Gardeners experimentally look for varieties that, with good resistance to diseases, bring excellent harvest.
Thanks to these qualities, the “Niagara” tomato is very good for planting on its plot: we will give a description with a photo and a description of this variety.
The variety is bred in Russia and belongs to the indeterminant, that is, whose stem grows all the time. This plant is as tall as a man, with a strong root system, but at the same time compact. The leaves are medium, green, inflorescences are simple. The fruits ripen in the hands, which are located through the leaf. Fruit variety - in the brush can be up to fourteen tomatoes. They have a beautiful oval shape with a pointed tip. Tomatoes "Niagara" is popular among gardeners due to the high yield, disease resistance and good fruit preservation.
Bushes "Niagara" are very tall, growing all the time. Gardeners point out that they are up to two meters high. Height 1.5-1.8 meters - a common phenomenon.
The bush has strong roots and thick stems, because the plant can withstand a large load of fruits, while they are neat in shape. A bush is formed depending on the preferences of the one who grows. The instructions for the seeds indicated that it is better to leave one stem of the plant. According to reviews, if you adhere to such recommendations, then the brush grows 8–10 large fruits.
Some experiment and form a plant of one or two, less often of three or four trunks. They also note that while the yield does not fall, but the berries are not so large. Despite the fact that the stems are thick and powerful, the plant must be tied up. Because of its height, it simply will not sustain the weight of the crop.
On the brush matures up fourteen fruitswhich are about the same in size. This makes the appearance of the bunch very attractive. On average, the weight of berries from 80 to 100 grams, but sometimes there are instances up to 120 grams. In the latter case, the weight of the fruit is observed if the bush is formed into one trunk.
The shape resembles a regular oval with a sharp point at the tip. Unripe they are green, and when they ripen they turn red, they have three seed-cells. Tomato skin is thick, but not tough, does not burst when salted and preserved. Their fleshyness and good taste are noted. They taste sweet with the presence of slightly noticeable sourness. The berries make a good pasta, they are excellent for salting and preservation.
"Niagara" refers to varieties with a medium term ripening. Harvest can be collected through 100–110 days after disembarkation - it is carried out both in greenhouses and in open ground. Seed germination is low, there are cases when one seed germinated from ten. Variety resistant to different temperatures. Ovary appears in the heat and in the cold summer. The seedling is also not afraid of cold, it can be planted in mid-March. Gardeners noted a high yield of tomato "Niagara". With one bush can collect up to ten kilograms of tomatoes. It usually has from five to ten hands with seven to ten fruits. Harvesting begins in July, and it is most abundant in mid-August. The variety is resistant to diseases and pests. It is noted that it is not affected by vertex rot, very rarely it has late blight. The plant is unpretentious in the care, it must be tied up because of the height and high yield.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of a grade - high yield with resistance to plant diseases. In conditions of a cold humid climate, rare cases of late blight were observed, and a widespread tip was not observed at all. Seedlings grow well in warm weather, but do not weaken if the summer is cool. Because of the powerful root system, the adult plant withstands drought well. It is also characteristic that it feels great in a rainy and cold summer.
Those who grow a variety over several years have noted its stable excellent yield. Tomatoes are harvested until frost and kept for a long time green. With long storage can dry the top of the berries. The fruits have excellent taste characteristics, they are dense, not watery, all almost the same size.Therefore, the variety is good for use raw, for preservation, salting and preparation of juices and pastes.
As a disadvantage, they say that the seeds do not grow well for a long time.
Also, many see the inconvenience in the constant tying bushes.
Another feature of the variety - ripe fruits fall at the slightest touch.
Features of growing
Tomatoes "Niagara" give consistently good yield with minimal care. The seedling is planted in the pits at a distance of 20-30 centimeters from each other and requires mandatory garter because of the thin and long stem. Saplings are recommended to first grow in a greenhouse, and then planted in open ground. They need a minimum top dressing, for example, in the form of compost mixed with soil.
But the plants during the growing season must be fertilized every two weeks. They accept organic fertilizers well, such as diluted manure and compost. Optionally, you can use mineral fertilizers, which must first be diluted in water. You can create one or two to four trunks. In the first case, it will be more sustainable and will bring larger fruits. The bush grows equally well in glass and film greenhouses, and on open ground. It requires binding to vertical supports or trellis. It is noted that seedlings transplanted in the open ground, planted there in early May.
"Niagara" can be a universal variety of tomatoes for growing. It bears excellent fruits, has almost identical fruits with excellent taste. Tomatoes are ideal for preservation, pickling and fresh consumption. They are well kept and can delight you with their fresh taste until the winter.
General description of the plant
Bushes indeterminantny type, with unlimited growth. The stem of a tomato reaches 2 m in height, but in the open field it is necessary to limit its growth by pinching the tops in the middle of August. This is done in order to speed up the loading of the ovaries.
The stem of the plant is not too thin and powerful enough, but it needs an obligatory garter to the trellis. To increase the yield of tomatoes of this type form 2-3 stems. Pasynki need to be removed so that they do not thicken the bush. It is advisable to remove the lower leaves and up to 1/3 of the stem height.
Fruiting carpus, extended. Ovaries and new hands are formed throughout the season. During the growing season on 1 stem can form up to 10 complex multicore brushes. On each of them grows up to 14 pieces. medium tomatoes. Reviews of those who planted tomatoes Niagara, note that you can get large fruits with a simple technique: leaving 8-10 ovaries on the hand.
For tomato Niagara, the gardeners themselves characterize and describe the variety. At the same time, they highlight the high yield of the variety. During the season, 1 bush can produce about 10 kg of high quality vegetable products. The size of the crop practically does not suffer from the weather, but the taste of the fruit may vary: on a bush grown in a damp or shady place, the berries are more acidic.
The variety is practically not damaged by diseases. Niagara tomatoes are resistant to fungal infections and tobacco mosaic virus, they are not afraid of phytophthora. Like all long-varieties, they can be affected by top rot. Reviews indicate resistance to stress: a sharp change in weather conditions, prolonged rains and cooling.
Tomatoes withstand the drying of the soil. In hot seasons, fruits contain more sugars and solids.
Features of the fruit
Variety Niagara refers to the medium. The first ripe tomatoes can be removed only in mid-late July, 110-120 days after the emergence of the sprouts. The form of tomatoes - elongated plum with a sharp nose. The approximate ratio of length and width is estimated as 3: 1. The average weight of a tomato is 80-100 g, but if you wish, you can grow larger tomatoes - 120-130 g.
The skin is firm, but not rough. Fruits do not crack with an excess of moisture during growth or heat treatment during canning. They are well preserved in a ripe and unripe form, easy to ripen and transported without loss of presentation. Skin color is red with a beautiful gloss. In technical ripeness tomatoes are green, with no dark spot at the base.
The flesh is dense, well-colored, under unfavorable growing conditions, an unpainted portion of the core remains near the stem. The fruit contains 2 large seed chambers. The walls of the berries are elastic and juicy, their thickness reaches 0.5-0.7 cm.
Tastes will delight every hostess, who planted Niagara on its site. On a sunny plot and with a slight lack of moisture, tomatoes acquire a rich sweet taste with a slight sourness. Due to the high content of dry substances, the aroma of tomatoes is pronounced. Niagara berries in their taste qualities are close to the varieties that are grown in Italy for the production of tomato paste and curing. With prolonged precipitation and artificial ripening, tomatoes acquire excess acid.
The purpose of the Niagara variety can be considered universal: they can be used for preparing delicious snacks and decorating festive dishes. Sweet tomatoes will add unexpected notes to salads and sandwiches, will look spectacular and sliced. Tomatoes can be added to hot dishes according to recipes of Italian and Caucasian cuisine, they make delicious tomato soups and sauces.
For blanks for the winter, you can choose any method. Vegetable platter with colorful fruits will look bright and beautiful in the jar, and when serving.
They retain the structure of the pulp well, do not burst and do not fall apart. For whole canned can take both unripe and ripe tomatoes. Tomatoes in full biological ripeness are wilted: they will acquire the traditional taste of a Mediterranean snack.
How to grow a good crop?
In order for the Niagara tomatoes to give tasty fruits, a well-lit place with heated and loose soil should be taken under their planting. On heavy soils, tomatoes often develop vertex rot, which is caused by a lack of calcium. It is better to dig up the earth in the fall, filling it with organic matter and phosphorus-potassium mixtures. To provide calcium to Niagara, add 1–1.5 kg of ground chalk, powder, dolomite flour, or similar material for each 1 m².
Tomato variety Niagara is not a hybrid of the first generation. Its seeds can be taken for reproduction for the next season. To do this, leave the 1-2 most good tomatoes on the lower racemes, closer to the stem, and bring them to full ripeness. Remove seeds from chambers, rinse and dry. Many housewives leave such reviews: “I planted Niagara seeds, but out of 10 pcs. only 1 grain has risen, now I take several times more than necessary. ” Soak the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate before sowing.
It is advisable to sanitize the soil to protect young bushes from diseases caused by fungi (black leg and others). The soil can be heated in the oven, soaked with boiling water or a hot solution of potassium permanganate.
Sowing is done in a very wet ground, spreading the seeds on the surface. The embedment is produced with a layer of dry soil or sand (0.5 cm). The boxes are covered with film and put on germination in a warm place (+ 25 ° C). When sprouts appear, the film must be removed.
Picks produced in the phase of 2-3 true leaves. Seedlings can be planted in peat pots, individual containers with a capacity of about 0.5 liters or common boxes according to the 10x10 cm scheme. In 2-2.5 months, plants can be planted on a bed or in a greenhouse. The distance between the bushes is 40 cm, and between the rows is about 70 cm. The garter is made when the tomatoes take root.
Characteristic and description
Niagara is suitable for planting in greenhouses and open ground. Refers to indeterminantnyh varieties. The plant is quite tall - the bush grows to human height and higher. The barrel is thin enough, but this does not prevent it from holding numerous flower brushes, and then the fruit.
This is a medium early variety. Fruit ripening time - from 100 to 120 days. With one bush can collect up to 10 kg of tomato. Shrub form in 1-2 stems, if you leave more shoots, the fruits will be smaller.
The shape of the tomatoes is oval with a bulge. They are somewhat reminiscent of plums, only of a larger size. The weight of one tomato is from 80 to 120 grams. The color is red. Taste is pleasant with a little sourness.
Where are the fruits used
Due to the dense skin, tomatoes of this variety can be used for blanks. They keep their shape and are well kept. Pleasant tomatoes and fresh: in salads, tomato paste or juice. The latter is distinguished by its density and excellent taste.
This variety has a number of advantages:
- It tolerates temperature drops. Fruit ripening is not affected by heat or cold, so the variety is suitable for most regions.
- Excellent yield.
- Long fruiting - from 1 to 1.5 months.
- Resistance to many pests and diseases.
- Long storage. Fruits are stored until winter. It does not deteriorate the taste and appearance.
- Unpretentious care.
Among the shortcomings can be noted:
- Poor germination of seeds. Of the ten seeds planted, only one can ascend. It is possible to improve this indicator by additional treatment of seeds in peroxide.
- Regular tying bushes throughout the fruiting season.
- Fragility of brushes with fruits. If ripe tomatoes are not picked in time, they are showered from the slightest touch or even wind gusts.
When to cook seedlings
Planting seeds for seedlings is carried out in March. Picks should be done after the appearance of 2-3 leaves on sprouts. The plants are planted in the soil in late May - early June. It depends on the weather conditions and the growing area. In greenhouses seedlings can be “relocated” from the beginning of May.
Cultivation and care
Seedlings are planted in the wells, prepared at a distance of 25-30 centimeters. Plants fertilize every two weeks. For this, organic fertilizers (compost or manure) and mineral fertilizers are suitable. If to form bushes in 1 stalk, fruits will be larger. Although it is allowed to increase the number of trunks to four.
A prerequisite for growing is the installation of supports and regular tying. It is also necessary to remove the lower leaves and seedling the plant.
Abundant, but not frequent watering, loosening and fertilizing - the key to a good harvest of these tomatoes.
It is not necessary to allow full coloring of tomatoes in a saturated-red shade, and also their over-speeches. This can slow the growth of the remaining tomatoes.
Vegetable Culture Information
The variety of tomatoes Niagara has a mid-ripening fruit. From the moment of the appearance of the first shoots to the formation of fruits, approximately 108 days pass.
The variety is not a hybrid, but it is resistant to cold and heat. Since the seedlings tolerate cool weather, it can be planted to be planted already on the 20th of March. The yield of tomatoes Niagara is also noted in the reviews. Up to 10 kg of tomatoes can be removed from each tomato bush.
Characteristics of tomato bush allows you to get a better idea of growing and care. Tomatoes belong to the indeterminate group of plants. The stem has unlimited growth of the central stem. Under conditions of a heated greenhouse, a bush can grow for more than a year, forming up to 45 crop brushes.
It is possible to grow up as in an open ground, and in the conditions of the greenhouse. An important condition is to establish a support for tying in a vertical or horizontal position.
Medium leaf bush. Each leaf is small, saturated green color. Despite the fact that the height of the plant can reach up to 180 cm, the bush is compact and planting takes up a bit of space. The root system is powerful.
To increase the yield is best to form in three stalks. But you can leave one central trunk. In this case, it will be stronger and more stable, and the fruits will be formed much larger.
The variety tolerates disease and is rarely attacked by pests. It does not give in to vertex rot, very rarely it suffers from such fungal infection as late blight.
Seeds can be planted on seedlings or directly into open ground. During this period, a minimum dressing is required, a mixture of compost with earth is suitable. Niagara seedlings are planted in caverns at a distance of about 25 cm. Since the stem is high, tying is recommended. During the growing season requires more frequent application of organic or mineral fertilizers.
Description of the fruit will allow you to create a complete image of this variety. Fruits of a grade of Niagara have the extended form, at the basis there is a characteristic nose. Up to 10-12 tomatoes of even, identical shape, weighing about 100 g can be placed on one brush. As they mature, they acquire a rich red-scarlet color.
The skin is dense, but tender, protects the fruit from cracking and provides long-term storage of the harvested crop. Inside there is a dense, juicy, sweetish pulp.
The grade is unpretentious, demands the minimum leaving. It can grow, develop and bear fruit in any weather. It tolerates temperature fluctuations. Well resists many diseases, including rot.
Начинают сбор урожая в июле, но активно плодоносит в августе. Сбор урожая лучше всего начинать при появлении легкой красноты. Too ripe fruits do not stick to the branches and at the slightest touch of the stem begin to fall.
Experienced gardeners reviews
Numerous reviews of gardeners point out the positive aspects of the Niagara variety. Cultivation is easy, and everyone likes sweet tomatoes. They can be canned and consumed fresh.
Those who planted the seeds for many years, noted rare cases of viruses and fungi, and rot did not appear at all. Thanks to its powerful roots, the plant tolerates drought well, bears fruit until the first frost. Feels good plant in a rainy, cool summer.
“I had to plant more than once Niagara variety tomatoes. The elongated, red-colored fruits begin to ripen after 3 months from the moment the first shoots appear. At first I planted plants at a distance of 30 cm, then I realized that compact bushes can be planted and closer to each other. I form in two stalks. The only drawback is the fact that it is impossible to leave the fruit on the bushes until fully ripe. ”
“I grow tomatoes for many years. If you take the seeds of this species, then be sure that he will not fail. Fruits were formed both in cold and in arid, hot summer. Bush lead in two trunks. Brushes are always full, they are up to 10 pieces. The skin of the tomato is dense, when canning does not burst. Fresh harvested harvest does not dry for a long time and does not rot. "
“I have a great experience in gardening. He planted many varieties, but never stopped taking the seeds of the Niagara variety. Productivity is high, sometimes even form in 4 stalks. In height it grows up to 160 cm. The twigs are thin, but they fit a brush with a large number of tomatoes. Never been exposed to diseases and pest invasion. Several times during the season I treat for diseases and fertilize. Weigh fruits about 90 g. There was an experience of forming one stem, in this case the weight reached 120 g. ”
Svetlana, 46 years old
“For the first time I bought a package of Niagara variety seeds last year. Soot the second year. I come to the dacha for the summer not so often, so I had to water occasionally. And the weather was not happy with the rains. Even in hot weather and rare irrigation of fruits formed a lot. Part of the crop left for salting, and some fresh. For a long time, tomatoes were kept unchanged and delighted the household with their juicy, sweet taste. ”
Pros and cons varieties
The variety has both positives and negatives. Before making a choice, it is necessary to evaluate those and others. Let's start with the pros. It is worth noting the weak dependence of yield on weather conditions. With changeable summer weather, this is a very important quality.
In practice, it is noted that the fruits are tied equally well in the heat and bad weather. Tomato Niagara shows good yield - from a bush to 10 and more kilograms of tomatoes. During the season, summer residents remove tomatoes from one bush in a greenhouse using a bucket. In the open field and in the greenhouse tomatoes are sprinkled on the bushes. Fruiting stretched - July, August, so you can slowly engage in blanks.
Immunity from tomato Niagara is excellent, there are no diseases on it, even if on bushes of other varieties the fruits are infected with summit rot or late blight. The absence of disease saves the time of the dacha for the prevention and control of diseases, guarantees an environmentally friendly crop without chemicals. Fruits of tomato Niagara can be preserved until the new year. They have a good bed. Tomatoes are not subject to rotting.
Now let's talk about the shortcomings, they have a variety:
- Poor and long seeds sprout. To accelerate germination, they have to be soaked in a growth stimulator or hydrogen peroxide.
- Tomatoes loosely stick on the hand, can fall off from the wind or accidental touching the branch.
- Thin stems hardly hold the crop, require regular fixation on a support.
Reviews who planted
Varvara, Krasnodar Territory
The fruits are elongated, they are sown in average terms. The bushes are very compact, planted with an interval of 30 cm and regretted, it was possible to plant in steps of 20 cm. Shrubs formed, led into 2 trunks. The heat did not affect the formation of the ovaries; 5 brushes were formed on each bush. On average, each brush had 6 tomatoes. I did not like the fact that during storage the ass of tomatoes dries out.
Galina, Krasnoyarsk Territory
There are no complaints about the variety, soot for three years. Productivity is stable, does not depend on the weather. The tomato skin is durable, it doesn’t crack when marinating, and the cream is also good in salting. The bushes did not hurt, there was no vertex rot on the fruit either in the arid, hot summer, or in the damp, cold. There is one drawback - tomatoes fall off if you hurt a bush.
A good variety for salting, super yielding. Bushes lead to 3-4 trunk. The stems are thin, when grown in a greenhouse up to 1.6 m high, in the soil, I think, lower. In brushes, 8 to 10 tomatoes were made, and they began to sing in early August. Weigh no more than 100 g tomatoes. Seeds sprouted badly and purchased, and those that she produced last year.