A relatively new variety of Zugana raspberry repair (Sugana) was launched by the Swiss company Lubera in the late 90s. He quickly won the trust of gardeners for high-yielding, unpretentiousness to the conditions of growth.
Thanks to the advanced root system, powerful shoots without thorns, Zyugana shows excellent results with double fruiting. The first harvest from last year’s bushes is in July. Young shoots will bear fruit from August to the end of October, right next to the frost. The total yield - more than 9 kg per season with one adult bush.
The height of the shoots is 1.7-1.9 m. In shaded places it reaches over two meters. Medium wrinkled leaves are large, have a saturated green color. The bush shows good frost resistance, maintaining the temperature up to -32ºC.
Medium-sized berries (7-10 grams) in the shape of a cone have a rich red color with a characteristic crimson hue. Shine, do not crumble when overripe. Fruits are dense, do not crumble, the glue of the drupe is good. Easily tolerates high temperatures, almost does not bake the sun. The dense skin allows to keep a trade dress when transporting. Harvest is stored up to 4 days at room temperature, and in the cold - about a week.
The taste qualities of raspberry Zyugan will impress the real connoisseur of raspberries. Its fruits are sweet, the aftertaste is underlined by light sourness. A rich flavor range complements the rich flavor range. Does not lose its qualities with the onset of autumn. Suitable for freezing, preservation or fresh consumption.
Zyugan raspberries can be cultivated in open or closed ground. Its sturdy, upright growing stems do not need support, but to get a better crop, trellis should be used. To the soil, remontant raspberry is unpretentious, but prefers fertile, loose. The plant does not tolerate a sour soil, so before planting it is necessary to conduct enhanced liming.
Raspberry loves warmth and sunshine. Determining the site for planting plants, this fact should be taken into account. It is better to choose a sufficiently lit place on a hill. In the shade, the ripening time of the crop will move away. Shrub does not like strong wind or drafts. As protection, suitable fence or any other structure on the plot, which will act as a kind of shield.
The occurrence of groundwater on the ground, determined by the landing of raspberries, should be no closer than one meter to the surface. The land on which other raspberry varieties, peppers, tomatoes, and potatoes have previously grown does not fit. This placement will cause ground depletion. Planting remontant varieties produced in the fall or early spring. It is recommended to plant raspberries in September or early October in open ground.
For the spring disembarkation, the site is prepared in the autumn:
- the place is cleared of weeds,
- the soil is dug up
- fertilized (with peat, humus, superphosphate, potassium sulphate, mineral fertilizers).
With the onset of spring healthy, strong shoots are selected, with a good root system. Pits for planting digging 40x50x30 cm, while the distance between them should be 50-70 cm. The width of the aisle is 1.5 meters. It is necessary to lower the seedling into the prepared pit and cover it with soil so that its root collar is at the level of the surface of the plot. If the soil is sandy, you can immerse the neck 4 cm deep. Then the raspberries are watered, and after the soil dries out, they mulch.
To plant a raspberry in the fall, preparation of a site begins in the spring: they dig it and fertilize it. Further landing scheme such as described above, only in September and October.
The correct choice of a place for planting and the introduction of the necessary fertilizers will serve as a guarantee of good yields of Zyugan raspberry.
This raspberry variety is unpretentious, does not require special care. It is enough to hold the main events:
- moisten the soil
- loosen the ground
- clean weeds,
- to feed.
Zyugana's raspberry loves water very much. Its root system is located superficially, so watering should be carried out regularly, especially if the summer is hot and arid.
Plant feeding begins in early spring, still in cold weather. As soon as the snow has gone, urea is applied, mineral fertilizers are used in early September. After each irrigation, it is necessary to loosen the ground around the bush, preventing the formation of a crust that impedes the flow of oxygen to the roots. You can use peat or sawdust as mulch. Their layer should be 7-10 cm.
Proper and timely pruning shrubs - the basis of care for Zyugan raspberries. If there is one harvest, then in the fall the shoots are completely cut off flush with the ground so that no stumps remain on the ground. When double berry picking is planned, pruning is done in the summer. In this case, the last year's escaped shoots are removed, and the young ones remain for the next season. It is necessary to carry out intensive fertilizer so that the berries are of high quality and large. Normalization of the bush is performed by removing thin, weak shoots. Properly leave 8-10 shoots per 1 m².
Fruits are harvested as they ripen. If you do it early in the morning, the fruits will last longer.
Raspberry Zyugana managed to catch the fancy of farmers. It is cultivated on an industrial scale and in small gardens.
Of the positive reviews stand out:
- frost resistance
- good taste,
- presentable kind of berries,
- high transportability.
Among the minuses should be noted: late fruit ripening at two times harvest. Some of the berries do not have time to ripen before the onset of frost, and therefore, gardeners have to cover the bushes with agrofibre. In a cold, damp climate, the berries are watery, less sweet, and the root system is prone to rot. In this case, one harvest is recommended. For the southern regions with a warm climate Zyugan raspberry fits perfectly.
Since the Zyugan variety is distinguished by a considerable height, withSpecialists recommend installing trellis next to bushes - special trellised constructions that will support the shoots, preventing them from breaking. The best is a double row trellis with a height of about 1.8 - 2 meters.
The most primitive trellis can be made of two pillars by pulling several ropes or wires between them. The first wire is tensioned at a height of 40 cm, and the second at a height of 1.5 meters. As the shoots grow, they fix on these strings. The garter will provide support to the branches and facilitate harvest.
How to conduct pruning
Pruning raspberry varieties Zyugan is carried out depending on a number of conditions. In summer, it is done after the end of fruiting. You need to remove shoots that have already brought the harvest. If the harvest is planned to be taken once a year, in the fall all shoots are completely cleaned at ground level, leaving no single hemp.
In the autumn, the number of shoots will increase, they will begin to select food from the main part of the bush. Such growth should be removed. On one formed bush leave no more than 8−12 shoots. With the onset of spring will need to cut thin young shoots.
Preparing for the winter
In the autumn, before the onset of the first frost, raspberries must be prepared for wintering. All shoots bend to the ground, sprinkled or tied to pegs.
If in the region where you live, winters are accompanied by heavy snowfall, you can not worry about additional protection. However, if the air temperature falls below -35 degrees, the bush should be protected with covering materials.
Malina Zyugana - gardeners reviews
I have been raspberries for 11 years. I prefer to remontant varieties, because they have stable yields. In the fall, too, I want to eat fresh berries, but they have very little left. About 5 years ago I bought a sapling raspberry variety Zyugan. Feedback from other gardeners was only positive. Grade very satisfied, he never let me down.
Three years ago, purchased several Zyugan bushes with red and yellow berries. They bear fruit on last year's shoots and on the branches of the current year. I like the fact that the yield does not decrease with two-time cultivation and the berries do not become smaller in size. In other remontant varieties this does not happen. The fruits are very tasty, you can eat just like that, right from the bush. It is very good to put them in pies or to cook them for the winter - it turns out tasty. Very pleased with this variety.
I have my own house with a garden, but I don’t have much time to leave. I decided to choose something unpretentious. Friends told about the new variety - raspberry remontant zyugana. Description interested me, acquired and planted a bush. The first couple of years was happy with everything. Last year, autumn was very cold, not all the berries managed to ripen. She cut everything under the root, maybe this year will get more berries.
This variety is good for the southern regions, and for the north you need to look for something else.