Eosklet shrubs flaming in autumn are an original and not burdensome decoration for both the garden plot and the window sill in the house. But how can a rather large plant, which, depending on the type and variety, reach 1–9 meters in height, become a potted crop?
It turns out that the deciduous and evergreen euonymus in the East has long been used by bonsai lovers to grow miniature living compositions.
The use of competent pruning and the systematic formation of the crown help to tame the growth of the room flower of euonymus. A few years after planting, a real tree with a stumpy trunk, curved branches and a beautiful crown, decorated with foliage and unusual fruits, grows out of the stalk.
For pot culture, deciduous species are more often chosen, for example, European Euonymus or Wing Euonymus. In this case, the scarlet leaves and bright fruit-boxes, as expected, fall down in autumn, and after a period of rest with the onset of spring, the tree awakens and begins a new growing season.
If an indoor flower is an euonymus of evergreen varieties, for example, a Japanese euonymus, then the twigs remain covered with red, purple or variegated foliage, but the plant's life processes slow down, and therefore care for it changes.
An euonymus planted in a limited volume of a pot remains a perennial culture that has its own preferences and characteristics and requires an individual attitude and approach.
How to deal with indoor eosklet, planting and caring for which is carried out not in open ground, but indoors?
Rules for the care of euonymus in room conditions
Garden euonymus is famous for its good adaptability and unpretentiousness. Even beginner lovers of ornamental crops can take care of it.
- The shrub grows well in almost any soil, as long as the substrate is loose and permeable to moisture and air.
- Euonymus of all kinds tolerate shade quite well, but a compact even crown and bright color of autumn foliage can be obtained only if the bush is planted in a well-lit place or at least in partial shade.
- Dry air is also not destructive for shrubs, but dry soil can cause foliage to wilt and premature abscission.
- The rest period lasts from November to April, during the cold season. In these months, the plant almost does not need moisture and nutrients. Shrub illumination decreases.
The same rules should be followed when planting and caring for a room, as in the photo, with an euonymus.
Planting and subsequent maintenance of indoor eosklet
For euonymus requires loose soil with a weak alkaline reaction, an abundance of nutrients and good permeability. If the plant is not planned to be rigidly formed, you can take a mixture of turf land, sand and humus.
For bonsai, it is useful to add loam to the substrate in order to ensure better grip of the root system with a small earthy ball.
To limit the growth of shrubs and facilitate the care of euonymus, planting is carried out in a small-sized pot whose width is equal to or greater than the depth. At the bottom of the tank, a drainage is made to remove moisture from the plant and prevent rotting of the roots.
When planting, it is important to preserve the integrity of the original soil coma around the roots. Therefore, the plant is immersed in a recess made in advance in the substrate, then the voids are filled with soil and compacted neatly. Soil during planting should be wet, like the root system of the plant.
Care of euonymus after planting includes:
- regular watering when the topsoil is dry under a bush,
- feeding with complex means from April to September with a frequency of 2 times a month,
- spraying the crown of euonymus on particularly hot summer days,
- forming crown pruning prior to the beginning of the active growing season,
- nipping side shoots appearing in summer
- sanitary pruning in the autumn period
- plant transplantation every 3-4 years.
At home, the euonymus feels good on the western or eastern windows.
It is better to protect the plant from direct sunlight, and if there is a possibility, it is best to keep shrubs in the fresh air from spring to the onset of autumn cool. The wintering of the euonymus is carried out in a cool room. Watering is carried out very sparingly, fertilizing is not needed.
Reproduction of euonymus at home
House flower euonymus can be propagated using seeds collected from mature and open boxes, as well as by grafting.
If a grower has at his disposal seeds of a suitable grade and quality, they are placed in a container with moistened sand and sent to a household refrigerator for three months. Positive temperatures close to zero will harden planting material and activate pecking.
After the expiry of the period allowed for stratification, the container is removed from the cold and placed in a bright place, previously covered with glass or film to prevent evaporation of moisture.
- Heated seeds are transferred to a layer of loose sterilized substrate, laid out on the surface and gently sprinkled with a thin layer of sand.
- Then carry out the irrigation of the soil from the spray.
- The container closed by a film is put in a hothouse.
- For the germination of seeds of indoor eosklet flower, a constant air temperature between 22 and 27 ° C is necessary.
- Every 4 days they monitor the condition of the soil, which is sprayed if necessary, and the container with the seeds is aired.
The seeds of the plant are not distinguished by rapid and amicable germination, therefore, reproduction of the euonymus by this method is rather laborious and not always successful.
Long-awaited sprouts can appear only 8 weeks after sowing. When real leaves appear on seedlings, they are gently diving. Further development of seedlings takes place indoors or on the terrace, protected from drafts and cold air.
Reproduction of euonymus by cuttings gives better results than obtaining seedlings from collected seeds. The planting material cut off in August or September from the tops of healthy shoots is rooted in the room greenhouse, digging sand and peat into a mixture of equal parts. When the cuttings acquire their own root system, they are transplanted to a permanent place. This is best done in early spring.
Pests and diseases of indoor flower of euonymus
Like shrubs in the open field, a small room euonymus needs protection from diseases and insect pests. Most often, growers are faced with the defeat of plants with mealy worms, which weaken the pot culture. The colonization of the spindle tree, spider mite and harmful fungi is not excluded.
In order to prevent the death of a green pet, not only do it be treated with systemic preparations, but also adjust care. Planting euonymus carried out only in the decontaminated soil.
Euonymus flower (lat. Euonymus) is a perennial low shrub of evergreen and deciduous woody plants of the Bereslet family. In the wild, this species is distributed throughout all continents of the globe. Euonymous has more than two hundred species. Flowering bushes can be found mainly in countries
Northern hemisphere, because they prefer floodplain meadows, valleys of small rivers, undergrowths of mixed forest belts and even impassable thickets of taiga forests. The countries of Central Asia, Japan and China are considered the birthplace of the euonymus. Translated from Latin, the word "euonymus" means "a tree with a beautiful
This is an euonymus Japanese and an euonymus rooting:
- Japanese euonymus has dark green leathery leaves of narrowed elliptical shape with jagged edges. Their length is from 3 to 9 cm, and flowers - 1 cm, each inflorescence contains from 10 to 10 flowers of pale yellow-green color. By the fall, fruits that look like small boxes of bright orange or pink color ripen on the branches. This plant is very popular with flower growers and landscape designers due to its simplicity and undemanding compliance with temperature conditions.
- Euonymus rooting (Forchun's Euonymus) - a short-growing shrub, reaching 1 meter in height, perfectly survives in dwellings, giving an exquisite feature to the interior. The name of this species was given by long branches of the plant, expanding in length up to three meters, and, touching the ground, they easily root. Leaves of euonymus rooting small, from 2 to 6 cm, egg-shaped, leathery, dark green color with whitish or reddish specks. Fortune is used for gardening suburban areas. With the onset of cold weather, the pots with the plant are transferred to warmed balconies. Home Euonymus easily tolerates lowering the temperature a few degrees below zero, however, it is advisable to warm the bottom of the pot with thick foam for the winter even on the balcony and to mulch the soil using a peat substrate.
Types of room euonymus
Most of the species of this plant (and there are about 140) are intended for cultivation in open ground, and only two of them are suitable for indoor breeding. Of course, now we mean Japanese euonymus and euonymus rootingwhich are most often found in our homes.
First option differs in dark green leathery leaves of a narrow elliptic shape with finely toothed edges. Their length varies from 3 to 8 cm, and flowers correspond to 1 cm (in each inflorescence from 10 to 30 pieces). The color of flowers is yellow-green, and orange or pink boxes act as fruits.
Euonymus rooting (another name is Forchun Euonymus) is a shrub reaching a height of 30-60 cm, with the branches expanding to three meters in length. In the nodes of the branches can take root. The leaves are leathery, small, have a dark green color and ovoid shape. Their size ranges from 2 to 6 cm.
Did you know?Virtually all species of euonymus are very poisonous, but wartwood euonymus and European euonymus are of the greatest practical importance, since their bark and stems contain gutta percha.
Lighting and temperature
In the matter of lighting, this plant is quite unpretentious and grows well both in light and in partial shade, although the first option is preferable. Often room euonymus requires good lighting throughout the year, which is why not all species can feel good on the north side of an apartment or house.
Direct sunlight benefits the euonymus, but it is better that they fall on the leaves of the plant only in the morning or evening. However, species with variegated leaves that grow on the northern side, on the contrary, can lose their natural color, which is highly undesirable from an aesthetic point of view.
In winter, you can not hide the euonymus from sunlight, because direct sunlight does not have the same effect on him as in summer.
Another important aspect of plant care is indoor temperature. In summertime, it is somewhat easier to create suitable temperature conditions (the temperature should not rise above + 24-25 ° C), while in winter the temperature indicators are reduced to 8-10 ° C. Wintering at higher temperatures threatens the euonymus with loss of leaves.
At this time, you can take the plant to the heated balcony, although you should not allow too low temperatures. The wintering of a young euonymus (up to 3 years) in the conditions of a garden provides for the shelter of plants with spruce branches or dry foliage, and in order to prevent the roots of adult plants to freeze, sawdust or leaves are brought into their stem.
Did you know?There are several legends associated with the euonymus. The first one says that the witch raised a poisonous shrub because of resentment towards people, but later regretted her actions and made the plant a medicine. After that, she herself turned into a small gray bird - a robin (the poison of the berries does not affect them). According to the second legend, the euonymus appeared because of the wrath of the goddess Flora, who lost two jewels - a brooch and an earring. She did not begin to look for them, but simply turned them into an euonymus shrub: the flowers look more like brooches, and the berries look like earrings.
Requirements for the composition of the soil and its fertilizer
It is no secret that the room euonymus differs from the garden version in terms of planting and care, but as for the ground, both species have similar preferences. For the full growth and development of this plant is perfect mix of sand and ordinary floral earth in a ratio of 1: 3. Ideally, the pH level should not be higher or lower than 6, and the acidity should remain neutral.
Important!Too clayey soils in which sand needs to be applied is not the best option for indoor euonymus. However, if you want the plant to please you with its healthy appearance, beautiful foliage and abundant fruiting after planting an euonymus, then, in addition to the correct composition of the soil, it also needs the correct fertilizer, which is applied to the soil several times a year.
It is especially important to fertilize euonymus in the spring when the flower buds are actively forming. In this case, an excellent option for feeding is manure, previously diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. As an alternative, you can use bird droppings, but only the concentration of the infusion will have to be reduced by half.
For indoor plants will be enough and complex mineral fertilizers, which are sold in finished form. They are made about once a month, and if the soil in the pot is characterized by high acidity, then it can be sprinkled with lime. In winter, the plant is not fertilized, as it is at rest and does not need regular feeding.
Regular watering and humidity
Probably one of the most important aspects of caring for a particular plant is the correctness of its watering. In the case of room euonymus, this procedure is performed using distilled water with a minimum amount of salts dissolved in it. In spring and summer, watering should be sufficiently abundant, but do not allow stagnant moisture in the root system.
In autumn and winter, the euonymus is not so water-loving, and the number of waterings can be reduced. Plants that are on the insulated balcony at a temperature of from 5 to 10 ° C, you can hardly water. Although they do not part with their leaves, they are in a state of complete rest.
In addition to watering, a significant role is played by the humidity level in the room. Some flower growers claim that this indicator has no special meaning, and only spraying is useful. However, if the air in the room is very dry, and the temperature is high enough, this can cause abrasion of euonymus leaves.
It is leathery leaves that are responsible for the evaporation of a small amount of moisture by a plant, thanks to which it tolerates dry air of enclosed spaces well. To remove dust from the euonymus, experts advise from time to time to arrange his shower.
Cropping and crown formation
Not only garden species, but also Japanese indoor plants need periodic pruning of shoots. Therefore, in order for the euonymus to be branched, it must be cut every spring, during the whole growing season. The stems of the plants are relatively soft and pliable, so that they can be given any shape (for example, to form in the form of bonsai).
Throughout the year, cleansing pruning can be carried out (as the shoots of the euonymus dry up). Also to be removed weak branches that take power from the plant.
Important!In early spring, young shoots can pinch, which will only enhance the branching and contribute to the formation of a dense crown. You can grow a plant to your taste, giving it almost any shape. The most common variant of room euonymus is cluster, when many branches depart from the root (the more there are, the thicker and more beautiful the crown turns out).
It is also possible to grow the plant as a stem tree: the trunk is bare from the bottom, and at the top it is supplemented with a thick crown, which is obtained as a result of correct and timely pruning and regular pinching to awaken dormant buds. If you try, you can even grow bonsai from the euonymus.
For experienced gardeners it is no secret that the euonymus is poisonous, which means that certain precautions should be observed when growing it. In fact, the danger is represented only by fruits, and even then only for children and animals, as an adult needs to eat a lot of berries for serious poisoning.
Young plants (up to 3-4 years) need to be replanted every year, but for an adult euonymus it is enough to change the place of growth once every two or three years (if there is no expressed need, then it can be even less often).
The transplant procedure is performed in the following sequence: a drainage layer is poured at the bottom of a previously prepared new pot (it should not be much larger than the previous one), after which the ground itself is filled up. Лучше всего производить пересадку в смесь дерновой и листовой земли, смешанной с крупным песком и перегноем (в соотношении 1:2:1:1).
Нельзя забывать, что почва для бересклета должна быть легкой и насыщенной питательными микроэлементами. If you decide to transplant the plant in the open ground, it is best to perform a transplant in the spring.
Did you know?Euonymus is successfully used in medicine, and the medicinal raw material is not only bark, but also leaves, branches and even seeds. This plant has insecticidal, laxative, antimicrobial, antihelminthic, diuretic and antiparasitic action.
In most cases, by dividing the bush dwarf varieties of euonymus are propagated. This contributes to the superficiality and horizontal bedding of the root system, which gives a new growth every year. All that is required of you is to carefully separate the young shoots from the mother bush (together with a part of the rhizome), and then prune them to 2/3 of the length and plant them in another pot. This procedure is absolutely painless for euonymus.
When cutting eosklet, you need to choose cuttings of dina no more than 6-10 with one internode. After that, the cut should be dipped in a special phytohormone powder and put the cuttings in the peat-sand mixture. Watering shoots and covering them with a film, you have to wait 2-2.5 months, and as soon as they take root, they can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Important!Cuttings better in the first half of summer.
Often room euonymus is propagated by seeds, which are formed in the fruit-boxes after flowering plants. Within 3 months they are stratified at a temperature of about +3 ° C. This time is enough for most seed to burst the seed coat. After that, they are cleaned from prisemyannikov and placed in a solution of potassium permanganate (0.5%).
Sow the seeds should be in shallow grooves (about 2 cm), and after 2-3 weeks you will see the first shoots.
Diseases and pests of room euonymus, how to deal with them
Most often, the room euonymus is threatened by a spider mite, aphid, and a shield. Spider mites are practically invisible on the leaves, and they are only detected when the leaves turn yellow and fall off. In addition, a characteristic sign of the presence of ticks is the curvature of young leaves.
Knowing the possibility of such an adversity, it is necessary to maintain high humidity in the room (especially on hot days), occasionally washing the leaves under a warm shower, you can even use shampoo or soap. In extreme cases, you will have to resort to the help of acaricides, but over time, the mites become resistant to them.
Delivers a lot of trouble and shield (there is even a separate species - earthen shield). After “sticking” to a piece of paper, it leaves a yellow spot on it, which increases over time and spoils the appearance of the plant. In the fight against it will help systemic insecticides - Aktara or Konfidor, as well as removing pests from the foliage with a sponge or cotton swab.
As a preventive measure on the plant put foam soap and leave it for an hour. After that, you need to thoroughly wash the leaves under a warm shower.
Important!After the procedure, the euonymus must be left in the bathroom for a few more hours. It is unlikely that you will be able to completely protect the euonymus from diseases of shrubs, but with proper care you can minimize the risk of pests.
Euonymus: Botanical Reference
Compact plants serve as an excellent interior decoration.
Karl Linnaeus, giving the name eonimus to this plant, used two Greek words “good” and “name”, literally the name eonimus is translated as “glorious plant”.
Euonymus is a tree-like evergreen plant, counted among the family of Euphorbiaceae. Habitat eonimus - temperate and subtropical regions of the globe.
The genus includes trees and shrubs of low growth, which can shed their leaves for the winter or remain evergreen. Stems ribbed, tetrahedral. The leaves are opposite, leathery, with a shiny surface, varnished. There are varieties with monotonous green leaves and with various types of variegation. Flowers inconspicuous, decorative lush bushes do not add. After flowering, a dry seed box is formed.
In landscape gardening of cities, euonymus is often used to create dense fences, which are given a certain shape by a haircut.
In room conditions are usually grown:
- Euonymus rooting (Forchuna) - a low shrub, not exceeding a height of 60 cm. The crown is thick, the branches in the nodes have aerial roots, so that the plant is easily rooted. Small lacquered leaves (up to 6 cm) are painted in dark green color, the form of the leaf blade is ovoid.
- Japanese euonymus - the view has dark green leathery leaves, along the edges are private teeth. The shape of the leaves is an elongated ellipse, usually they do not exceed 8 cm in length. Small yellow-green flowers are collected in inflorescences; after flowering, leathery boxes of orange-pink shade mature on plants.
Breeders displayed many varieties with variegated leaves. The bright color of the leaves makes the euonymus very elegant, but when growing the crop at home, it is worth remembering that all parts of the plant are poisonous.
Euonymus on the windowsill: the secrets of growing
Zelenolistnye varieties of euonymus better endure the shadow.
Charming bushes of euonymus grow well in the room, you just need to take into account the simple requirements for agricultural cultivation culture.
Culture is very undemanding to light, especially for varieties with green leaves. It is best to choose to grow crops oriental or western window sills. In summer, excessive light can cause burns on the leaves. In winter, the plants need to provide a bright location, otherwise the shoots will stretch from insufficient lighting.
The varieties of euonymus with green leaves are less dependent on the length of daylight. Variegated varieties lose their contrasting color in low light, leaves with a yellow or cream pattern become a uniform green color. This can serve as a signal for the grower to change the conditions of the plant.
Maintaining the required temperature regime is a very important aspect when growing an eonimus. In summer, the euonymus grows well at temperatures up to + 25 ° C, with strong heat, the growth of the nameplate stops, leaves can fall off. Dry air at high air temperatures can lead to infection of the plant with spider mites, so in the summer it is better to take the bushes to the balcony and carry out frequent sprinkling of the crown.
In winter, the plants are provided with a temperature range from +8 to + 10 ° C. An excellent solution is to keep homemade euonymus on a closed balcony with a moderate temperature. If he overwinter in the room, it is necessary to put a pot with euonymus closer to the window glass, where the temperature is slightly lower than in the room.
Description of the species
Euonymus plantAlso called the “pseudo-laurel”, it belongs to the group of evergreen low trees from the Emerald family. Today, the species is represented by 220 species that are distributed in all regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Homeland tree is considered to be Spain, because it was there that the first member of the family was discovered. Many other species are found in Australia and South America.
Translated from the Greek, the official name means "tree with a glorious name." In fact, "euonymus" - is one of the many nicknames that were used in the Slavic language. Among them are not very attractive ones, such as “privet”, “blockhouse”, “volche bast”, “witch earrings” and others. Such names are associated with the toxicity of the juice and seeds of the plant, which, if released into the human body, can be fatal. The fact is that the substances in their composition disrupt the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system.
The origin of the euonymus is associated with one beautiful legend.. There is an opinion that the tree was created by an ominous witch who wanted to punish people for their bad behavior. However, at one moment she softened her plan and made the plant medicinal, and she turned into a robin - a bird eating the fruits of euonymus.
In its natural environment, the plant grows up to 3-10 meters in height. At room content, the maximum flower height reaches 1-1.5 meters. Creeping and creeping species are very popular. Life expectancy reaches 60 years, so a beautiful plant will look beautiful and elegant for many years.
Euonymus blooms under room conditions are rarely seen.. Yes, and such a period of decorative value is not. Natural varieties have tiny buds in the form of a brush or umbrella with a greenish-yellow or whitish color. To notice the flowering elements on the tree is very difficult. As for breeding varieties, their snow-white, purple or pinkish flowers are noticeable especially intensely. The flowering period in the natural environment begins at the beginning of summer. With proper care, the flower may bloom in the room, although it will happen in early spring.
Euonymus varieties, home care
As mentioned above, there are many hybrid varieties and breeding varieties that take root freely in indoor conditions. Among them it is important to highlight such:
- Japanese. It is a branching shrub with a small height - 0.5-0.7-meter, which is densely covered with leaves. Their shape strongly resembles a lancet or an elongated oval. The color of the leaf plate is saturated green, and sometimes with a lighter border or area along the central vein. The diameter of small flowers rarely exceeds 1 centimeter. Pinkish or pale orange fruits resemble small boxes. Representatives of the variety need moderate watering, regular feeding and growing in nutrient soil. The tree reacts negatively to any change in temperature and may die when in contact with pests. When exposed to intense heat drops leaves
- Forchuna or Rooting. Is 1-1,2-meter indoor plant creeping type with long shoots. There is no special intensity of branching, but the available shoots are very densely covered with leaves. Their size reaches 4-5 centimeters. Common shades are yellow or yellow-white with a green tone. At home, the variety is grown in hanging pots. The fruits of the euonymus are represented by bright pink flowers, and the seeds are dark orange,
- Dwarf variety grows up to 1 meter in height and has small leathery leaves. The tip of the leaf is sharply pointed - the edges are slightly bent down. Sheet plate is painted in a light green color and has a light yellowish subtone. To cancel from other varieties, this variety is distinguished by high shade tolerance and needs intensive watering. Very vulnerable to pests and badly tolerant of heat,
- The winged deciduous shrub grows up to 1.5-2 meters in height and grows very slowly. The ribs on the shoots are shaped like wings (This is where the name comes from). In the process of growth, dark green leaves acquire a bright scarlet and crimson color in autumn. Fruits are saturated purple. The plant is considered to be light-requiring, but it survives normally in the shade. True, in such conditions, the saturation of colors deteriorates.
Euonymus room: planting and care, how to care for the Euonymus
Caring for a room euonymus does not need any complicated preparation or other intricacies. The plant is characterized by unpretentious character, which helps him to survive in a variety of conditions. However, to make the flower look as beautiful as possible, It is desirable to take into account some rules of care and create suitable conditions for growth..
- When choosing a place to place a pot with a plant in a room, give preference to southeast or southwest windows. The room needs to be ventilated and protected from drafts. In the summer, it is advisable to put pots on the balcony - closed or open, terrace, veranda or in the garden.
- As for lighting, it should be abundant, because Most varieties and hybrid varieties need bright light and calmly develop when exposed to direct sunlight. However, if we talk about variegated hybrids, they react poorly to direct rays and fade quickly. It is important to take into account this feature and pritenyat plant.
- The optimum temperature range varies between 22-25 degrees in summer, and 12-15 degrees in winter. Some hybrids have a winter-hardy character and calmly survive at a temperature of 3-5 degrees. Growing under natural conditions, varieties easily survive frosts of up to -20 degrees. If at room cultivation indoors too high temperature is maintained, most likely, this will cause the loss of a large part of the leaves.
- It is known that euonymus is a moisture-loving plant. The tree needs high humidity (60-70%), but grows in normal conditions in dry conditions. With strong heat, it is desirable to spray the flower or arrange a warm shower for him. The last action will be useful when cleaning the flower from dust.
Correct transplantation of room euonymus
An important condition for the normal growth of room euonymus is transplant. Juveniles need annual transplantation, while adults need two to three meals a day or less. It all depends on the growth rate and state of the soil composition. Re-planting is performed in early spring. Large specimens that are grown in tubs cannot be transplanted. It is enough to remove the top 5-7 centimeters of soil and replace them with a new substrate with an abundance of nutrients in its composition.
When choosing a pot for planting it is advisable to pay attention to those tanks that are 3-5 centimeters more than the previous one. Slow-growing varieties calmly survive in the old containers, provided that they are sterilized beforehand. To limit the height of the euonymus in height, use pots that almost coincide in diameter with the previous ones.
When choosing a soil Give preference to low alkaline formulations. To do this, add dolomite flour or crushed chalk to the finished store solution in a proportion of 5 grams per 10 liters.
When planting, one should prefer a light substrate with good air and water permeability, as well as an abundant nutrient content.
Composing the soil composition, observe the following proportion:
- We take fertile turf, leaf soil, humus and large river sand in an amount (2: 1: 1: 1). If you want to grow bonsai, add 3 parts of powdered clay,
- Also used for planting turf ground, peat chips and perlite in a ratio of 6: 2: 1,
Features care for indoor Euonymus
Growing trees at home requires compliance with some rules of care. Otherwise, even a beginner florist can cope with the content of such a culture.
Optimum conditions for comfortable development of young plants imply moderate watering. The euonymus is not highly water loving, therefore it should not be watered abundantly, with the exception of dry weather in summer. At the same time, in the heat you should not let the soil dry out completely. You can check her condition with the help of a stick stuck in the ground. For normal growth, it is enough to water a flower once every 3-4 days.
Euonymus, like many other indoor plants, responds well to spraying. Also a weekly shower based on warm water performs well. Such an action effectively washes away dust, but also serves as a powerful preventive against the formation of various pests.
Spraying soft water is used for spraying.. If the fluid is chosen correctly, in the future the leaves will be covered with whitish spots. Water used for spraying is also well suited for irrigation. As for drought, an euonymus tolerates its presence much better than waterlogging. With illiterate watering, the probability of death of the culture will be maximum.
Features of the use of dressings are moderate in carrying out such a procedure. With the right choice of soil, it is enough to water the plant with complex universal solutions in the period from March to October. Also, organic compounds, such as manure, bird droppings, nettle greens, dandelion leaves and others, also perform well.
It is important to provide euonymus reasonably cool temperature between mid autumn. It is necessary to save the foliage. It is advisable to place a pot with a plant on a glazed loggia.
Also, the flower needs regular pruning of euonymus, which is carried out for decorative and sanitary purposes. With the help of trimming you can give the crown the shape of a ball, pyramid, cone or any other geometric shape.
Types of Euonymus
Mostly euonymus cultivated in open areas. With proper care, this unpretentious plant can form an exquisite hedge.
Euonymus Japonicus Aureomarginata
Houseplants are usually evergreen, deciduous species are not very rooted in gardeners. An exception can be considered lovers of bonsai trees.
On the windowsills there are two species of this evergreen shrub:
- Japanese euonymus,
- euonymus rooting.
Их относят к наиболее неприхотливым и устойчивым.
Euonymus japonicus (бересклет японский), сорт Goldbolwi Exstase
Бересклет японский среди цветоводов завоевал звание самого непривередливого из своего рода. Большинство фото в этой статье — это именно японский бересклет.
Этот вечнозеленый кустарник формирует крону из побегов с глянцевыми кожистыми листьями насыщенного зеленого цвета. They have an oval shape, slightly oblong, with characteristic teeth on the edge. The flowers are small, gathered in umbrellas, have a weak color. The boxes with fruits have a bright pink and orange color that pleases the eye in winter.
Species with bright leaf color are especially popular.
Euonymus japonicus, grade Paloma blanca
Euonymus japonicus ‘Assorti’
The natural habitat of Japanese euonymus is China, Japan, Central Asia and the Eastern Himalayas.
Flower euonymus rooting also called Forchuna. It is a persistent, unpretentious, creeping plant with shiny, elongated green leaves. Often, an ampelous shrub is formed from it.
EUONYMUS fortunei var. radicans
Among flower growers and design masters, species with motley colored foliage are especially popular.
Euonymus fortunei ‘Emerald Gaiety’
Euonymus fortunei Harlequin
In addition, deciduous species are used in winter gardens. Among them, a special decoration in the autumn period stands out European view. Italians call this frost-resistant shrub the “priest's cap” for the shape and color of the seed box. A characteristic feature of it are also oval leaves with cloves at the edges.
The special ribbing of the bark gave the name to yet another representative of the Eurasian bark, it was his designers who rarely used to decorate the terraces. Winged euonymus refer to the deciduous form, has lanceolate leaves of green color, which become red by autumn. Seed boxes are purple in color.
Wing euonymus compact (Euonymus alatus ‘COMPACTUS’)
Broadleaf Euonymus also fell in love with our flower growers. Despite the fact that it belongs to the deciduous form, its wide, ovoid-shaped leaves will delight with juicy greens in the summer, and until early winter they will warm the eyes with a colorful color. Pink seed bolls also look impressive.
Planting and maintenance of euonymus
Before planting, a quality soil mixture should be prepared for the spindle tree, where the plant will feel most comfortable.
For all types of these indoor shrubs, a slightly alkaline soil with a good nutrient base is required. At the same time it should be quite loose. The ideal would be a mixture of turf, humus and sand.
After this care is to:
- regular watering
- complex feeding a couple of times a month, except for the winter period,
- moistening of the crown, especially during hot periods,
- circumcision of sick and weak branches,
- pinching of excess shoots
- regular transplant.
Use in design
Indoor species of evergreen euonymus is often used in the design of living rooms, hallways, and bedrooms. Effectively, this plant looks on the photo in the winter garden both in composition and in single version.
Japanese euonymus Paloma blanca as a border.
The variegated Euonymus looks great next to stones.
The motley foliage of some species is particularly pleasing to the eye in late autumn, when the leaf-fallers have already dropped the crown, and the evergreens are a bit fed up. The bright coloring of seed boxes is attractive in winter.
In addition, the Euonymus cleans and heals the air in the rooms.