General information

Argemona - prickly competitor poppy

Touching garden anemones and poppies are plants similar in flowering type. Despite the fact that they are present on the garden scene for a limited time, and even after flowering the foliage spoils rather than decorates ensembles, they are still considered among the most popular garden cultures today. But another one, similar to poppy in flowering plant, argemon is rarely offensive. Meanwhile, Argemona is the most talented annual plant with quivering cups of flowers. She leaves and luxurious, and flowering lasts a long time, and the aroma is different than the unique can not be called. And this is not to mention the diversity of species and varieties, ease of cultivation and excellent melliferous qualities! Argemona is so good that it's hard not to fall in love.

Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras). © beartomcat

Get acquainted closer with the prickly, but very friendly argemon

Argemones appeared in Europe only in the 19th century. But for two centuries they managed to win the title of a very special plant, which has no analogues in modern landscape design. Daring, flowering, with original foliage, argemons offer to make a game of textures, colors and effects. They immediately attract attention and just can not like it. After all, for every gardener in Argemon there is a talent.

Argemona (Argemone) - a charmingly large and unapproachable plant, representing the poppy family. Argemons reach a height of at least 45 cm in height, and the best varieties and types under favorable conditions direct the flower stalks to a meter height. Her foliage seems smart, if not to say front. And in spite of the fact that it is impossible to touch the plant, it will most likely become one of the most original spots in your flower beds and rabatka. Very attractive, gray leaves, argamones are prickly, hard and have one of the most striking "metallic" effects. Their texture, lace pattern, density can contend with any perennial. And the foliage is considered to be no less proud of argémon than flowering.

And the inflorescences of this plant and the truth no less amazing. Outwardly similar to poppies, they are similar to anemones in trepidation. After all, argemon flowers react to the slightest movement of air, are constantly in motion and seem surprisingly delicate against the background of such coarse prickly leaves. The contrast of translucent and quivering petals and metal spikes of green brings the image of argemons to perfection. All ornamental argoneum inflorescences are very large.

You will not find such an aroma like that of argemones in any other garden plant. Not the strongest, but unusually sweet, he is so charming that all honey plants and butterflies flock to appreciate his originality.

An important trump card of argemons is the duration of flowering. It lasts literally until the frost, and not the first frost, because the argemon is not afraid of not only spring but also autumn frosts and sometimes continues to bloom even when the temperature drops to -10 at night (under the condition of a warm day). Starting in early or mid-summer, the bloom of argemones is able to contend even with the recognized king of the ampel in terms of both profusion and negligence.

Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras). © beartomcat

The only thing argémona will give way to competitors is a variety of colors. The color range of this plant is limited to delicate, pastel variations of white, cream and yellow. Less common are argemons with lilac-purple color, and even the representatives of the genus with brighter flowers belong only to the most spiny argemon wide.

Argemona - prickly competitor poppy

Get acquainted closer with the prickly, but very friendly argemon

Argemones appeared in Europe only in the 19th century. But for two centuries they managed to win the title of a very special plant, which has no analogues in modern landscape design. Daring, flowering, with original foliage, argemons offer to make a game of textures, colors and effects. They immediately attract attention and just can not like it. After all, for every gardener in Argemon there is a talent.

Argemona (Argemone) - charmingly large and unapproachable plant, representing the family of poppy. Argemons reach a height of at least 45 cm in height, and the best varieties and types under favorable conditions direct the flower stalks to a meter height. Her foliage seems smart, if not to say front. And in spite of the fact that it is impossible to touch the plant, it will most likely become one of the most original spots in your flower beds and rabatka. Very attractive, gray leaves, argamones are prickly, hard and have one of the most striking "metallic" effects. Their texture, lace pattern, density can contend with any perennial. And the foliage is considered to be no less proud of argémon than flowering.

And the inflorescences of this plant and the truth no less amazing. Outwardly similar to poppies, they are similar to anemones in trepidation. After all, argemon flowers react to the slightest movement of air, are constantly in motion and seem surprisingly delicate against the background of such coarse prickly leaves. The contrast of translucent and quivering petals and metal spikes of green brings the image of argemons to perfection. All ornamental argoneum inflorescences are very large.

You will not find such an aroma like that of argemones in any other garden plant. Not the strongest, but unusually sweet, he is so charming that all honey plants and butterflies flock to appreciate his originality.

An important trump card of argemons is the duration of flowering. It lasts literally until the frost, and not the first frost, because the argemon is not afraid of not only spring but also autumn frosts and sometimes continues to bloom even when the temperature drops to -10 at night (under the condition of a warm day). Starting in early or mid-summer, the bloom of argemones is able to contend even with the recognized king of the ampel in terms of both profusion and negligence.

The only thing argémona will give way to competitors is a variety of colors. The color range of this plant is limited to delicate, pastel variations of white, cream and yellow. Less common are argemons with lilac-purple color, and even the representatives of the genus with brighter flowers belong only to the most spiny argemon wide.

Types and varieties of argemon

Arghemons are far from boring plants in terms of species diversity. The genus of these plants includes more than two dozen perennial plants, but only 4 species are used in ornamental gardening:

Argemon wide,
large-flowered argemon,
white argemon,
argemon mexican.
They are united by a surprisingly beautiful, in varying degrees, prickly greens and large inflorescences, blooming tirelessly until the frost. Despite the fact that any argemon is a perennial, it is grown more often as an annual culture.

Argemon grandiflora (Argemone grandiflora) is a compact and relatively gentle plant. This is the least spiny kind of argémon, which you shouldn’t contact anyway. Bushes are thick, shoots are cut to half, decorated with white veins, which surprisingly well emphasize the metallic sheen of the leaves. Reaching a height of only half a meter, the argemon grandiflora seems to be a touching and watercolor plant. Its flowers in diameter reach almost 10 cm, their color is delicate, pastel-cream or white, with a light green tint inside the cup. The effect of the extraordinary luminous flowering is enhanced by the fact that the flowers are close together and bloom in loose inflorescences. It is very easy to learn this argemon by the yellow juice, which the plant produces in sections.

Despite the fact that the argemon is wide (Argemone platyceras) is the most prickly of argémon, it is called the most quivering and touching. Plants as high as 45 cm thickly branch out and produce an amazingly beautiful mass of gray leaves, against which 10-11-centimeter flowers seem to be luminous saucers. Snow-white and slightly "wrinkled" petals, sensitively reacting to any whiff, yellow stamens on red "threads" and a purple pistil are all unusual in this argemon. In addition to the basic form, there is a variety of argemones with a wide purple-pink color.

Argemona white (Argemone alba) - the most powerful representative of the genus. This plant seems wilder, more riotous than other argemons. Reaching a height of 70 cm to 1 meter, the plant forms a dense and luxuriant mass of branches branching at the top, studded with bluish, prickly leaves. The flowers in this species are cupped, large, up to 6 cm in diameter and there are only white colors. Abundant flowering begins in late June.

Unlike Argemona white, Mexican poppy, or Mexican argemona (Argemone Mexicana) - a plant rather modest in height. Bushes grow to only 30-40 cm, the leaves and stems are covered with a bluish wax coating. The plant is very prickly, and the spines are located on the bottom of the leaves, and on the sepals, and on the stems. This is a yellow-flowering anemone, with large, up to 5 cm in diameter flowers of light or intense yellow color. Mexican argemon blooms only with the arrival of July.

In landscape design argemon use:

as a soloist for decorating lawns, glades, filling slopes, decorating supporting walls (especially in large spots),
to decorate stony gardens - both in rockeries and alpine hills,
to fill voids and bald spots, quickly planting unattractive garden areas (in particular with unfavorably dry or poor soil),
in wide rabatkah or as a point decoration on mixborders,
as a powerful honey plant
as a cut plant: unlike poppies and anemones, Argemona will stand in bouquets for more than a week (after cutting, the ends of the shoots need to be burned or dipped in boiling water).
Argemon cultivation strategy

To decide whether annual or multi-year culture is far from easy. Argemon is grown mainly as a letnik, even in warm regions, and the flowering time for it is similar to annual plants. Despite the fact that the argemon is completely cold-resistant, it will not be able to winter in the conditions of the middle belt. And even in the pot culture, its flowering lasts a long time, the plant is prone to rapid degeneration and, as a rule, in subsequent years does not bloom at all. It is better to treat argemon as if it were a letnik. Growing it is amazingly simple; it will not take away even the minimum effort to land. And it is better to sow new plants annually, without worrying about preserving old ones.

The conditions required by the argeons in the garden

Pick up for Argemona comfortable place in the garden easier than ever. After all, the plant has strict requirements for only one parameter - lighting. This is a light-loving yearling, which blooms more massively than in a more sunny place. Neither the draft, nor the winds, nor the most draining southern slopes of the argemons are completely afraid.

As for the soil, it is possible to grow argemon literally on any soil - from quality to poor, rocky, sandy. Argemon is believed to be able to bloom even on uncultivated soil. But the choice of soil directly affects the desired plant care. If you do not want to take care of argemones at all, plant them only on well-drained soil with high fertility rates. On the poor in the care program will have to include feeding. But since they will need to be carried out for a limited period, only a month or two, even the poorest soil in rock arias will not cause the capriciousness of the plant and not too much your garden work calendar. But one characteristic of the soil should be paid special attention: argemon does not tolerate overmoistening. Never plant a plant in lowlands, in crevices and ravines, and also in soil where there is even the slightest risk of stagnant rainwater or high groundwater levels.

Argemona - perhaps the only one year-old, who is not sensitive to temperature extremes. She is not afraid of late spring primorozkov even at a young age, does not suffer from sharp drops between day and night temperatures. And in the autumn, when all the other years of the year begin to bloom fearfully, the argemon will stand steadily right up to the frost itself. After all, the first frosts and minor nightly drops in temperature below 0 are not at all terrible to her. And in order for the blooming argemons to adorn themselves with flowers, they will not need to be protected.

Thanks to a very simple agricultural crop, growing argemons is no harder than ordinary garden perennials. Not a single letnik will be able to contend with her on this parameter, this is the most unpretentious and grateful seasonal plant.

All the specifics of agrotechnics determines the extreme sensitivity of argemons to transplantation. The roots of the plant are not just not to be disturbed: even the earthen clod along the edges of the containers of growing seedlings should in no way be damaged. That is why the argemon is rarely planted on seedlings, preferring the more productive and simple method of sowing seeds directly into the soil.

At the same time, the seeds of a plant should be treated in fact as saplings, sowing them not in rows and not in bulk, but in the wells in which they will grow. At the place of cultivation, one should carefully dig and loosen the soil; if desired, simplify care - add mineral and organic fertilizers to it. Then with a knife or manually create small holes, place the seeds in them (2-4 seeds each), covering them from above 1.5 cm of soil.

If you nevertheless decided to use seedlings (having grown it yourself or having bought it), remember that when planting argemons you cannot even partially touch the earthen room. The most reasonable option is seedlings in peat pots, which will not touch the substrate at all. Planting seedlings carried out in small individual pits, with the obligatory abundant watering. The optimal time frame is May.

The distance to neighboring plants and between argamon should be the same. And when planting seedlings, and when sowing seeds into the ground, the recommended distance is 30 cm.

Rules for the care of argemon

Care Argemon almost no need. Only plants that grow on poor soils need more attention, but care for such specimens other than the minimum can not be called.

Watering the argemon is not needed. But if you want to achieve impressive flowering, to watch how do not bloom 2-3 flowers on the bush, but dozens of luxurious inflorescences bloom, then provide argemon irrigation during droughts. They should be infrequent, fairly moderate, simply not allowing the soil to dry for too long. Argemona does not tolerate systemic, regular and abundant watering. This plant is very afraid of wetting, any overwetting. And too active watering can literally ruin your argemon.

Top dressing bring only on the poor soil. Since thinning seedlings or planting seedlings in the soil, argemons should receive a portion of full mineral fertilizers every 2 weeks (nitrophoska is perfect). But to continue such feeding is necessary only before flowering. As soon as at least one flower blooms on the argemon, you can forget about careful care and stop feeding completely. No other procedure will be needed even to stimulate a longer flowering: argemona will bloom until frost anyway.

That's all the procedures that can be carried out with the plant. Because of the thorniness of the leaves, even a large-flowered argemon, a relatively delicate look, is not recommended to touch. Specific greens make it impossible and unnecessary and weeding, and mulching of the soil, and its loosening. You do not need to “clean” the argemon either, because the plant discards wilted flowers on its own. And even the prewinter removal of bushes do not spend: from the argemons in the spring will not remain a trace.

This plant is not afraid of pests or diseases. And even if it grows on a totally infected flower bed, the argemon itself will not suffer. All that can destroy a plant is too loving care, including permanent overflows.
Reproduction argemons

For this plant there is only one method of reproduction - seed. True, the strategies may be different:

Growing through open ground is the most popular and productive method. Seeds are sown in April-May, having 3-5 seeds in one hole (and not in the ridges) and embedding them into the soil to a depth of about one and a half centimeters (after emergence they germinate)
Growing through seedlings is not very welcome, because argemon does not like plants to be disturbed and seedlings will need to be grown in small peat pots. Seeds are also sown in several pieces at once in containers in which they will be grown, and the seedlings are transferred to the ground along with the entire mass of earthen coma and peat pot in May. Germination of seeds is best carried out under the film, with bright lighting - a required parameter. If you want to use the classic technique, then dive down to the argemon at the stage of the cotyledons, before the formation of full-fledged leaves.
# argemon

Argemona - prickly sister poppy: growing and care

Argemon combines beauty, unpretentiousness, attractive aroma and hard, impregnable, spines, not worse than a cactus. Essentially, an argemon is a prickly poppy sister. Растение цветет с середины лета до осенних холодов, поэтому рекомендуется для ландшафтного дизайна сада.

Аргемона (лат. Argemone, англ. Prickly poppy) относится к семейству «Маковые», поэтому соперничает в саду с маками и анемонами. Растение невысокое — высотой до 45 см, однако при благоприятных условиях может вырасти до 1 метра и выше. В нашей стране аргемона выращивается в качестве летника даже в южных регионах.

The leaves are argemon silver-gray, with a metallic tint, equipped with spines, so there are few who want to cut the bouquet, another, late at night. By the way, the anemone is well preserved, being cut off - it stays in a vase for a week without loss of decorative qualities, if the cut ends are set on fire.

Argemon flowers are very similar to poppies of pale pastel shades. Like poppy flowers, they fluctuate when the wind blows. Argemon flowers have a diameter of 6-8 cm. The color scheme of argemon flowers is limited to pastel shades of white, cream and yellow.

Bees and other pollinating insects love the aroma of flowers argemon, which is not like any garden scent. Therefore, argemon should be grown to flavor garden space and to attract beneficial insects.

Four kinds of argemon are grown in the garden:

  • Argemon white (lat Argemone alba) - the highest argemon, Argemon white
  • Argemon grandiflora (lat Argemone grandiflora) is the least spiny kind of argémon, Argemona grandiflora. Photo: Choice Gardening Club
  • argemona mexican (lat Argemone Mexicana, Mexican Poppy) with yellow flowers, Argemona Mexican
  • Argemon wide (lat Argemone platyceras) - the most prickly argemon. Argemon wide. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Features of growing argemons in the garden

All kinds of argemones are light-requiring, cold-resistant and drought-resistant. Argemona is not afraid of frost at all, calmly enduring the cold up to −10°C. In the gardens of Central Russia argemon bloom before the onset of winter cold.

On fertile soils, argemon feels great, although it can grow on poor, rocky soil. If the soil is poor, then the Argémon should be regularly fed with complex fertilizers.

Argemona unpretentious plant, can grow right on the rock.

Lighting - a key parameter that must be considered when selecting a place for argemons. The plant is southern, mountainous, therefore it loves light, but is not afraid of winds and drought.

Argemona is not afraid of sharp fluctuations in temperature. Even at a young age does not die from spring frosts. And in the fall, the argemona blooms to the very frost, even when other successors have faded long ago.

Seedling Argemons poorly tolerate transplantation, so you need to sow the seeds in separate cups, grouping 2-3 seeds into one glass. If an itch to do the picking of Argemon seedlings, then this should be done in the phase of the cotyledons so as not to damage the root system.

Feed Argemon need 1 time in 2 weeks of complex mineral fertilizer, provided that the plant grows on poor soil. It is necessary to feed up to the beginning of flowering, from the moment of rooting of seedlings in open ground or after the first thinning.

Reproduction. Argemon seeds can be sown directly in open ground, in a permanent place, in the beginning of May. Seeding rate - 3-4 seeds per well. The depth of planting seeds is 1-1.5 cm. The distance between adjacent plants is 30 cm. When seeds are planted in open ground, argemon blooms in July.

Care for argemon is simple: weeding, loosening the soil, watering in the dry season. On poor soils, fertilizing is desirable. Feed complex fertilizer every two weeks after the start of flowering. Give the first dressing in 7–10 days after thinning.

Argemon seeds are quite large. Photo: Riverside Rambles

Argemon seeds can be harvested, but this is not easy because of the thorns. Seeds ripen if summer was warm and dry. Nonwovens can be used to collect seeds.

Pests and diseases bypass the side of the Argemon, but excessive care on the contrary can ruin the Argemon in the bud - do not overdo it! Remember that argemon is a poppy, and poppy grows without constant human intervention.

Argemona in garden design

All kinds of argemony are well suited for garden design experiments. Mixborder, rabatka, rock garden, rockeries - any place is ideal for growing argemons. The picturesque flowering bushes Argemon look great against the lawn.

Argemon flowers look spectacular in a bouquet if you immediately lower the stem into hot water after cutting or burn the cut on the fire, otherwise the milky juice will close the water.

Argemona - prickly competitor poppy

Argemona is a rather rare, aesthetically attractive herbaceous plant that looks like a traditional poppy. It has an incredibly beautiful, quivering cups of flowers, luxurious leaves with a metallic sheen and a delicate, unique aroma. However, despite its external fragility, you can’t call a flower harmless, because there are numerous spines on its leaves and cups. What else hides the unpredictable argamone, let's figure it out.

Flower description

Argemona is a herbaceous perennial (sometimes annual species) plant of the Poppy family, native to North and Central America. To date, there are over 32 species of culture, most of which grows in Mexico.

The peculiarity of the flower is its long flowering and unique in appearance, a very beautiful flower with high decorative properties. In height, the plant can reach up to 45 cm, some of the species are able to grow up to one meter. Argemon is characterized by a rather strong, fleshy stem, large leaves of a gray color with a metallic sheen. The most remarkable part of the plant is its tender, slightly delicate, fragile white flowers, similar to the flowers of the classic poppy. In size, they can reach up to 10 cm. On the calyx of the flower, foliage, and multi-seeded boxes (fruits) there are a large number of spines.

Argemona has a unique and unusual aroma that is difficult to confuse with others. It is not very strong, it has unsurpassed sweet-sweet notes that charm and attract butterflies and honey-bears.

Another important advantage of the plant is its long flowering, which lasts from the beginning of summer to frost. It is noteworthy, but it is able to withstand low temperatures down to -10 ° C at night, but under the condition of a positive temperature in the daytime.

The only disadvantage of culture is the “scarcity” of coloring, because its color gamut is limited to several shades: from white to pale yellow.

Argemona grandiflora

This type of argemon got its name due to large flowers that can reach up to 10 cm in diameter. The color of flowers is white or pastel-beige, very delicate, with salad tones inside the box. In addition, the features of the large-flowered species are considered dense foliage, large shoots, dissecting up to half of the stem and decorated with white veins, harmoniously emphasizing the stunning silver flow of the leaves.

They recognize the large-flowered argemon by its characteristic yellow juice, which stands out on the cut of the stem.

Argemona Mexican

The smallest member of the species is Argemona Mexican, whose growth almost never exceeds 45 cm. In most cases, the plant grows up to 30 cm. The culture has small bright green leaves with a metallic sheen and numerous spikes on the underside of the leaf, as well as yellow or orange-yellow flowers with a diameter of up to 5 cm. A distinctive feature of this species is the presence of a bluish wax coating that covers the leaves and stems of the plant.

Flowering Mexican Argemon starts from mid-June.

Argemon wide

Argemon is considered to be the most prickly, but, at the same time, the most quivering and touching. It grows up to 45 cm. A fleshy, dense stem adorns a number of beautifully gray leaves, among which grow 10-cm dazzlingly white, in some representatives pink, flowers that have slightly trampled petals and pale yellow stamens.

Flowering plant, starting from mid-June until frost. The main value of this species is considered to be the original, unlike anything, flower scent and its abundant bloom.

Argemon white

The most powerful, tall and large representative of the argémon is considered to be a white argemon, whose growth can reach up to 1 m. The plant is characterized by a thick and fluffy mass of shoots adorned with thick, prickly leaves of a bluish gray. The culture flowers are rather large, about 6 cm, have a cupped shape, there are exclusively white colors.

Growing argemons

Argemona looks very gentle and touching flower, while it is absolutely unpretentious in the care and cultivation. Prefers open space and clean air, rather than living in conditions of the room. In order for a flower to enjoy its exclusive appearance for a long time, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for it.

Argemona belongs to heat-loving and light-loving plants, therefore, when searching for a place to plant it, it is recommended to give preference to sunny areas where nutrient, well-moistened and loose soil prevails.

An ideal place for planting is a loamy, sandy and drained soil with a neutral level of acidity. It is not afraid of any drafts, or winds, or dry weather.

Humidity and watering

Argemona - a plant that loves moisture, but at the same time, it negatively tolerates its excess. Culture needs regular, moderate moisture, which can be determined by the level of drying of the upper layer of the soil. It can cope well with drought, but does not tolerate stagnant moisture. The plant should not be planted in lowlands, ravines, crevasses, i.e. in places where there is a likelihood of water stagnation or high levels of groundwater.

The plant is perfectly adapted to drought and frost, can withstand rapid temperature extremes.

Favorable and long-term flowering plants can provide regular fertilization. It is recommended to use complex or mineral agents in their quality. On moderately fertile soils, it is enough to apply one dressing with mineral fertilizers throughout the season, on poor ones - up to three.

Reproduction and transplanting

Argemon is propagated only by the seed method. Agrotechnics of growing a new plant is quite simple, the main difficulty is not to damage the root system of the seedlings. The roots are not only forbidden to disturb, you can not even touch the earthen room, located around the root system. It is because of this that it is preferable to sow the seeds not for seedlings, but directly into the soil. But even with this planting, it is recommended to treat the seeds as seedlings.

The process of landing argemon begins in early May. Since the seeds are rather large, it is enough to sow four pieces in one well and cover them with soil up to 1.5 cm above. Between the holes, you need to keep a distance of 20-25 cm. Seed box

If planting argemons is carried out by means of seedlings, then one should always remember that it is strictly forbidden to touch an earthen room. It is best to use peat pots, which make it possible not to touch the substrate at all. Seedlings are planted in previously harvested holes, not forgetting about the abundant moisture of the soil.

If the plant is planted in early May, then the first flowering can be expected around July.

Diseases and pests

Argemon are not afraid of various diseases and pests. It is not susceptible to any of the diseases and will be able to grow and bloom beautifully on flowerbeds infected with insects. The only thing the culture is afraid of is an excess of moisture, at which its root system begins to rot, which ultimately leads to the death of the whole flower.

Difficulty breeding argemons

Argemona is the most unpretentious and grateful perennial, which is not harder to grow than other garden crops. However, difficulties may arise related to:

  • a transplant - the root system of the plant is rather fragile and sensitive, it is very rarely restored after transplantation, therefore, experts recommend handling,
  • watering - excessive moisture, the presence of stagnant water in the soil cause the death of the culture, in this case it is extremely important to follow clear recommendations and organize moderate, dosed irrigation; when growing argemons in containers, it is necessary to form a drainage layer,
  • breeding - As mentioned above, the roots of the plant are very sensitive to transplantation, therefore, the seedlings need to be planted together with an intact clod of earth or in peat pots, sowing seeds is considered the best breeding option.

Argemona in landscape design

Due to the high aesthetic properties of argemon has found wide application in the field of landscape design. It looks great in flower beds, mixborders, or just on clean, green lawns. With its unique and exclusive view, it is able to decorate any garden, flower bed and front garden.

Very often, the plant is used to create flower arrangements, bouquets.

Most often, the plant is used in single plantings, but its use in the design of rock garden is not excluded.

Culture is also known as a folk remedy that helps in the treatment of cataracts. This is evidenced by its name, because in Latin “argema” means “cataract”. Nevertheless, today for medicinal purposes the flower is not used.

The spectacular argemon plant, resembling poppy, attracts connoisseurs of garden flowers with its luxurious gray-gray leaves with a steel sheen and equally brilliant large, fragrant flowers. The plant, like a real beauty, protects its beauty with powerful spines, which in large numbers are located on the leaves, cups, seed pods. Do you have such a miracle flower in your garden? Then it's time to do his breeding, especially since he has low-maintenance, can easily tolerate heat and cold, is not susceptible to various diseases and pests.

Types and varieties of argemon

Arghemons are far from boring plants in terms of species diversity. The genus of these plants includes more than two dozen perennial plants, but only 4 species are used in ornamental gardening:

  • Argemon wide,
  • large-flowered argemon,
  • white argemon,
  • argemon mexican.

They are united by a surprisingly beautiful, in varying degrees, prickly greens and large inflorescences, blooming tirelessly until the frost. Despite the fact that any argemon is a perennial, it is grown more often as an annual culture.

Argemona grandiflora (Argemone grandiflora) - compact and relatively gentle plant. This is the least spiny kind of argémon, which you shouldn’t contact anyway. Bushes are thick, shoots are cut to half, decorated with white veins, which surprisingly well emphasize the metallic sheen of the leaves. Reaching a height of only half a meter, the argemon grandiflora seems to be a touching and watercolor plant. Its flowers in diameter reach almost 10 cm, their color is delicate, pastel-cream or white, with a light green tint inside the cup. The effect of the extraordinary luminous flowering is enhanced by the fact that the flowers are close together and bloom in loose inflorescences. It is very easy to learn this argemon by the yellow juice, which the plant produces in sections.

Despite the fact that argemon wide (Argemone platyceras) - the most prickly of argémon, it is called the most quivering and touching. Plants as high as 45 cm thickly branch out and produce an amazingly beautiful mass of gray leaves, against which 10-11-centimeter flowers seem to be luminous saucers. Snow-white and slightly "wrinkled" petals, sensitively reacting to any whiff, yellow stamens on red "threads" and a purple pistil are all unusual in this argemon. In addition to the basic form, there is a variety of argemones with a wide purple-pink color.

Argemon white (Argemone alba) - the most powerful representative of the genus. This plant seems wilder, more riotous than other argemons. Reaching a height of 70 cm to 1 meter, the plant forms a dense and luxuriant mass of branches branching at the top, studded with bluish, prickly leaves. The flowers in this species are cupped, large, up to 6 cm in diameter and there are only white colors. Abundant flowering begins in late June.

Unlike argemons white, mexican poppy, or argemona mexican (Argemone mexicana) - The plant is quite modest in height. Bushes grow to only 30-40 cm, the leaves and stems are covered with a bluish wax coating. The plant is very prickly, and the spines are located on the bottom of the leaves, and on the sepals, and on the stems. This is a yellow-flowering anemone, with large, up to 5 cm in diameter flowers of light or intense yellow color. Mexican argemon blooms only with the arrival of July.

Argemona Mexican, or Mexican Poppy (Argemone Mexicana). © Juan Carlos Delgado Argemon white (Argemone alba). © Nobuhiro Suhara Argemon wide (Argemone platyceras). © beranekp

In landscape design argemon use:

  • as a soloist for decorating lawns, glades, filling slopes, decorating supporting walls (especially in large spots),
  • to decorate stony gardens - both in rockeries and alpine hills,
    to fill voids and bald spots, quickly planting unattractive garden areas (in particular with unfavorably dry or poor soil),
  • in wide rabatkah or as a point decoration on mixborders,
  • в качестве мощного медоноса,
  • как срезочное растение: в отличие от мака и анемоны, аргемона простоит в букетах больше недели (после срезки концы побегов нужно обжечь или опустить в кипяток).

Стратегия выращивания аргемоны

Определиться с тем, однолетняя или многолетняя это культура далеко не просто. Argemon is grown mainly as a letnik, even in warm regions, and the flowering time for it is similar to annual plants. Despite the fact that the argemon is completely cold-resistant, it will not be able to winter in the conditions of the middle belt. And even in the pot culture, its flowering lasts a long time, the plant is prone to rapid degeneration and, as a rule, in subsequent years does not bloom at all. It is better to treat argemon as if it were a letnik. Growing it is amazingly simple; it will not take away even the minimum effort to land. And it is better to sow new plants annually, without worrying about preserving old ones.

Argemona wide (Argemone platyceras)

The conditions required by the argeons in the garden

Pick up for Argemona comfortable place in the garden easier than ever. After all, the plant has strict requirements for only one parameter - lighting. This is a light-loving yearling, which blooms more massively than in a more sunny place. Neither the draft, nor the winds, nor the most draining southern slopes of the argemons are completely afraid.

As for the soil, it is possible to grow argemon literally on any soil - from quality to poor, rocky, sandy. Argemon is believed to be able to bloom even on uncultivated soil. But the choice of soil directly affects the desired plant care. If you do not want to take care of argemones at all, plant them only on well-drained soil with high fertility rates. On the poor in the care program will have to include feeding. But since they will need to be carried out for a limited period, only a month or two, even the poorest soil in rock arias will not cause the capriciousness of the plant and not too much your garden work calendar. But one characteristic of the soil should be paid special attention: argemon does not tolerate overmoistening. Never plant a plant in lowlands, in crevices and ravines, and also in soil where there is even the slightest risk of stagnant rainwater or high groundwater levels.

Argemona - perhaps the only one year-old, who is not sensitive to temperature extremes. She is not afraid of late spring primorozkov even at a young age, does not suffer from sharp drops between day and night temperatures. And in the autumn, when all the other years of the year begin to bloom fearfully, the argemon will stand steadily right up to the frost itself. After all, the first frosts and minor nightly drops in temperature below 0 are not at all terrible to her. And in order for the blooming argemons to adorn themselves with flowers, they will not need to be protected.

Spiny mountain poppy (Argemone chisosensis). © sonnia hill

Planting argemons

Thanks to a very simple agricultural crop, growing argemons is no harder than ordinary garden perennials. Not a single letnik will be able to contend with her on this parameter, this is the most unpretentious and grateful seasonal plant.

All the specifics of agrotechnics determines the extreme sensitivity of argemons to transplantation. The roots of the plant are not just not to be disturbed: even the earthen clod along the edges of the containers of growing seedlings should in no way be damaged. That is why the argemon is rarely planted on seedlings, preferring the more productive and simple method of sowing seeds directly into the soil.

At the same time, the seeds of a plant should be treated in fact as saplings, sowing them not in rows and not in bulk, but in the wells in which they will grow. At the place of cultivation, one should carefully dig and loosen the soil; if desired, simplify care - add mineral and organic fertilizers to it. Then with a knife or manually create small holes, place the seeds in them (2-4 seeds each), covering them from above 1.5 cm of soil.

If you nevertheless decided to use seedlings (having grown it yourself or having bought it), remember that when planting argemons you cannot even partially touch the earthen room. The most reasonable option is seedlings in peat pots, which will not touch the substrate at all. Planting seedlings carried out in small individual pits, with the obligatory abundant watering. The optimal time frame is May.

The distance to neighboring plants and between argamon should be the same. And when planting seedlings, and when sowing seeds into the ground, the recommended distance is 30 cm.

Argemona Mexican, or Mexican Poppy (Argemone Mexicana). © Morry G

Rules for the care of argemon

Care Argemon almost no need. Only plants that grow on poor soils need more attention, but care for such specimens other than the minimum can not be called.

Watering the argemon is not needed. But if you want to achieve impressive flowering, to watch how do not bloom 2-3 flowers on the bush, but dozens of luxurious inflorescences bloom, then provide argemon irrigation during droughts. They should be infrequent, fairly moderate, simply not allowing the soil to dry for too long. Argemona does not tolerate systemic, regular and abundant watering. This plant is very afraid of wetting, any overwetting. And too active watering can literally ruin your argemon.

Top dressing bring only on the poor soil. Since thinning seedlings or planting seedlings in the soil, argemons should receive a portion of full mineral fertilizers every 2 weeks (nitrophoska is perfect). But to continue such feeding is necessary only before flowering. As soon as at least one flower blooms on the argemon, you can forget about careful care and stop feeding completely. No other procedure will be needed even to stimulate a longer flowering: argemona will bloom until frost anyway.

That's all the procedures that can be carried out with the plant. Because of the thorniness of the leaves, even a large-flowered argemon, a relatively delicate look, is not recommended to touch. Specific greens make it impossible and unnecessary and weeding, and mulching of the soil, and its loosening. You do not need to “clean” the argemon either, because the plant discards wilted flowers on its own. And even the prewinter removal of bushes do not spend: from the argemons in the spring will not remain a trace.

This plant is not afraid of pests or diseases. And even if it grows on a totally infected flower bed, the argemon itself will not suffer. All that can destroy a plant is too loving care, including permanent overflows.

Argemona protected, or Chikalote, or Spiny Poppy (Argemone munita). © Tye

Reproduction argemons

For this plant there is only one method of reproduction - seed. True, the strategies may be different:

  1. Growing through open ground is the most popular and productive method. Seeds are sown in April-May, having 3-5 seeds in one hole (and not in the ridges) and embedding them into the soil to a depth of about one and a half centimeters (after emergence they germinate)
  2. Growing through seedlings is not very welcome, because argemon does not like plants to be disturbed and seedlings will need to be grown in small peat pots. Seeds are also sown in several pieces at once in containers in which they will be grown, and the seedlings are transferred to the ground along with the entire mass of earthen coma and peat pot in May. Germination of seeds is best carried out under the film, with bright lighting - a required parameter. If you want to use the classic technique, then dive down to the argemon at the stage of the cotyledons, before the formation of full-fledged leaves.