Almost every household begins with the purchase of hens and cockerels. Now it has become fashionable to start several hens for the summer season. For these purposes, choose the most unpretentious breeds with high productivity.
Representatives of the Shaver Brown breed are distinguished from the chicken family by the docile and peace-loving character. They have a long period of socks eggs. There are no special requirements for their content. Let's get acquainted with the breed closer.
Birth and development of the breed
A Dutch chicken breeding company has developed a medium-sized subspecies with high egg production rates. The size of the eggs is small, but their quality is high.
Shaver Brown has a widespread use in poultry farms and households. Breed refers to crosses. If you follow the elementary rules of the content, you can get high and fast profits from the sale of egg products.
In addition to the subspecies brown (brown), there are white (white) and black (black). All representatives of white fluff.
Chickens Shaver Brown are calm in their behavior relative to each other and other non-aggressive neighbors in the poultry yard. Herd is active and agile, it is a characteristic feature of all breeds that carry eggs.
The breed is perfect for beginners in the chicken business to breed and produce products without much difficulty.
The duration of their active life is about four years.
Description of signs of Shaver Brown chickens
Small poultry dimensions: chicken reaches a weight of 2 kg.
Her skeleton is light.
Cocks are well developed pectoral muscles.
The back is elongated and concave in the middle.
Layers have a big belly.
Sheet-shaped, high and erect ridge well developed.
A hen's red scallop hangs to the side.
Earrings on the head are large, round. The earlobes are white.
Eyes with dark orange iris, expressive. With age, the iris becomes pale.
Strong yellow beak.
Feather tight to the body without the formation of pillows.
Color depends on the subspecies: brown, white or black.
The length of the legs is average, without plumage.
The color changes with age from yellow-orange to white with a light blue.
The tail of the hens is a little lowered.
The tail of cockerels raised.
From the age of five months.
The laying period is high: about 80 weeks.
High resistance to leukemia, Marek's disease and reticuloendotheliosis.
High adaptability of birds to climatic conditions.
- Some individuals have a poorly developed incubation instinct.
So we considered the features of the Dutch hen. Successes to you and prosperity! Share with friends on social networks interesting material.
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History of origin
Specialists of the Hendrix Genetics Company, which is located in Holland, were engaged in developing this viable cross-country with high egg production. Their task was to bring out the bird, completely absorbed in its task: to lay a large number of eggs and incubate future offspring. They managed to realize this task to the full - the egg cross shaver really rushes well and sits on the laying itself.
According to the owners, this bird is worth keeping it in the yard. Owners make a joke that it would not be too much to buy a large net, since it can be difficult to catch this quick bird. The big plus to the description of the breed is the ability to keep it in cages, which will help save space for the house. As minuses, the owners indicate that individuals carrying large eggs eventually have problems with the oviduct.
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Suitable for beginner: Yes
Shaver is a Dutch highly productive meat and egg cross. This hybrid has three varieties that differ in feathering: White, Black, and Brown (white, black, and red), and all three have white. Appearance and productivity indicators are very close.
When removing this cross, special attention was paid to disease resistance and increased vitality. Chickens Shaver are distinguished by good immunity to infections, resistance to adverse weather conditions. Therefore, for them enough warmed house without drafts to continue to rush even in winter. At a temperature in the coop of 5-7º, they feel quite comfortable. Cold resistance allows them to walk in the snow, but when it is cold below -10 º, it is undesirable to release them in order not to damage the combs and legs.
The bird has a calm disposition, unpretentious in keeping and feeding. They can be kept in cages and on the run. But still there are several requirements that should be considered.
Shavers have a light skeleton and strong wings, so they love to fly. If you are storing the contents, you need to take care of a sufficiently high fence or close the area from above with a net so that you do not catch chickens throughout the territory. But trimming the wings is not recommended, so as not to create stress.
With the same purpose, all unpleasant procedures for the birds should be performed in the evening, when the chickens are already ready for bed, with dim lighting.
It is best to feed the Shaver White and Brown breed 3 times a day, alternating ready-made feed, grain and mash. Blend better to give in the morning to stimulate egg-laying. They need to add meat and bone meal or fish meal, chopped fresh herbs or vegetables. In prosperity should be crushed shells, chalk, this will help maintain the strength of the eggshell. It is useful to put dishes with wood ash and coal, and for better digestion - coarse sand or fine gravel.
In winter, the feed should be warm, and its quantity should be eaten without residue. Add vegetables (pumpkin, zucchini, carrots, beets) and herbal flour, dried nettles into the mash. This will keep egg production, and even more yolk will give a more saturated color, which usually turns pale in winter.
You can not dramatically change the daily diet of chickens. In the cold season, the calorie content should be higher.
During molting, egg production is reduced, since all the forces of the body are aimed at the rapid restoration of feather cover. At this time, a manifestation of slander is possible, especially if the young growth and adult chickens are kept together. To prevent cannibalism, it is necessary to enrich the feed with vitamins by adding meat and bone meal or fish meal, burnt bird feathers, and crushed charcoal. Also at this time you need to mute the lighting in the hen house.
Taking into account the bird's volatility, equipping nests and roosts at medium heights will also facilitate egg collection.
White version of the cross (photo from the farm Artem Bortova, Moscow region)
Shavers partially preserve the incubation instinct, but with egg productivity this is rather a minus than an advantage. After all, the time of chickens incubation and driving is the under-received eggs.
Layers of shavers are prone to obesity, which can lead to problems. Overfed birds carry larger eggs, often two yolk eggs. Because of this, the oviduct is damaged, which can lead to the death of the hen.
Types of chickens by class
All chicken livestock is divided into several directions for use.
- Egg. The goal of the breed is to produce as many eggs as possible to the detriment of the meat's taste, brooding instinct and body weight. In this direction, the largest number of crosses has been created - all poultry farms produce egg products exclusively from them.
- Meat. This bird develops enhanced weight gain and excellent taste of meat due to a significant reduction in egg production. However, the chickens of these breeds are good chicks, and when fertilized, the livestock in home-breeding can be increased. In the industrial production of chicken meat using crosses of meat breeds - broilers, in which the ability to hatch eggs is negated.
- Egg and meat. The most attractive breed for private breeding. By virtue of the direction they do not cross, develop and multiply within the breed. Egg production and meat weight is slightly lower than that of crosses, but the constant increase in herds due to the appearance of their own chicks compensates for the difference. From time to time a rooster change is required in order to avoid kin-related breeding and degeneration.
- Fight. Sports breeds in which are used, mainly males. Chickens are used for breeding. Extensive field of activity for creating crosses.
- Decorative. Breeds and crosses from mini to maxi sizes, a variety of colors and forms of plumage. Some are capable of hatching chicks.
For consumption as food, the last two categories are not used.
External characteristic of the Shaver Brown breed
Cross Shaver Brown is one of the most effective egg-bearing species. In the Shaver branch there is also White and Black - according to the color of the bird's feathers.
As the name implies, the hens and roosters of this cross are brown. It is the color of feathers covering the bird. Pooh is white. In general, the plumage is dense. The tail is straight, slightly lowered, hanging in roosters.
Appearance of chickens Shaver Brown
The crest is leaf-shaped, erect in males and hanging in females. Its color, like earrings, is bright red. The lobes are white.
Chickens have a very compact body, strong skeleton. The tendency to increased egg production has affected the size of the abdomen - this is the largest part of the body of females. In males, the championship in this characteristic belongs to the chest.
Production characteristics of the breed (number of eggs, meat)
The period of active wearing of eggs in chickens of this cross is from one and a half to two years, an average of 80 weeks. Each year, each chicken can bring 300 pieces of products.
Shaver Brown chickens can produce up to 300 eggs per year.
An egg is characterized by a medium size, but it can also be large - nutrition is of great importance. The taste and composition of the eggs are excellent. The color of the shell is beige or brown, its strength is high.
An important positive sign is a small amount of egg rejection - only 1%.
For hatching a consumer egg, the presence of a rooster in the herd is not required. The production of fertilized eggs is not provided because of the inexpediency: the signs of the cross are not inherited. Therefore, after 2 - 2.5 years of use (and with a rejuvenating vaccination - after 3 - 3.5), the livestock must be completely replaced. Chickens are slaughtered, their meat is rarely used for human nutrition, but often for the production of minced meat for pet food.
To maintain the release of eggs, they acquire a new batch.
Rooster and Shaver Brown Chicken
Acquisition of manufacturers
Most often cross buy in the center of breeding or on poultry farms specializing in breeding cross. On sale are both daily and monthly, as well as sexually mature five-month-old females.
Important: Crosses of any breed cannot be created at home, so private farms and household farms never sell such chickens. If on the street or the market offer crosses - the offer is in bad faith.
Under certain conditions it is quite possible to grow a full-fledged layer from a day-old chicken. In this case, the adaptation will take place in the early stages, stress will not reduce egg production, the bird will develop immediately in terms of further maintenance. The cost of a day-old chicken is significantly lower than more adult individuals.
The main thing for the successful cultivation of chicken - the heat and light. Stress during transportation can be reduced by warming the packaging in which chickens are transported.
On the way chicks should not spend more than a day. Therefore, choose a product and get as close as possible to the area of residence. But since the distances in our country are huge, and the selection is carried out in individual centers, the transportation of small lots is carried out by plane (in the cabin!), Which greatly increases their cost. Usually delivered with an opportunity.
Chicks placed under the lamp, provide a temperature of 30 ° and 7 - 8 meals a day. Do not limit water consumption. The first month is kept indoors, but in the summer period it is possible to take the box to the street for some time of the day - to prevent the development of rickets. During cultivation, the diet is enriched with vitamins if fresh greens are not used. The number of feedings per day by the end of the first month is reduced to 4.
The daily diet of chickens the first two months of life
Description and features
In the hybrid, there are three varieties that differ in color. Shaver Brown (brown), Shaver Black (black), Shaver White (white). All other characteristics are identical. Although some poultry farmers claim that blacks are the largest, Brown is a bit smaller, and White is the smallest.
Egg production and when they begin to rush
Puberty in layers begins early, at 4-5 months. From this point on, they begin to lay eggs. At first this process is not regular. But after a couple of weeks it is getting better. Eggs are medium in size, weighing about 55-62 grams. For the year on average, one layer gives 200-220 eggs. Some sources cite other numbers: 350-400 pieces. The color of the shell depends on the color of the cross. Black and White are white for Brown and Brown for brown. Defective eggs bring only 1% for the entire productive period. Survival of chicks at the highest level: 96-98%. The survival rates of young stock below - 80-82%. Of course, all these indicators are fair with proper bird care.
Requirements for the room
Chickens can live well in the hen house and in cages. The dwelling does not need special equipment. Cross is frost-resistant, so it can live even in an unheated hen house. The main thing is that there should be no drafts, it was dry and the floor was covered with a layer of hay, straw, and dry foliage. Be sure to need good ventilation in the room. You should also take care of nests. They can be made in ordinary boxes and lined with hay. When constructing perches, it should be borne in mind that it should be of medium size and at least 40 centimeters of space should be allocated to one individual.
How to endure winter cold
To a temperature of + 5-7 ° C, the hens feel great in an unheated room and continue to lay eggs. With a further decrease in temperature, infrared lamps should be installed above the perches. For chickens, it is detrimental when the temperature drops below + 28 ° C.
The diet of adult birds must be built on a balanced combination of animal feed, grain and vegetable food. In the morning, it is desirable to give a mix of grains, meat and bone, fish meal, crushed shells, chalk, a pinch of salt. You can also add carrots, silage, beets. Be sure to in the diet should be fresh greens. In winter, it will be replaced by grass meal. Feed better three times a day. And in the evening it is desirable to give wet food (vegetables, greens). Near the feeders should always be drinking.
Advantages and disadvantages
Pluses of cross-country:
- high level performance
- good health,
- unpretentiousness, frost resistance,
- high survival rates
- eggs with strong shells and rich in fatty acids,
- peaceful nature.
- often the hens refuse to incubate,
- with improper care during the period of molting cannibalism appears.