These flowers are shrub vine and are close relatives of clematis. A woody stalk with many flexible graceful shoots, covered with numerous delicate pinworm leaves, can rise to a height of 3 meters.
The period of flowering princes falls on the first half of summer. The bud of an elliptical shape is formed on long stalks (up to 12 cm). Gradually, it turns into a bell-like flower. Knyazhik differs from clematis by the location of the sepals and the presence of non-fused petals, which the latter lacks altogether. Coloring colors come in a variety of shades - from white to purple.
By the end of summer, rather peculiar fruits appear in their place. They are a spherical head, consisting of numerous fluffy columns. For their unusual appearance, the fruits covered with pubescent pink hairs are popularly called the “grandfather curls”.
Varieties of prince
Originally from the mountainous regions of Europe, today the Alpine prince is most common in Russia. The flowers of a true representative of this variety are purple-blue, up to 6 cm in size, and already bred by selection work, they can have very different colors.
Alpine prince is attractive because it can bloom again closer to the fall, although not as abundant as the first time, but, nevertheless, quite beautiful. Usually, pruning of old vines is carried out periodically in order to rejuvenate the bush.
Knyazhik Okhotsk belongs to the most frost-resistant varieties and inhabits mainly forests of Primorsky Krai. The height of the Alpine brother is almost the same, but the flowers are somewhat different - they can consist of up to 8 petals.
The Siberian knight blooms as early as the second half of summer with white or yellowish flowers, the length of which is up to 4 cm. They exude a very pleasant aroma that attracts a large number of insects, especially bees. This is the most unpretentious plant of the clematis family. Siberian prince can be planted both in the sun and in partial shade.
The large-prince knight grows mainly in Siberia and the Far East. It has very unusual, almost double flowers of blue-purple color. These are the princes most susceptible to frost. Planting and caring for them have some differences. For example, for the winter, these plants should be removed from the supports and sheltered to protect them from frost.
Many gardeners are happy to land the princes in their garden thanks to the amazing simplicity of these plants. When choosing a place to land, you should give preference to areas that are well lit by the sun or slightly shaded. It is recommended to prune the lower part of the shoots by planting around plants with a non-aggressive root system. Like clematis, princes have very delicate flowers that can suffer in the event of bad weather. Therefore it is necessary to provide for the protection of plants from the wind.
The soil for these flowers will suit any, especially good loamy, fertile. The only exceptions are marshy and waterlogged areas.
This procedure does not cause any problems. Princes can multiply using the most diverse methods - seeds, cuttings, layering or dividing rhizomes. Varieties of plants in this case do not matter.
In the autumn, seeds are harvested and sown in any container, buried in the ground for the winter. Cuttings are prepared in such a way that each has up to two internodes, and the lower end has an oblique cut of at least 3 cm. They are planted in late June in greenhouses, where they are periodically watered and ventilated.
The division of the bush is usually done in spring, before the beginning of the growing season. To do this, dig up an old bush and divide it into parts, where each has roots and buds.
Reproduction by layering is considered the most simple and promising. The young shoot is tilted to the ground and pinched, falling asleep with the ground. After he takes root, the plant can be separated and transplanted to another place.
Knyazhiki: planting and caring for seedlings
These flowers are planted in the ground, usually in spring, in May, or in autumn - in September. Planting pits are preliminarily prepared at a distance of 100-150 cm from each other and 60 x 60 cm in size. A drainage layer of about 15 cm is placed at the bottom. This may be rubble or broken bricks. Then the pits are filled with humus or compost with the addition of superphosphate (50 g) and wood ash (3 cups). In acidic soils, you can use hydrated lime (80-100 g). It is important that before the foundation of the nearest building was at least 30 cm.
Planted plant should be very carefully, because fragile roots can break. In this case, they must be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate and sprinkled with ashes. Roots spread on the surface of the mound, made in the landing pit, and covered with earth. Then the plants are watered and mulched. Depthing the root collar of seedlings should be carried out at 6-10 cm, and in adult plants - a couple of centimeters more.
To prevent the fungus from infecting the prince, after planting, it is recommended to dust the basal neck with sand with wood ash or coal and pour it with a 25% solution of potassium permanganate.
Seed propagation is often used when you need to grow princes. Planting and caring for seedlings, even for novice gardeners, do not pose any particular difficulties. In pots filled with earth and sand in a 2: 1 ratio, the seeds are sown and covered with a thin layer of sand, slightly dropping. Then watered and covered with glass soil.
When at least 3 pairs of leaflets appear on a plant, it is possible to carry out a pick-up on prepared ridges consisting of sod land, humus, leaf soil, sand and peat. Plants are planted in rows, the distance between which is not less than 25 cm. Seedlings should be grated and watered as the soil dries. When new leaves appear, the soil between the rows is well loosened and mulched.
Only the next autumn or spring, young plants are transplanted to a permanent place, the most suitable for such a flower as a prince. Photo sites, where these plants fit harmoniously into the design and are a worthy decoration of the garden, can help in this.
Diseases and pests
Powdery mildew, rust, brown spot and gall nematode are among the most common diseases that princes are subject to. You can fight them with the help of special treatment and removal of damaged parts of the plant.
Snails and slugs often damage the leaves of the prince. They have to be removed mechanically. From the powdery worm, the plant will protect the spraying with karbofos.
Use of prince
These plants are great for vertical gardening. Installed on poles, stakes or racks, they can wonderfully decorate the walls of a house, fence or staircase. The merits of other plants in the garden can emphasize light and elegant prince. Photos of arbors, balconies, trees, decorated with the help of this flower, are striking in their originality and beauty.
In addition to the decorative function princes are also very useful. Drugs based on this plant have long been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of headache, epilepsy and rheumatism.
Harvesting and storage of prince
Harvest the plant almost completely, because the medicinal properties are present not only in the flowers, but also in the grass itself. Harvesting begins in the period of flowering and fruit ripening. For proper harvesting it is necessary to cut off the upper parts of the plant, which are non-lumbering. Before storage, the raw material is dried in the sun, and then transferred to a warm room or placed in the shade. A must have a lot of fresh air. When the plant is completely dried, it is placed in bags or in a closed container. It is necessary to dry the plant, because fresh it has a large amount of toxic substances, which is fraught with poisoning. Branches and leaves of the prince are used to make decoctions. Other parts of the plant for decoctions are not suitable.
The composition and therapeutic properties of the prince
- The magical medicinal abilities of the Siberian prince are popular for a long time and are known to every self-respecting medic. The plant has long been used to treat tumors. In the future, positive results after the application of the prince was scientifically proven, therefore, in the modern world this plant is widely used in therapy against tumors.
Alcohol fortifying tincture
To obtain an alcoholic tincture based on a plant, it will take 100-150 g of crushed dried herbs of the prince to be poured with vodka or alcohol (500 ml), let stand for three weeks. Periodic shaking of tin with tincture is necessary, then clear the tincture of viscous substances by straining and drink 30-40 drops before meals three times a day.
Medicinal tinctures for the treatment of tuberculosis and epilepsy
When treating diseases such as cancer, tuberculosis and epilepsy, the recipe for a medicinal tincture is as follows: a tablespoon of the dried leaves of the plant should be boiled over with 400 ml of boiling water and then kept under the cover for an hour. Next, be sure to strain. Should take at least two teaspoons every day three times. If necessary, the doctor will adjust the necessary dose of the drug.
Tincture in the treatment of cancer
Another prescription for treating cancers and tuberculosis. Take an empty 500 ml bottle, it is imperative that it be made of dark-colored glass, and fill the third part with a dry crushed prince. Completely fill the bottle with vodka and let stand for a period of up to two weeks. Drinking tincture laid in the morning, afternoon and evening in the amount of two tablespoons, diluting the drug with warm boiled water.
Varieties of princes
There are more than a hundred varieties of clematis. Knyazhiki along with clematis can decorate any garden. Here are their most common types:
- Alpine with purple flowers and a bud size of about 6 centimeters. He is known for his repeated autumn blooms. This is one of the first varieties, from which other species with different shades were bred.
- Okhotsk. The most cold-resistant view. Flowers differ in that they have up to 8 petals.
- Siberian. Begins to bloom in mid-summer in small colors up to 4 centimeters. This is a very unpretentious view that can settle down both in a sunny place and in the shade. Inflorescences of white or yellow shades attract with their delicate aroma of bees.
- Large-petal. Care of this variety is more demanding. It does not tolerate frost, for the winter it is necessary to wrap flowers. It has very beautiful blue inflorescences, which begin flowering a week later alpine. Prefers an extremely sunny location.
Their bloom lasts about 3 weeks. First the Alpine prince begins to bloom, then the Okhotsk and, last of all, the Siberian. Planting these varieties together will allow you to create unique long-flowering compositions, and care for them does not take a lot of time and effort.
Some varieties of princes were brought from Canada to our country, having delicate shades of lilac, pink, white and purple-violet. These are Markham Pink, Rosie Ogredi, Teige Landell, White Columbine. They are adapted to the conditions of central Russia and are winter-hardy species. On sale they can be found under the name "Clematis".Prince Siberian
Cultivation and care
Care for princes in the open field is quite simple. Some features of the choice of the landing site of the princes:
- their flowering in a sunny place begins earlier, but continues less,
- in the penumbra, on the contrary, the flowers bloom later, but the flowering period itself increases,
- in the shade, flowering is less plentiful and lush, but it lasts even longer.
Knyazhiki quite unpretentious and do not require a lot of care from gardeners, unlike clematis. In the open ground it is easy to take root in sunny areas and slightly shaded areas. Their flowers have a delicate, vulnerable structure, like that of clematis, therefore it is recommended to protect the plant from strong wind. Next to them at the bottom you can plant plants with a small root system for shading the lower zone. Planting flowers is possible in any soil, except for too wet and swampy areas. Well-friable fertile or slightly alkaline.
Watering them should be moderate, with the exception of the first year of life. At this time, in dry sunny weather, they need a lot of moisture. Their long roots, going deep under the ground, are capable of extracting moisture themselves. It is advisable to carry out regular flower dressing, especially at the beginning of growth in spring and before budding. This contributes to a more abundant and lush bloom, the leaves are filled with color and become more glossy. Although princes can do for a very long time without fertilizers.
To rejuvenate the bush, it is necessary to carry out periodic pruning every 5 years. After the plant has bloomed, the shoots are shortened to 70 centimeters. Do not forget to get rid of old dried leaves and stems of creepers and carry out periodic care. They need support only at the beginning of development, adult plants themselves cling to trees, fences and gazebos.
The method of propagation of princes by seed is very often used. Care of saplings does not represent any complexity. Seeds are soaked in gauze. For planting, a mixture of 2 parts of earth and 1 part of sand is used, which is poured into a container. Then there are sown seeds and a little sprinkled them with sand. After that, you need to pour the earth and cover it with glass.
After 3 pairs of leaflets come up, seedlings can be transferred to the beds, which must be carefully prepared. Peat, humus, compost from leaves and pine needles can be put into the ground. The distance between plants should be kept about 25 centimeters. The soil is mulched and periodically loosened as the seedlings grow. It is necessary to monitor timely watering to prevent the drying of the earth and to conduct attentive care. It will be possible to transplant young plants only next spring or autumn.
Planting in open ground
In open ground princes planted in May or in September. For planting is better to use biennial seedlings. Pre-dig fossa width of 60 centimeters. The distance between them is recommended to do about 100-150 centimeters. Drainage is laid on the bottom: brick chips, rubble. It is desirable to make fertilizers, such as humus, superphosphate, wood ash. Slaked lime can be added to the acidic soil. Roots deepened by 6-10 centimeters.
These flowers have fragile roots, which must be handled very carefully. If they are broken during planting, they are treated with manganese and sprinkled with ashes. It is better to immediately choose a place for the constant growth of flowers, since the adult princes do not tolerate the transplant. After planting, the plant is watered and mulched. To prevent fungal diseases, sprinkle a root zone with a mixture of ash and sand and pour manganese solution.
Knyazhiki are subject to certain types of diseases, such as powdery mildew, rust, spotting. In addition, it is necessary to remove various pests in time - snails and slugs. To protect against rodents, it is recommended to cover the flowers with fir branches for winter. Tip: Spraying the plant with karbofos will prevent the formation of a mealy worm.
Mealy dew overpowers all parts of the plant. Leaves and shoots affected by it, begin to dry out. A characteristic feature is the formation of white bloom on them. All diseased shoots must be removed and burned to prevent further infection. Spraying with whey or water solutions with the addition of ash, mustard powder, liquid soap and baking soda will help prevent the occurrence of the disease.
Rust overpowers all aboveground parts of the plant. This disease can be identified by the presence of bloated ginger spots. Methods of struggle are the same as with powdery mildew. Spraying with a poly-carbacin suspension may be used.
Brown spotting usually begins with young shoots and leaves. The formation of brown spots threatens the death of the whole plant. And it can also appear as white spots with a purple outline on fresh leaves. To prevent this disease, the plant is treated with a 0.1% solution of copper or iron sulphate.
Knyazhiki can beautifully frame the fence, balcony or staircase. They can decorate any wall. Decorated with flowers, an arbor or tree will emphasize the originality of any garden.
This winding culture takes up very little space in the garden, due to which it can be planted instead of trees or shrubs. Its thick shoots and leaves, as well as gorgeous colorful flowers can protect from bright light and dust, well shading the area.
Этот цветок лучше сажать рядом с аркой или верандой, принимая во внимание, что это вьющаяся культура. По мере роста он будет обвивать рядом расположенные объекты. На одном месте культура может расти до 10 лет. Плохо переносит пересадку из-за ломкости корневой системы.
Широко известны лечебные свойства княжика. Из этого растения делают различные настойки, служащие общеукрепляющим средством для организма.
These noble flowers can decorate the garden and the walls of any house, if you provide them with the necessary space and all the conditions for growth. Planting and caring for the plant will bring a lot of pleasure to true lovers of these flowers. Knyazhik and Clematis complement each other well. Thanks to the princes, the flowering of the northern garden is extended for half a month. These flowers are very decorative, not only during flowering, but also during budding.
Characteristics of the prince
The plant is closely related to another weaving flower - clematis. But at the same time it looks more subtle due to delicate petals. Sometimes the prince is called wild hops or sabers, as well as a creeper. With a good support, the vine grows up to 3 meters in length, clinging to the projections of twisted leaf petioles.
- stem - flexible, with a lot of shoots,
- root - fragile, fibrous,
- sheet plates - carved, located opposite each other,
Attention! When planting a prince, remember that the plant contains poison. In folk medicine, it is used for preparing anti-inflammatory, fortifying decoctions and tinctures. But cooking and drinking them without consulting a doctor is prohibited!
Types and varieties of princes for growing in the garden
Botanists described 8 types of climbing culture. Of these, only a few are found on the backyards of Russian gardeners. Each type of prince has its own varieties. In total, there are more than a hundred.
Alpine. This species blooms with blue-violet bells ranging in size from 2 to 6 cm. It can produce buds twice per season: by the beginning and end of summer. Grades:
- Pamela Jackman - liberally produces bright purple flowers,
- Lemon Dream - different white-lemon color,
- Francis Rivis - blooms bluish-purple, etc.
Large-petal. Flowers of saturated color and up to 9 cm in size are dissolved in May days. These princes are resistant to even 30-degree frost. It is not surprising that, on the basis of this beautiful species in all respects, more than two dozen varieties have been bred. Some of them (all - semi-double):
- Ballet Skist - decorate the garden with pink flowers, resembling a graceful tutu of a ballerina,
- Markham’s Pink is a purple-pink variety,
- Cecile - blooms with purple-blue bells.
Siberian. Forms flowers the size of 3-4 cm. Color - pure white or mixed with yellow. This prince winters well and can bloom 2 times in one season. Due to the fruit, it maintains decorativeness even after withering.
Okhotsk. A distinctive feature - 8 petals in the inflorescence. You can see them in June, when the prince is dismissing blue-violet or blue buds. The most popular variety is Carmine Rose, where pale pink color is in harmony with purple.
Planting prince in the garden
When choosing a place, it is better to give preference to a slightly shaded area than an open area with the scorching rays of the sun. The soil should be fertile, friable, with neutral acidity. Make sure that the landing site of the prince is not blown by the winds. Another, no less important condition - the presence of support. This can be a pergola, fence, any mesh.
To root a seedling, dig a deep and wide hole. Approximate landmarks - 0.5-0.6 m in all directions. At the bottom lay a 10-15-centimeter layer of drainage from broken brick or rubble. About a month before the landing of the prince, pour 5-8 kg of humus into the hole, 2-3 glasses of wood ash and 50 grams of superphosphate in the granules. If the soil is acidic, add about 100 g of hydrated lime.
- Take a seedling or a rooted cutting at the age of 2 years.
- Cut on it shoots above the 1st or 2nd kidney.
- In the hole make a mound.
- Put a plant on it, spread its roots.
- Sprinkle with moist soil so that the root neck is 6-12 inches deep.
- Condense the earth, pour and grumble the future liana.
Features care, pruning and breeding
The plant of the first year of life loves water, but will not tolerate its stagnation. Moisten the soil at least once in 7-10 days, and in drought - even more often. After that loosen the ground. Make sure the plants are mulched. As the crop grows, you can slightly reduce the intensity of irrigation.
For a rich color and abundant flowering feed the flower. Alternate liquid organic and mineral "nutrition." Apply fertilizer once a month after watering the Prince. In total 3 feedings will be required: during the development of the shoots, during the formation of buds and after the end of flowering. Regularly cut dry twigs and faded inflorescences, shorten the rest of the shoots by 1/3.
Rejuvenation of the prince is required every 5 years. If the variety is not resistant to frost, the shoots are removed from the support and covered with spruce branches, and the root neck is mulched. Knyazhik rarely affects diseases and pests. To fight apply fungicides and insecticides.
You can propagate the culture as follows:
- seeds. Before spring sowing, they are kept in cold for 2 months. In the autumn, the material is planted without preparation,
- by division. Adult princes share in April,
- cuttings. Requirements: length - 3-6 cm (taken from the middle part of the branch), the presence of 2 nodes. Cut in the summer and rooted in the greenhouse, in a mixture of expanded clay and sand. Top wrapped with film and stored until next year.
The simultaneous cultivation of the Alpine, Siberian and Okhotsk princes will enable to realize the dream of a continuously flowering corner of the garden. It will be alternately littered with flowers of different shades from late spring to early fall.
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