In ancient times, laurel wreaths were put on the heads of winners and famous people. This plant is very convenient to grow at home, because, in addition to decorative decoration of the apartment, it also has useful functions. No need to run to the store for a bay leaf, you just need to tear it from the tree.
Laurel refers to indoor plants that are easy to care for. This can make even a novice in the cultivation of flowers. In nature the laurel tree grows very tall. There are instances exceeding 18 meters. Today, in the Sochi's forests you can see the laurel, reaching 15 meters in height.
Although this plant is not very demanding, it requires the creation of a favorable environment for its good growth. This indoor plant is very fond of the sun's rays, but can grow well in a shaded place.
Laurel does not respond to drafts, he is not afraid of drought. Laurel tree at home does not require much care, you need to always have enough water, without over-wetting the soil.
Home laurel copes with disease, not afraid of pests. To give a certain shape, laurel bushes can be cut. WITHmodern gardeners manage to grow tall laurel treesthat differ from their counterparts in openwork, intricately interwoven trunk.
Types of indoor laurel
This plant is divided into two groups:
Canarian laurel has wide, large leaves, the edges of which look somewhat wrinkled. This species loses its noble laurel by the strength of its flavor.
The main botanical laurel variety is divided into three types:
Each variety is characterized by the shape of the leaf and its color.
How is laurel planted
Noble laurel should be planted in early spring. If you have already grown laurel, then you need to pick up a pot, the diameter of which is a couple of centimeters more than the previous one.
First, the drainage layer is placed in the pot. For this you can use expanded clay or broken brick. A substrate is put on this layer. For laurel noble soil should consist of sand, turf and leafy land.. This composition is sold in the store, as the land intended for breeding cacti.
This houseplant is not very capricious. But, it must be constantly sprayed and cut so that the crown has a decorative shape. It is also necessary to monitor the appearance of pests or diseases in order to prevent their development.
For good growth, the monastery does not interfere with much sunlight. It can grow well, being in partial shade. Summer, when the temperature is more than 25 degrees, a laurel bush can be left on the balcony. With proper care, room laurel can live more than 15 years.
To get a good growth of indoor noble laurel, it is necessary to create conditions for it, resembling his homeland. With the onset of cold weather, the optimum temperature, in which the room laurel can safely be, is 18 degrees.
Professionals recommend in January to reduce the temperature to 10 degrees. In apartments, where central heating works in winter, it is better to install laurel bushes away from heating radiators.
Where should the laurel bushes be in the apartment?
In order to grow a good laurel flower, it is very important to find the right location for it. It is desirable that the plant does not fall into drafts, laurel does not like them. But to ventilate the room with the laurel, you need to regularly.
Create special lighting for noble laurel is not required. Quite enough ordinary room light. In order to achieve the blossoming of laurel at home, it is necessary to take care of it, trying to bring the conditions of its location closer to the real ones.
For example, a pot with a tree should be placed where there is a lot of light. So, with a large number of scattered sunlight, laurel leaves will get a more decorative look. The shrub will be very thick, which rarely happens if a laurel tree grows in more shaded areas.
How to water laurel bushes
In spring and summer, the bushes need to be watered regularly. When it is very hot outside, watering should be more intense. But one should not allow prolonged waterlogging, because stagnation of water in the soil can lead to rotting of the roots and death of the plant.
Watering schedule in winter is very different from the summer period. Substrate need to be watered only after the topsoil begins to dry in the pot. Watering should be well-settled water having a room temperature.
With the onset of heat, noble laurel should be sprayed in the morning and evening. Can also be installed near a laurel pot, a container of water.
Experienced growers use another method. A pebble is poured into the pan, then it is poured with water, a pot with laurel is placed on top.
How to breed laurel
Usually the reproduction of this unpretentious plant is carried out by cuttings, but you can propagate the laurel and seeds.
To grow laurel from seed, you need to have a special soil. To obtain rapid growth, it is recommended to pre-soak the seeds in warm water and hold for a couple of hours.
Seeds do not need to be buried deep in the soil. It is enough to sprinkle them with earth and cover with foil.
During the reproduction of laurel cuttings, they need to be cut from shoots that did not have time to completely woody.
With the onset of spring, pruned shoots are planted in a slightly moistened soil. From the trunk, it is desirable to remove all the leaves, leaving two or three. Cutting length should not exceed 8 cm. To make the plant take root faster, you should use wet sand. Usually, young seedlings root well within one month.
How is a transplant done?
This operation does not need to be carried out very often. A small tree should not be transplanted into a large pot. Laurel will feel great in a small pot.
When he grows up and the pot becomes cramped to him, another container is taken, with a large diameter of about 4 cm.
Transplant is performed by resetting the earthy coma. The pot is filled up with missing soil. Then transplanted laurel well watering. Transfer work usually performed in spring or summer.
The problems that may arise when growing
When decorative laurel is grown at home, it is possible that pests and diseases of the tree appear. The plant can be seriously damaged by several types of parasites:
Laurel bush usually affect fungal diseases. This may be due to excess watering. At this time, brown spots appear on the bay leaf.
To deal with such diseases, you need removal of damaged areas and plant transplant, with the addition of a new fresh substrate.
If you follow all the rules of growing laurel at home, you can always have in the room a beautiful, fragrant and healthy plant.
Types of indoor laurel
This plant has only two types:
- laurel canary.
Unlike its compatriot, the Canarian species has large, wide leaves that are slightly wrinkled at the edges. But its flavor is somewhat weaker than that of a noble fellow.
There are several varieties of trees noble laurel. Houseplant, care for which is quite simple, is in high demand among gardeners. The main botanical appearance has three varieties: narrow-leaved, golden and wrinkled. They all differ from each other only in the shape and color of the foliage.
Despite the fact that the special troubles in growing laurel does not arise, you still need to take care of him. Otherwise, even such an unpretentious plant may die. Having a lot of useful advantages, it can look very beautiful and decorative, but for this you need care. Noble laurel loves pruning crown, spraying foliage. Dark green fragrant leaves, it is desirable to constantly wipe from collecting dust on them.
For good growth each plant is desirable to create the conditions to which it is accustomed in their native places. This also applies to such a flower as indoor laurel. Leaving in the winter time is first of all the optimum air temperature (not higher than 18 degrees). And in January, experts generally recommend lowering it to 10 degrees. Therefore, during the heating season, especially in apartments with central heating, it is better to keep the plant away from heat sources.
Laurel is a plant, care of which will be a joy even for children, since, basically, it is the right watering and location. If you do not know how to properly water the ornamental tree, then do it when the topsoil dries slightly. Do not fill the flower, because even an unpretentious laurel from the abundance of water can rot the roots.
Before planting or transplanting, do not forget to drain. Try to refrain from a one-year-old laurel transplant. The only thing that does not really like this tree is frequent transplants, its roots are very sensitive.
If you plant a flower by cuttings, then when cutting off, try not to cut the sprout from a large tree to the end, try to tear it carefully. The resulting “heel” will contribute to a more rapid development of the root system of the young sapling.
Do not forget about humidity and spray the plant in hot weather every day. Try to do it in the evening hours, because drops of moisture on the sheets when exposed to sunlight, turn into very strong lenses that can leave severe burns on the foliage, which will lead not only to an ugly appearance, but also to their death.
Do not feed the plant in winter during the period of rest, otherwise in natural time for active growth the laurel will not be able to develop normally, because it does not have time to gain strength. In winter, watering is also desirable to reduce.
Care at home and in the garden
Caring for the care of a laurel tree in the home and in the open field it is necessary to observe some points. Consider them in more detail.
Laurel - the plant is quite hardy, it can grow with moderate light, but best of all it will develop - and, moreover, it will actively branch - in bright, mostly diffused, light. It should be protected from excess solar radiation.
IMPORTANT: air humidity in winter should be sufficient, and in summer - increased. This is a necessary condition for the successful cultivation of laurel.
When caring for the laurel room should carry out regular spraying with soft water. You can also put the plant in a pallet with wet pebbles, located near the wide vessels with water.
ATTENTION: however, the air must be fresh enough. At home, the laurel tree should be in a well-ventilated place.
In the spring-summer period of active growing season twice a week. the plant is supported by complex fertilizers, alternating with mineral and organic compounds.
In autumn and winter, the frequency of dressings decreases to monthly or even more rare. It depends on the thermal regime, which contains the laurel: with a cold winter you will need to fertilize much less frequently.
Growth and bloom
In room culture, the plant lives about 15 years, in the area, in the same place - up to 60 years. Bush able to grow to 10-15 meters in height. Laurel at home is limited to 1.5-2 meters by trimming.
Small yellow flowers bloom in early spring, in March-April, and on some plants only staminate, on others only pistillate. When growing bloom in the room - a rarity. After pollination fruits ripen - blue berries.
When caring for a laurel tree at home - bush responds well to pruning, forming a magnificent crown: spherical, cubic, pyramidal.
Laurel pruning is carried out starting from 5 years of age.
There are two terms for this operation: end of summer (August) immediately upon completion of the active growing season and end of autumn (October-November), in transition to a state of rest.
In the open area, damaged branches are pruned in early spring.
How to grow laurel at home? Answering this question, it is important to remember that when planting laurel at home, a container with an obligatory drainage hole should have standard dimensions and an optimal ratio with the growth of seedlings: the size of the pot vertically ranges from a quarter to a third of the height of the plant.
Before planting the laurel, a drainage layer is placed at the bottom of the container (expanded clay, small pebbles, brick battle).
Then pour a small amount of prepared soil on top of it - root system with saved, whenever possible earthy clod. Finish the soil mixture to the desired level, gently tamping it.
Young, the first five years of life, plants are transplanted, as a rule, every year, adults - every 2-3 years, and then even less.
Your attention indoor laurel and his photo:
You can also see the video on how to care for your laurel at home:
It should completely eliminate stagnation at the roots.
Excess water from the pan is removed immediately. Or fill the tray with gravel so that the bottom of the container rests on its layer.
Spraying will benefit from laurel - the leaves will be glossy, with a beautiful texture. They take soft water, so as not to leave a whitish lime bloom. You can diversify the "water treatment" - in the heat, along with sprinkling, pamper the tree with a shower at room temperature. The above is true if the plant receives plenty of sunlight. For those that are in the shade, as the dusting they wipe the leaves with a damp cloth, and that is enough.
Where the air is overdried (in rooms with air conditioning), it is desirable to ensure for the laurel a minimal “water mirror”. Whether it will be an aquarium or a pallet filled with wet pebbles depends on the taste and ingenuity of the owner.
The division of the bush and layers
The division of the bush is carried out in the autumn or early spring, when the plant is in the sleep phase. Divide fairly - that each of the branches got a part of viable roots.
An interesting way - air layouts. On a healthy shoot, make several notches and, pripyliv growth hormone, wrapped in sphagnum. As an option, a plastic bag with a substrate is fixed on the stem. Roots will appear in the incision area. When the substrate is penetrated by them, the cuttings are separated from the main stem.
House laurel can bloom, but the seeds are unlikely to give. He is a dioecious plant, and it’s not a fact that there will be a copy of the opposite sex nearby. Nevertheless, the seeds of noble laurel (fresh, after two or three months, they lose their germination) can be brought from the trip. They germinate, as they say, painfully long. From six months and more. However, patience will be rewarded. The laurel of seed origin is durable (fifty years of life versus twenty for those obtained by vegetative means). In addition, appearing from a seed in a room environment, it is maximally adapted to it.
When is vaccination needed?
The reproduction of laurel by grafting is applied when replicating its decorative forms. There are not many of them, but they are:
- Laurus nobilis f. Aurea - young leaves are painted in a delicate golden color,
- Angustifolia - with narrow long leaves resembling willow or willow-tea
- Undulata - with grooved edges of leaves.
There is another type of laurel, Laurus azorica (Azores, or Canarian). Its leaves are slightly smaller, and shoots pubescent. For enthusiasts: you can try to instill L. azorica in a less whimsical Mediterranean counterpart.
Little is threatened by a healthy laurel - its fresh leaves are so saturated with essential oils that there are no hunters to try them. On the contrary, they themselves serve as a repellent agent.
Another thing - a weakened plant. Aphids can live on it, and the sweet pad they produce becomes a fertile medium for the growth of fungi. It looks like soot bloom. Remove the parasites by mechanical means, wiping the leaves with a swab moistened with alcohol. Densely populated easier to trim. You can use insecticide, but the leaves from such a tree are no longer suitable for seasoning.
Shchitovka settles where there is insufficient moisture. Scarab colonies are peeled, washed by infusion of garlic. Normalize conditions, feed laurel, and then he will cope himself. Similarly, when detecting the whitefly.
Infected copies are subject to mandatory isolation!
Fungal infections in the form of various spots affect laurel with a lack of sunlight and fresh air, in an overly humid environment. And also, if the soil is acidified. It is recommended to remove the affected leaves (it is not scary if the tree is completely bare), change the substrate and optimize the conditions.