Beginning winegrowers and gardeners faced such a problem as an incorrectly selected grapevine for growing on their own land. Therefore, when buying a sapling, specify which regions are most suitable for this variety, it refers to a covering or an over-covering culture. Taiga is designed for regions characterized by harsh climatic conditions. With proper zoning, the variety produces stable yields.
Taiga grapes, as the name suggests, are well suited to areas with low temperatures and severe frosts.
From blooming buds to ripening berries and harvesting takes 90-95 days. The variety is frost-resistant, it easily tolerates frosts up to 32 degrees when grown in a non-covering culture. The marketable appearance and taste qualities of the berries are not lost when they remain on the bush two months later, after the onset of full maturity up to the first frost. Even rainy weather is not terrible for them, they are not affected by rot. The bush is resistant to other diseases of the grapes, but in the first year after planting it can be affected by mildew, which will not affect the quality of the berries. Every year the vine becomes stronger and more resistant and immune to mildew.
Grape super early ripening. Bush vigorous. The origin is unknown. Winegrowers often confuse its description with the hybrid “Taiga emerald”, the selection of which belongs to N. Tikhonov. The variety successfully moves around the country, gaining popularity and all large growing regions. Previously, it was grown only in Primorsky Krai, but thanks to the study of its characteristics, it spread from East to West, from South to North and is grown throughout the country.
A bit of history
The beginning of civilization in many ways is the story of the vine. Viticulture, the process of growing grapes intertwined into one. Whether cultivation of grapes belongs to Egyptians, Greeks or ancient Romans is not known.
Due to geographical and climatic features, wine in ancient Greece became the main product of production.
The domestication of grapes in Eurasia began in the Neolithic period. Today, hundreds of varieties are growing all over the world. The Vine in the Old World is known as "vitis vinifera."
The remains of grape wine belonging to the copper age, were discovered in Iran. Phoenicians brought a vine from Asia to Greece. Although the Greeks had the god of the vine, known as Dionysus, the Romans ennobled and domesticated the vine in 3500 BC.
In the Middle Ages, England, Spain, and France were famous for their vineyards. According to Ohio University, planting vineyards culminated in the XV century. During the reign of Queen Victoria, the vines were grown in greenhouses. Grapevine baths were popular in France.
The grapes are recalled in the Bible, “Noah planted a vineyard ...” (Genesis 9:20).
Taiga grapes belong to table varieties. It produces excellent wine and juice. Flowers for women, blooms early. Eat ripe and juicy berries in the third decade of August. A bunch of grapes is small. Weight 200-250 g, but individual copies can reach up to 450 g, the correct conical shape, loose consistency. On average, 2-4 clusters mature fully on one shoot. Fruits are dark blue, almost black, round, well-preserved marketable appearance on the bush. Weight 3-4 g, size up to 2 cm. The fruit contains a lot of pectin.
The harvest strong-growing grapes "Taiga" belongs to the universal varieties with a very short period of ripening
Fertility is high, after seven years of growing a culture from one bush, up to 100 kg of berries are harvested. The berries contain about 20% sugars, but they are quite sour. If a person has problems with the stomach and other digestive organs, the Taiga fruits will be a good remedy.
- Winter-hardy, well growing in the northern regions of the country.
- The bush is a vigorous, large, unpretentious care.
- With proper molding and care gives a generous harvest.
- The taste is muscat, with pleasant sourness, but without refinement.
- Clusters and berries of medium size.
- Easy survival rate.
- A landing site is chosen on the south side, well warmed by the sun, without drafts, but well ventilated.
- Planted in the open well-heated soil in the spring, so that the seedling fully acclimatized and better rooted.
- On the site for planting it is necessary to put a trellis or other pillars for normal growth and development of the bush. The minimum distance in the row between Taiga bushes, for good growth and development should be at least 1.5 meters, between rows 3 meters.
- The dimensions of the pit for planting 100x100 cm. At the bottom of the pit fall asleep 15-20 cm of sand or gravel. Then drainage from wood chips, broken bricks (10-15 cm). For one day, cover the pit with black plastic wrap. The earth will warm up well. Soil remaining after digging the pit, mix evenly with humus and compost. Add wood ash and one glass of oat (wheat) grains. Warm the resulting "salad" in the sun with a black film. Add the mixture into the hole on the wood chips.
- Before planting, take the seedling to the open air to adapt to the surrounding temperature. Process with growth promoters.
- Make a dimple of 35-40 cm above the soil surface, in the middle place the seedling vertically or slightly tilted, carefully level the roots. Sprinkle on top of the soil substrate and gently press with your fingers. Install standard trellis.
- Give plenty of warm water. Mulch sawdust, fallen leaves.
- Young seedling gradually accustom to low temperatures.
If the weather is sunny and windless, saplings and young bushes of the Taiga are watered every other day. The more precipitation, the less often it is necessary to water young bushes, in wet weather - once a week. Optimum terms of watering - morning and evening. In the first year after planting, two 1.5-2 meter long branches with mature internodes should form on each vine.
Timely watering of grapes is a very serious process in the agricultural technology of this berry.
In the second year, watering in dry and sunny weather is reduced to 1 time per week, but you should especially carefully monitor the appearance of the vine so that there is not too much or little moisture. In subsequent years, the grape formed a developed root system, and the variety does not need watering.
In the remote northern regions, where there are severe frosts in winter, grapes must be covered for the winter, laid in a trench or planks and covered with a tarpaulin or roofing sheet. If necessary, prikopat land. It all depends on the region of growth. The same variety in different climatic conditions will require different care.
Recommended spring pruning of grapes to remove diseased and dead branches. Autumn pruning can cause complete freezing of pruned branches. Trimming has the following features:
- It is held as soon as the frosts have ended and sap flow has not started.
- Only branches for the fruit link are left.
Taiga was widespread in the backyards and gardens of amateur winegrowers due to its resistance to low temperatures and grape diseases. Mildew affects the vine only in the first year of life. The yellow spots of the grapes are small, but the berries turn black and fall off. The degree of damage is easy, due to the fact that the berries are quite sour. An oily sheen appears on the diseased sheets. Young shrub vine is recommended to be treated with drugs that protect against mildew.
Resistance of a grade to diseases and low temperatures
There are legends about the resistance of the variety to fungal diseases and frosts. However, not all reviews are so optimistic.
Some winegrowers give examples when the grapes were amazed with oidium on a par with other varieties. Others say that it is the most stable variety in relation to fungal diseases.
What all gardeners agreed on was resistance to low temperatures.
Shelter for the winter
One of the options for sheltering grapes for the winter.
Some winegrowers put their whips on the ground and try to cover them up somehow. Others absolutely do not take measures for the shelter and from year to year the grapes winter well.
According to the information of those who have been growing this variety for decades, grapes perfectly tolerate the temperature at minus 30 ᵒС.
Wintering Taiga grapes in the Saratov region. Taiga in Chelyabinsk after wintering under the snow.
Is regrading possible?
There is another variety with the first word taiga - “Taiga emerald”. Often, growers are confused about whether it is the same variety or different.
"Taiga emerald" variety bred by Nikolai Tikhonov and it differs from the "Taiga" and has a light green berry. However, many publications, without understanding the characteristics, do not bother to search for differences and introduce people into error.
In addition, there are many grapes like this variety. Sooner or later clarifications about “that” or not “that” begin to arise. This situation is difficult to understand. But, in any case, the answer is one - like, grow and use, no - writh and plant with promising, good varieties.
The merits of the variety
Even with minimal care Taiga will grow well and bear fruit tolerably.
Those who have already grown this variety for a decade cannot refuse it, because it has a whole list of advantages:
- Excellent frost resistance (any region is suitable for cultivation).
- Huge growth power (be prepared to circumcise).
- High yield (on a large mass of vine, naturally there will be a commodity shaft).
- Excellent maturation of the shoots (which is why it is not afraid of cold).
- Ability to use as a green screen (closes everything that needs to be hidden from the human eye).
Looking at all the advantages, there are brave souls who plant cuttings and grow this variety, but each of their own considerations.
Gardeners noticed the defeat of Taezhny grapes with powdery mildew in the first year after planting.
Compared with the listed list of advantages, one item of drawbacks would not seem so important. But this drawback is taste.
We plant grapes to enjoy its unforgettable taste and taste the tail aftertaste, as well as prepare a wine that would bring pleasure and fill our lives with joy. But "Taiga" just does not have all this.
Of course, the one who cooks compotes and jams from it also enjoys them, they are quite suitable as a vitamin product. But. If we consider the question of planting such grapes, it is necessary to weigh the pros and cons.