It is quite demanding and gentle grade. The strawberry "Chamora Turusi" cultivator has its own characteristics that should be considered.
Although even with minimal care, the bushes grow powerful and produce very large fruits weighing about 30 g only at the expense of some watering. What makes the Chamora Turusi strawberries so attractive for gardeners? Of course, the truly huge size of the fruit.
They are fairly compared to apples of average size. Its other undeniable advantage is high yield. One shrub gives up to 2.5-3 kg of fruits weighing from 80 to 110 g. Fruiting is especially abundant in the second and third years of vegetation. Of course, the aroma of berries is amazing.
A rare other garden variety gives such an intense smell of real forest strawberries. But all this is evident if gross mistakes are not made when cultivating a crop. “Chamora Turusi” can suffer from gray rot, brown spot.
Particularly prone to them thickened planting, as well as bushes, pampered with nitrogenous fertilizers, flooded with prolonged rain. When planting seedlings should be aware that the distance between adult bushes should be at least 35-40 cm, and in wet areas - even more: 50-60 cm.
Top dressing is best carried out by non-root, foliage, using potash-phosphate fertilizers, for example, “Crystal Brown” or “ROST-concentrate.” Although “Chamora Turusi” is very resistant to many other fungal diseases, it is desirable to prevent them before and after fruiting. handle planting fungicides. In addition, they are often harmed by a strawberry weevil, a tick, a cockchafer, and therefore it is necessary to protect the bushes with two or three treatments “Decis” and “Actophyte” at the beginning and during flowering, as well as after the fruiting of plants. “Chamora Turusi” is very demanding watering, but for her equally extreme.
Due to an excess of moisture, strawberries are not only sick, the taste of its fruits is sharply deteriorating, they become watery, less sweet. And with a lack of irrigation, the berries become shallow, do not ripen, dehydrate and bake. The yield of plants essentially depends on the quality of the seedlings.
It should be grown only from the first outlets of strong bushes, in cups, in order to transplant it with a clod of earth for quick rooting. Beforehand, it is necessary to put a little humus, ash or complex fertilizer into the soil. The plan of planting seedlings is 35x60 cm, 4 plants per 1 m ?.
Ridges with sides of 20-25 cm in height are good, which are smashed under cover to get an early harvest of strawberries. Plants thrive on light fertile soils.
However, in the first year it is better to limit their fruiting in order for the root system and foliage to gain strength. To do this, flower stalks should be removed at least partially. The root system of plants painfully suffers moisture deficit and heat, therefore in arid southern regions it is required to arrange drip irrigation, mulch the soil, and also shade plantings.
To this end, experienced farmers are planting dill between rows of strawberries, which creates a slight shadow. Planting in fertile soil through agrofabric and good agricultural technology ensure fruit bearing in one place for up to 8-10 years. Truly a sweet couple - “Chamora Turusi” and “Giant of Jorney”.
This variety also has fruits of remarkable taste, they are characterized by high keeping quality, good transportability and earlier ripening periods. If you plant them side by side, both of these varieties will delight sweet berries from the first days of June until the middle of July.
Strawberry Chamora Turusi is a high-yielding variety, late ripening. The first harvest can be harvested in the middle and second half of June, the mass harvest begins from June 24-29. Fruiting bushes provided regular and abundant watering is quite long.
For 2-3 years after disembarkation, the greatest harvest is observed, up to 2.7-3.2 kg from each bush. At one place, strawberries can bear fruit for up to 10-12 years, subject to annual fertilizing and proper watering, after which the berries are shallow. Chamora Turusi strawberries have tall, lush, spreading bushes.
In the first years, as a rule, one peduncle is formed with a very large berry later, weighing 140-160 g. After 2-3 years, the number of peduncles increases to 12-16, but the weight of the fruit may slightly decrease - 120-150 g. In subsequent collections, the berries are somewhat shallowed to 100-110 g. However, in comparison with the usual varieties, strawberries still remain very large. The fruits are juicy, fleshy, elastic, have a sweet taste with a pronounced strawberry flavor. The pith is white, with the main vein, sometimes with a small air cavity near the stem.
The content of sugars, vitamins and minerals is high. The berries are round, conical or folded-comb shape. Depending on growing conditions weighing up to 70-160 g. Saturated red or dark red color, with a light top at full maturity. Bushes are characterized by intensive growth, good survival, they are powerful and spreading
The merits of the variety
The clear advantage of Turusi is high and long-term yield. Even if the plantation is organized on poor, heavy soil, the plant still bears fruit well.
Berries are very large in size, have excellent taste, high market value, good transportability and long-term storage, in a cool place strawberries can be stored for several weeks to two months. This variety is also significant for good survival. Since seedlings always have a well-developed root system, which, when planted in fertile soil, grows very quickly, forming small additional roots that feed the plant.
The bushes planted in early spring develop very quickly and intensively and can begin to bear fruit in the first year after planting. Chamora Turusi is resistant to many common fungal diseases. No damage was observed by ticks and other pests.
However, as a preventive measure, every spring at the beginning of the flowering period, chemical treatment should be carried out.
Chamora Turusi is a moisture-loving strawberry variety. Since the time of ripening berries is almost simultaneous, it is 5-7 days, and the fruits are rather large, the bushes require abundant and frequent watering.
If during this period the soil is not moistened in sufficient quantities, the berries are not gaining size, begin to ripen. They become lethargic, as when drying, losing the presentation.
However, their taste does not deteriorate, even on the contrary, they become more cinder with a clear strawberry flavor. As a rule, this is typical of the last harvest in mid-late August. As the bushes grow very strongly, strawberries are often planted in a two-row way with a distance between rows of 70-85 cm, between lines - 55-60 cm, between bushes - 25-30 cm or loosely in ridges with sides 22-28 cm high, which are organized under the shelter, in order to shorten the ripening period of the first crop.
When planting, it is necessary to apply organic fertilizers in the form of humus, mullein or chicken droppings, wood ash and potassium salts. It should be remembered that the yield depends on the quality of planting material.
Preference is given to rosettes grown from the first kidney on the mustache, in peat cups with closed roots. It is impossible to thicken the planting, otherwise the plants may be subject to gray rot, and the berries acquire a watery, neutral taste. The plant tolerates moisture deficiency extremely painfully.
Therefore, in the dry, hot summer period, the planting is darkened, the mulch layer is increased to 4-5 cm and drip irrigation or irrigation of the entire plantation is organized. Although the plant has high resistance to fungal diseases, it is desirable to carry out preventive treatment of the plantation with fungicides before and after fruiting. Also carry out 2-3 spraying Actofit during flowering, with the appearance of small ovaries and at the end of fruiting, when leaves and whiskers are removed.
Since this variety is characterized by a prolonged flowering period, the plant may be damaged by the strawberry weevil. To avoid this, at the beginning of flowering, the bushes are treated with insecticides, such as DECIS, and again 4-5 days later during the flowering of Actofit.
We recommend to read
In one of my articles I tried to persuade the Botanichka readers to take grape growing more seriously. On duty, I lived for a long time in Georgia, and I got the impression that it was more convenient for men to work with grapes and grape wine.
But strawberries are more involved in women. This is a laborious and troublesome business; a great deal in the technological intricacies of growing must be clearly understood so that the efforts to care for strawberries pay off with a good harvest. Therefore, despite a sufficient number of good articles in the Botanichka about strawberries, I decided to make a contribution to make it easier and more productive for women to work on strawberry beds, so that their work would not be wasted. I will formulate a few rules that seem to me the most important in the cultivation of strawberries. Gardener, Strawberry. © Rasmus Bogeskov Larsen
Amateur gardeners and farmers are advised to buy elite planting materials at specialized farms every 3–4 years and plant their own seedlings only 2-3 times. Observations show that in most cases strawberries are grown carelessly. For example, from a mustache from one’s own or neighbor’s plot, without thinking about how many years strawberries grew there and, most likely, managed to degenerate, collect over many years all the diseases that are characteristic of this berry or mix with seeded (essentially wild) plants . It seems advisable to buy at least a dozen elite new seedlings in specialized farms, they can then be propagated vegetatively to the required number within two to three years. Garden land, Strawberry. © iamadonut
In order to obtain high yields of strawberry berries, it is necessary to carry out clonal selection of the most productive bushes and further propagate them vegetatively, that is, with a mustache. As Botanichka readers already know, a clone is a family grown from a single vegetatively propagated plant.
The essence of clonal selection is to annually during the fruiting of strawberries celebrate healthy bushes with the highest yield and then take seedlings (mustaches or horns) from them for new plantings. Recall that the horns are strawberry shoots grown from young lateral roots, they are planted together with the cut off side root.
This method is used in cases where the strawberry gives little whiskers (for example, the remontant). When selecting fruit bushes, you can make sure that the plants of garden strawberries of the same variety, under the same growing conditions, with the same care, yield different yields.
For example, some gardeners claim that in equal conditions, one shrub of the Festivalny variety yields 100 grams of berries from a bush, and another 500 g, and even up to 700 g. If such shrubs are grown by clonal selection, then not one hundred can be obtained -300 kg of berries, and 800-1000 kg. (!) and thus in the coming years to significantly increase the yield of garden strawberries. Gardener, Strawberry. © Jessica “The Hun” Reeder Strawberry bushes usually after flowering produce many whiskers, in the nodes of which small rosettes of leaves form - 2-3 or more on each shoot (whisker). Developed rosette before rooting eats at the expense of uterine bush.
Outlets located closer to it are always stronger, better developed, they take root earlier and at first receive more power than those located at the end of the bar. Being pinned to the ground or hitting the loose surface of the soil, the rosettes very quickly take root and produce independent plants.
From the first 2-3 sockets, we always get high quality strawberry seedlings with a well-developed root system. In mid-August, well-established rosettes are separated and planted in a permanent place. Many amateur gardeners use for this garden beds with varietal strawberries on the plot, which, in order to avoid clogging with other varieties, including degenerate ones, should not come into contact with the main plantations.
Should carefully treat the horns - shortened annual shoots. Each formed horn has a apical bud (heart), a rosette of 3 to 7 leaves, lateral axillary buds, and adventitious roots at the base of the growth.
From the apical and axillary buds of the upper leaves, flower stalks are formed the following year. The axillary buds of the leaves are often vegetative. New horns appear during the entire growing season, but they are most intensively formed before and after fruiting.
Each new horn repeats the same developmental cycle as the previous one: in the first year it develops a shortened vegetative shoot, on which leaves are formed and the axillary and flower buds are laid, in the second year it produces a flowering shoot. With the advent of the new horn, fruit adventitious carob roots are formed at its base. If the rosette has only one horn at the time of rooting, by autumn a young plant may have 2 - 3 horns, a 2-year-old plant - 5-9, in 3-4-year-old plants of some varieties develop up to 25 - 30 horns. The more horns, the more fruit formations, each tip of the horn, with some exceptions, bears one or more flower stalks. Garden landman, Strawberry. © Chris Penny
Each amateur gardener, growing strawberries, must be remembered: those that grow from the seedlings harvested in a young (1-3 year old) plantation plantation are better accustomed and yield higher yields. The seedlings, taken from old (4-5-year-old) plants, are less suitable for planting, they are more infected with pests, they do not take root well, they are low-yielding and less stable during wintering. You can not take seedlings from young, not yet fruit-bearing plants, because there is no confidence in their high-quality and high-yielding. Garden land, Strawberry. © Maja Dumat
According to many experts, strawberry horns as planting material is better than a mustache. And for remontant varieties - beetless or giving little whiskers, this method of reproduction can be the main one. It is necessary to choose healthy annual bushes, tear off all the flower stalks on them.
Then, at the end of the vegetative period, the hands break the bush into its constituent horns with a rosette of leaves and rhizome. Secateurs cut the lower part of the rhizome, leaving only the upper annual growth with yellow and brown adventitious roots and a rosette of leaves. After these procedures, the resulting bushes are washed and bundles are stored until spring in the refrigerator or in the cellar at a temperature of from 0 to minus 2 °. Garden land strawberry. © Jessica "The Hun" Reeder
After you and I have understood the main very useful idea about growing strawberries, namely, not to plant it from our own bushes on the site for more than 4 years, but to buy new seedlings, we will offer you, in order to stimulate the renewal of your plot of new varieties, one of these attractive varieties. It will be about strawberries Chamora Turusi, remarkable for its large berries, commensurate with the average apples, the unique aroma of wild strawberries and high yields (with proper agricultural technology - 2.5 kg from the bush). It is believed that this variety is bred in Japan, it is relatively late ripening in central Russia, it ripens by June 25, and in the northern regions - by July 25.
The maximum yield of Chamora gives for the 2nd year of cultivation, the weight of each berry is 80-130 grams. depending on growing conditions. Garden land, Strawberry. © inyuchoThis strawberry forms powerful bushes, they are genetically laid intensive growth. Planted in the spring, they are able to appear in all their glory within two months.
But to allow fruit in this year is undesirable, because the root system is not yet fully formed. The most difficult thing is to find high-quality planting material grown from the first outlets on the whiskers.
Transplant strawberries preferably without exposing the root system in order to minimize the survival period. Considering the intensive growth of strawberries, it is impossible to thicken the planting, the recommended scheme is 40 x 60 cm. It is clear that the beds for planting should be prepared in advance by adding organic matter and mineral fertilizers.
With nitrogenous fertilizers, you must be very careful not to thicken the bushes and not to damage the fruiting. Some gardeners recommend bordering the edges along the bed (up to 25 cm.) So that you can cover the strawberries at the beginning of the growing season.
The greatest need for moisture from strawberries before flowering, during flowering and during the period of growth and berry filling, as well as after the completion of fruiting, when the period of laying of fruit formations for the next year's crop begins. When the berries ripen, excessive watering is undesirable, as they can provoke the development of rot and other diseases, besides, the taste of the berries worsens from an excess of moisture. Gardener, Strawberry.
Сорт Чамора Туруси. © yabelkova50Сорт легко размножается, взрослое растение дает много усов и мощных сильных розеток с хорошей корневой системой. Скороплодность Чаморы Туруси удивляет: если посадить новую грядку с перезимовавшими на маточной плантации розетками в конце апреля, то они практически все примутся, начнут активно расти, а в июне начнут плодоносить. Многие садоводы знают о том, что редко какая земляника способна давать урожай в год посадки, кроме ремонтантной, но Чамора Туруси, вроде бы не являясь таковой, демонстрирует и здесь свои привлекательные качества.
Сага о Чамора Туруси
It is simply huge. Its highlight is the aroma, the one that comes from the forest glades, the aroma of the forest strawberries. The controversy that flared up more than 10 years ago has not subsided to this day. The origin of the variety is not reliably known.
Townspeople marvel at the size of a good apple, suspecting a product of genetic engineering. And gardeners rejoice in crops.
From a bush - up to 3 kg, each berry 80-110 g - how not to rejoice? Straw of Chamora is the whole truth about the giant: characteristics of a variety with a mysterious pedigree and unprecedented size, peculiarities of cultivation, care, advantages and disadvantages. Late ripening, the first harvest on July 15-20 in central Russia, central Ukraine, mass at the end of June, in the northern regions after July 25 - in the first days of August.
Yield from 1.7 to 3 kg per plant, depending on the intensity of farming. Fruiting is stretched, the most abundant in the second or third year of life of the bush life. What you need to know - strawberries Chamora Turusi and everything about this ambiguous form, description and characteristics, features of care and tips on growing.
- Berry is rounded-conical, rounded-comb, often folded, with scallops, very large, weight 80-90, 110-130 g, depending on agricultural technology, transportable. When fully ripe, the fruits acquire a characteristic form of a dark red color with a brownish brick shade and a strawberry smell. By the way, it is more pronounced in the middle of fruiting and by the end - it is exactly in August that the garden bed resembles a strawberry field, from which the children and adults will not be driven away by force. However, in the first year, fruiting is not desirable - let the green mass and root system gain momentum, flower stalks should be removed, flowers should be cut off.
The yield is impressive: even with complete lack of care, without mulching, planting on agrofabric or film, drip irrigation - in general, with the exception of banal irrigation, powerful plants manage to give the berry by 25-30 g - rather large by average standards. Naturally, all this with fertile soil and in a suitable climatic zone - do not hope, this is not a grade for the lazy, but a sissy, demanding and capricious.
Characteristics and care for the sweet giant
The harvest depends on the planting material: we grow the seedlings only from the first outlets, and from healthy, strong bushes, preferably in cups. If we purchase, of course, not on a spontaneous market from questionable sellers. Known as Turush, Kurusi, the origin is not known for certain, there are no official data.
Presumably refers to the Japanese varieties or hybrid forms, according to another version - an amateur form, popular due to high consumer qualities. There is no reliable information, let’s not use fantasy - it has been successfully cultivated by gardeners and farmers for a dozen years.
- When preparing for planting seedlings in the soil must be brought organic, nitrogen-mineral complex. It is better to transplant in the spring with a lump of land for better and faster rooting, the change of place will be painless and the ripening period will not move. The most practiced planting pattern is 35 x 60 cm. Fungal diseases develop well, the pests well survive, the yield drops due to the small area on the bush. It shows itself well on the ridges with flanging - sides of 20-25 cm, under the shelter to get an earlier harvest. The requirements for the ground are only fertile light soils, do not require excess nitrogen, do not It is expected in the introduction of a large amount of humus - the root system and green mass, and so powerful. Excess nitrogen fertilizer provokes the growth of the green part to the detriment of the growth of fruits, the tendency to rot. As a feed for Chamora strawberries, there is enough potassium-phosphate complex on the leaf according to the type of Kristalon, Growth concentrate with a small percentage of nitrogen, etc. It is not particularly resistant to fungal diseases, resistance to spotting is average
For amateur growing of several bushes, you can hope for Russian, treat with iodine solution and enjoy environmentally friendly products, for larger plantings, to carry out preventive treatment with drugs with a short waiting time in accordance with the instructions. And you can change chemical processing for biological products or take an example from foreign colleagues in the workshop - the same American farmers grow strawberries in a one-two-year crop, in the second or third year simply changing the planting material. Not economically - by no means: it is easier to buy new saplings than to spend money on expensive drugs for diseases, pests, plus time to process - as they say, we are not so rich - and hereinafter.
What is not to like the giant?
- Demanding on irrigation, temperature conditions, Demanding on soil, good only on fertile soils, It has average resistance to gray rot, brown spot.
Important: very demanding for irrigation - with insufficient berries do not gain the mass characteristic of the variety, hollow inside, dry, fruits are baked in the sun - they look dried. What is most interesting, it is during this dehydration that the taste is great - sweet due to the increased concentration of sugar, with a pronounced smell of strawberries.
The root system also does not stand the test of heat, and in the southern regions drip irrigation is necessary, shading of beds for high-grade harvest and preservation of plants in general. Excessive watering, moisture affects taste, the pulp becomes watery, the sugar content and acidity decrease, worse and transportability. Does not like thickening - the distance between the bushes when planting at least 30-35 cm in view of the power of the root system, good absorption.
In regions with high humidity, if possible, the distance between adult bushes can be increased, up to 50-60 cm. So, if your beauty is not happy with the crop, if the berries are baked, small, sick:
The lack of watering - shallowing, non-ripening on the background of drooping hard leaves, wilting - as they say, burned. Excess irrigation - decay, the spread of gray mold, brown spot, large, but watery berries.
Thickening - the variety gives a lot of whiskers, even without breaking the peduncles, their weaving reduces the area of food for each seedling and uterine bush: we plant at a distance of at least 30 cm from each other and seat them on time. And the last - pests: larvae of the May beetle, mole, damaging the root system, etc. And in conclusion of the saga about the strawberry variety Chamora Turusi, a few words about the yield and experience.
How often one and the same varieties in different conditions, with different climates and soils give diametrically opposite results. Someone else's experience is a good thing, but yours is better.
In addition, under the beautiful name go a lot of large-fruited varieties, in fact, very, very different from this form - for example, Gigantella Maxi, should be taken into account unscrupulous pseudo-entrepreneurs trying to hand a bunch of bushes of an unknown genus-tribe under a loud title. As for the rest, the exceptional characteristics of fragrant berries justify all the trouble with capricious, but extraordinary strawberries, not at all a small miracle on the garden.
Strawberry Chamora Turusi
The most juicy and appetizing fruits, of course, require royal care. There is no other way to say about the Japanese variety of strawberry Chamora Turusi: only a diligent gardener will grow large, sweet berries. But the worries about this miracle berry are worth it.
Strawberries or strawberries Chamora Turusi?
In Russia, garden strawberries are used to magnify strawberries, although this is wrong. Both plants - strawberries and strawberries - belong to the genus of strawberries (Fragaria, i.e. “fragrant”). Growing in the forest with small scarlet berries is wild strawberries, and the one we used to see in the dacha plots turns out to be also strawberries, but already “garden” or “pineapple”. This strawberry - it is Muscat strawberry - is much less common: it grows wild in southern Russia and Central Asia.
Therefore, a giant - up to 160 grams in weight - berry with the beautiful name of Chamora Turusi (also known as Kurusi, also known as Turush), which can be found on the garden of an amateur gardener or a professional - it is garden strawberries, not strawberries. As, however, and the majority of related varieties.Strawberry Chamora Turusi - large, sweet, but very demanding to care garden strawberries
Yield and ripening time
The first berries can be tasted in mid-June (15–20 days), and the mass harvest begins in a week or two (approximately at the end of the month). The period of fruiting depends on the care of the plant during this period.Strawberry Chamora Turusi reaches unprecedented size: the largest berries of this variety are comparable to a chicken egg or a small apple
The fecundity of the variety is amazing: up to 3 kilograms (1.2 kilograms on average) of selected berries are harvested from one bush. Of course, in certain periods and with proper care. For example, in the first year it is not recommended to let garden strawberries produce fruit - for this, flowers and flower stalks are removed.
But the second and third years will delight the gardener with an unprecedented harvest (the same 3 kilograms of berries weighing 100–150 grams each). After this, the quantity and quality of the berries will decline, the weight will drop to 80–100 grams, although it can actually bear fruit in one place of Chamora Turusi up to twelve years. Then it will be necessary to transplant to the non-depleted soil.
Description of strawberry Chamora Turusi
Bush Chamora Turusi - tall, with a spreading powerful "crown", long thick mustache and bright green leaves. The berries, as already mentioned, are large, resembling in size small apples, round-conical, often folded, dark scarlet with a brown tinge. In the middle and at the end of the collection period, the smell becomes especially saturated.
All about Chamora Turusi variety: the origin of strawberries and its characteristics
Garden strawberries with giant fruits "Chamora Turusi" has two more names "Turush" and "Kurusi". But in fact this is one variety. Its exact origin is not known. Presumably, strawberries were imported to Russia from Japan, but some breeders believe that this is a successful hybrid of the well-known varieties “Queen Elizabeth” and “Gigantella Maxim”. Anyway, but the fruits of this berry are clearly superior to parental forms. The weight of one strawberry is more than 150 grams, and this is not small. For example, the weight of an average apple is from 120 to 160 grams.
Variety refers to the middle, the first berries ripen in early June. Fruiting stretched, until the beginning of July. The quality of the berries and the amount of the harvest depends on the care of the bushes during this period.
The peak yield is in the second or third year of cultivation, but in the first year it is better not to let the bushes bloom. From the fourth year onwards, the berry gradually becomes smaller, therefore it is better to transplant strawberries to a new place. But for a farm, a berry weighing 80-100 grams is also considered a good indicator. With constant care and proper care, Chamora Turusi is able to grow and bear fruit in one place for more than 20 years, although the yield indicators will be lower.
A detailed description of strawberries "Chamora Turusi" and the merits of the variety.
Shrubs of this variety are quite powerful, form a dense, spreading crown. The leaves are dark green, juicy, a lot of whiskers. The variety is characterized by intensive growth. The young stock planted this year in two months is gaining its maximum size.
The berries are round, ribbed. As mentioned earlier, very large. In the process of ripening, they acquire a dark red color and pronounced strawberry flavor. The more ripe the berries are, the more aromatic it is. The pulp is sugary, tasty.
The undoubted advantage of this new product is the high transportability of berries. Strawberry tolerates long-term transportation, which makes the variety valuable from a commercial point of view. But this is not all the advantages of culture:
• strawberries suitable for freezing, preserving, desserts, jams,
• tolerates frosts and temperature drops,
• resistant to powdery mildew,
• does not require dressings,
• retains its presentation for a long time.
However, with all the advantages of a variety there are drawbacks. Shrubs absolutely can not tolerate drought, the berry becomes dry. But the overmoistening of the soil is detrimental to the culture, the root system rots. In addition, the variety is affected by fungal diseases: spots, verticillus, gray mold. With high humidity, the fruits eat slugs and snails. In a dry climate, it is affected by ticks. It grows poorly on poor soils.
Features of planting varieties and growing strawberries "Chamora Turusi"
The most important thing at the cultivation stage is to find high-quality planting material that has been grown according to the rules. Under the planting varieties allocate a lot of space to prevent the appearance of pests and diseases. The site should be well lit by the sun, but from the gusts of a strong wind it should be fenced. The best solution would be to plant in the open area between the rows of bushes.
Particular attention should be paid to the soil, as the culture grows well and bears only on loose, fertile soils. Phosphate-potash fertilizers, black soil, chicken manure or mullein are used for digging in the garden. Prepare the soil in the autumn. Cabbage, beans, cereals, onions are good predecessors for strawberries.
Tip! You should not use a lot of nitrogen-containing fertilizers, as this leads to an increase in green mass, but adversely affects the fruiting culture, provokes the appearance of fungal diseases.
Seedlings are planted in autumn or spring. It depends on the growing region. In the central belt and the northern regions, landing is carried out at the end of August. In the south, young plants can be planted in the spring.
When planting, they adhere to the 40 x 60 cm scheme, since the crown of an adult plant is spread by 0.5 m. If the distance between the bushes is reduced, the root system will not receive enough nutrition, the berries will be shallow, the risk of fungal diseases will increase. The wells form a depth of more than 15 cm, the bottom is well drained so that there is no stagnant moisture. Sparse planting method facilitates further care of the bushes.
How to take care of Chamora Turusi variety so that strawberries give a good harvest
As already mentioned, garden strawberries prefer moderately moist soil. It is best to grow it on a drip irrigation system, but you can do without it.
In the spring, the old mulch and last year’s leaves are removed from the beds. In late April or early May, depending on the weather, the garden can be watered with warm water. On one bush strawberries spend up to 0.5 liters of water. During this period, it is enough to moisten the soil once a week. If the weather is rainy, the bushes will have enough natural moisture.
In summer, watering is more abundant, especially in the heat and at the time of the formation of berries. Sometimes it is allowed daily watering, but try not to fall on the leaves of the plant. Watering strawberries is better from a watering can, a hose or a drip system.
Tip! Feed in the first two years can not hold, if the beds were prepared properly.
At the end of the fruiting bushes need pruning to reduce the risk of disease and the appearance of pests. Secateurs remove not only the leaves, but also the whiskers. The “heart” of the bush, i.e., the growth point is left untouched. Until autumn, the bushes will grow young leaves, which will winter. After pruning, they loosen the bed, trying not to damage the root system of the plants, pour a new layer of peat, sawdust or straw. This technique helps to retain moisture in the soil.
This is what a strawberry looks like after pruning.
After the second year of cultivation, they apply top dressings so that the berry does not become shallow, and the bushes continue to grow well.
Garden strawberries are fed in several stages:
• before laying flower buds in spring,
• at the time of formation of the ovary,
The first time strawberries are fed in the spring, after harvesting the beds. At this point, it is better to apply fertilizer with a fraction of nitrogen so that the bushes will start growing and build enough foliage.
With the advent of the ovary go on phosphorus-potassium fertilizer. It may be a solution of ash. It not only improves the taste of berries, but also contributes to their ripening.
After harvest, feed with nitrophoska and mullein. For the winter, the beds are mulched with humus or manure.
Strawberry reproduction "Chamora Turusi" at home
The variety breeds well with a mustache and dividing a bush, but it is not possible to take planting material from each plant. There are some peculiarities.
For reproduction choose uterine plants, they must be large and healthy. Most importantly, the bushes are not allowed to bloom and bear fruit, otherwise they spend forces on the harvest. Quality seedlings from such bushes will not work.
Easier to propagate strawberry mustache. For this purpose, only the very first large sockets are left on the selected bushes. They are grown on the parent plant until the next spring, and only then transplanted to a permanent place. In the fall, young plants are better not to separate, otherwise they may die during the cold season.
Cultivation and care
The reproduction of the strawberry variety Chamora Turusi takes place with a mustache, which, with good care, is always in sufficient quantity. Loves feeding and watering. With a lack of moisture, the berries become smaller. Planting can be carried out in spring or autumn. Ягоды на кустах появляются уже в первый год. Но наиболее урожайные – это 2-4 год. Но плодоносит куст на одном месте до 10 лет. Уход его заключается в прополке, качественной подкормке и обильных частых поливах. При таком внимании урожайность после четвертого года посадки практически не снижается. Хорошо мульчировать гряды для поддержания влажности почвы.
Кусты клубники сорта Чамора Туруси имеют множество усов, что обеспечивает высокий урожай
Эта клубника относится к высокоурожайным сортам с поздним сроком созревания.
Bushes are powerful and tall, with a dense mustache, which appear very quickly. The leaves are also large, dark green in color, with glitter, slightly soft to the touch. Differs in long fructification (10-12 years). In the first 2 years, one flower stalk appears with a large berry (up to 150 g), then the number of flower stalks grows to 12-15, and the fruits become a little shallow (50-80 g). On good soil with constant care, the weight of a berry per 100 g is considered to be the norm. Strawberry “Chamora Turusi” has another feature, without which its description will be incomplete. If, due to various reasons, fertilizing was not carried out during the season, then the berries will reach 25-30 g (which is more than with some varieties during care).
The choice of lighting
The site should be open and lit 12-14 hours. When the daylight in half a day actively grow fruit buds. For normal flowering you need 14 hours. To provide such a regime, the ranks are allowed from north to south.
Shaded by strawberry trees or buildings plots for strawberries are not suitable. Berries, of course, will appear, but in this case, their size will be smaller than expected.
Type of soil for planting
Light, well-groomed soil on the south side is best. If there is no such area, the existing soil will have to be brought up to standard, remembering the “requirements” of strawberries. Here are the main ones:
- Trying to choose a flat area. The groundwater level should be low (at least 80 cm).
- If the site is located on a slope, it is better to choose the south-west side. It is noticed that the vegetation in this position of the bushes begins earlier. Rows at the same time direct across that helps to avoid an erosion.
- In the absence of a better preference is given to weakly acidic soils, if necessary - lime supplement is introduced.
- Take into account the extent to which the earth is protected from the cold wind.
- Factor "neighborhood" of cultures. Strawberries "Chamora" will take well, if earlier on this segment grew greens, carrots, garlic, spices or beans. But tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, cabbage and any solanaceous crops will be bad forerunners for her.
Planted seedlings can be both in spring and autumn. The optimal time is the period between April 15 and May 5.
For summer-autumn planting will be suitable any day from July 25 to September 5. Planted later bushes do not always have time to put the antennae and get stronger to the cold.
Because of tall bushes with actively growing shoots, Chamora saplings are placed according to a 50 x 50 cm scheme. If space permits, it is better to increase the interval slightly (up to 60 cm). Some take less (40 cm), but this is the limit. The main thing - on 1 "square" of the area should be no more than 4 bushes.
This procedure is quite simple:
- Digging holes so as to fit the roots,
- They are poured with water,
- Prepared seedlings with 3-4 leaves are placed there, slightly pressing down the roots and sprinkling with soil. The central kidney is left at ground level.
Protection against diseases and pests
Strawberries are subject to both diseases and attacks of pests. This happens in violation of agrotechnology, although such an attack can easily pass from other already infected cultures growing in the neighborhood.
Deformed whiskers and wilted leaves are signs of Fusarium. Here, the already mentioned formulations are used more often, with an interval of 9-10 days (for spraying or watering). If the infection has become widespread, take Nitrofen, choosing the dose according to the instructions.
From pests especially small strawberry mite bakes. He does not tolerate weekly treatments with onion extract. After fruiting, resort to "heavy" means like "Fitoverma", "Karbofos" or "Neorona", which process leaves and buds.
The small lattice holes in the leaves and berries are a weevil's trace. You can fight it in the simplest way: in the morning shaking off adult pests on the litter. It is laborious, and there is not always time. The beds are often sprinkled with mustard powder. Next come Metafos, Aktellik or IntaVir.
Prevention helps minimize such manipulations. It comes down to the culling of diseased bushes and leaves, mulching and feeding.
This strawberry loves moisture. Watering is carried out every 3-4 days. For better retention of moisture, a thick layer of mulch (usually sawdust) is poured, which, if necessary, is changed. The first 2 weeks after planting the bushes plentifully watered 2-3 times a day, for each seedling takes up to 0.5 liters of water.
Before flowering, it is better to use a "drop". So the water does not fall on the sheet. Next come and watering. The soil should soak 20-25 cm deep. After watering it gently loosen.
The last seasonal irrigation is autumn. In October, 4-5 liters of water are poured under the bush.
They are removed immediately, not allowing to grow. Regular weeding with a chopper is the most effective way.
The problem of many sites - actively growing wheat grass. It is desirable to remove it at a preparatory stage. It is useless to tear it, you have to take a shovel and dig it out with its roots. If this is not done, they will intertwine with the "mustache" and will take away the nutrients.
“Chemistry” of the “Roundup” type is not suitable here: besides contact with harmful substances on the leaves and berries, many preparations can cause chemical burns.
For stable yield need regular feeding. Annually make ash, manure, humus. Nitrogen-containing agents are used with caution - ammonium “drives” green mass into growth, but not berries. Therefore, it is better to stay on the complex composition.
Top dressing depends on the time of its introduction. So, before the appearance of the first leaves, they take mostly organic matter. Peat and humus contribute at the rate of 5-8 kg per sq. M. m. On the same area sprinkle 2 buckets of humus, mixed with a glass of ash. If the bushes immediately went into growth, pour a solution under each (for 10 liters of water, add a tablespoon of sodium humate and urea) - this is enough for 20 seedlings.
Appeared ovaries - a signal to pour under the bush of potassium nitrate (2 spoons / 10 l). You can take the same amount of ash (but already for 1 l) and pour it, letting the solution stand for a day.
Funds in the shops a lot, and before buying it is better to clarify the dose and compatibility with strawberries.
How to care for strawberries "Chamora Turusi" after harvest: preparing the plant for winter
Having collected a lot of delicious berries, you can prepare plantations for the cold. In late August - early September, pruning of adult bushes is done: they cut the leaves and mustache (closer to the base). Stems do not touch. For seedlings under the age of 2 years, this procedure is traumatic, and it is abandoned.
The final stage - laying a thick layer of mulch or manure. 5-7 cm will be enough. Needles, peat chips and finely chopped straw will do. Foliage can be compressed and "clogged" the roots.
Materials like agrofibre will also preserve strawberries. But they necessarily pull on the bow. In this case, you will have to go to the country and in the winter at least once a month - the coating may sink, and it must be corrected.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Giant berries have their advantages:
- excellent taste with a clear strawberry flavor,
- hard crust (convenient for transportation),
- high yields (from 1.5 to 2.5 kg per bush), which is achieved already in the third year,
- seedlings quickly accustomed to a new place and bear fruit for a long time,
- bushes are resistant to some diseases. Chamore is not afraid of powdery mildew and many fungal infections.
After learning all about this large line of strawberries, you can calculate all the risks and benefits. We hope our tips will be useful in growing, and the harvest will be a record. Good luck on the beds!
What is grown in the garden plots - strawberries or strawberries?
Most gardeners are sincerely mistaken, being absolutely sure that the berry called "strawberry" is grown in home gardens. This confusion has been going on for more than 300 years. This forest strawberry, known to botanists as “musk” or “nutmeg,” although it is related to the well-known garden (“pineapple”) strawberries, has significant differences.
The most important thing for a gardener is that it is unprofitable to grow strawberries. This is a "bisexual" plant, in which "male" bushes pollinate "female". The harvest brings only the latter, and their significantly less. The strawberry berries are small, almost spherical, but with a sharp tip. They are difficult to find in a powerful sprawling bush. In the coloring there is a noticeable purple hue. Characterized by a strong aroma. A mustache gives a little strawberry, they are short and thick.
In strawberry fruit fruits are significantly larger, the yield is much higher. It ripens earlier than strawberries. Garden strawberries prefer open sunny places, rather than a wet shade and not bad, unlike the "relative", endures drought. Its leaves are darker, smoother and less rigid.
This strawberry to meet in the garden is almost impossible. Even in the forest you need to look for it. However, garden strawberries continue to use the wrong name - it is shorter, and everyone knows what you are talking about.
Chamora Turusi: variety description and other characteristics
Garden strawberries Chamora Turusi, also known under the names Turush, Turus or Kurusi, is a variety of late ripening, characterized by high yield and size of berries. The origin of the hybrid is foggy, as is the meaning of the name. Most sources recognize him as the birthplace of Japan. Presumably, this is a spontaneous mutation, with which lucky breeder-amateur. Among the contenders for the title of "parent" - varieties Gigantella, Gigantella Maxi, Queen Elizabeth. Due to the size of the berries, there were even rumors of genetic modifications.
The first harvest of the Chamora Turusi is removed in the second decade of June. Mass fructification begins at the end of this month and lasts almost until August. In temperate climates, the onset of fruiting may move to the beginning or even mid-July.
The peak of the yield of the hybrid reaches 3-4 years of life, bringing about 3 kg of berries annually. On each peduncle of the very first, a berry of record sizes is formed - about 150 g (almost as an average apple). The rest is slightly less - 90–100 g. As the number of flower stems increases (up to a maximum of 12–15), the record-holder berry slightly shrinks - to 120–130 g. But this is very serious for garden strawberries. The beds need to be updated every 10–12 years. If this is not done, Chamora Turusi becomes shallow.
The dark red berries of this variety are not only beautiful, glossy and shiny, but also very tasty, juicy and sweet. This concerns not only fully ripened, but also unripe fruits of pink color. The “trick” of the hybrid is a pronounced aroma of wild strawberry. The taste of professional tasters is estimated at 4.4–4.5 out of 5 points.
The shape, depending on the growing conditions, varies from round and cone-shaped to folded-comb (as if several berries at the stem have grown together into one). A small air cavity in the stalk fit into the norm.
Bushes Chamora Turusi not inferior to the berries. They are powerful and spreading, with high peduncle. The leaves are also large, there are a lot of them, like a mustache. If you plant garden strawberries too often or do not care for her, the bed will quickly turn into one solid carpet of leaves.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Chamora Turusi
The undoubted advantages of the hybrid include:
- Consistently high yields and long-term fruiting, even on soil that is not very suitable for garden strawberries.
- The sizes of berries, attractive appearance and excellent taste.
- Juicy, but dense pulp. It means a good transportability and a long fresh storage period for this crop.
- Easy breeding. There is no shortage of planting material, mustaches easily take root.
- Skoroplodnost. Planted in the spring Chamora Turusi fruits this summer.
- Versatility. This garden strawberry looks great in salads and desserts, does not lose its shape during heat treatment.
Not without flaws:
- Exposure to fungal diseases, especially verticillosis, white and brown spot, powdery mildew.
- A special "love" slug.
- Sensitivity to deficiency and excess moisture. In the first case, the berries are small, in the second - watery and unsweetened.
- Overall bushes, as a result - long intervals between them. Save space, which is always important for owners of the standard 6 acres, will not work.
- Insufficient winter hardiness with sudden temperature changes. In general, Chamora Turusi tolerates frosts up to -30ºС, if the temperature is unstable - up to -18–20ºС.
How to plant garden strawberries?
The deadline for landing Chamora Turusi is at the discretion of the gardener. This can be either from late April to mid-May, or from late August to early September. The main thing is that the soil does not freeze over the next 4–5 weeks. This time, strawberry garden is enough for rooting. In regions with severe winters with little snow, often coming suddenly, spring planting is preferable.
Chamora Turusi, like any garden strawberry, prefers light soil with good aeration, in which moisture does not stand. The place must be open, unhindered by the warm sun. At some distance, it is desirable to have a barrier that protects the landing from sudden gusts of cold wind.
Plot choose smooth or with a very small bias towards the south-east or south-west. The soil should not dry out on it, but the lowlands, where water is standing for a long time, will not work. Groundwater suitable for soil 80 cm and higher is a serious obstacle. We'll have to raise the beds.
The variety has a powerful, densely leafy bushes, so the garden will take a lot of space. Between plants and between rows leave 50–60 cm. More than two rows on one bed, as a rule, are not planted.
The selected area is cleared of weeds, stones, other debris, dug up shovels to a depth of one bayonet. If the soil is acidic, dolomite flour is introduced in the process of digging - 250–300 g / m². The height of the beds - from 10 to 30 cm.
If you plan to spring planting, the garden is prepared in the fall, and fertilizing contribute in the spring. During the autumn planting, the soil is dug up, at the same time fertilizers are applied and the bed is allowed to stand for at least 2–3 weeks.
Chamora Turusi variety does not need to stimulate the growth of green mass. Therefore, up to 8–10 l of rotted manure or humus per m², superphosphate (15–20 g) and potassium sulfate (10–15 g) are brought into the garden bed when planted. Nitrogen-containing fertilizers can be abandoned. Do not fit those that contain chlorine - for example, potassium chloride.
Good predecessors for garden strawberries - beans, peas, beans, onions, garlic, carrots, celery, radish, radishes, clover, green manure plants, spicy herbs. Avoid places where cucumbers, cabbages and any Solanaceae grew. They are carriers of dangerous diseases. Areas between currant bushes, gooseberries, under fruit trees, too, will not work.
- Roots of seedlings per day are soaked in water, a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or a root formation stimulator.
- Then they are dipped in a slurry of powdered clay and fresh manure. The correct mass is not too thick, but not liquid. She is given 2-3 hours to dry.
- The prepared bed is watered and loosened. Keeping intervals, dig holes 12–15 cm deep.
- At the bottom form a small earthen mound. A sapling is placed on it, gently straightening the upward-curving roots.
- The pit is filled with earth, taking care not to fall asleep "heart". Soil compacted.
- Plants are watered, spending about a liter of heated water on each, the soil between the rows loosen and mulch.
Check whether garden strawberries are planted correctly, simply. Pull the leaves lightly. If the bush remains in your hands, start over.
Important nuances of agricultural engineering
Within 2 weeks after planting, the plants are watered 3 times a day, each time spending 0.5 liters of water. In all other cases, a rare, but abundant watering is better than the frequent entry of moisture in small portions.
The roots of Chamora Turusi should be “fed” with both green mass and large berries, therefore the variety belongs to moisture-loving ones. Dig the soil to a depth of 20–25 cm. If the soil is dry, water the bed. 1.5–2 l of heated water or 20 l / m² is consumed per plant.
The usual interval between irrigations is 3-4 days. During the formation of ovaries, it is reduced to 1–2 days. Adjust it according to the weather. A thick (4–5 cm) layer of mulch or a canopy over the bed will help retain moisture in the soil. The same mulch will protect the berries from contact with the soil, pollution and contamination.
If strawberry lacks moisture, the berries ripen before they have time to gain the maximum possible weight. However, this does not affect the taste. Fruits lose their tone, the flesh dries, but the taste is even sweeter than that of normal berries. For the experiment, you can try not to water several bushes.
Lack of moisture Chamora Turusi does not like, but the transformation of the beds in the swamp - not an option. Berries turn out unsweetened, watery, almost not stored.
The best way to watering is dripping or sprinkling (just before flowering). When watering from the watering can, pour water into the aisle, trying to keep the drops from falling on the leaves. When the water is absorbed, the bed is loosened, if necessary, update the layer of mulch.
Некоторые садоводы советуют использовать для полива садовой земляники не обычную, а намагниченную воду. Считается, что это повышает урожайность и способствует увеличению размера ягод.
Последний раз Чамору Туруси поливают в середине осени, расходуя на каждое растение до 5 л воды. Эта процедура поможет ей подготовиться к зимовке. Если осень выдаётся дождливой, такой полив не нужен.
Частые и обильные подкормки для садовой земляники Чамора Туруси нежелательны. The plant is too "razdezhivaetsya." The main thing is to be careful with nitrogen so that the rapidly expanding green mass does not go to the detriment of the ripening of fruits. Before each feeding the bed is well watered, trying to keep the plants themselves dry.
After the plants "wake up", the leaves, especially from the inside, are sprayed with a solution of Crystallo, ROST-Concentrate, Kemira, Plantafol or other complex mineral fertilizers.
When the flower stalks appear, Chamoru Turusi is watered with an infusion of fresh cow manure, bird droppings, nettle leaves. The finished product is diluted with water 1:20 (litter) or 1:10 (everything else). Useful supplement - 0.5 liters of wood ash per 10 liters of finished feeding.
In the second decade of August, the plants form flower buds for the next season. The bushes are sprayed with a solution of superphosphate (50 g) and potassium sulfate (30 g) in 10 l of water.
If it seems to you that during the season Chamora Turusi grows slowly, pour it with a solution of urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate (20 g per 10 l of water) or yeast infusion. Once every 2-3 years, pour peat, humus or rotted manure on the bed.
What to do in the fall?
After the end of fruiting, in the second decade of August, Chamoru Turusi (except for bushes at the age of 1-2 years) is cut, cutting off all the leaves (it is the leaves, not the stems) and whiskers (as close as possible to the base). Green mass is sent to the compost pile or burned if there are visible signs of damage. The soil is sprayed with a 2% solution of any fungicide.
Landing weed, the soil in the garden loosening, trying not to damage the roots. If necessary, pour fresh substrate, leaving the "heart" on the surface.
Before the very frosts, the beds are covered with a thick (5–7 cm) layer of sawdust, peat chips, fallen leaves, dry manure, finely chopped straw, and pine needles. The alternative is a special covering material that lets air through - lutrasil, spunbond, agril. When the snow falls, snow drift from above. During the winter, it settles, so it is advisable to upgrade it 2-3 times.
The easiest way to get new seedlings Chamora Turusi, rooting a mustache. Deficit of planting material is guaranteed not to arise.
- Choose a mustache - only from healthy bushes aged 2-3 years, growing as close as possible to the outlet. From each bush - no more than 4-5 pieces.
- Press them to the ground with a curved U-shaped wire or pin. Or remove from the soil, put in a solution of a root stimulator.
- After 1–1.5 months, separate the rooted shrubs from the parent plants and transplant to the right place. Or after the layers give roots, land in a universal soil for seedlings. In the garden such seedlings are planted in 2-3 weeks, along with a clod of soil. The optimal landing time is the end of July.
Also a good way for Chamora Turusi. Plants have a strong and developed root system. The division is carried out in the middle of spring or after the end of fruiting.
- At the end of fruiting, select the most productive bushes without traces of damage by pathogenic fungi and insects.
- Carefully remove the plants from the ground, shake the soil from the roots.
- Sharply sharpened with a sterile knife, divide the bush into 2-4 parts so that each of them has a “heart”. It is desirable to have 4–5 leaves and roots 5–6 cm long.
- Plant the received bushes in a ground, as usual saplings. The bed must be plentifully watered and positioned "heart" flush with the soil surface.
- Leave 1–2 bottom sheets, cut the rest.
Growing garden strawberries from seeds
The method is practiced infrequently due to laboriousness and the inability to guarantee the preservation of varietal characteristics.
- With the largest ripe berries in the middle of the fruit, cut off thin strips of pulp with seeds.
- Put them in the sun and leave to dry completely.
- Rub the dry flesh with your fingers. Sift by separating the seeds.
- In the middle of March, plant them in containers filled with universal soil for seedlings or a mixture of peat and humus. The soil is well moistened, the seeds are laid out on the surface of the substrate, snow is poured from above.
- The container is closed with a lid or plastic film and refrigerated for 12-14 days. Then put up on the window sill, maintaining a temperature of 20–23 ºС and periodically spraying plantings.
- When the first shoots appear, the tank should be opened daily for ventilation.
- Plants with two true leaves are planted in separate pots, with 5–6 planted in the ground.
Table: Diseases and pests characteristic of garden strawberries of the Chamora Turusi variety
- Prevention: rejection of diseased planting material, planting of sideratov as precursors of strawberries, soaking the roots before planting in potassium humate, Agate-25K for 15–20 minutes.
- Fight: spraying with Benorad, Fundazole at the first signs of the disease. During the season - no more than 3 treatments.
- Prevention: transfer of a bed to a new place every 10–12 years (you can return the planting no earlier than after 5–6 years), regular introduction of dolomite flour into the soil, watering with a 2% solution of any fungicide in early spring.
- Fight: watering and spraying with Fundazole, Benomil, Benorad with an interval of 8-10 days, treatment of areas where sick bushes grew, with Nitrofen.
- Prevention: maintaining the interval between plants, the introduction of mineral potash and phosphate fertilizers instead of organic matter.
- Fight: spraying Bordeaux liquid (3% solution for unblown buds and 1% - after the end of fruiting), during the growing season - Ridomil-Gold, Topaz, Scor, Horus, XOM, treatment of leaves with iodine (5 ml per liter water).
- Prevention: thinning of landings, application of nitrogen-containing fertilizers in accordance with the norm, mandatory fertilization with potassium.
- Fight: treatment with any fungicide before flowering, Fitosporin - after fruiting, during the season of active growing season weekly - a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate (5 g per 10 l), a solution of soda ash with iodine (50 g and 10 ml per 10 l of water) .
- Prevention: timely rejuvenation of plantings, the presence of sufficient area for planted plants, proper watering, with the exception of feeding fresh manure, mulching the soil with straw, pine needles.
- Fight: spraying the blooming leaves with a 3% solution of Bordeaux liquid; during the season - treatment with Chorus, Teldor, Fundazol, Topsin-M, Bayleton, Acrobat, weekly spraying with iodine solution (5 ml per 10 l of water) or infusion of mustard powder ( 100 g per 10 l).
- Prevention: periodic movement of strawberry beds, 10–15-minute disinfection of seedling roots in hot (40–45 ° C) water before planting.
- Effective control measures are not yet available.
- Prevention: cleaning beds from plant debris, sparse planting, proper watering.
- Fight: treatment with a 2% solution of any fungicide, Topaz, Short, Byeleton, Planriz, Gaupsin after the appearance of the leaves, immediately before flowering and after fertilization, dusting with colloidal sulfur.
- Prevention: alternation of crops, soaking the roots before planting for 10–15 minutes in a salt solution (30 g / l), digging the bed in grooves in which slaked lime is poured.
- Fight: watering the soil with a solution of Fosdrin or Parathion, processing freshly dismissed leaves with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate, using BI-58, Phosphamide, Maxim, Vitaros during the season, after picking berries - Fundazol, Rap.
- Prevention: digging or deep loosening of the beds in the fall, planting nearby lupins, white clovers, turnips, sprinkling the beds with mustard powder, ground pepper.
- Fight: treatment of beds before planting strawberries Aktar, Bazudin, Antihrusch, manual gathering of adults, light traps for them (plafond or a container with a burning flashlight inside is coated with a long drying glue), traps in the form of tanks dug into the ground, filled with manure, Nemabak preparation , onion or garlic infusion.
- Prevention: “douche” - 4–5-minute soaking of seedlings with leaves in hot (45–48 ºС), then in ice water, spraying the emerging leaves with water at a temperature of about 60 ºС.
- Fight: treatment of leaves, unblown buds, bushes after fruiting with Malophos, Fosbecid, Neoron, Fitoverm, weekly spraying with onion extract.
- Prevention: spraying the beds in early spring with iodine solution (5 ml per 10 l of water) or potassium permanganate (3-5 g per 10 l).
- Fighting: shaking off adult individuals on bedding in the early morning, traps (tanks with fermented yeast and sugar dug into the ground - 50 and 100 g per 0.5 l of water), using Actellica, Inta-Vira, Iskra-Bio, Fitoverma, Metaphos, infusion garlic or pine needles, sprinkle the beds with mustard powder.
- Prevention: the environment of the bushes of garden strawberries "barrier" of coarse sand, pine needles, chopped straw, sawdust, wood ash, planting a number of spicy herbs.
- Fight: manual collection of mollusks, traps (tanks dug into the ground, filled with beer, sugar syrup, diluted with honey or jam), the use of Ferramol, Slyneed, Meta, Thunderstorm, Etisso.
How to harvest and where to store the crop?
1–1.5 weeks before the final ripening of the berries, proper watering is very important. The shelf life of watery berries is reduced to 3-5 days.
During the fruiting period, Chamoru Turusi is harvested daily, or at least 2-3 times a week. Berries should be completely dry, so early morning will not work. Fruits in the process of collecting need to touch as little as possible, holding the stalk. It is separated immediately before eating strawberries for food. Then the berries are washed.
Remove the immature berries, trying to extend the shelf life, it is useless. Chamora Turusi will no longer be sweeter and juicier. Like any garden strawberries, it does not ripen.
In the process of collecting the berries are sorted, selecting those on which the deformation is noticeable, traces of disease and pests. They are absolutely not suitable for storage.
Garden strawberries are rightly considered perishable berries. But Chamora Turusi can be stored for 3–6 weeks in a special compartment of a refrigerator for fruits and vegetables or when creating similar conditions. The sooner you cool the crop to a temperature close to 0 ° C, the longer it will lie. Chamora Turusi is kept at room temperature for 2–3 days.
The berries are laid out in one layer in flat wooden or plastic boxes, the bottom of which is covered with a soft cloth or paper napkins. Try to keep smaller fruits in contact with each other. You can fold them into hermetically sealed plastic containers or roll them into glass jars. In polyethylene, the taste of strawberries spoils.
If you want to save the taste of summer for a long time, from the garden strawberries make preparations for the winter. Jams, jams, compotes not only look attractive (the berry does not boil soft and does not lose its shape), but also very tasty. Another option is to dry the berries. Frost Chamoru Turusi because of the size of the berries is not recommended. Berries will take a lot of space in the freezer.
Chamora Turusi variety is characterized by precocity. Planted in the spring bushes bring harvest this summer. But, no matter how much you want to try the first berries, all the flowers need to be cut to give the bush a “focus” on building up green mass and developing the root system.
Chamoru Turusi grow for 10 years. A variety of late ripening, in my conditions the first berries ripen on June 15–20, a mass gathering from June 25–28. Fruiting is very long, but subject to regular watering. Berries for the 2-3rd year very much. If there is not enough moisture, the berries begin to mature, not gaining size, drying themselves up, as when drying, but at the same time they become very sweet with a pronounced strawberry aroma (the last berries in the collections have this taste). Bushes are very powerful: in the first year in two months they gained varietal strength and power. In the 2–3rd year, the bushes grow very strongly, so I highly recommend planting two-lines 60x60 centimeters widely. Each peduncle carries the first, very large berry weighing 120–140 g, in the third year there may be 10–15 such peduncles, and large berries the same amount. For a long time I thought that for such a powerful variety with a huge yield, additional feeding was very necessary, but it was not so. Now I realized that frequent fertilizers, on the contrary, pamper bushes, especially nitrogen ones. If the bushes grow well, do not indulge them. Is that on the sheet, and that phosphate-potassium fertilizers. Positive sides of the variety: very large-fruited, excellent sweet taste with the aroma of wild strawberries, high yield, long-term fruiting, lack of a “rod”, fleshy pulp, good transportability. Negative sides: requires fertile soil or filling holes with it before planting, regular watering during ripening, long intervals between bushes, gray rot disease during thick planting, overfeeding with nitrogenous fertilizers and prolonged rains, requires preventive treatments from fungal diseases and ticks.
Landing Chamora Turus first year. Winter survived half. Growth at the level of Gigantella, yields so far too. Maybe the reason is that the seedlings were in narrow cups. Planted in raised beds with sides of flat slate 20 cm high. It did not save them from lizards, they liked Chamora. Berry does not rot, however, lies on the mulch from cut grass.
In the conditions of Chernihiv region Chamora Turusi proved to be good. She really likes her original taste, especially against the background of Honey. The size of the berries - the bush was necessarily one or two well, very healthy, and the rest smaller. Sunflower seeds are attached to the berry not in the grooves, but outside, and the berries become “rough”. The sweetness is already present when the berry is still half-ripe, and when it is completely ripe and juicy, that is pleasure itself. Among the shortcomings I can note that often, if the bed is overdried, the central “core” is pulled out of the berry with a green petiole. Of the characteristics of care, I can single out the main thing - it requires watering, otherwise the berries do not tolerate drought badly. It is transported and stored in the refrigerator perfectly, while we eat only fresh.
I think that the Chamora Turusi variety will be on the ear for a long time, because, it seems, over the past 5–10 years, neither science nor national selection has produced a larger berry. Of course, Chamoru or Gigantella can be kept to scare acquaintances in size, and for taste there are other, albeit not so “outstanding” varieties.
Chamora Turusi is truly a great variety. I have been growing it for 15 years. Even with disgusting care, it pulls berries weighing 35–40 g. And with the help of skilled workers, it can give out berries up to 150 g. Of course, you need to use well-known agricultural methods to produce such berries. The variety is relatively resistant to fungal diseases and pests. High-yielding. Berry has a pleasant strawberry flavor. Well produces mustache with high quality sockets. Berry density and transportability are good. Landing is desirable to make in the early stages. Both successful wintering and the harvest of the next year depend on it.
Chamora Turusi variety is late, the berries are very tasty - sweet, fragrant, juicy, with the taste of wild strawberries, dark red, even burgundy, ripen completely, without a white tip, but you can eat a little underripe - it's still sweet. 150 g was not, the maximum turned out berries 70–80 g, but this is just a huge strawberry. The yield is not bad, I still have a grade for 2 years, maybe it will increase, but not - and so good. It hibernates well. While I noticed that it requires good watering, it is better to mulch. The bushes themselves are huge, the distance between them is at least 60 cm.
Previously, Chamora Turusi was a lot in the Crimea. Due to the fact that the climate became hotter, and the berry was baked almost every year, from this variety they gradually moved away. Yes, and we have it every year becomes less comfortable. And how does she taste in your area? 15–20 years ago, a comrade from Vasilkov was visiting and tried it from my garden bed. He said that it is not so sweet and fragrant with him, even though I brought him sockets from him.
Chamora Turusi came to me in June 2011. This season were the first berries. I will say right away that I did not have to eat more delicious and sweet berries before. The main feature is the taste of wild strawberries! The first berries are about 100 g each. On a bush such 1-2. The rest is smaller. My mother took the berry in her hands and ate it like an apple, in several bites. It gives us a lot of whiskers, tall bushes, it is recommended to plant them according to the scheme 60x60 cm. About the taste of this variety are my household of the same opinion. The granddaughter did not allow them to fully mature and ate them half-green — no persuasions helped ... I highly recommend to everyone. I’ll partially remove the old varieties, and I will breed more Chamora ...
A.Kondratyev - bursucok
Garden strawberries Chamora Turusi varieties are another proof that size does matter. The hybrid is first of all due to its popularity with gardeners for its large dark red berries. Чтобы вырастить такое чудо, нужно регулярно уделять посадкам внимание, но собранный урожай — более чем достаточная компенсация за труды.