Allegro - pear summer ripening, table appointments. Bred in the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants. Michurin and zoned (included in the State Register) in the Central Black Soil Region in 2002. Such well-known practitioners as S.S. took part in the selection work aimed at obtaining a variety. Yakovlev, S.P. Yakovlev, Yu.K. Ilyin.
The variety is represented by a fast-growing tree with a low-thin crown shape of medium size. The growth of skeletal branches is strong. The crop is formed both on fruit-beds, spears, fruit twigs, and on annual gains, that is, there is a mixed type of fruiting.
Shoots are light brown with a small amount of lentils. The leaves are medium-sized, ovoid, with a pointed tip and serrate serrated edges, dark green with a sheen. Scape of medium length.
Fruits at Allegro average size, weighing 100 - 145 grams, have an elongated pear shape. The skin is tender, smooth. At the stage of removable maturity, the main color of the fruit is greenish, with a slight pink tan. Consumer maturity is expressed in a change in color to yellow-green, which is associated with a decrease in the amount of chlorophyll and the accumulation of yellow-colored pigments. Brown crimson tan spilled on a smaller part of the fruit. Maturing term - the first decade of August.
The stem is long, kospostavlennaya. The funnel is small, the cup of the fruit is half-open, non-falling, the saucer is very small. Heart average, oval. Seed chamber closed. The seeds are elongated, brown.
The original variety, from the pollination of which the Allegro was obtained, is the Autumnal Yakovlev pear - a donor of such remarkable quality as the excellent taste of the fruit.
The flesh is fine-grained, white, sour-sweet, tender and very juicy, with no signs of tartness. The advantage is the complete absence of stony cells (granulations). Gardeners fully appreciated the taste of this pear and in one voice call it “honey”, and the pulp - “melting in the mouth”. The sugar content in the pulp is 8.5%, titratable acids is only 0.59%, dry soluble substances - 15.1%, P-active substances - 48 mg / 100 g, ascorbic acid - 8 mg / 100 g. Evaluation of taste is 4.5 points.
Positive quality may be uneven ripening of fruits, which allows using them as a dessert and for processing not immediately, but gradually. In the descriptions of the variety stated that the consumer period is 15 days. However, it must be borne in mind that in this case, the pears are carefully removed in the state of removable maturity, stored in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks and, taking out of the cold, draw 1–3 days, bringing the fruit to consumer maturity.
Productivity is high. For the period from 1999 to 2002, it averaged 162 centners per hectare, which is higher than the control by 55 centners per hectare. The periodicity in fruiting is mild. The pear is relatively skoroplodna, begins to delight the gardener with the first fruits for 5-6 years.
The region of admission, according to the State Register, 5th, including the region of the Central Black Earth region. However, there are examples of successful cultivation in areas north of this - in the Kaluga, Tula regions, right up to Moscow. The degree of freezing of annual branches with a decrease in temperature to minus 38 ° C in the experiments of scientists was only 1.5 points. Allegro variety is resistant to temperature fluctuations during thaws, as well as spring frosts.
Successful overwinding of a tree also depends on the weather conditions that have developed during the growing season. So, many gardeners say that a humid summer with a shortage of heat does not allow to fully complete the preparation for the cold weather, as a result, a large number of frosting over both annual shoots and branches older than 2 years.
A fairly good genetic resistance to scab provides environmentally friendly products with good commercial properties.
The variety is self-infertile. Needs companion pollinators. Which can be varieties with the same period of flowering and fruit formation (Chizhovskaya, Avgustovskaya dew, etc.).
The advantages of pear Allegro include: high winter hardiness, precociousness, resistance to fungal diseases.
By cons - a short period of consumption (only one week).
Pear "Allegro": description
The tree of this pear variety grows at a medium height and has a high growth rate. Skeletal branches grow together tightly. Shoots pears "Allegro" light brown, slightly wavy and with a small amount of lentils. The leaves are small, with sharp tips and jagged edges. The most delicious pears grow in weight from one hundred to one hundred and fifty grams each, have an elongated shape and a very thin, barely palpable taste.
During the period of ripening and removing the fruit from the tree, the pear has a greenish color with a ruddy speck from exposure to sunlight. Gradually, it ripens to a yellowish color, and its flesh acquires a special softness and tenderness. It becomes a little loose, there is a fine grain and juicy, sweet taste. The stem is quite thick and long, has a curved appearance.
Advantages and disadvantages
The undoubted advantages of the Allegro pear include high yields. For three years, it was possible to collect more than one hundred and sixty centners of pear from one hectare. And this exceeds the standard figures by more than fifty centners. Despite the relative precocity, the first harvest will have to wait 5-6 years. Due to its high immunity, this pear variety is resistant to diseases of the fungal type and various pests.
Another advantage of this variety is resistance to temperature extremes and severe frosts, which is especially important for the cultivation of such fruits in our country. But the pear "Allegro" has a significant drawback - a small shelf life of ripe fruit. Just a week and a half pears gradually become useless.
Reviews for pear "Allegro"
As they say, how many people - so many opinions. But in one, the owners of pear trees of this variety converge unconditionally: a pear has a very sweet and juicy pulp, for which it is possible to forgive a short shelf life of fruit. Almost all gardeners confirm the resistance of pears to frost. At a temperature of 40 degrees, the number of frozen branches is insignificant. With more severe frosts, losses will be slightly higher. To the positive characteristics of this variety also include a fairly economical process of growing. Indeed, due to resistance to diseases and pests do not require constant disinfecting spraying. And this means that at the exit you will get an environmentally friendly product.
Features of growing and care
Since the pear "Allegro" is a self-infertile plant, it must be pollinated. In order to increase the yield and provide pollination to the tree, it is best to plant pears of the varieties Chizhovskaya and Avgustovskaya dew next to it. To increase the yields by twenty or even thirty percent helps timely shortening too long one-year shoots.
In order to speed up the process of fruit ripening, it is necessary to spray the tree with the “Tour” preparation. The spraying process is carried out twice: the first time at the moment when the shoots reach a length of 10-12 centimeters, the second - ten days later. If you want to protect the tree from sudden temperature changes and excessive exposure to sunlight, then treat the trunk with Bordeaux mixture mixed with emulsion paint. In general, this variety can be attributed to a rather unpretentious in the care.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Pear "Allegro" was the result of a very successful artificial pollination of the well-known gardeners of the variety "Autumn Yakovlev" therefore, it is not afraid of frost, temperature fluctuations, and has good resistance to most plant pests and diseases.
Description of the variety characterizes a pear tree as a medium-growth, fast-growing, with a slightly wilted crown. Fruiting mixed type. The removable ripeness of the fruits comes in early August, and the average duration of the consumer period does not exceed two weeks. Pear tree enters fructification approximately for the fifth year after planting, which makes it possible to assign the “Allegro” variety to the category of relatively fast-fruited.
Fruits of this grade of a pear of the average sizes, weight about 110-145 g, elongated pear-shaped, covered with a soft and smooth skin. Coloring at the stage of removable maturity is greenish, with a light pink tan. The stem is long, curved, oblique.
The flesh is white, very tender, with average density and not too pronounced fine grain. The astringency and granulation are completely absent, the taste is sweet and is estimated by tasters at least 4.5 points.
Tree size refers to Medium and fast-growing mindThe branches are slightly lowered, which gives the tree a slightly wilted appearance. Strong accretion is characteristic of skeletal branches. In addition, the tree, as compared with other varieties, begins to bear fruit quickly - the first crop can ripen for 4–5 years after planting.
Fruit DescriptionFruits grow medium sizetheir weight does not exceed 150 g.
The form is pear-shaped, elongated. The color of the fruit is green, with a reddish spot on the smaller part of the fruit.
The peduncle grows at an angle of long size. The seeds are elongated.
The taste of the fruit is sweet, without astringency, while the pulp is of medium density. The skin is soft, sweet.
If you seriously decided to grow a pear "Allegro" in your garden, then choose the right place for planting. Pears prefer well-lit sunny areas. Pick a place on the west or southwest side of the garden. Despite the love of the sun, it is desirable that the tree is not under the hot sun during the day. Light shade, for example, from tall neighbors in the garden will be just right.
Sort "Allegro" prefers black soil and light loam. The main thing is that it should be loose and well let in moisture and air. Since pears have a well-developed root system, groundwater should not flow at the landing site. The roots of the tree can grow to a depth of 5-7 meters. The optimum place for landing is a small elevation.
Grade "Allegro" refers to samobosplodnymi varieties. Therefore, to obtain a tasty and bountiful harvest, additional planting of pear-pollinators is necessary. Experienced gardeners advise planting pollinating varieties such as the August Dew or Chizhovskaya for Allegro pears.
For the variety "Allegro" characteristic mixed type of fruiting, which means the possibility of setting fruit on fruit twigs, spears, and on annual shoots. Thanks to this feature, the Allegro pear will be able to please you with a bountiful harvest. Planted trees begin to bear fruit for 4–5 years after planting in a permanent place.
The first fruits ripen already in mid August. After collecting the first fruits, you can let them lie for 2 weeks before the onset of consumer maturity. From such ripening, their color will change a little - a yellowish tint will appear, and the flesh will become very soft. Uneven maturation on one tree allows you to stretch the ripening period until the end of August.
Productivity "Allegro" is high, already in first fruitful year you can collect at least 10 kg of pears from one tree. In subsequent years, with proper care, this variety will delight you with a stable 8–12 kg per season. Agree that this is a considerable figure for sredneroslyh varieties.
Transportability and storage
After tasty pears have been picked from the branches, it is necessary to place them in a cool place. In the low temperature "Allegro" you can store a week, a maximum of two. Due to the soft skin to transport your crop over long distances will not work. Collected pears are best kept in wooden boxes or containers, the top should be open.
Resistance to environmental conditions and diseases
This variety shows a high level of resistance to environmental conditions. Allegro will not be frightened by sharp fluctuations in temperature in early spring or late autumn. Among the fungal diseases of the tree is good resistance to scab.
By the way, the increased resistance to fungal diseases allows you to minimize the chemical treatment of the garden, which means that an environmentally friendly product will fall on your table.
Resistance to drought in "Allegro" is good. This variety does not need frequent watering. Enough to water the trees at the rate of 3 liters of water per treeDo it several times in the spring and several times in the summer. In arid summer, the amount of watering can be increased.
"Allegro" copes with winter frosts. There have been cases of successful wintering at a temperature of -36 ° C. It should also be noted resistance to temperature extremes, for example, in spring or autumn. But, despite the resistance to cold, experienced gardeners recommend spring and autumn to cover the trunk of the tree with whitewash, for example, Bordeaux liquid. This procedure is done to eliminate sunburn and possible consequences of a sudden change in temperature.
Sweet pears are most often plucked to feast on them fresh. But they can find another use - ripe pears are perfect for making jam, jams, marshmallow. The gradual ripening of tasty fruits allows you to use them in various forms.
History of breeding and description of the variety
Domestic gardeners allocate a relatively young pear variety, called Allegro. This culture was developed by free pollination of the autumn variety Yakovleva known to many farmers. The authorship belongs to a group of Russian practical scientists who carried out breeding work on the basis of the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants. I.V. Michurin.
Allegro received official recognition of the pear variety in 2002. This fruit variety was recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region. However, due to the high winter hardiness and good resistance to temperature extremes, it can be cultivated in other areas.
According to the description of the variety, the Allegro pear belongs to the fast-growing and medium-growing fruit varieties. Skeletal branches firmly grow together. The crown of the tree is of medium size and has a slightly wilted appearance. Young shoots are painted in a light brown shade characteristic of pear trees. The leaves are slightly curved, medium-sized, egg-shaped with sharp-pointed tips. The leaf plate is dark green in color, the upper surface is smooth and shiny. On the edges of leaflets serrate serrations are clearly visible.
Characteristics of the tree and fruit
Fruit weight varieties Allegro ranges from 110 to 145 g. The fruit has a characteristic elongated pear shape. During the period of removable maturity, the tender and smooth skin is colored greenish-pink. At the time of consumer ripening, the base of the fruit becomes yellowish-green, while the covering part is pink in color. The stem is curved, kosofostavlennaya and very long. Seed chamber closed type, with the seeds of dark brown.
There is an opinion that once having tasted an Allegro pear, you can never forget this amazing taste of ripe fruit. What are the taste qualities of the fruits of this fruit crop, you ask? Pears are very juicy and fragrant, granulation and astringency are absent. The snow-white color of the flesh has a delicate structure and average density. According to the tasting data, the fruits are estimated at 4.5 points.
Thanks to the amazing taste, the fruit can be eaten raw. Unfortunately, this variety is characterized by a short consumer period. For this reason, Allegro pear is widely used in industrial production for the manufacture of various sugary drinks, jam, jams, marshmallow and desserts.
Variety Allegro refers to the fruit varieties of mixed type of fruiting, due to which it is characterized by high yield. One adult tree gives on average at least 8–12 kg of ripe fruit. The first crop can be harvested for about 4–5 years of planting a young tree to a permanent place of cultivation.
The tree blooms in early spring. In this case, you can not worry if suddenly there will be spring frosts. The plant is characterized by high frost resistance. Resistance to sudden changes in temperature conditions also applies to the inflorescences of flowers.
The fruiting period falls on the last month of summer. In mid-August, the first fruits begin to ripen. However, due to the uneven ripening of fruits, harvesting can take several weeks. As experienced gardeners note, it is better to collect slightly immature fruits and give them time to “infuse”. Otherwise, the fruits may over-ripen and turn into tasteless and watery fruits, which are not suitable for use in raw form or for processing.
After harvesting, the fruit is placed in a cool dark place and allow them to lie down for 10-14 days. After two weeks of storage pears become softer, juicy and fragrant.
Allegro Pear is a self-fruitful fruit breed. To be able to get enough of the fruits of this variety, pollinating trees will be needed. This requires planting apple and pear saplings with equivalent periods of flowering and fruiting. The best pollinators are pears Chizhovskaya, Avgustovskaya dew and others.
Pears are known to contain many vitamins, minerals and various beneficial micro and macronutrients. For this reason, the use of this fruit is recommended for the prevention and treatment of various ailments: viral and bacterial infections, kidney and urinary system diseases, diabetes mellitus, problems with blood cholesterol levels and overweight.
Advantages and disadvantages
Variety Allegro has a number of characteristic advantages, among which it is noted:
- frost resistance
- drought tolerance,
- high yield
- quick adaptation to weather and climatic conditions of growth,
- resistant immunity to scab.
The most significant disadvantages include:
- low transportability,
- short term consumption.
In 2002, in the GNU VNIIG and SPR them. I.V. Michurin Rosselkhozakademii team of like-minded breeders by the method of free pollination was obtained summer variety pear "Allegro". Hybrid bred on the basis of the well-known varieties "Autumn Yakovlev." In the same year, it was listed in the State Register and received admission to zoning in the Central Black Soil Region.
“Allegro” pear refers to fruit trees with a summer ripening period. Representatives of this type of pear average height grow quickly. The crown's shape is a bit snooty, the joints of skeletal branches are strong. Fruits are formed on fruit pads, fruit twigs, spears, and even on annual gains. Therefore, it makes sense to talk about a mixed type of fruiting.
Light brown shoots are slightly wavy, have a small amount of lentils. A pear leaf is medium in size, slightly curved, sharply oval in shape with a serrate edge.
All the beauty of fragrant fruits can be appreciated in the photo.
“Allegro” refers to the fast-growing group of fruit trees, the moment of fruiting begins at 5 years from planting the seedling.
If you are going to plant a pear sapling, you should prepare a seat in advance. For planting a tree in the spring, a pit is prepared in the autumn, and, conversely, for the autumn planting, all work is carried out in the spring.
Chosen not shaded, illuminated by the sun, protected from the wind area. A pit is dug about 50 cm deep, about 100 cm in diameter. The location of the groundwater is necessarily taken into account, and too close will have a detrimental effect on the tree - it can later be drenched. It is preferable to plant on an elevation, avoiding stagnant moisture in the soil.
1–2 buckets of fertile soil are mixed with 10 kg of manure, fertilizers are added - superphosphate and ash. The resulting mixture is sent to the well, where the seedling is placed neatly. The tree is pre-cut all strong roots by 10 cm, shorten the top of the trunk (the height of the plant should be 80-100 cm), then kept for one hour in a bucket of water.
When planting a pear, it is important not to deeply root the neck. Abundantly watering the seat, compact the soil around the trunk, mulch with peat, compost, sawdust, etc. In order to avoid deformation of the tree under the influence of the winds, it is recommended to score a few pegs and plant the garter.
Planting seedlings in the spring is carried out before the leafing, in late April. In the autumn it is desirable to have time before the third decade of October.
Subsequent care is to moderate watering (better drip - imitation of rain), timely fertilization, loosening and mulching the earth circle around the tree.
The feedback from gardeners who cultivate this variety in their plots is generally positive. The only minor drawback is the small shelf life of the fruit, only 2 weeks. However, ripening is uneven, allowing you to enjoy the sugar fruit gradually. It is important not to overdo the fruit on the tree, you need to shoot in a small degree of immaturity. In the opposite case, instead of a juicy pear, there is a risk of getting a soft, tasteless “potato”.
The variety "Allegro" is self-productive and needs pollination. Such neighbors are best suited for this: pollinators like apples with an equal flowering period and fruiting periods, pears of varieties Avgustovskaya dew, Chizhovskaya and others.
With proper care to get a rich harvest of tasty fruits will not be difficult. This type of pear is characterized by high frost resistance, resistance to fungal diseases in the form of scab, excellent taste.
Breeders of Russia more than 15 years ago created the mid-season, surviving in cold conditions, a variety that is called Allegro. This is one of not many fruit trees, the cultivation of which has become possible, thanks to the artificial pollination of the apple tree “Autumn Yakovlev”.
The newly introduced variety was entered into the State Register in 2002, it was recommended for trial planting in the Central Black Earth region. Since then, the tree is actively seated in most parts of the country, surprising fruits with excellent taste and universal purpose. Pear Allegro was the result of the work of scientists: Yu.K.Ilina, S.P. Yakovleva and S.S. Yakovlev.
Description and characteristics
Allegro is considered mid-season summer variety. Like other species, the tree grows of medium length, quickly taking root. It has a slightly inanimate crown and strong skeletal branches.
With the arrival of early spring, when the air warms up, and the temperature becomes stable, it's time for pears to bloom. Many lovers are worried that late frosts will damage the crop, but the flowering, like the tree itself, is immune to sharp and strong temperature leaps.
Culture is characterized by mixed fruiting. The ovary on a pear can be on a fruit twig, spear and on an annual runaway. This allows even more abundant fruit. In general, the plant has a neglected wilted appearance. The first fruiting can be expected already from 4 years after planting. Fully fruitful culture begins to the middle of August.
Usually, the fruits are still greenish, and after being laid off for several weeks before they can be eaten. With such artificial ripening, the fruit becomes yellowish, and the flesh softens. Due to uneven ripening, the fruit season can be stretched to mid-September.
A more detailed description of the fruit of the variety will help to learn more about what the Allegro pear is. Standardly, fruits grow of medium size, weighing no more than 200 g. In shape - ordinary, pear-shaped, elongated. The fruit is mostly green, with a red blush on top.
From the first fertile period, one tree is able to produce at least 10 kg of juicy fruit. In the future, adhering to the rules of care and maintenance, you can get a yield of 12 kg. Such a stable indicator is important for most medium-grown fruit plants.
Having collected a pear harvest, it can be stored in a cool place. So the fruit can keep an attractive appearance, juiciness and useful properties for 14 days. The presence of soft and thin skin makes pears not transportable.
The stem is slightly tilted, long. Seed bone elongated. The fruit tastes sweet, without the usual pear tartness, with dense pulp. The pear is covered with sweet, soft skin.
First of all, the fruit of the pear Allegro is intended for fresh consumption. But the hostess found other ways to use them. Delicious jam, jam, and even marshmallow are cooked with pears. Uneven maturation only contributes to this.
Planting and care
This variety of pears is unpretentious, but there are certain rules for maintenance and planting, which will ensure a steady harvest:
- Lighting. Having decided to grow Allegro at your summer cottage, you should understand that the variety loves light. The height and fruiting of the tree, as well as the rate of ripening, depend on the correctly chosen landing site. For this fruit variety, it is important to have natural sunlight. It is best to place it in the west or southwest of the manor. Although the tree needs sunlight, it is important to cover it from open sunlight. It is better if the tree for some time will be slightly shaded.
- The soil. For the cultivation of pears Allegro loamy and black earth soils are ideal. It is important that the earth quickly absorbs water and passes air. Be sure to ground should be loose. The root of the variety is well developed, does not like excessive moisture. It is necessary to take care of the absence of underground under in the vicinity of the landing site. The root system can reach depths of up to 7 m. The tree can be planted on light elevations.
- Resistance to low temperatures. Winter hardiness - a characteristic by which the variety has become a leader among gardeners. In cold regions, it was noted that trees can easily stand frosts down to -37 degrees. Sharp temperature fluctuations are also easily tolerated, without damage to the plant. Although, despite immunity to cold, every gardener still tries to cover the trees. In the spring you need to treat the barrel whitewash or Bordeaux mixture to eliminate sunburn.
- Resistance to drought. Care of the variety is not in frequent watering. The tree is drought-resistant, which makes it more attractive for distant summer cottages. Pear can be watered 2-3 times in the spring and the same in the summer. By the number of one plant, it is necessary not more than 5 liters per hydration. If the season is dry, you can add a few more watering. Proper hydration is the key to consistently high yields. You can improve the quality of the fruit through drip irrigation.
- Pollination. Pear Allegro - samobozplodnoy plant. This means that in order to obtain crops near this variety, it is necessary to plant a pear-pollinator. Among professionals, there is the conviction that the best pollinators for Allegro are the Chizhovskaya and Avgustovskaya dew pear varieties.
Attention! Before choosing a pollinating companion, you need to study in detail the characteristics of varieties and take into account the timing of the appearance of color and ovary of the fruit. The selected instance of the characteristics must match the Allegro.
- Immunity to diseases. The pear is considered unpretentious to habitat conditions. A sharp change of climate in spring and autumn does not affect the condition of trees or fruitfulness. Immunity to pear sore - scab and other fungal diseases. Due to disease resistance, the variety does not need constant chemical treatment, which means that pear fruits can be considered environmentally friendly, which increases interest in the product.
Advantages and disadvantages
Variety Allegro has some features associated with planting and cultivation. Experienced gardeners highlight the following benefits:
- Pear gives a lot of fruit, which allows them to grow not only for home use, but also for commercial purposes,
- Unusual, sweet fruit with dessert flavoring qualities,
- Resistance to infectious diseases of fruit trees, in particular, to scab,
- Gradual ripening of fruits, which allows you to enjoy fruits longer,
- Cold resistance and immunity to sudden changes in temperature and climate in general.
A rather positive variety of pears has certain disadvantages:
- Bad keeping quality. Fruits need to be eaten in a short time. For ripe fruits - during the week, if the fruits are picked slightly unsafe, they can be stored for 2 weeks in cool places,
- In order for the variety to be abundantly and constantly fruitful, it is necessary to select the accompanying pollinator for Allegro.
All this suggests that the Allegro pear deserves to take a place on the backyard plots of gardeners who are ready to make efforts to obtain permanent fruit. This pear is a fast-growing tree that grows medium-sized, will not occupy too much territory on the estate.
Particularly pleased with the mass of fruits, which can reach 150 g. Ripening by the end of the summer will provide the whole family with beneficial substances during the period when the vitamin season is already over. The variety is best grown with experience, but for novice amateurs the conditions for the maintenance and care of the tree will not be difficult. The main difficulty that may arise in the process of growing a tree is to find a worthy companion. Here are tips from experienced gardeners and breeders.