General information

High-yield variety of tomato "Russian Troika": description, characterization, sowing for seedlings, fertilizing, yield, photo, video and the most common diseases of tomatoes

Early ripening variety

  • Fact: Designed for cultivation in any type of soil. But it is noticed that tomatoes from the greenhouse produce less yield.
  • Fact 2: Tomatoes tolerate transportation over long distances. Do not spoil and do not crack.
  • Fact 3: During the period of active growth and fruit formation, 3–4 feedings with complex fertilizers will be required.
  • Fact 4: Insects and diseases can be avoided by planting parsley, celery and other herbs next to tomatoes.

a brief description of

  • Where to grow: protected and unprotected soil
  • Bush height, cm: 50–60
  • Terms of ripening, days: 102–105
  • Productivity, kg: to 4.7 from a bush
  • Fruit weight, g: 180–220
  • Application: universal
  • Advantages: compactness, productivity, resistance to diseases, transportability, minimal care.
  • Disadvantages: not found.

The “Russian troika” belongs to the determinant type of plants. This means that the bush stops growing after the formation of 4-6 brushes with fruits. It does not require tying, formation in several stems and pasynkovaniya. Designed for cultivation in any type of soil. But it is noticed that tomatoes from the greenhouse produce less yield.

Tomatoes are versatile in use.. They have:

round, slightly flattened shape,

Tomatoes tolerate transportation over long distances. Do not spoil and do not crack.

Growing up

The recommended method of cultivation - sprouts. Seeds and soil before planting are disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate. Seeds can be soaked in a growth stimulator to increase the percentage of germination. Soil, especially brought from the dacha, it is better to ignite in the oven. Sowing dates - the beginning or middle of April.

Transplantation to a permanent place is possible in late May or early June, after the final retreat of night frosts. Tomatoes are warm and light-loving plants. Therefore, the earth should warm up to at least 14 ° C.

Agricultural technology is simple:

watering as the topsoil dries,

During the period of active growth and fruit formation, 3–4 feedings with complex fertilizers will be required. Liquid mixtures from mullein, bird droppings, phosphorus, potassium, zinc.

Prevention of pest invasion will serve as insecticide spraying. But they can only be used before ripening tomato. Therefore, many people use folk remedies:

good weeding and digging the soil, spraying a decoction of onion peel from spider mites,

soap solution from aphids,

ammonia from slugs,

Insects and diseases can be avoided by planting parsley, celery and other herbs next to tomatoes.

Description of a variety of tomatoes "Russian troika"

The Russian Troika ripens in a relatively short time. From the emergence of seedlings to the full ripening of the fruit, the order passes 102-105 days. Plants do not grow above 50-60 cm. The bush has a powerful, highly leafy stem. A characteristic feature of the exterior of this variety - dark green leaves of potato type with anthocyanin shade.

Tomatoes have a classic flat-round shape with a slightly pronounced ribbing. Mature fruits weigh about 180-220 grams. The skin color is bright red.

Tomatoes: advantages and disadvantages

The most valuable qualities of this variety:

  • The combination of determinant type and high yield,
  • Excellent presentation of the fruit,
  • Rapid maturation
  • Easy care
  • Strong immunity
  • Transportability over long distances.

No obvious flaws have been identified.

Application of fruits

“Russian troika” is a universal grade of table purpose. It is suitable for a variety of culinary purposes.:

  • Whole canned food. Possible due to the small diameter of the fruit,
  • Cooking dishes with heat treatment,
  • Barrel salting,
  • Drying
  • Processing on juice, lecho, tomato paste.

How to prepare the seeds?

On the eve of planting, pre-sowing seed treatment is carried out. This is done to accelerate growth, strengthen immunity and increase germination from nominal 60 to the desired 90%. Processing includes such procedures.:

  • Inspection of seeds in order to identify those that are not suitable for planting: having a loose structure, empty, with signs of damage or not uniformly colored,
  • Disinfection in a solution of potassium permanganate or hydrogen peroxide for 20-30 minutes,
  • Soak in purified water for 12 hours so that the seeds can be saturated with moisture and open. Ideally, you should use the melt water of the secondary defrost. The resulting liquid is poured seeds, and set in the same tank aquarium pump that saturates the water with oxygen. This treatment is called bubbling. With its help, you can reduce the total period of maturation of plants to 5 days.

Early tomato varieties:

In terms of ripening, the variety is middle-ripening, on average 115 days or 4 months after planting the seeds. Up to 5 kg of fruits are removed from one bush. Tomatoes of a long cylindrical form up to 12 cm in length.

The variety demonstrates high resistance to diseases and pests. It tolerates long-term transportation. Fine grade for industrial cultivation.

We describe the variety "Siberian troika" on the main characteristics:

easily adapts to climate and weather changes, drought-and heat-resistant

high, up to 5 kg from one small plant

large, each - 250 g

disease resistance

Fruit Description and Yield

The variety "Siberian triple" is delicious tomatoes that change their color as it ripens from pale green through brown to bright red.

The fruits have the shape of a long cylinder, up to 12 cm, with a small spout at the end. Under a dense skin the fleshy juicy pulp ripens with seed chambers no more than four. A lot of seed is produced. The weight of one tomato reaches 250 g.

Taste tomatoes sweetish. During heat treatment, they retain their shape and taste.

In technical maturity, tomatoes can be preserved whole, they look great in jars. Ripe tomatoes are suitable for making salads, juices, pasta, ketchup and other blanks.

If necessary, long storage tomatoes transferred to a dry and dark room.

Agricultural Technologies

Tomatoes “Siberian troika” are grown, following the recommendations for the variety, in almost all climatic zones.

Rapidly emerging seedlings start cooking from March. Commercially a little earlier, from mid-February.

Seeds are tested for viability, disinfected, immersed in a growth stimulator and sown in the soil. If the seeds are already purchased in the shell, they can be sown immediately.

Sowing depth about 1 cm, dive seedlings in the presence of two true leaves. Hardening is carried out two weeks before landing in the ground.

It is recommended to transplant into the soil with greenhouse maintenance in mid-May, and to open ridges in early June. By this time, the bushes usually reach a height of 25 cm. Landings are arranged in two rows in a checkerboard pattern, observing a distance of 50x70 cm.

The soil. It is optimal to prepare a light and nutritious soil, the humidity should be moderate.

Garter. Each brush bears large fruits, in order to prevent the branches from breaking, they must be tied up. This procedure is appropriate at the time of tying the tomatoes.

Gathering and shaping a bush. Masking variety is not required.

Watering. Shrubs of this variety should be watered only at the root. Watering is recommended with warm water up to two times a week.

Mulching and loosening. Regular mulching and loosening fruitfully affects the preservation of the necessary moisture in the soil and the yield of bushes in general.

Top dressing. During the breeding season, tomatoes are fertilized with organic matter. After landing in the ground in two weeks you can feed complex fertilizer containing potassium and phosphorus.

Advantages and disadvantages

We list the best qualities of the Siberian Troika variety:

  • large fruits, high yields,
  • excellent taste
  • the ability to keep long marketable,
  • Disease-resistant compact tomato bush.

Cons varieties not identified.

Variety "Siberian troika" resistant to the main common diseases. From phytophthora spend preventive processing.

The tomato bushes are rarely attacked by pests, the variety is very resistant to them. Plants can affect the wireworm, its larvae, rusty mite. Drugs from them in the shops a lot.

Tomato Siberian triple: description of the tomato variety, reviews and agricultural techniques.

Seeds of the popular variety of tomatoes "Siberian Troika" can be found on sale from such seed producers as: Siberian Garden, GL Seeds, Russian Seeds, Biotechnics and others. This variety is named one of the best in 2014 for planting in regions with poor weather conditions for growing tomatoes, as well as on non-black earth soils. A distinctive feature of the variety is the combination of a low bush with large-fruited.

Tomato Siberian triple: description of the variety and characteristics
- suitable for cultivation in the open air, in cold greenhouses, with polyethylene shelter,
- the grade belongs to mid-season,
- the determinant bush (limited growth) grows about 60 cm high, belongs to the standard.
- fruits of elongated shape (pepper), red, very fleshy, weigh 150 - 300 g on average, the first fruits have a length of 15 cm,
- it is considered high-yielding - collect up to 5 kg of tomato from a bush,
- resistant to diseases.

Tomato Siberian troika: description of variety agrotechnics

Sowing on seedlings of this variety is carried out in March, landing on a permanent place - in late May or early June. Harvest can be expected in July - September. Some growers note that ripening begins later than in other mid-season varieties.

Growing tomato seedlings is not the most difficult thing, but some points need to be paid attention to, for example, diving seedlings. First, small sprouts are grown in boxes: the seeds are sown shallowly (up to 2 cm) in rows, 3–4 cm. For picking, choose the best, healthy seedlings with two true leaves. Diving of tomato seedlings affects the future quality and makes it possible to save seeds more economically and to get more even plants with a good root system.

The sprouts are carefully removed, cut off a quarter of the central root, as a result of this procedure, the lateral roots subsequently branch out and grow well in volume. Seedlings are planted, deepening up to the leaves, slightly compacted around the soil. The spiked seedlings are poured over with water at room temperature, into which a light solution of potassium permanganate can be added. Then the seedlings for a few days put in a shaded place and maintain a temperature of 19 - 20 C.

In the seedling period, sprouts should be fed 2-3 times with organic fertilizers or special mineral fertilizers (according to the instructions). The first time in 15-20 days, the second time two weeks after the first. You can feed with organic matter: 1 part of mullein (chicken litter will do) for 10-12 liters of water. A couple of weeks before planting the seedlings on the beds it is necessary to begin the "hardening". At the same time stop watering, increase ventilation. In order to sustain the seedlings against adverse factors, 5–7 days before quenching, plants are fed with phosphate and potash fertilizers. Adult seedlings are planted in the prepared soil. Tomatoes Siberian trio can be planted in open beds, and under the shelter of polyethylene. The distance between the bushes should be 40 - 45 cm.

Of the features of growing:
- Siberian triple tomatoes almost do not require pasynkovaniya,
- since the fruits ripen fairly large, repeated feeding of plants with organic matter is necessary,
- after cold nights, sprinkle ashes on the plants so that diseases do not develop.

Vegetable growers reviews about tomatoes Siberian triple

Gardeners, both professionals and amateurs, respond positively to this variety. Many grow it on the site from year to year. There are observations about the yield of these tomatoes: some say that the variety is more of an average yield than a high-yielding one. It is recommended to put the needle to the appearance of the first flower brush, removing the lower stepchildren. It is noteworthy that when grown in greenhouses and under the open sky, bushes grow the same height - no more than 60 cm. Many people note good seed germination and health of the seedlings: it grows strong and does not stretch. Indeed resistant to disease, despite the fact that the variety is non-hybrid. Many people like the taste. There are messages and photos of the fruits of the Siberian triple weighing about 600 g! Like many varieties of tomatoes in rainy summer, unfortunately, tomatoes have a watery taste.

Despite minor flaws, the Siberian Three variety is loved and demanded by gardeners, vegetable growers for many years and pleases fresh, in vegetable salads and canned in jars for the winter.

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Tomato "Russian troika": description of the variety

A variety of early ripening. From the emergence of the first shoots of seedlings to full maturity from 102 to 105 days.

According to reviews of gardeners, suitable for open ground, and for growing tomatoes in greenhouses and film tunnels. The bush is determinant, rather compact. Plant height 50-60 centimeters.

The stem of the bush is powerful, does not require tying. The average number of leaves is dark green, rounded shape.

The shape of the fruit is round, slightly flattened. In the stage of full maturity well-pronounced red.
Fruit weight - from 180 to 220 grams.

Application - universal. Great for harvesting in the winter, as well as for use in the form of salads. Productivity from 3.5 to 4.7 kilograms of tomatoes from one bush. Good presentation, excellent preservation during transportation.

Features of growing

Sowing seeds for seedlings are advised to conduct in mid-April. Dive the seedlings at the appearance of one true leaf, aligning the seating out with fertilizing with Kemira-type mineral fertilizer. Of course, under the conditions of precise compliance with the application of top dressing, according to the instructions.

Landing on the ridge is recommended in the late days of May or early June. The exact time of planting depends on the heating of the soil. It should not be below 14 degrees Celsius.

Appearance and description of the variety

It is enough to study the forums of gardeners and gardeners to come to the conclusion that the “Troika” tomato is pleasant to everyone. This is not surprising, given the characteristics and description of the variety: heavy juicy fruits, rich harvest, unpretentiousness and resistance to disease. Tomato bush grows to 60 cm and refers to the standard. Simply put, it is a bush on the leg. This form of the plant allows it to occupy less space, which is especially important on the notorious "six hundred square meters."

Fruit Characteristic

Tomatoes have a pronounced sweetish taste, ideal for salads and appetizers. The shape of the fruit is elongated and reaches 15 cm. Sometimes its appearance is vaguely reminiscent of paprika. Pulp is dense, or, as fans say fondly of tomatoes, "meaty." The weight of one tomato reaches 300 g.

Agrotechnology

The task of every gardener is to grow a good harvest with minimal labor and resources. But even such an unpretentious variety of tomatoes, like the Siberian Troika, requires certain knowledge and proper landing techniques and care. The agrotechnical techniques include all the necessary steps, starting with the preparation of planting material and ending with harvesting.

Seed preparation, planting seeds and care for them

The very first stage in the preparation of seeds is their culling. That is, the selection of the most promising samples. For this, 1 tsp. salts are diluted in a glass of water, seeds are placed in this solution and stirred for several minutes. Then you need to wait 10 minutes and observe the result. Empty seeds will float, and large and full-bodied will settle to the bottom. They need to be washed and dried, this is the basis of the future harvest. If the seeds of tomatoes were stored in the cold, they should be heated for a month and a half before planting. The procedure itself will take about a week, since warming up is recommended to be done gradually, raising the temperature from +18 ° C to +80 ° C. The seeds are placed in fabric bags and heated on the battery for several days.

Towards the middle of April, the ground is harvested. It would be better to ignite it a little in the oven, especially if it is a primer from your summer house, and not specially purchased.

It is advisable to germinate seeds before sowing. To do this, moisten a paper napkin with water and put it on a dish. Then on a napkin spread the seeds of tomatoes, covering them with a free end, and put a plate with all the contents into a bag. In a warm place for three days sprouts will appear, the main thing is not to forget to moisten the napkin as it dries.

Seeds of tomatoes are planted in containers, best of all if they are special plastic boxes with a tray. They are easy to disinfect and carry if necessary. Each container must have openings to release excess moisture. Before planting, the soil and seeds are treated with a solution of 1% potassium permanganate to avoid the appearance of unwanted microorganisms. After the soil and seeds are prepared, proceed to planting. Firstly, a layer of drainage is laid at the bottom of the boxes - small pebbles or crushed eggshell. Secondly, it is necessary to fill the soil and immediately pour it with warm water. Then our germinated seeds are laid down to a depth of no more than 2 cm.If you are still inexperienced in gardening, first make a hole in the ground to the desired depth, and then safely lower the seed into it. Now it remains only to cover the containers with a film and put in a warm place.

If everything is done correctly, you will see the first shoots in a week. And this event will mean that our seedlings go to the sun: the containers are transferred to the windowsill.

After the seedlings are a little stronger, they are subjected to a pick. With the help of a 10 cm long picket stick, the germs are lifted up and hooked, pulling out of the container along with an earthy ball. Sick and underdeveloped specimens are removed; in healthy individuals, the root is approximately one-third clamped with the nail.

Now sprouts will live in separate, more spacious pots. For them, in the new place in the soil, a fossa is made all the same with a picket, spacious enough not to damage the root during planting. After completion of the procedure, finger gently press the ground to the roots, watered abundantly. If the soil subsides, it is necessary to fill it. The last stage is moving the seedlings to a dark place.

Seedling and planting in the ground

Seedlings can be transferred to the beds at the end of May. If the spring chill dragged on, then the landing period is postponed to the beginning of June. Strong sprouts, ready for planting, have at least nine leaves, while their height is not lower than 24 cm.

When preparing the site, it is worth considering that tomatoes love heat and sunlight, so it’s best to plant them in the open. If possible, then under the white wall of the house there will be an ideal place - the light reflected from the wall will fall on the vegetables again.

Planting of seedlings in the open ground is made after lunch. In the first half of the day, the seedlings are cooked: they water abundantly so that it is easier to remove the sprouts. In the ground, dig holes in the size of the pot, they put humus or mineral fertilizer. After a careful planting, the seedlings are watered, and then the wells are covered with dry soil. Planting tomatoes most often in a checkerboard pattern. Between the rows there should be a distance of at least 70 cm, and between the bushes - about 50 cm.

Care and watering

Watering tomatoes "Siberian triple" is necessary when the topsoil begins to dry out, but always regularly. After watering, the ground needs to be loosened a little for the full access of oxygen to sprouts.

Growing even such an unpretentious vegetable is not complete without fertilizers and mulching. Fertilizers are needed during the period of active growth of fruits, only 3-4 dressings. For this purpose liquid mixtures from bird droppings, mullein, potassium, phosphorus and zinc are suitable.

The water rate for each tomato bush in the first days after landing in the ground is 0.5 l, by the end of the month - 1.5 l.

The rest of the care for tomatoes does not differ from the standard garden care: periodically loosen the soil and weed. If we are talking about greenhouses, they must be regularly aired. As mentioned above, pasynkovanie our tomatoes do not need.

Pests and diseases

High-quality weeding and here will serve you well and prevent various pests for a long time linger in the precious crop. Spraying with insecticides is undesirable, but its use is allowed before the tomatoes ripen.

A glass of onion peel per liter of water insists day, after which they can spray tomatoes. If you add to the mixture finely planed soap, you get an effective remedy for aphids and ticks.

Soap solution is a piece of household soap, about 20 g, dissolved in a liter of water. It is better to spray bushes in the evening and do not water them anymore.

Ammonia in quantity 50 ml dissolved in a bucket of water perfectly relieve plants from aphids. A more pleasant way to control pests is to land next to a tomato bed of fragrant herbs. For example, celery or parsley.

Conditions for maximum fructification

In order to have as many tomato seeds as possible “Siberian troika” sprout, you can soak them in a growth stimulator before planting. Modern agronomy looks positively at biostimulants, arguing that they not only accelerate growth, but also increase crop resistance to fungal diseases. To use them or not - you decide.

The process of soaking the seeds is performed only after they are disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate or one of the modern preparations of bacterial action. The average procedure time is from 18 to 24 hours. Do not forget to carefully study the instructions for the selected drug, otherwise you risk burning the seeds.

"Troika" - mid-ripe tomato, as described in the registry. And, by stimulating the growth of sowing, you are achieving and the early ripening of fruits.

Fruit use

"Troika" has a delicate and at the same time bright taste. Therefore, add it to a salad, appetizer or other dish at your discretion and enjoy the fruits of your work. You can eat a tomato without anything. The fact that it was you who yourself raised such a masterpiece will give any dish a unique taste.

Any heat treatment is possible with this variety of tomatoes. Dense structure makes it possible to perfectly preserve the fruits, they are strong and juicy. They also preserve tomato juices, all sorts of borsch oil dressing with the addition of tomatoes, and even jam.

Tomato variety "Siberian triple" - ideal for those who love tomatoes, but not ready to fully immerse themselves in the world of truck farming. They do not have to be tied up, they do not get sick, they bear good fruit and even decorate the dacha. But they need minimal care, which should not be neglected.