appearance of the roots, the cuttings are planted in a container with a nutrient substrate. Next, seedlings need special conditions. The pot is covered with a film or glass, creating a greenhouse. In such an environment, seedlings take root faster and start to grow.
Important!For an absolute result, grafting is carried out from May to September.
Propagation of arrowroot by dividing the bush
In this way, the plant is propagated in the spring when a planned transplant is performed. The root of the mother plant is divided into several parts with a sharp instrument so that each has its own roots. The cut sections are disinfected and dried. To do this, sprinkle them with crushed charcoal. Prepared delenki planted separately in the nutrient substrate.
Problems when taking care of arrowroot at home (photo)
Very often novice growers are faced with a number of problems, growing arrowroot in the room. Some of them lead to the death of the plant, but they can be warned and resolved without much damage to the plant.
1. Leaves of arrowroot turn yellow without good reason.
Non-compliance with growing conditions leads to yellowing of the leaves. The sooner the cause is established, the faster the plant will build up a healthy leaf mass. Yellow leaves of arrowroot - a sign of lack of moisture, the influence of drafts, too low temperatures in winter, sunburn or low humidity. Adjust the conditions of the plant.
2. Leaves of arrowroot dry from the tip, then the plant fades.
These consequences are caused by a disturbance in the irrigation regime, a lack of nutrients in the soil, dry air, and inappropriate soil for the plant.
3. The leaves of the plant shrink at the edges and curl towards the center.
From a lack of heat and humidity in the room, the plant abruptly loses its decorative effect. Violation of conditions leads to the death of the plant.
Important!It should be remembered that the lack of care for arrowroot at home leads to the appearance of pests and diseases. The most common of them are spider mites and mealybugs.
How to take care of arrowroot at home
A tropical plant in nature settled under a thick canopy of trees, near the flowing streams. Therefore, it grows in diffused light, from the forest substrate below is always humid air, and the flowing stream creates moderate soil moisture. These are the conditions you need to create a flower arrowroot when you care at home.
- Proper lighting is easy to create. Maranth can be placed in the back of the room, but so that there is enough light. The flower does not tolerate direct sunlight, and the light is for its good. If you are not pleased with the lighting, the leaves will prompt. In the shade, they lose the sharpness of the lines, grow dull.
- A heat-loving plant in summer requires a temperature of 20 - 25 degrees, in winter 18. But even a cold stand and a small draft will leave their mark on the leaves.
- Water the plant only with soft water at room temperature. The frequency of watering depends on the state of the earth clod. It should dry up a little between the watering. In winter, the plant is moistened 2 times a week, and one watering can be replaced by spraying the leaves. Moisturizing for arrowroot is a favorite treatment. To create the desired climate near the plant must always be a lake with water - a saucer or aquarium. A pallet with pebbles and sphagnum moss, as always, will help a grower where there is dry air.
- It is necessary to fertilize a plant, but moderately. Maranta does not tolerate overfeeding, especially with nitrogen fertilizers. One gram per liter of water standard fertilizer for ornamental plants is enough in the summer. Fertilize after watering 2 times a week.
- Trimming arrowroot done in two ways. If the bush is launched and there are a lot of ugly leaves on it, you need to cut the greens at the root and put them in a dark place. Water moderately. From the root of the new growth will go, there is an opportunity to correct the care of arrowroot at home. You can cut the leaves with cuttings and root them in the same pot, for the pomp of the bush.
If you follow the proposed methods of care for the flower, it will please with its appearance and even bloom, which is rarely at home.
It is important to know that the arrowroot transplant is made in the spring, after a year. At the same time the bowl is chosen wide, the roots of the flower are superficial.
At this time, gently damaged leaves are removed, the root system is inspected, and if necessary, the bush is divided for reproduction. It is necessary to divide the root carefully, take care of arrowroot like a baby. On each separated nodule there should be 2-3 dormant buds. After the transplantation is completed, the leaves need to be cut off and wait for the flower to revive.
Drainage in a pot consists of broken pots, expanded clay, brick chips, pieces of charcoal. The bulk layer must be at least 5 cm. The substrate can be bought at the store, or you can prepare it yourself:
- peat - 2 parts,
- humus 1 part,
- leaf earth - 4 parts,
- sand - 1 part.
Adding to the substrate of chopped moss sphagnum, bark and earth from coniferous trees, crumbs of charcoal with the remains of ash on them is welcomed. The more components, the easier the soil.
Signs of improper care at home for arrowroot
The plant responds quickly to the wrong content by changing the type of sheets. If you study the signals, you can quickly correct the mistakes and the bush for a long time will delight with beauty. The main SOS are modified leaves, they are:
Yellowing leaves indicate that the flower does not receive its portion of water through watering or leaves. But if the leaves have yellow spots, then the rays of the sun are guilty, which fell on the leaf and burned it. Maybe you unacceptably lowered the temperature and froze the plant or blew it with a draft.
The plant maranth is under the auspices of Aquarius. It promotes the resorption of blood clots, soothes, plays the role of a barometer. Перед дождём она поднимает листики кверху.
Если листики маранты начали подсыхать с краёв, вспомните, как давно вы подкармливали растение, какой водой поливаете. Соли жёсткости, которые образуют накипь на чайнике, также закупоривают протоки растения. Редкий полив, чрезмерное подсушивание почвы даст такую же реакцию.
The leaves curled up - the plant is cold and it has shrunk. Maranta does not have enough water, and she hides the remnants of evaporation, so she twisted the sheet into a tube.
Only with insufficient care for a moisture-loving plant, can a spider mite start on it. If the colony has not yet gained strength, the plant can be saved. Yellowed leaves must be burned with wildlife.
The maranta combines the energy of Mars, the Sun and Mercury. During the day, it absorbs the energy of aggression. At night, the Moon rules, and the raised leaves protect the rest of the sleeper. Maranta makes a person more open and sociable. Wishing you happiness, present the arrowroot to your friends!
Location and lighting
Maranta refers to the type of plants for which open sunshine are dangerous. Gentle leaves can get severe burns.
If the plants are constantly in the light, then the color of their leaves fadesThe characteristic pattern disappears. Maranta loves penumbra and diffused sunlight.
With decreasing temperature, you need to increase the time the pot is in the light. The plant likes good moisture. The ideal location for her is a shady hallway.
It is a tropical plant that prefers moisture in a pot and in the air. Watering plants should be abundant, in winter watering is moderate. Use exceptionally soft water..
The soil at arrowroot should not dry out, but it is not necessary to flood the plant with water. It is best to water the flowers after the water dries in the pan.
It is recommended to put a wet gravel pan under the pot, this will help maintain moisture.
Soil and fertilizer
Maranta grows well in slightly acidic soil. The best soil for the arrowroot flower is peat mix with sandand at the very bottom of the pot is a thin layer of gravel.
When transplanting plants You can make the following cocktail of soil: garden soil, peat, sand. It is also recommended to add milled charcoal and some coniferous soil to the pot.
In order for a flower to be healthy, you need to periodically add fertilizer. Top dressing is made in a warm seasonstarting in April and ending in August. Periodicity - twice a month.
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Required alternate mineral and organic fertilizers. Mineral fertilizers are recommended to take with a high content of potassium and nitrogen.
When feeding take half the dosewhich is indicated on the packaging. It is not advisable to add high concentration fertilizers. You can also feed the pot with complex liquid fertilizer for indoor deciduous plants.
To get a new plant, you need to divide the bush into parts, not shaking the soil, this should be done during the transplant. For better rooting, it is recommended to cover the pots with foil, and keep the plant in a warm room. When maranth goes into growth, the film can be removed.
Transplanting is required when the rootsplants appear in the drainage holes. The ideal time for this is late winter.
The root system of the flower is superficial, it can be safely planted in shallow pots. The soil must be loose.
Flowers from arrowroot do not cause admiration. Small white or lilac inflorescences, gathered in panicles, look faded against the background of bright painted leaves. The flowering period lasts about a month.
If you notice that the foliage has begun to turn yellow, it becomes dry at the tips, the growth has stopped, then your flower needs moisture. To eliminate this, you need to spray the plant more often, put a tray under the pot with wet gravel or peat. For similar reasons, by the way, the Ficus of Benjamin often turns yellow.
Dry air can also cause the foliage to fall off, and a spider mite can also start. It infects the leaves, and coats them with cobwebs.
Maranta also does not like cold and abundant watering. If kept cool, the stems and leaves will rot and wilt. If it is not placed in heat, the plant will die.
Other problems and recommendations:
- Leaves turn yellow and die. This problem occurs when the soil is very wet. It is necessary to reduce the frequency of irrigation.
- Soft stalksthat can not bear the weight of the leaves. Such a problem occurs when the ambient temperature is too low for arrowroot.
- Curling leaves with yellow spots. Most often, this problem is to blame for the lack of moisture and increased dryness in the room.
- Spider mite on indoor plantsalso often becomes the culprit of the death of the flower. Determine the disease is easy - cuttings and leaves of arrowroot are covered with a thin whitish cobweb. It can only be destroyed by spraying and washing the leaves with water, ground sulfur or insecticides. After full processing of foliage, after a while they should be washed with water. Repeat the procedure until the tick is completely destroyed. The pot should be kept clean so that the tick does not reappear. If time does not begin treatment, the plant will quickly wither and die.
I picked up a flower at the garbage chute!
He stood there, very skinny, dried up ... She dragged him home, transplanted it into a new pot with good drainage and fresh ground.
Dry cut off, sprayed with some water. And bloomed pink flowers! The canopy bloomed all summer, then rested and began to pull out the new leaves-tubes.
Maranta is a very grateful plant!
Soil and fertilizer for arrowroot
Soil for arrowroot composition should be of two parts of leafy ground, sand, coniferous, peat and humus, all other components must be taken in equal parts. Also in the ground you need to add pieces of charcoal.
The plant in the growing season, which means that from spring to autumn it is fertilized with diluted complex fertilizer for non-flowering plants several times every thirty days. Maranta tolerates a surplus of fertilizers rather well, and their lack too.
Replant the plant should be about once every couple of years in a loosened and light soil.
A pot for planting should be wide, because the rhizome of the plant is shallow, so a deep pot is not suitable for a plant. At the bottom of the tank you need to lay a good drainage.
If your arrowroot is only from the store, it is necessary to give time to settle in a new place, at least two weeks, and then make a transfer. Maranth is transplanted with its old lands into a new container, and along the sides and into the missing places, they fill it with earth.
For a beautiful formation of a bush marante should be pruned. To do this, cut the leaves to the ground. After that, the plant begins to actively grow.
Maranta reproduction by cuttings
How to propagate arrowroot cuttings? For this you need a cutting about 8 cm in length, with a pair of buds. Rooted stalk well in water or a good moist light soil with high air temperature.
Rooting in the ground occurs in about a month, and it happens in the water, the roots begin to appear somewhere in the 45th day. After the emergence of the root system of the plant must be transplanted into the ground on the basis of peat with sand.
Maranta, impressive decorative
Exotic Maranta, in Latin called MarantaIt is a native of Central and South America forest marshes. The plant belongs to the Maranta family, and its genus consists of 25 species. The name of the maranth is due to the Venetian physician Bartolomeo Marante, who discovered most of its varieties.
The bright green leaf surface is painted with drawings of a wide variety of colors. In the apartments maranta blooms rarely, its small flowers are painted in white.
The most popular species, the arrow-trimmed tricolor, also called “prayer plant” or “praying grass”, is interesting because during bad weather conditions, as well as at night raises its leaves up and folds them up, as if prepared for prayer, and in sunny weather places them horizontally. Another unusual name - “the ten commandments” - arose because of the number of spots on the leaves of one of the species of arrowroot.
Common types of exotic flower
The most interesting are the following types of popular plants:
- Maranta belozhilchatayaotherwise Maranta leuconeura- a native of the tropics of Brazil, reaching 30 cm in height. Its root is in the form of a tuber, and the stalks are very short — about 2 cm long. The heart-shaped leaves at the base reach 15 cm long. In the culture, you can often find varieties:
- Kakhovena, in Latin called Maranta leuconeura var. Kerchoveana- perennial grass no more than 25 cm in height. It features a white stripe, passing through the center of the leaf, and thick green specks scattered across the bright green of the leaves. Blooms white inflorescences.
Reproduction, methods and features
- The division of the bush. When transplanting an earthen com, the plants are divided into 2 parts, carefully cutting the rhizome in half. New bushes are planted in the ground, watered with lukewarm water and covered with a plastic bag, not forgetting to regularly wet the ground and ventilate. When new shoots with leaves appear, the package is removed.
- Cuttings. In summer or autumn, the tops with 2 or 3 leaves are cut from the annual shoots and placed in water. After a month and a half, after the roots appear, the cuttings are planted in a peat-sand mixture. You can also root the cuttings in the sand, deepening them by 5-6 cm. At a temperature of 20 to 25 ° C, rooting occurs within a month.
Pests and diseases
Maranta is attacked by spider mites and thrips. The fight against dangerous insects is carried out with the help of insecticides. Pest Prevention - air humidity increaseregular inspection of the plant.
With improper care and waterlogging of the soil, arrowroot roots can rot, and the leaves - to get brown spot. In this case, you need to cut off all the sick parts of the bush, process the sections with a solution of potassium permanganate and transplant the plant into fresh soil.
- The leaves turn yellow and dry - the air is too dry.
- Leaf tips dry - low humidity or root problems due to excessive watering.
- The stalks wither and dry - an excess of moisture in the soil, high humidity, low temperature.
- Dark spots are formed on the leaves, after which they curl - insufficient watering.
- Leaves lose color, curl and dry out - excessive lighting.
Useful properties of the plant
From the roots of some varieties of arrowroot is made valuable for dietary nutrition flour.
As you can see, care for arrowroot is not devoid of difficulties. However, deciding to bring a plant into your home and settle it in your window is not so difficult - a “head of hair” of bright, variegated, original leaves. leaves no one indifferent. Give marante a little love and care - and it will delight you for many years, and taking care of her will soon become a habit and will have no difficulty.