The nestling, like a human child, needs maternal care. But there are situations in which he is cut off from her wing, for example, if he fell out of a nest. A person can easily go out fallen feathers, picked up on the street, and, when the time comes, release him at will. Be sure to read the recommendations of professionals on how to raise chicks and what should not be done. The article tells how to feed a pigeon chick at home, if you are professionally engaged in breeding, or simply to have a feathered cub in your home.
How to feed a pigeon chick at home
Pigeons in the city
Have you ever wondered why almost no one saw the pigeons? The fact is that adult pigeons prefer to nest away from human eyes in places safe from predators: on roofs, in bridges, in hollows of trees and other depressions. A bird from the Mediterranean hails, and there the nests are twisted in the rocks. In addition, pigeons will throw forever their occupied places if touched by a human hand.
This bird is one of the most popular on city streets all over the world. Wild animals live for about 5 years, and those who have been domesticated with proper care can stretch all 15.
A formed pair of pigeons puts the nest together: the male supplies the material (branches, hay), and the dove furnishes a dwelling. Over time, the nest outwardly improved. The breeding season usually lasts from April to September, but may end later if autumn is warm. The female lays 1-2 eggs at a time and incubates them for 3 weeks. The hatched nestling requires care, and if it turns out to be abandoned, only a person can save it: it is not common for pigeons to pick up not their nestlings.
How can you recognize the representative of the pigeon offspring
The newborn has yellow fluff on a pinkish body, the beak is large (with the exception of short-beaked rocks), eyes bulging. He is able to fly from one month of age, no way before. Already at 1.5 months, the young bird is difficult to distinguish from the adult individual, perhaps because of the dullness of feathers and body density. Fledglings are flying still uncertainly, the wing span is rather weak.
So, you have equipped a new tenant area in your house. But there are a lot of questions, the main of which is what to feed the pigeon chick? What does he eat and how much food can he be given in order not to harm the fragile body?
If a newborn baby bird has come into your hands, it is important to immediately teach him to take water and food by himself. The most difficult thing is to feed the chicks of pigeons that are a week old. Nature laid down that during this period they need breast milk. You need to really try to save the chick. Below is one of the action algorithms for the first feeding.
- buy a syringe for 20 cubes in a pharmacy, put a pacifier on top of it, you can use a pipette,
- Egg yolk, rich in minerals needed for the chick, or a special grain, ground to a slurry, will be suitable as feed,
- Carefully introduce the substance into the chick's beak, giving him the opportunity to process the food when he eats.
This procedure should be repeated at least 6 times a day.
Second to third week
The first week has been overcome successfully. During this period, the blue-haired baby begins to grow stronger, his eyes open, he already hears the sounds of the surrounding world. At the same time, you can begin to enter into the diet of grain in small portions. It can be millet, millet, barley, the main thing is that the grains should be crushed and steamed, so that the feathered baby does not choke. As a source of calcium should be added to the mixture of chalk or egg shells, ground on a coffee grinder. Greens, too, should be chopped. Honey will be a useful additive. Poultry farmers also recommend that your pet be fed with nutritious sunflower seeds.
At the age of 20 days, pigeons chick out of the pipette and begin to feed their hands. To do this, you need to gently open your beak with your fingers and put food inside. If the chick resists, you must persevere. Over time, he himself begins to aktivnichat and open the beak.
To make sure that the little blue-calf is full, you need to touch its goiter (area under the beak): if the bird has taken a sufficient amount of food, it will be complete.
To water a baby, you need to take it in your hands and dip it with your beak in a container with water. After 2-3 times he gets used and begins to quench their thirst.
Conditions of keeping the chick
Pigeon chicks are born blind, without feathers, with a very large head that does not allow them to move. Consequently, the chicks should be provided with everything necessary, especially in the first day of life.
Since the plumage is absent, the pigeons can quickly freeze. For this reason, it is necessary either to make the parents constantly warm the babies, or to artificially raise the temperature to +35. +42 ° C.
Such a high temperature is associated with the natural temperature of the pigeon itself. If for a person the optimum temperature is from 36.5 to 36.9 ° C, then for a pigeon this is the interval - from 40.6 to 42 ° C. You should also take care of the absence of drafts.
How to care for the chick
Caring for the chicks is the regular disinfection of the room in which they are kept. Water bowl and feeder. Once a day, the trough and the feeder should be cleaned using a weak soap solution or special means.
Water should always be clean and warm, cold liquid can cause a cold even in adults. Room cleaning. The room is cleaned once a week. At the time of the disinfection, adults and young animals are removed in order to exclude chemical poisoning. After that, litter is removed, and the walls and floor in the room are washed with soapy water (0.5 kg of soap per 10 liters of water). After that, it is necessary to treat with chemical agents that will destroy pathogenic microorganisms.
To do this, you can use a solution of potassium permanganate, 1% solution of bleach, 1% chloramine or special chemicals for care.
After the treatment of the room with chemicals, it is imperative to rinse everything with clean, warm water, and then ventilate for several hours. Only after ventilation can you lay a new litter, as well as run the pigeons.
Video: dovecote disinfection Vaccinations and diseases. Separately, it should be said that the pigeon is susceptible to the defeat of many diseases, so at a certain age they are vaccinated to exclude the death of the young.
Dispel the illusion that a newborn chick can be fed artificially without problems without the participation of the mother. This is not the case, so most pigeons die in the very first week of life. The problem is that the cubs at this time must consume a special milk that is released from the mother.
It is not possible to replace it with any milk or other mixture, therefore only strong cubs that can adapt to your feed will survive. Heated yolk (not boiled, namely heated) is used as a starting feed.
It is fed to the chicks with a large syringe, the tip of which is fitted with a rubber tip with a pipette (it should have a small diameter hole). You can also use starter feed for chicks, but this option of food is less acceptable for newborn pigeons. Compound feed must be properly steamed and served in a warm form.
Feed the chicks need at least 6 times a day to ensure the desired pace of development. At the same time, they feed as much food as an individual can eat. Your main task in the first days of life will be to teach the chick to a syringe. Otherwise, he will die without food within 18-20 hours.
If the pigeons survived until the second week, then the possibility of their death is significantly reduced. Now your task is to regularly feed the correct food, as well as a smooth transition to the "adult" feed.
Video: how to feed the bluetooth On the 8th day of life, the chicks open their eyes, so it is important that they get used to you quickly. To do this, communicate with them only in a quiet even voice, and also wear the same clothes of the same color.
Finely chopped steamed grain with the addition of an insignificant amount of natural honey and ground eggshell flour is used as feed. This composition is fed through a syringe.
In order to avoid problems with permeability, wheat is pre-ground several times in a coffee grinder. They feed chicks 6 times a day until complete saturation. If the composition does not like kids, then the wheat can be replaced by barley, peas or millet.
On the third week, the chicks are fed whole wheat grains, pre-steam them in hot water. If the grains become too bulky after steaming, then you can cut them into two pieces. For one feeding, each chick is given 2-3 grains. To determine the satiety, you should touch the goat pigeon. If it is full - feeding should be stopped. Since the baby will not eat from the hands, it will be necessary to manually open his beak and put food.
Not superfluous will be finely chopped greens, which supplies the baby’s body with vitamins and trace elements. It should be fed in the same way as the grain of wheat.
In the third week you need to accustom the little pigeon to the water, which he himself will not drink. To do this, gently lower its beak into the water so that water does not fall into the nasal openings. After several unsuccessful attempts, the baby will understand that there is water in this vessel that he needs.
On the 4th week, the diet of babies becomes diverse and includes the following products:
- ground carrots chopped in a blender,
- hard-boiled chicken egg
- finely chopped domestic fruit,
- white bread soaked in water.
At the 4th week of life, the chicks begin to consume large amounts of water, so its quality and quantity should be constantly monitored. If there is no water in the drinker, then it will negatively affect the digestion of birds.
Month and over
On the 30th day of life, the chicks are gradually transferred to "adult" food that pigeons consume. The transition is carried out throughout the week. Gradually, the percentage of bread and eggs decreases and the amount of grain increases.
The following crops are suitable as feed:
- sunflower seeds,
- ground peas
Vitamins and Minerals
Considering the diet of pigeons, we indicated the need to add eggshell, which supplies the body with important trace elements. However, such a product is not able to satisfy all needs, therefore from the 15th day of birth (chicks begin to drink) they should add vitamins to the water.
In the opposite case, the chicks will develop hypovitaminosis, which will lead to inhibition in development, as well as deterioration of the immune system.
Video: vitamins for pigeonsThe supplement should include the following vitamins:
- IN 1,
- AT 2,
- IN 3,
- AT 5,
- AT 6,
- AT 9,
- AT 12.
To feed a newborn pigeon chick is quite difficult, but possible. You need to strictly follow the above instructions, as well as on time to do the cleaning and vaccination of babies. Do not be superfluous to consult a veterinarian.
Why do chicks require special nutrition?
Nestlings that stay with one parent from the first days of their life most often die from lack of food on the 9th day. In the event of the loss of two parents at once, the whole litter dies on the first day. This is due to several reasons:
- In the first week of life, the chicks feed on the mother's bird "milk" - a semi-liquid porridge mass. The cheesy secret of the female is produced by the goiter glands. Pigeon “milk” is so nutritious that in 2 days the mass of the nestling is doubled. It is impossible to make independently identical “bird's milk”, therefore it is rather difficult for chick to survive without parents.
- Doves are born helpless, blind, and bald, so they are completely dependent on the parents, and in their absence - on the person. Their head is disproportionately large in relation to the body, so they also cannot stand on their paws. At the same time, their beak is huge and constantly open - the chicks have excellent appetite and require a lot of food. However, it is possible to survive the most powerful pigeons that can adapt to the new food for them.
A person can come in time to help the little ones and feed them, but even in this case, their mortality in the first week of birth is very high.
Diet for the first week
In order for the chick to survive in the first week of his life without parents, he will need to be fed with products that are close in composition and caloric content to the pigeon “jelly”. How is the very first "baby food" dove? It happens as follows:
- The burped porridge, which consists of crushed kernels, passes from the female's stomach into the goiter. There it is mixed with the secret - a milky liquid.
- Thick porridge from the grain becomes liquid and digestible, that is, the action of pigeon "milk" is similar to the action of the saliva of a person or any mammal.
- After 4 days, highly softened grains of the size of hemp seed and a small amount of sand particles are already entering the parent's goiter. This is the natural "baby food" chicks.
It is impossible for a person to create the same food, so you have to look for as close as possible analogues. The best options for replacing it are:
- Chicken Yolk. Ideal food for newborn chicks, because it is balanced concentration of nutrients. It is given in a heated form.
- Combined or starter composition for feeding chicks. Dry mixture must be steamed with boiling water and diluted to the desired consistency - porridge. Give it also in the form of heat. This is an acceptable nutritional option, but nutritionally and calorically inferior to chicken yolk.
Some golubevody use for feeding chicks baby dry mix, but experts categorically prohibit them to feed the younger generation, because they do not suit them either in the composition of substances or in structure.
Yolk or diluted composition of chicks should be fed at least 6 times a day, since their metabolic rate is very high. The difficulty lies in the fact that in the first week the chicks cannot feed on their own - in nature, the female belches food right into the baby's beak. A person is better for feeding pigeons to use disposable syringes of 10-20 cubic meters. cm or pipette, acting as follows:
- In a syringe (pipette) to collect food.
- Put on the tip of the tool nipple.
- Introduce the pacifier into the beak of the pigeon and gently squeeze the necessary portion of food.
The person needs to pay special attention to putting the nipple in the beak. This is a rather complicated process in which you can not act by force, because you can easily injure your beak. What to do? You can use a little trick - before feeding your finger several times to touch the head of the chick. This will be enough for him to raise his beak and open it.
The fact is that this is a natural reaction of all pigeons: at first they are deprived of sight and hearing, therefore parents give them a signal about the readiness of feeding. They gently tap their beaks on their heads, and the chicks open their beaks. A similar ritual can be performed by a person.
If the nestling is being fed forcibly, it is necessary to clasp it with one hand over its head and open its beak with two fingers, and gradually introduce feed with the other hand. The process of force feeding the chick is shown in the video: