The popularity of meat and egg chickens among farmers is due primarily to their versatility. The owners of household farms are bred as old breeds of this direction of productivity, and new ones. A little more complicated than for laying hens, and simple than for broilers, care is what distinguishes such chickens (meat-breeding breeds). Which variety to choose? The answer to this question is rather complicated. After all, such breeds were bred by breeders quite a lot. Therefore, further in the article we will consider what features the most popular meat and egg chickens differ in.
Which bird is more profitable to grow?
The best meat-breeding chickens today, according to many farmers, are:
These are the most productive breeds of meat-laying chickens. Description and photos of such layers will be presented in the article. We will discuss each of these breeds in detail.
Rhode Island: history, description
This popular breed of hen meat in Russia was bred in the USA in 1840-1850. The Cochinquins, Malay Red, Leggorni, Wiandotas, Corniches were used as parental ones.
The plumage of rhode island chickens are very thick. That is why they are well suited for content in Russia. This bird tolerates cold. The color of plumage in rhode island is brown. Over time, the color of these chickens pales a little.
Rhode Island Productivity Indicators
These chickens are valued by farmers, of course, primarily because they are gaining weight quite well and at the same time carry a lot of eggs. In terms of productivity, many homeowners consider this bird to be one of the best today. Egg production of rod-islands is about 160-180 pcs. in year. It is possible to get 210-215 pcs from some chickens on condition of good care The eggs themselves in this breed are quite large. Their weight can reach 55-60 grams.
Not bad indicators of productivity of this breed is different in relation to meat. Rhode Island adult chickens reach a weight of 2.5–3 kg, and males - 3.2–3.8 kg.
Sexual maturity of the hen of the meat-breeding breed od od island is reached by 6-7 months. They rush year-round. Masonry in winter, these chickens do not stop even in an unheated barn. The young of this breed is distinguished by its endurance. Outbreaks in the herd of rhode island almost never happens. Not too demanding these chickens and feed. The ration for them is usually the same as for poultry of meat breeds (concentrates - mash - concentrates). However, when maintaining the homeowner, it is necessary to make sure that the chickens do not overeat. Too much food will not affect the rate of weight gain, but the bird will carry very few eggs.
In terms of productivity, Rhode Islands are superior to many other meat-breeding chickens. The photo of the rooster presented on the page above, its strong constitution clearly demonstrates. But this bird has one more absolute advantage. One of the features of the Rhode Island breed is that it is simply an excellent genetic material. It is these chickens that are used by breeders to breed new, highly productive meat and egg hybrids most often.
Kuchinsky anniversary chicken
Selection of this bird lasted for the whole 43 years. It was bred by domestic specialists based on the genotype of 4 foreign breeds. Later, the resulting sufficiently productive hybrid was additionally crossed with liven hens.
The Kuchyn jubilee plumage is brown or golden. Her body is quite compact, but very strong. The plumage, like that of the Rhode Islands, is dense among representatives of this breed. Therefore, the Kuchinskaya jubilee chickens endure winter well, practically without reducing in egg production. But still the temperature of the air in the shed with the content of this breed should not fall less than +3 C.
Weight Kuchinsky anniversary chickens gain in 2.7-3 kg, cockerels - 3.4-3.5 kg. Their egg production rates are 180-200 pcs. in year. Somewhat decreases the productivity in this regard, the breed of chickens, the meat-koochi jubilee, only during the molt period. These eggs lay about 60 grams. To feed, this bird, like Rhode Island, is unpretentious. Contain it according to the standard technology used for chickens in meat and egg production.
New Hampshire Hens
This meat-egg breed first appeared in the United States in the 30s of the last century. It was derived specifically for medium and small farms. That is, New Hepshires are just great for content, for example, in summer cottages.
About ttenok feather these chickens are brown-brown. The new hampshire bird looks somewhat squat. Her body is oblong and strong enough, and her legs are short. The plumage of these chickens is very dense and thick.
Meat-yielding breeds of chickens, the description of which was given above, are distinguished by quite good indicators of egg production and weight gain. In this regard, the New Geshirs of Moscow White, Rhode Island, and Kuchinskaya Jubilee are practically not inferior. The body weight of layers of this breed can reach 2-3 kg, males - 3.2-3.8 kg. In the first year, New Hampshire chickens lay about 200 pcs. eggs weighing 55 grams. Later, this figure begins to decline. Sexual maturity of hens reach 6 months.
What is different breed?
As with the Kuchinsky jubilee, the sex of New Hampshire chicks can be determined at a very early age. In males of this breed, white fluff is noticeable on the wings. Chickens feathers in this place are brown. The New Hampshire rooster is supposed to change at least once every five years. Otherwise the chickens will not meet breed standards.
Manterin instinct in these chickens is developed. But not all individuals sit on the eggs.
Breed of hens meat-orpingon
This bird was bred in England by the breeder William Cook at the end of the 19th century. Initially, Orpington was officially recognized only with black coloring of plumage. Later fawn chickens of this breed were obtained. Today, there are already about 10 varieties of Orpington by color.
Looking t hens of this breed are more massive than many other meat-eating ones. Short-legged, like the New Hampshire, they do not look. The plumage of these chickens is dense, so they are good for breeding in the Russian climate.
The maternal instinct of these chickens is developed just fine. Chickens are usually born healthy and viable. However, they gain weight, unfortunately, rather slowly. A feature of this breed, according to many farmers, is gluttony. To speed up the weight gain of young animals, the owner of the backyard has to spend a lot on food.
Voraciousness, of course, can be attributed to the shortcomings of this breed. However, in the hens of Orpington, in comparison with other species, there is one important advantage. The fact is that these hens do not reduce egg production for usually three whole years. Also to the advantages of this breed, many farmers include very tasty, juicy and tender meat.
If we talk about what are currently the best meat-breeding chickens, then, of course, not to mention Adler silver. When breeding this bird, highly productive May Day and Russian white chickens were used. Later, new Hampshires and Jurlovian cocks were also included in the selection work.
The main advantage of Adler silver chicken is considered endurance. Outfall in the flock of this bird is almost never.
What is worth knowing the owner?
When growing Adler silver chicken, the farmer must take into account some of its features. For example, youngsters of this breed can begin to rush at the age of 5 months. This can not be allowed. Otherwise, the productivity of poultry in terms of egg production in the future will be low. The early clutch of Adler silver is primarily due to overfeeding. Too much protein in the diet of chickens of this breed when growing for eggs should not be.
Adler silver weight gain very quickly. And sometimes they are grown and, like broilers, for meat. In this case, to feed the chickens, of course, is the most high-calorie food.
These hens have less eggs than representatives of many other breeds of the same group. However, the absolute advantages of Adler silver can be attributed to the fact that it does not reduce productivity in this area for 4 years. The maternal instinct in the process of breeding these chickens, however, completely lost.
Instead of conclusion
These are the best meat-breeding chickens that exist today. Photos and their name were presented to the reader in our article. Care for such a bird is usually uncomplicated. There are quite a lot of eggs and meat from it. Perhaps that is why, in most cases, the owners of household plots prefer to keep such universal chickens in their farmsteads.
Characteristics of meat and egg chickens
As the name implies, meat-and-egg-laying chickens have a high egg production rate and at the same time they give a large carcass of tasty dietary meat. Each breed has its own external and productive qualities, but there are also common features. Meat-egg chickens are sturdy in build birds. Their maturation usually occurs early. Most chickens are good winter laying hens. They tend to hatching, love and protect their offspring. The productive age is 1-3 years.
An important point! Meat of hens of universal breeds is much better than meat of hens of egg breeds.
The content of meat and egg chickens unpretentious. They are calmer than members of other groups, can live indoors, do not need spacious walkways. At the same time, universal birds are wonderful foragers, they like to spend their days in the endless search for edible living creatures.
- high vitality, endurance,
- chickens are good foragers, economical in terms of specialized feed,
- fertility - 100%,
- the instinct of the hen is superbly developed (procreation occurs naturally),
- high quality meat and eggs,
- universal chickens are ideal for a small private farm.
Pedigree adult chickens
- the young growth is growing very slowly. In two months, the cock weighs 900-1000 grams,
- the number of eggs per year depends on the quality of the feed,
- when kept in close quarters, chickens die.
What are the best chickens?
Among a wide variety of chicken breeds, experienced farmers have compiled their ranking of the most successful varieties. These chickens have excellent performance for a long time, they are not prone to disease, there is never a problem with keeping them. For those who can not decide on the breed, a list of the best universal chickens.
The most successful meat-egg cross Dutch selection. Birds Shaver is divided into three groups depending on the color of the pen: White, Black, Brown. By the way, the fluff in all three varieties is always white.
Table 1. Characteristics of chicken Shaver
Chicken Shaver Brown
For chickens, Shaver is characterized by a rounded muscular body with thick plumage. The small head is crowned with a leaf-shaped red comb. Long earrings and earlobes match his tone. In chickens, the scallop is long and can sometimes fall on its side. In males, this is not observed - the headpiece is thick and short, upright. The backbone is strong, but not massive. The chest protrudes forward, the back bends slightly to the lumbar region. The tail is short, pulled up. The wings are shortened, tightly pressed to the body, not developed. Beak and legs are yellow. It is noteworthy that the skin with age becomes gray.
What a shaver is valued all over the world for is high egg production. The first eggs of the hen begin to lay at 18 weeks. Maximum productivity is observed in 10 months. At first, the eggs are small, 40 grams each, then their weight gradually increases and reaches 45, 50 and even 60 grams. The color of the shell is cream. High egg-laying persists in chickens 1.5-2 years of age, then they are replaced. The males are fattened for meat. Dead time they reach 6 months of life. It was at this time that the meat is lean, juicy.
It is believed that the eggs of this cross contains a lot of omega3 and omega6 fatty acids, so they are very nutritious and beneficial.
This chicken breed was bred in the Moscow region in the mid 40s of the last century. Scientists have adapted the Moscow white hens to the difficult climate of the northern part of Russia. Birds have dense dense plumage which helps not to freeze in burning cold. With good nutrition and a well-equipped chicken coop, chickens are carried even in winter.
Table 2. Characteristics of the Moscow white hens
Moscow white chicken
Moscow white is characterized by a wide oval body, small head, high bushy tail. The body rests on short, but strong legs. Scallop and cocks, and the hens rose-like, short, with poorly pronounced notches. It is wide and flattened, which helps protect the head from frostbite. The wings are long, well developed, so it’s better to keep the birds in a closed aviary.
Most klunes begin to be born at the age of six months. At this time, their eggs weigh 40-45 grams, the shell is thin, pinkish. In adulthood, the chicken already has white eggs. Moscow white hens are excellent chicks, the survival rate of offspring is 94-96%. Roosters are also highly productive. The percentage of fertilization is about 95 units.
Couple with chicks
Holders of Moscow chickens note that they are cheerful, very active and friendly birds. They are always in motion, curious. Do not show aggression to humans and other pets. They are well tolerated by the change of weather, they eat everything.
One of the most popular chicken breeds in Russia. Stately, stately giants have a lush plumage of a wide variety of colors.
Table 3. Characteristics of Kuchinsky chickens
Roosters are much larger than hens. Their head is crowned with a tall leaf-shaped comb and long red earrings. In females, the head "ornaments" are not very pronounced. The colors of the birds are variegated, mostly golden calico. But there are individuals with red plumage and black breast, and the tail is painted with emerald-copper shades.
Appeared from Livensky chickens, Jubilee differ in excellent adaptability to weather conditions of the area. In winter, they can live in an unheated barn, and even go out on clear frosty days. The ancestors of the heaps are the Leghorn, who rewarded their descendants with the ability to roam well for 2-3 years. Eggs at the very peak of productivity come in a pink and white hue. Their shells are very durable, and therefore the risk of infection with an infectious disease is reduced to zero. The maternal instinct of these birds is very highly developed, in summer one hen can successfully grow three dozen chicks.
Rooster Kuchinsky Jubilee
Kuchinki chickens have very tender and juicy meat, with a minimal amount of fat. A distinctive feature of birds is the rapid growth of young. Already in six months, males reach 2.5 kilograms of slaughter. With age, their meat becomes tough and sinewy.
A well-known breed that arrived in Russia from the American continent. Previously, chickens were bred only in poultry farms. Now Rhode Island is a favorite of private farmers. The breed of chickens Rhode Island is a regular participant in various exhibitions, regularly receives prizes.
Table 4. Characteristics of Rhode Island chickens
Chickens Rhode Island
The roosters of Rhode Islands need a lot of personal space, and fights often occur in cramped rooms. When free-running, birds do not show aggression towards a person; moreover, they are quite friendly, they like to eat from their hands. Rhode Islands are excellent foragers, they rarely leave their homes.
Rhode Island - stately, tall birds. Their elongated rectangular torso is attached to the powerful, sinewy, yellow legs. The shape of the ridge may be rose-shaped or leaf-shaped, but it is always bright red, large. His bulging eyes sparkle in the sun to match him. Most often, red Rhode Islands can be found, but birds come across with white plumage, which is not considered a defect in the standard. The plumage of hens is dense, fluffy. This allows birds to safely endure low temperatures and live in the winter in an unheated hen house.
Layer Rhode Island
Rhode Islands are characterized by slow growth of young stock. For almost two months nestlings grow a feather, and all this time they need a warm room. Under favorable conditions, the case rate among chickens is about 2%.
This breed of domestic production. Unpretentious, highly productive birds do not cease to sweep even in winter. The main disadvantage of the breed is the loud voice of the cockerels. This feature often annoys neighbors.
Table 5. Characteristics of the Zagorsk Salmon
Zagorskie Salmonids are kind, curious, active chickens. The color of the birds is variegated: the body and braids are black with an emerald sheen, and the mane and the transition to the tail are silvery white. На крыльях может быть вкрапления коричневого и красного цветов.
В летнее время загорские куры любят фуражировать, разбредаясь по разным уголкам сада. Они с трудом уживаются в темном закрытом вольере, а вот на вольном выгуле чувствуют себя замечательно. The size of the egg depends on the quality of the food: if you add more protein to the diet, then the egg production and testicle size increases. High quality meat is observed in chickens aged from 6 to 12 months.
Chickens of this breed are in great demand among farmers.
Calm, docile chickens quickly adapt to new living conditions, can get along with other pets. They are unpretentious to the composition of the feed, but demanding on its quantity.
Roosters are beautiful tampers. One male has up to 15 Klush. Females, in turn, do not like to hatch eggs, so an incubator is required for hatching. Nestlings grow rapidly, are resistant to most known diseases.
Eggs of Zagorsky salmon hens
Incubators perfectly cope with the task of laying hens, increasing productivity and reducing the cost of your labor several times. One such helper for farmers is the incubator. "Cinderella".
Old American breed of universal chickens. Bred in the late 19th century. Virtually no flaws. Plymouth Stalk are widespread throughout America, as they have the best qualities of universal chickens. In addition to year-round egg-laying Plymutrokka ways to give a weighty carcass of tasty and delicate meat.
Table 6. Characteristics of Plymouth Groats
The nature of the birds balanced. They are rather calm, peace-loving in relation to another animal, they do not start fights, roosters carefully guard their hens from other livestock. They never leave the yard. Roosters and chickens can live in a closed space, while living peacefully.
The appearance of the Plymouthrok is impressive. A large oblong body is parallel to the surface of the earth. The back ends with a short tail sticking to the side. The little hens have almost no tail.
The female has a short tail.
The constitution of females is slightly different from males - their belly is strongly convex, filled, which means the quality of a good layer. Scallop single, scarlet. While the cocks of the cocks are strongly jagged, it is large, it finds a little on the bridge of the nose.
There are several types of plumage: white, fawn, striped (black and white). According to the beliefs of farmers, white individuals rush much better than striped ones.
A flock of Plymouthrock chickens
The birds of this breed owe their birth to domestic breeders. By Pushkin hens they understand two types of chickens at once - “St. Petersburg” and “Moscow”. When creating them, different breeds were used, so outwardly these chickens are somewhat different. But the productivity and characteristics of the conditions of detention are very similar.
Table number 7. Characteristics of Pushkin Hens
Farmers often argue which breed is increasingly productive. Currently, it is believed that Moscow chickens have a greater egg production rate, but the St. Petersburg eggs have bigger eggs. Externally, the Pushkin Hens are beautiful strong birds with a noble article. St. Petersburg breeding chickens have a black-and-white color with pure white down. Roosters, on the contrary, seem to be bleached with small dark spots all over the body.
Growth rates in birds are average. Juveniles grow strong, the percentage of mortality is small. Quality meat in birds is observed at the age of 9-12 months. The meat is lean, juicy, it makes a delicious rich soup broth. Birds resulting from the Moscow breeding of striped plumage. Males and hens are dark-colored.
Variety of chickens which is the birthplace of Hungary. Differs fast adaptability to the climatic conditions of the region. Ideal for breeding in small garden plots.
Table 8. Characteristics of the breed Hungarian giant
Hens of breed the Hungarian giant
Hungarian chickens are massive, very large birds. Their bones are well-knit, their bodies are covered with massive plumage of red-brown, rusty color. Roosters and females are characterized by powerful bulging breasts, a broad back, a long neck and a small head. The tail is small, but very lush, almost completely black. Scallop poorly developed, there are practically no cuts. Its color, like the color of earrings and lobes, is scarlet. Giants have strong long legs that are thickly covered with greyish down in the thigh.
Hungarians are growing rapidly and by the age of six months they reach slaughter age. At this time, they weigh 2.3-2.5 kilograms. Layers start laying at 4 months. Initially, the testicles are small, pinkish in color. In adulthood, egg color is creamy, and weight often reaches 60 grams. In the spring after the molting hens lay giant eggs weighing up to 100 grams. It is noteworthy that they are always double-yolk.
For the maintenance of giants requires a spacious insulated enclosure. Birds must be in constant motion, otherwise foot disease may develop. One of the main advantages of the breed is a perfectly preserved maternal instinct of hens. Due to the scrupulous attitude towards their maternal responsibilities, the percentage of survival of young stock is 100%.
When you want to feast on not only meat, but also a delicious egg, then the choice should be in favor of meat and egg breeds. The content of universal chickens does not require unnecessary trouble. However, this does not mean that proper care should not be taken for birds. The productivity of birds is very influenced by high-quality balanced nutrition, especially in the winter months. The appearance and performance of meat and egg suppliers will depend on this.
In order to always have the most delicious chicken meat and dietetic eggs on the table, most farmers and poultry farmers buy meat and egg species from their farms. Farmers, referring to their experience and working with many species of birds, can without hesitation say which of the meat and egg chickens is better to choose. And for those interested in such information, a rating of the most popular and sought-after breeds was made.
These chickens will be an excellent option for breeding on a private farm. They bring quite large eggs (up to 70 grams). The bird's weight also pleases: cockerels grow up to 7 kg, chickens - 3-4 kg. Chickens have the vitality, unpretentiousness. They perfectly adapt to any conditions.
Representatives of this breed are distinguished by charming colorful feathers, tasty meat and friendly character. In color there are white, speckled, fawn. But to ensure good productivity, it is recommended to take exactly white Plymouth rock. Males can weigh 5 kg, but the weight of the chicken usually reaches 3.5. Egg production rates are average, about 170 eggs a year. A hen can calm and long hatch eggs.
Chickens of this breed are attractive in appearance, have bright brown plumage with a reddish tinge. The bird is strong and tall. The rooster grows to almost 4 kg, the chicken to three. Egg production per year usually reaches 200 eggs. Chickens start sweeping closer to 7 months.
Breed of chickens with a calm character and excellent egg production. The live weight of a rooster is 3.5 kg. If we talk about chickens, then this figure is in the region of 2.5 kg. Every year they are able to give 210 eggs. The survival rate of young stock is about 87%. This type of chicken is unpretentious in its content, therefore it is quite popular in private farms.
These chickens are widespread. They begin to nest early (from 5 months), the productivity per year can be 180 eggs. The mass of birds is small, roosters are 3 kg. Chickens are able to gain only 2 kg.
These representatives of meat and egg directions are quite popular, because they quickly gain weight and amaze with meat quality. Rooster weight - 3,900 kg, chicken - 3,000 kg. Egg productivity per year is within 170 pcs.
The breed is resistant to many diseases and with a decent egg production, the results of which for a year can be up to 200 pieces. In addition, these chickens are excellent chickens.
Considering all the benefits of the productivity of meat and egg individuals, their unpretentiousness in maintenance, high survival rate of young stock, it is worth noting that the universal breed was created specifically for households or private small farms. The maintenance and breeding of the above breeds will not only delight the excellent quality of meat and eggs, but also diversify the number of birds with some decorative species.
We invite you to watch a video about chickens of Zagorskaya Salmon breed and evaluate their appearance.
- Eye candy - spectacular decorative hens
Barnevelder - rare and beautiful chickens of heavy meat and egg orientationGiants in the chicken world
Comments and Reviews
I got a dozen of Kuchinsky Jubilees. From the first day we settled in and became friends with the rest of the individuals. Food is not sorted, they like to walk on fresh grass. Egg production as for a universal breed is really excellent. From ten layers of 4-5 eggs at least a day.
And I fell in love with bielefelder and maranov, good chickens, began to sweep by 7 months, the egg at bielefelder is very large, almost everything rushes, let's say: 8 out of 10 and the weight is decent, the chicken carcass of four-month-old chickens was 3.5 kg, chickens - 2.5 kg but now I don’t know (who cuts the goose that lays the golden eggs), but the roosters are very heavy
What are the special chickens?
Meat-egg chickens are a universal breed of chickens, which, in terms of meat and eggs, stands between these two promising areas. A feature of these chickens is that there are practically no special requirements for the maintenance and care. But they need enough light and heat, so there should be good lighting in the hen house, and there should be heaters.
In the process of breeding chickens partially lost maternal instinct, therefore, hens will not work out of them. Individuals were bred as a result of practical genetic experiments on the crossing of meat and egg chickens. But there are some species in the world that have these qualities from nature.
Varieties of meat and egg chickens
There is a huge amount of meat and egg chickens, but not all of them are so productive that you can make a good profit when breeding them. When choosing carefully pay attention not only to the breed of chickens, but also on the rate of eggs laid per year, the time of puberty, the maximum mass.
This variety is grown on special farms in Ukraine. She has an average size, and the weight of a rooster is up to 3.5 kg, chicken - up to 2.3 kg. Ushanka carefully raises small chicks, protecting them from any natural factors.
Chickens reach sexual maturity by 6 months. It is difficult to call this variety egg, because it brings up to 180 eggs weighing 58 g per year.
Already by the name it becomes clear that Yerevan specialists were engaged in breeding this breed in the process of long-term selection. This breed is one of the best varieties that produce eggs. Valuable Yerevan chickens in Asia. But in Russia, very few people know about them.
The advantage of this individual is the plumage of red hue - it fits snugly to the body. Breed such chickens in the territory of Armenia and Azerbaijan. The main disadvantage is excessive timidity. The rooster reaches a weight of 4.5 kg, and the chicken - up to 2.5 kg. Sexual maturity reaches 6 months. As already mentioned, chickens are good animals that bring eggs - up to 220 pieces per year.
This is a variety of chickens, often found in European countries (England, France), and a little less often in Russia. This breed is distinguished by white and red plumage. Animals have a compact body, short legs and a small mass. They have a comb, which has a leaf shape, and their plumage is rigid and good.
Chickens have a calm character, but are highly sensitive to temperature changes. The weight of an adult rooster, which can be sent to the face, is up to 3 kg. Adult chicken weighs 2.5-2.7 kg.
They are famous for increased egg production, because in a year they can carry up to 190 eggs weighing 57 g each.
This is a popular meat and egg breed of chickens, because it has good endurance. This breed is found on the territory of Russia and in European countries. This is a universal type of chickens. The weight of the rooster is 3.5 kg, of the hen 2.5 kg. Up to 180 eggs weighing 55-58 g per year are demolished. They are the best representatives of this breed of chickens.
As for the best meat and egg breed, in terms of egg delivery, California hens are considered the most popular, since animals take up to 240 eggs a year. Regarding body weight, in this case they are slightly inferior to Yerevan chickens. Today, this species is practically not common, but in Russia Californian chickens are found in various farms.
The mass of chickens is 2.5 kg, roosters - 3.5 kg. These are egg breeds of chickens. They bring eggs weighing 58 g each. The shell of the eggs has a creamy tinge.
This breed got its name from the state where these birds appeared. They have a red-brown color and greenish plumage. They have leafy red scallop, yellow beak and powerful paws. Sexual maturity in chickens begins at 7 months, when they begin to actively produce eggs - up to 220 brown eggs per year. The mass of an adult rooster is up to 3.9 kg, chicken - up to 2.9 kg.
If the chicken has an elongated neck and head, large weight, bright eyes, the shape of the body in the form of a triangle, dull plumage - this is considered deviations from the breed.
A feature of these chickens is unpretentiousness in the diet, they calmly consume the foot of food. Rush throughout the year. Chickens that have good egg production remain for breeding. In order not to decrease the productivity in wintertime, they adhere to the optimum temperature in the hen house - 10 degrees.
Breed which will please farmers not only big weight, but also good egg production. Possess a brown color scheme, which is poured with a golden hue. Also guarantee high survival and productivity.
The weight of an adult rooster is 3.5-4 kg. The chicken ready for slaughter weighs 2.5-3 kg. Birds are not very demanding to care, unpretentious in the content, valued calm character and friendliness. It is easy for them to endure various weather conditions. They grow fast. They can produce up to 220 brownish-pink large eggs. They have juicy and tasty meat.
Distinctive features of the breed is that the hen has brown plumage, the rooster - red plumage with gold and black splashes. Also this breed has a long beak, leaf-shaped scallop, massive paws without feathers.
This breed is originally from England, its cost is excessively high. It has a short feather cover, as well as a diverse range of colors. You can find black, red, fawn, partridge chickens Orpington. The mass of an adult rooster is 3.5 kg, chicken - 2.6 kg. A hen throughout the year can bring up to 190 large eggs.
A variety of meat and egg chickens is one of those that attracts only the appearance of meat: it has a shade like salmon. Characteristic features of this animal are small size, black or red color gamut.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of birds:
- they have a strong maternal instinct,
- animals are unpretentious in keeping and very hardy,
- calm and good-natured nature allows you to keep birds with other breeds,
- birds are picky in nutrition,
- Salmon Zagorsk strong immunity, because livestock rarely sick.
The disadvantages include the fact that the birds of this breed can soar high, reaching up to 2 meters. Breeders will have to build a high aviary or fence it from above with a net. So the chickens not only will not escape, but will not harm the household, because the birds like to make their way to the beds and spoil them.
The adult rooster reaches up to 3.6 kg, the female - 2.8 kg. A layer is capable of producing about 250 eggs weighing 65 g each year.
Beautiful chickens with whiskers on the head and plumage on the paws. This breed will be a great decoration for any farmstead. Chickens lead an inactive lifestyle, do not pay attention to other birds, are distinguished by a calm disposition. Due to the immobility of this breed of chickens can quickly stock up fat, gaining weight. Chickens tolerate low temperatures quite well.
The weight of an adult rooster reaches 3.9 kg, chicken - 2.9 kg. Each year, the hen brings up to 190 eggs weighing 65g each.
Feeding meat and egg hens
As for feeding such chickens, they have a slow metabolism. Slow egg production occurs. Chickens are sedentary, prone to overeating, which leads to accumulation of subcutaneous fat, and it is deposited in their liver. This leads to the fact that the hormonal regulation of the processes of egg formation is inhibited, the cost of feed increases, and the biological quality of eggs decreases.
In order to avoid this, make up a balanced diet, that is, food should be aimed at stimulating the growth of body weight and the formation of eggs.
All breeds of this type consume much more feed than regular chickens. Therefore, they follow the diet, distributing three types of feed with an interval of 6 hours:
- cereal mixtures of oatmeal, corn and millet,
- wet mash with meat-or-bone meal or fish meal, milk or curd,
- cereals (daily different type).
Для повышения оплодотворения яиц, петухам дают 50 г пророщенного зерна из расчета 20 мг на 1 кг корма. Мясо-яичные куры являются самой лучшей категорией для экономного кормления с получением отличного результата, нацеленного на прибыль.
Так, можно получать неплохой доход от выращивания мясо-яичных пород кур. Они обладают спокойным характером, неприхотливы в содержании, привлекательны внешне. In addition, they can provide their owner not only with juicy and healthy meat, but also with large eggs that they keep for themselves or are allowed to be sold.
The best breeds of chicken egg directions: leggorn and Russian white
This is the most common breed of egg hens. Birds are characterized by high egg production, they carry large eggs with pure white shell. Leggorn spend less feed on egg production than other breeds, they are mobile and are able to find a lot of feed on the paddocks. Chickens of this egg breed are very early on: they begin laying at 5-6 months of age and continue to lay eggs in good feeding conditions, as a rule, for 10 months.
Chickens of this breed do not differ by a pronounced instinct of incubation. It manifests itself only in individual individuals, which has a positive effect on the egg production of the herd.