Each of us tries to make our home more comfortable and cozier. The undoubted comfort of any apartment or house is given by flowers, besides it is also useful, because indoor plants perform the function of purifying the air.
Archaeological science, using pollen found in caves, proved that even in the Stone Age, people decorated their dwelling with flowers. Today indoor floriculture is a separate science and from the variety of home plants we present the most beautiful indoor flowers.
A beautiful evergreen plant named after the Duchess Charlotte Clive, who was the governess of the future Queen of Great Britain Victoria.
This flower arrived in Europe from South Africa, easily caught on in the northern latitudes and became the favorite of most gardeners.
Unpretentious plant will decorate any home or office space, but you should try not to move the pot, and water once a week.
The round leaves of this plant look like coins, so among the gardeners, Crassoul is often called the “money tree”, or “junkie”.
When it blooms, it is covered with small white flowers, sometimes red, and very, very rarely, flowers can be of a blue tint.
One of the most unpretentious indoor residents. Even a leaf that has fallen to the ground can grow into a separate plant.
Translated from the ancient Greek language, the name of the plant is translated as "stone appearance", maybe because it comes from the rocky and sandy deserts of Namibia Botswana.
That is why Lithops learned to retain moisture, and it is easy to tolerate heat and arid climate.
Flowers from a desert dweller who migrated to the apartments are white or yellow, very rarely there are species with orange petals.
This species, growing in tropical and subtropical zones, has long become popular among gardeners all over the world.
Its bright leaves will bring variety and uniqueness to your home, or will become a real decoration of the office. For its shape has become very popular among amateur gardeners.
The plant is unpretentious, and some species grow to 80 centimeters in height.
They called the indoor flower and the whole genus in honor of the Swedish biologist Bromelius. This tropical beauty is a distant relative of pineapple.
The leaves are lancet shaped, they are collected in a kind of outlet from which the stem grows. It requires watering only once a week, but it is necessary to put bromelium in places where sunlight gets.
Flowering lasts from 3 weeks to several months, delighting the hosts and guests of the house.
A beautiful indoor plant also has bactericidal properties, so it will not only decorate the room, but also be useful.
To geranium constantly bloomed, it is necessary to pluck the already fading flowers.
The plant is unpretentious, does not require spraying and frequent watering.
Because of the beauty and originality, geranium is one of the most popular inhabitants of apartments and offices.
The exotic queen of the tropics has just begun to conquer the hearts of sophisticated flower growers. Unusual, original leaves of alokaziya will decorate any room.
In addition, it is unpretentious and does not require special care. Interestingly, different species have different numbers of leaves, but during flowering many plants have only one leaf.
In nature, some species grow up to 2 meters in height, but domestic relatives from 20 to 40 centimeters.
According to legend, this beautiful home flower helps girls to meet their betrothed and gain female happiness.
But attention to yourself, with such abilities, requires much, and you cannot say that these are unpretentious indoor flowers. Doesn’t like drafts, but it’s better to water it with the method of circulation using separated water.
During its flowering period, it requires more moisture, but the sun is not so important for it, so it can also grow on the windows facing north.
What could be more beautiful than a rose, especially when it blooms on your windowsill. But this queen of flowers requires special care.
Home rose just loves the sunny color, so it is better to put it in the lighted places on the western or eastern window.
If it is correct to care for them, then roses will delight flowering year round, with a frequency of 7-8 weeks.
Once upon a time, flowering houseplants took fuchsia into their family and native of Australia and Latin America. And, remarkably, she immediately took a leading position in home floriculture.
This flower was revered by the Indians of America, and the Incas considered it sacred and decorated houses and places of worship with flowers.
Fuchsia is unpretentious, and the only thing that really loves is the diffused sunny color.
But this is not really a flower, but a shrub that came to the Old World from the hot tropics. Evergreen hibiscus, blooming from early spring to late autumn, will decorate the room.
It is worth keeping it in the southern part of the house, where there is a lot of light, and to water regularly and better with settled, not cool water.
The only thing that does not tolerate the most beautiful of shrubs, is a sharp temperature drops and drafts.
Often this representative of the room fauna is mistakenly called Amaryllis, in Greek it is a combination of two words “horseman” and “star”.
A flower with a romantic name loves bright light and is very thermophilic. This is not surprising, because he arrived in Europe and America from the warm latitudes of South Africa.
When flowering throws gorgeous bright red or pink corolla flowers.
This home flower from a large family of asparagaceous, can bloom in different shades from bright red to white and purple.
Recently, due to the original shape and beauty, it has become quite common among florists. In addition to the house, there are species that get along well on the plot.
Hyacinth flowers were widely used in the perfume industry, and even during the flowering period it has a pleasant aroma.
No matter how it was there, but the prickly flower during the flowering period, even if it happens very rarely, simply doesn’t look away from them.
A flowering, he can please only with proper care and compliance with the requirements of watering. Everyone probably knows that in winter cacti are not watered.
It is a heat-loving plant, therefore it adores bright light, and prefers to be in the southern part of the house.
Graceful and majestic begonia has long won the hearts and souls of florist and lovers of beauty. It is noteworthy that the sheets and flowers can take a variety of, and sometimes quite fancy, forms.
Loves sunny color and regular watering. With proper care will delight the flowering of beautiful multi-colored flowers.
This genus is the most common and numerous in the large Begonev family, and somewhere in space an asteroid travels, named after this flower.
The first Spaniards, who arrived in South America, met in the tropics a beautiful flower, and local ethnic groups told about its healing and magical properties.
The second name simply screams about the magnificence of the plant - Euphorbia is beautiful, and today it is widely distributed, like a room flower in every corner of the world.
For a long time there was a mistaken opinion that the plant is poisonous, but it is not. It is harmless, and even useful, ionizing the air in the room where it grows.
A flower with such an unusual name belongs to the cactus family, but among gardeners there are many names: “Decembrist”, “Christmas cactus” or simply “Christmas tree”.
When it blooms, it usually blooms very lushly and for a long period of time.
It is better to place it in light, but without direct sunlight, places. Like all cacti, it requires moderate watering, but during the flowering period it is necessary to water abundantly and maintain high humidity.
We will complete the review by a representative of the family of Primroses, a beautiful and original flower Primula. The name in Latin and it sounds - "first."
Solid, carved leaves form a rosette. But the primrose is blooming with multi-colored flowers of bizarre form, and an incredible aroma.
It is best to stir primroses in brightly lit areas, but without the rays of the sun, in the southern part of the apartment or house.
One of the most beautiful representatives of the family of Euphorbia is Euphorbia Mil, popularly called the crown of thorns. It is a small shrub brought to Europe from Africa and from the island of Madagascar. A distinctive feature of milkweed is its thick columnar stem, covered with ribbed leaves with prickles at the edges. Euphorbia blooms throughout the year, small, inconspicuous flowers of yellow color appear on it.
Evergreen perennial plant - asparagus - can be seen in almost all apartments or private houses. Externally, the flower resembles asparagus, and for good reason, since it belongs to the Asparagus family. The homeland of culture is the southern and eastern regions of Africa, it is also distributed in South America.
A feature of asparagus is the absence of the usual leaves, instead of them are flat, needle-shaped branches that act as leaves. During flowering, small red berries appear on the plant. Since asparagus in nature has a wide area of distribution, at home it is simple and unpretentious to care, does not require special conditions of detention.
The plant likes good lighting, but not direct sunlight, can calmly adapt to the shade. Comfortable summer temperature is + 20-24 ° С, in winter - + 15-18 ° С. All types of plants do not tolerate low humidity, so they need to be regularly sprayed or washed. During the period of flowering and growth it is recommended to provide decorative “asparagus” with good, but not excessive watering. In the winter, you need to minimize it.
Crassula, or money tree, is perhaps the most beloved house plant that does not require special care. It loves bright places, but at the same time, it can settle down perfectly in the shade, you can not spray it, water it infrequently.
The money tree is a succulent plant of the Tolstians family. In nature, it is found in arid regions of the globe, particularly in Africa, on the island of Madagascar, the Arabian Peninsula.
About once every 30 days during the period of active growth (April-September), the plant must be fed. For this purpose, universal fertilizers or solutions intended for cacti.
Crassula is recommended to be replanted once every two years in spring. Substrates for succulents, which are composed of soddy earth and sand, predominate for the soil mixture. The danger for the money tree is the mealybug.
The fat euphorbia is an evergreen, slow growing, leafless, succulent plant of the Euphorbia family. Externally, it looks like a cactus, has a shape in the form of a light green ball, covered with needles with eight flat ribs. Flowering can be observed very rarely, mostly in summer. Inflorescences, consisting of male or female flowers, form a kind of crown, which is located on the top of milkweed. Since succulent does not produce lateral shoots, it is propagated exclusively by seed. The plant is completely unpretentious in the care, the main rule - to provide him with a sufficient amount of heat and light. The most suitable soil mixture is the traditional ground for cacti. Spurge does not need regular transplantation. It is transplanted in cases where the root system completely fills the container.
In summer, the plant should be well watered and to prevent the drying of the soil. In winter, when it is at rest, it is recommended to reduce watering.
In the process of its growth, succulent can face a number of problems:
- white flies on the stem: evidence of whitefly,
- sticky surface or yellow spots: they speak about the presence of mealybug,
- fluffy spots: are signs of mold.
Thanks to its original and unusual look, the ornamental plant of trachiandra became in 2017 a new fashion trend in floristic design.
Trachyandra is a perennial plant of the Asphodel family, which is considered to be the birthplace of South Africa. Succulent different long fibrous roots, dark green leaves, twisted into a spiral and collected in the rosette. The flower of the plant looks like an artificial one, and resembles asparagus pods looking upward.Trachyandr belongs to the light-loving cultures, and therefore needs constant light and fresh air. The more light and air she receives, the more active her growth will be. The optimum temperature is about +22 ° С. It is necessary to water a plant once in 5-6 days, in the winter the quantity of waterings is reduced to two times a month. Water must be taken warm, separated and poured into the pan. Succulent transplants should be every four years. It must also be regularly fertilized with minerals intended for decorative leafy crops. The most dangerous for the plant is abundant watering. In such cases, the leaves of trachiandra become very soft, thin, cease to curl. Therefore, it is imperative to adjust the watering.
The representative of ferns - Asplenium or Kostenets - one of the most fragile and extraordinary domestic plants. In nature, it is distributed almost everywhere, but was first discovered in the tropics of Asia, Africa, and Australia.
Asplenium is a herbaceous, perennial plant of a terrestrial species. It has spreading, feathery leaves of a smooth structure, dark green color, on which grow kidneys - sporangia. They fall away quickly, take root quickly on moist soil and grow actively. With proper care fern grows well and develops. He loves when a lot of light, but reacts poorly to direct sunlight and drafts. In summer, the temperature in the room with asplenium should vary from + 20 to + 25 ° С, in winter - about + 18 ° С. The plant needs high humidity. In order to provide it, it is recommended to pour claydite into the tank and moisten it regularly. In the morning and in the evening it is possible to spray the leaves with soft, warm water.
Every year in spring Kostenets is transplanted. To do this, take a special soil for ferns or prepare the mixture independently: three parts of sod land, two parts of peat, one part of humus and sand. During active growth, Asplenium is recommended to be fed every two weeks, using complex mineral fertilizers. It is important not to transfuse the plant, otherwise its root system will rot.
The fern can be affected by spider mites, aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs. To get rid of parasites, the leaves are washed with soapy water, and then treated with insecticides.
Haworthia is a perennial herb of the Asfodelova subfamily. Culture got its name in honor of Adrian Haworth, a botanist from England, who first described the species.
The culture is remarkable for its unusual fleshy, oblong leaves, which are gathered near the roots in a rosette. On one bush can grow up to a dozen of these outlets. The shape of the leaves, depending on the variety, is triangular, oval, scaly. On top of the leaves are covered with numerous warts. The plant blooms in small, pale pink or light-green flowers. In the conditions of the house havortia gets acclimatized well, grows and multiplies. It is preferable for her to choose a bright place without direct sunlight. In winter, when there is a period of rest, the culture should be moved to a cooler place with good lighting. She likes moderate watering, she grabs two irrigations a week. In the cold watering is reduced to once a month.
Humidity in the room does not affect the growth or flowering, succulent can not spray. In the summer, it is advisable to put the pot on the loggia or balcony. During the growth period, the culture must be fed using a very weak solution of appropriate fertilizers.
It is recommended that Haworthia be transplanted into a low, wide and shallow container so that it grows upwards. For earthen mixture suitable substrate consisting of equal parts of turf and leaf land, as well as sand. Succulent grows well in weakly alkaline or neutral soil; in acidic soil it dies.
The plant can be damaged by spider mites, aphids, and mealy worm. In the presence of diseases, the affected areas should be removed with a sharp knife, and the cut cut with charcoal.
The Dracula Orchid is a unique epiphytic culture of the Orchid family, common in Central and South Americas. Homeland is Ecuador. The name of the plant is explained by the appearance of its flower, resembling the face of a small dragon.
Чтобы в домашних условиях орхидея прижилась, ей нужно создать условия, максимально приближенные к природным. Для посадки подойдут прозрачный горшок или плетеные корзинки, с многочисленными отверстиями для дренажа. Цветок любит насыщенный свет, но не прямые солнечные лучи. Несмотря на свое происхождение, он плохо переносит жару, максимальная температура летом — +25 °С. Поливать орхидею следует только после того, как почва полностью просохнет. Полив осуществляют сверху или методом погружения. If you do not give the ground to dry, the root system will begin to die. Dracula loves humidified air from 70 to 80%.
The quality of the soil is perfect ordinary sphagnum. You can make a mixture of equal parts of the roots of a fern, sphagnum moss, charcoal and pine bark. Orchid does not have a pronounced rest period, but flower growers are advised to reduce watering after it has faded.
Replant the plant should be when its roots begin to crawl out of the drainage holes. The orchid is rather tender and fragile, therefore it is often exposed to pests. She can be threatened by aphids, whiteflies, thrips, scythomas, various fungal diseases. To combat parasites, leaves and damaged roots are cut, and the plant is treated with special solutions.
Venus flytrap (Dionaea) refers to the species of predatory plants belonging to the Rosyankov family. In its own way, it is the only rare instance, and in Latin it means a mousetrap. Originally from South America, it can be found in nature in the marshes of the states of Georgia, New Jersey, and North Carolina. Venus flytrap is a herbaceous insectivorous plant. It has a bulbous stalk, white flowers that are neatly collected on the peduncle in corymbose inflorescences. In early summer, the plant blooms, after which traps form in place of the flowers. The trap consists of two oppositely located to each other petals (shutters) with spikes on the edges. In the middle of the valves there are glands that attract insects with a specific odor. When the insect gets on the leaf, the sash closes, and the secretion of gastric juice begins, helping to digest food. After 5-10 days, after full digestion, the flycatcher opens the leaf and expects the next victim.
To grow a flower at home, he needs to provide natural conditions. He likes adequate lighting, at least 4-5 hours a day. To the temperature mode, the plant is not so whimsical and can withstand low temperatures up to +5 ° С. During active growth, it should be watered well with distilled or filtered water. In winter, the flower, which is at rest, is rarely watered.
Culture takes root well in moist and acidic soil. It will perfectly suit the soil of equal parts of moss and perlite.
Nepentes is a predatory, insectivorous shrub liana, originally from the tropical forests of Madagascar, Sri Lanka. The plant has long grassy stems, with which it climbs on the branches or pillars of trees. In addition to the leaves, jug-traps develop on the stem, releasing a special nectar that attracts insects.
In length, such traps can reach from 2.5 to 30 cm. Special cells are located on the inner edge of the lily pads that produce nectar, and the lily itself is filled with water to digest food. Insects crawl into a trap, it slams and opens only 5-8 hours later, after the complete disappearance of the victim.
The temperature in the room can fluctuate in summer from +22 to +26 ° С, in winter - not lower than +15 ° С. Nepentes is more capricious of moisture than watering. Water it should be moderate, it is preferable to apply the lower watering. In winter, this is done carefully, in small portions of water. As for humidity, the optimal level is 70-90%. In the summertime, the flower can be fed once every 2-3 weeks, using weak solutions intended for flower plants.
Transplant culture in spring, as needed. As the soil used a mixture of leaf earth, peat and sand, in a ratio of 3: 2: 1. Nepentes is fed once a month. To do this, half of the water lilies are being thrown by a live moth, flies, and spiders. You can not feed all the "traps" at once, otherwise the plant will die due to excess nitrogen.
"The Queen of the Night" - selenitsereus - is a plant that impresses with its impressive appearance. The fast-growing culture with large flowers that produce an incredible aroma belongs to the family of cacti and is widespread in the tropics of South and Central America.
The stem of the succulent grows to 12 m, under favorable conditions, the growth per day can reach 2-2.5 cm. At the ends of the lashes are large, large flowers in the form of a crown, white, pink or cream-colored. In the center of the plant there are colored stamens and ovaries. The peculiarity of the flower is that its flowers bloom only at night, during the day they fold into a ball, resembling coiled threads. Selenitsereus is rarely found in the home because of its rare distribution. However, care for him is simple. “The Queen of Nights” prefers good lighting and perfectly tolerates even direct sunlight. She does not like artificial light, she reacts negatively to light fluctuations. During the growth period, the flower should be provided with a comfortable room temperature, in winter it can be moved to a cool place.
Young plants should be transplanted every year, adults - as needed. The soil is suitable for them nutritious, rich in humus. Among the pests are scale insects, spider mites, felts. The only possible way to combat them is to treat the flower with fungicides with a narrow focus.
Stapelia variegated, often referred to by the people as "starfish" because of the shape of its flower, belongs to the Kutrov family. It is a culture from Africa, where it has perfectly got accustomed on the mountain slopes, forests and near water bodies. The stapelia are small in size from 10 to 60 cm and underdeveloped surface roots. At the base are fleshy, tetrahedral stems, greenish or bluish shades.
The plant has no leaves, instead of them pubescent flowers are located, 5-30 cm in size. Succulent feature is considered to be pungent, even nasty flower scent, which can cause fits of nausea. Care at home for the building berth is simple and is associated with seasonality. In the summer season, she prefers a bright and warm environment to +26 ° С, in the winter she rests, likes a temperature not higher than +15 ° С.
Succulent does not require irrigation or abundant moisture. It is better not to peel it, since excess moisture leads to rotting of the roots. During the growth period, the culture is fed with mixtures for succulents and cacti, and in the winter feeding is stopped. With the onset of spring, young plants need to be transplanted into the soil, consisting of two parts of sod land, one part of sand and one part of charcoal.
Staple is affected by diseases and parasites, in most cases due to improper watering. Among the pests, spider mites, mealybugs, and aphids can live on it. Shop insecticides are used against them.
Pseudolithos - an unusual in appearance and growth plant from the Lastovnev family, common in South Africa at Cape Horn. In Latin, the name translates as “false stone” (“pseudo” is false and “lithos” is stone), which corresponds to the shape of the plant stems resembling small stones.
Succulent differs leafless, spherical lonely or bushy stems, 4-5 cm in diameter. The stems are densely covered with tubercles, in color and texture resembling cobblestones. The flowers are small, brown or brownish-red color with yellow grains. For comfortable living, pseudolithos needs to create good lighting, a constant supply of fresh air, high temperature conditions: in summer - up to +29 ° С, in winter - no less than +18 ° С. The plant loves moderate, very accurate watering during active growth. During the rest period it is better not to water it. In the spring, it is recommended to gradually start feeding succulent with liquid fertilizer diluted by half. He does not need frequent transplants and prefers "cramped" living conditions. Transplant the plant as necessary, for this purpose, take the soil with a high content of sand, perlite and pumice.Most flower is afraid of overflow. In just a few days, its root system can turn into a gelatinous substance. From the pests to the plant annoying mealybug. Houseplants are a special kingdom in every home. Bright and low-key, large and small, traditional and exotic - they will become not just an exclusive interior decoration, but also a full-fledged family member, requiring proper care, watering and nutrition. With a minimum of effort and a little care, you can grow a truly luxurious, unique “flower garden”, pleasing the eye for many years.
Phalaenopsis sometimes called homemade orchids because of the similarity of flowers. There are many species of this plant, so that each house will have its own.
These flowers do not tolerate direct sunlight, so it is best to protect them from heat and bright light.
Oddly enough, but flowering cacti are not inferior in beauty to deciduous plants.
There are a huge number of blooming cacti of the most different colors, which do not require special care and are pleasing to the eye almost all year round.
For those who have always dreamed of a small tree at home, a ficus would be an excellent choice.
With proper care and love - this is very important - the plant reaches 2-3 meters in height.
Plant lovers in cold shades should pay attention to hyacinths.
Their unusual shape and bright colors will help to decorate any room. One has only to take into account the characteristic aroma of this flower.
The Decembrists are suitable for those who do not particularly like to care for plants.
They grow quickly, do not require special care, unpretentious to temperature conditions. There are different shades.
Another unpretentious to the temperature of the flower.
It looks good in the composition of hanging pots, because it is a climbing plant.
This unusual flower is a distant relative of pineapple. Sharp leaves and bright flowers will decorate any room.
Bromeliad loves light, but does not like frequent watering.
Potted flowers are an island of nature in a residential interior.
Today, the markets have a huge number of plants and flowers with a variety of requirements. Pick the ones that fit your lifestyle and home design.
I would strongly argue about the unpretentiousness of half of the plants on the list. Everyone has their own "light" in the cultivation of home plants. For me, the most unpretentious became Dieffenbachia, Monstera, Sancivieria, Euphorbia, Euharis, Dracaena and even Mandarin!
and here I am in the joke. I had 3 cactus, one rotted, the second dried up, the third is still holding ..
Have you ever seated him?
You have a direct talent, this plant is one of not killed and easily perekorennyaemyh.
the sun, oddly enough
Saintpaulia is an unpretentious plant only for those who are satisfied with huge crooked sockets and flowering three flowers twice a year. But if you want to unleash the full potential of the variety, you will have to try.
Aglaonema is very whimsical in terms of air humidity, otherwise the tips of the leaves begin to dry, and if the water is poured during watering, the leaves become covered with brown spots. Therefore, it is not particularly common among ordinary fans of home flowers.
Fittonia is generally better to grow in the florarium, before it can not tolerate dry air.
Crassula needs to be formed, otherwise a crooked tree with intertwined trunks and small leaves will grow.
In principle, clivia is unpretentious, but under insufficient light it will not bloom, and its long linear leaves will occupy a lot of space on the window-sill.
About other plants have already written. So the whole post in the furnace.
I don `t know, don` t know, I had a cat so it was with the same enthusiasm guzzled cucumbers, bananas and cacti). some strange was.
. good lighting and cool room temperature - no higher than 12.
- @kaktus _igorpugach how, how do you do it?
But what about cacti?
Zamioculkas :)! My favorite :) Manages even without special sunlight SchA winter to release 2-3 new arrows :)! I water once or twice a month :) The sheets of dust can be cleaned from time to time, the secret is that it has " bulbs "and he accumulates water in them :) Therefore, watering is very moderate :)
In the comments straight "graveyard of house plants."
I would argue with the unpretentiousness of bromeliads. they need a certain moisture, and then the leaves begin to dry.
But such a process was whistled a year ago at a party, I forgot in my pocket for a week - and he not only survived and got accustomed to it and looks great. Called Stone Rose or Redemption. The flower is really beautiful and unpretentious.
As for Hoya or Suicide - I can say that when my parents bought an apartment in 1983, an exterminator was left in a pot from an old mistress. So more than 30 years have passed (and the former mistress has stood for how much), and the flower has grown and blooms amazingly every winter (incredible sweet aroma and viscous sweet nectar). A great flower is a bit unsightly, stern, but worth it.
Bromeliad is a very tender plant. Is always! Always in the leaves should be water. If the air is dry and not sprayed even one day - immediately the leaves dry. If in the morning they do not pour water into the leaves, they begin to die off at the base at night. On the direct rays of the sun leaves burn out. So if you have enough patience for 7 days a week to pay attention to the flower, then you should start. If not, then the money tree (bolster and others) will help you in creating a green zone. Bromeliad blooms every 5 years! Within 1-2 months. The rest of the time it is only green leaves (like pineapple tail).
Hoya is also a good option. But will bloom only on the sunny side (on direct rays) and 2-3 years after planting. It grows very slowly. Not suitable for rental housing. It is difficult to transport without breaking the vines. But 10 summer plants are beautiful!)) Totally worth the investment of effort and attention.
I grow orchids falaenopsis from the shady side successfully, watering every 7-10 days, in a submersible way, bloom regularly
aspidistra. We have been growing from one pot for 12 years, the earth hasn’t even changed. It grows, it stably blooms. It keeps everything. Once a drunk relative has watered it with beer, survived: D
Ideal Croton, you can try the same Adenium,