Venus flytrap or dionea (lat. Dionaea muscipula) is a carnivorous plant of the monotypic genus Dionea belonging to the Rosyanka family. In Latin, the name of a plant literally means a mousetrap, but this is a mistake. In the "diet" of Dionei, only insects and arachnids, sometimes slugs fall into the trap.
The Russian-language name is given in honor of Venus - the goddess of beauty and flowers. The natural habitat are the wetlands of the eastern coast of the United States. The appearance of the plant-predator is impressive, exotic, one might even say menacing.
Venus flytrap and insect
Insectivorous plants Venus flytrap photo
From a short underground stem grow 4-7 leaf plates. They are oblong, ending with a trapping apparatus: two flaps with hairs at the edges (it looks like jaws). Contact with the hairs triggers the slamming mechanism. If the collapse was unsuccessful (very small insects can get out and leave the plant without “lunch”), then the trap will open after 1-2 days.
If successful, the digestion process lasts 5-12 days, after which the flaps open again. To trap the apparatus shut, it is necessary to exert a mechanical effect on at least 2 hairs with an interval of not more than 20 seconds, and the digestion process will begin after five times manipulation. Such a measure provides protection against slamming when random objects hit (garbage, water droplets, etc.).
Venus flytrap: what will happen if you stick your finger?
Choosing a place for a flycatcher
Immediately make a reservation that the process of growing this plant will not be easy, since it will be necessary to ensure natural conditions for it. So, the flycatcher needs to be watered with rainwater, watch that the ground under the plant is constantly wet, take care measures, and also periodically feed them. But first things first. And we begin with the recommendations on the choice of habitat for the flycatcher.
Dionea is a heat-loving plant. At the same time, all year-round being only at room temperature, she will not be able to live long. Temperature regime must be maintained artificially.
The optimum temperature for its growth in the fall and spring will be + 22-28 ºС. The highest temperature limit for the plant in summer will be +35 ºС. In winter, for 3-4 months, the flycatcher is at rest, at this time it is necessary to ensure the temperature from 0 to +10 ºС.
Since the plant reacts very sensitively to changes in temperature, most often it is planted in glass greenhouses, florariums. It is also easier to maintain the optimum humidity for the plant - 70%.Exotic carnivorous loves well-lit places, but not in direct sunlight. It is better if the light to it will come scattered. For its cultivation suitable windows, balconies, loggias, facing west or east. This may be the south side, but in this case it will be necessary to take care of shelter from direct rays. It is important that the light source is constantly located on one side. Do not rotate the pot with the flycatcher - she does not like it. With insufficient natural light, it is possible to use artificial lighting. For a well-being, a flytrap requires access to light at least four hours a day. Artificial lighting during the growing season will need to be used for 12-14 hours per day.
Choosing dishes for planting
The best place for landing Venus flytrap will be an aquarium or other glass container. They will protect the plant from drafts and at the same time give access to fresh air. The capacity in which the planting of the flower is planned should be at least 10-12 cm deep and have drainage holes. It is desirable to have a pallet in which to maintain the necessary moisture you need to put the moss.
Soil for VenusIn order for the Venus flytrap to please you at home as long as possible, you must follow certain rules on lighting, watering and selection of soil for planting.
We have already written about the fact that in nature a predator plant grows on poor soils. Therefore, in the apartment it will also be able to live in similar soils, however, if there is good drainage. The best option would be a mixture of quartz sand and peat (1: 1) or a mixture of perlite and peat (1: 1). Perlite seven days before planting must be soaked in distilled water, changing it twice during this time.
You can also use the substrate in this composition: peat, perlite and sand (4: 2: 1). It is recommended to change the soil every two to three years.
Planting, reproduction and transplantation of VenusDionea, acquired in the store, it is better to immediately transplant in the prepared in advance soil. To do this, the plant must be carefully removed from the pot along with a clod of earth. Next, the roots of this land must be cleaned, you can rinse them in distilled water. After that, the flycatcher is planted in a container prepared for it with the substrate, having previously made a small hole. The stalk of Venus flytrap needs to be sprinkled with earth, you do not need to tamp the soil when transplanting.
In the future, carnivorous replanting is better in the spring, but transplantation is also allowed in the autumn. The plant gets used to the new soil for five weeks.
Dionea reproduces in three ways:seeds, bulb division and cuttings. We describe the features of each of them in more detail.
The method of dividing the bush
The older the plant becomes, the more it will have affiliated bulbs. Onions can be carefully, without breaking the roots, separated from the mother flower and planted in a new container, which is desirable to be placed in the greenhouse. Using this method is better not more than once every three years.
With the help of cuttings
For growing taken stalk without a trap. It should be planted at an inclination into a container with wet peat with the bottom part of white color. Put the container in the greenhouse, where to maintain one hundred percent humidity and lighting. Sprouts should appear within a month. Plants that can be used for planting will grow in two to three months.
Seed method is more complicated than vegetative. To grow dyon from seed, you need to buy seed in a specialty store, prepare a substrate (70% sphagnum moss and 30% sand) and a greenhouse. Greenhouse is made from any container of small size. It is covered with a lid or film.Seeds before planting in the ground should be treated with a solution of "Topaz" (add two or three drops to distilled water). Then they must be placed in the substrate, not covered with earth. Moisten the soil with a spray bottle. Capacity to put in the sun or under artificial lighting. The optimum temperature for seed germination is + 24-29 ºС. The term for which should appear seedlings, is 15-40 days. During this time you need to maintain the required level of humidity.
After the appearance of the first two leaves, the lid will need to be periodically removed in order to harden the plants. A little later, after a month or two, the seedlings can dive into the pots.
An even more labor-intensive way will be the breeding of a flycatcher with the help of independently obtained seeds. Flowering should be expected from dionei two years of age and older. It blooms with beautiful white flowers. In order to get seed, flowers will need to be pollinated manually. A month after flowering the flycatcher will give fruit in the form of a box. The seeds extracted from the dry box should be planted immediately (within two days) in the ground, because over time they lose the ability to germinate.
Plant CareAdult Dionea, or Venus flytrap, requires special care. Firstly, the soil in the pot should be constantly wet, its drying is unacceptable. However, in the winter, overmoistening can lead to rotting of the roots, so watering should be moderate.
Watering Venus Flytrap
Watering should be carried out using distilled or rainwater. Tap water, even when separated, is prohibited.
The flycatcher is watered under the root or water is poured into the pan. It is important to prevent stagnant fluid. The flower also requires regular spraying.
Fertilizer and dressing
With the daily care of Venus flytrap, it is important to know four facts:
- The plant does not require fertilizers.
- The Venus flytrap does not feed on dead insects and flies.
- The flower does not like extra touch to the leaves-traps.
- Dionea does not tolerate dry air and heat.
It is necessary to stop feeding at the end of September, since from now on the flycatcher will be preparing to go to a state of rest when there will be no need for food. Also, it is not necessary to feed the just transplanted plant, which is not fully mastered in the new soil.
Pests and diseases
In general, the Venus flytrap is resistant to diseases and pests. However, as they say, the old woman is proruha. So, with constant strong overmoistening of the soil, fungal diseases can develop, such as black black fungus and gray rot. Also, the plant can infect mealybugs, spider mites, aphids.
For the prevention of diseases, insecticidal aerosols are used; fungicides are used in the treatment.
Observing all the above rules, you will be able to grow a beautiful exotic plant, which can also replace your pet, whose life is interesting and informative to observe.
Out of Scion
Adult plant division - the most acceptable way of growing the flycatcher. The branches are separated from the bush and planted in separate pots of small diameter, but at the same time of sufficient height for the development of long roots.
Soil this plant is necessary as light as possible and rather poor. Mix crushed moss, peat moss, peat and sand. Drainage at the bottom of the pot for the flycatcher is not needed.
In addition to dividing the young plant can be obtained from cuttings. The billet is taken without a riding trap and planted at an angle with the white part into peat.
Before being placed in the soil, the workpiece is treated with a root formation stimulator. From above you need to cover the landing with a glass cap to save one hundred percent moisture.
The onion flycatcher, separated from the bush during transplantation, is placed in a mixture of peat and sand. The onion selected for planting should have at least two rootsotherwise there will be no growth.
When placed in a pot, it is important not to fall asleep the growth point of the flower. Sprouting is carried out in greenhouse conditions in a sunny place.
Whichever way you grow a flycatcher, when the first traps appear need to start feeding. To do this, once every 10-15 days, catch a fly, pin it with a needle and place it inside the sheet.
Growth of the flycatcher with such a feed will accelerate, and you will quickly get a full-fledged plant.
Observing all the rules of reproduction, you can get new copies of this exotic plant in the home collection of flowers.
Conditions for growing the flycatcher
The plant needs a sunny place, but the light must be diffused, because the flycatcher does not like direct sunlight. The most optimal is to position the pot on a bright window facing east or west. If the place is dark enough, the plant must be equipped with a fluorescent light.
The substrate in the pot should always be wet, earthy clod can not be overdry, because the plant may simply die. During the period of active growth, additional moisture is needed, so you need to water it through a drip tray, in which there should always be water. Once a week the flower should be immersed in water completely. Feed the flycatcher is not necessary. The plant feeds on insects very rarely and only alive. Each trap is able to digest only 3 times, after which it dies off.
In winter, the flycatcher, like many other plants, comes to rest. At this time, it should be placed in a cool dark place with a temperature of 0-10 ° C. Such conditions provide a predator easy, just put the plant on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator or move to the basement. The plant itself will tell you when it needs to be done, the growth will stop and only a few trap leaves will remain. Experienced growers prefer to grow a flycatcher in a glass vessel - a terrarium or aquarium. It is much easier to provide the necessary humidity and lighting.
With the onset of spring, the plant must be gradually accustomed to new conditions, withdrawing from the winter period. Soon there will be new traps and delicate white flowers on long stalks. As soon as they bloom, the leaves will increase in size by a quarter.
How to plant a flycatcher
Prepare a suitable substrate for the flytrap. Make a mixture of peat, quartz sand and perlite. Dionea breeds bulbs (underground stems). During the development of their plants a large number appears. The flycatcher must be removed from the substrate. This should be done very carefully, trying not to touch the traps. Then carefully separate the bulbs and plant in a new place.
Habitat of a predator flower in nature
The Venus flytrap is a small plant that naturally lives in North America, mainly on the Atlantic coast of the United States. In the world of floristry, it is one of the most famous insectivorous predators. The second name for Venus flytrap is Dionea.
Fascinating, sinister image of the flycatcher is actively used by the creators of cartoons and computer games. In life, everything is much simpler: the plant in this way has adapted to obtain food because of the difficult growing conditions.
The Latin name of this plant Dionaea muscipula is translated as "mousetrap." They say that the botanist, who gave the name Dionee, made a grammatical mistake when writing the word "flycatcher".
This amazing plant takes nutrients not only from the soil and air, but also from the “hand-picked” insects caught.
Dionea forms a small rosette of leaves measuring 3–7 cm each. These are the traps - feeding devices. Their edges are covered with teeth, and the surface is covered with sweet nectar and villus. As soon as the insect touches the villi, the trap closes, the teeth form an impassable grating for the victim. The line of existence is interrupted - the process of digestion begins, in which its own dialectic: someone dies, and someone gets an opportunity to prolong life, chances to multiply and expand the growing area.
She is really a hunter, waiting for her victim for a long time, and then shutting down the trap with lightning speed, as she closes her shell.
Who, how and why does the plant hunt
In the wild, the Venus flytrap grows where the soil is poor in nitrogen. But insects are rich in this chemical element. Therefore, the usual habitat of the plant - swamps with lots of midges, mosquitoes, spiders, flies, mosquitoes and other insects. Adaptation to difficult living conditions led Dione to this type of food.
Each trap during its life slams an average of 7 times, and 2-3 insects are able to digest it. If the prey escaped, and the leaf was closed for nothing, it will open the next day. The duration of digestion depends on the size of the insect. So, it will take 2 days for a mosquito, and 2 weeks for a big cricket.
When a Venus flytrap catches its prey, it does not immediately begin to consume it. The plant is still calculating whether the food will be able to repay the energy that will be spent on digestion. If not - the flycatcher releases the victim.
Features of the content in the indoor environment
Dionea is familiar to people since the discovery of America. The unusual plant was transported to Europe, began to display different varieties and grow as indoor.
Venus flytrap is represented by a single species of Dionaea muscipula. But for 200 years of cultivation, about 25 varieties have been bred. From each other, they differ in the size of the bush, the shape of the teeth and the color of the leaves: from green to burgundy and even purple. Often there are dionei with two-color traps. If the color depends on the variety, then its intensity depends on the lighting: the more light the plant receives, the brighter and more beautiful it looks.
Venus flytraps, which are able to accumulate sunlight and glow in the dark blue color, are bred.
Some general information
The plant is known to mankind for a long time. The study of the amazing beauty and way of existence of the insect hunter was engaged in the 18th century. There are several names for a predatory flower. One thing, for its attractiveness and refinement, was given to him in honor of the mother of beautiful Aphrodite, Dionea. Второе присвоили ботаники, и в переводе с латинского оно обозначает «ловушка для мух», а третье, наиболее распространение и применяемое состоит из первого и второго – венерина мухоловка (Дионея более известна мировой истории в римском варианте, как Венера).
Finding out that the flower may well exist at home, they began to grow it just to decorate window sills, because boasting such a miracle is a real pleasure for a true gardener. Yes, and do not forget about the benefits. None of the fumigator or sticky ribbon will not help so effectively to get rid of the annoying itch of mosquitoes and flies that ruin our lives every summer.
Description of the beautiful predator
Venus flytrap looks quite unusual, but very attractive. In nature, its growth is 20 cm, at home - two times less. On the surface of the stem is almost invisible, it seems that the leaves grow straight from the ground. Conventionally, they can be divided into two parts. While the top is engaged in hunting, the bottom cares about the nutrition of the plant and its sufficient consumption of sunlight.
The hunting part looks like moving leaves with teeth and bristles. Bright red or brown leaves are covered with glands that secrete the mucus that attracts and then dissolves insects. The predator blooms around May - June. From the flowers get the seeds.
The appearance of the plant varies with the time of year. With the onset of cold weather, the leaves die off, and the overall impression is created that the flower has died. Those who wish to grow a Venus flytrap at home need to know that this is just wintering. As soon as the first rays of the spring sun appear, the predator will revive again. The full life cycle under positive conditions is up to 20 years.
How the Venus Flytrap Hunts
Bright traps Venus flytrap attract insects color and smell. The potential victim sits on a leaf and the trap closes. Surprisingly, this plant, possessing some kind of unexplored intelligence by humanity, does not always close, but only when it is really needed.
If a mote, a grain of sand, etc. will fall on the fragrant lobules of the trap, they will not slam. Having received a victim in its nets, it can process from a day to two or more weeks, depending on the size of the Venus flytrap, and when the sash opens again, there will be no trace of the insect. Another manifestation of the plant's “mind” is that one trap is designed to process 2-4 insects (again, depending on the type and size), then it dies off, and while the new trap grows, the flower rests from food and thus saved from gluttony.
Before you grow a Venus flytrap, you should carefully examine all the information on care, because if the plant can not independently catch the required number of insects, they will need to buy or breed them independently.
Conditions for the long life of the Venus flytrap
It has already been mentioned above that Dionea’s lifespan is about 20 years, but it’s possible that such a long existence is only subject to certain growing and care requirements, therefore, those who want to grow Venus flytrap from seeds at home need to take care of such the rules.
First of all it refers to the organization of the place of residence. In addition to sunlight and the absence of drafts, Dionea needs moisture, and it is not always possible to attain it only with abundant watering, because in principle water in the soil is not particularly needed, the main thing is the greenhouse effect. If possible, you need to plant it in the aquarium, or create yourself something like a greenhouse.
Best of all lives Venus flytrap on the windows located on the east side. It is here that she can get enough light and heat. Dioney must be watered with either rainwater or distilled water. The ground should be wet, but not wet. When excessive humidity begins to hurt the bulb, and it depends on her health of the whole plant.
It is advisable to hunt the flower yourself, but if there is no such possibility, you will have to feed it. For this you can not use dead insects, they must be placed in the trap only alive. Feeding should be done about once every two weeks.
Another important condition is that the Venus flytrap independently provides all the necessary nutrients and does not need additional feeding. Often, the owners of Dionea make the same mistake. At the time when the plant begins to prepare for wintering, they begin fertilize it carefully, mistakenly believing that the withering of the leaves speaks of Dione's need for this. In fact, this is exactly what destroys the plant.
Therefore, once again we draw the attention of all readers: before you grow a Venus flytrap, study its needs and make sure that you can provide them. During hibernation, which lasts from 2 to 5 months (together with the preparatory stage), Dionea does not need warmth and moisture. The temperature of +6 - 8 degrees is enough for it and peace is very necessary, therefore, as soon as the first signs of preparing the plant for the cold appear, it should be left alone.
How to grow a Venus flytrap
The predator propagates by dividing the bulbs, leaves and seeds, which can be obtained from the rosettes that form near the mother plant or be collected from flowers. The first two options are possible if Dionea already lives in the house, so the more problems are the question: “how to grow Venus flytrap from seeds at home?”.
Seeds can be pre-treated in a weak solution of potassium permanganate to protect against possible pests. Dionea suffers from them rarely, but if the plant is still attacked by a tick or powdery worms, it is unlikely to be saved.
After manganese (hold for 2-3 hours), the seeds are dried on a paper napkin, and then transferred to gauze soaked in a solution of a glass of water and 3 drops of the fungicide. The gauze is folded, neatly placed in a plastic bag and placed in the refrigerator for 1.5 months. Make sure that the gauze does not dry, and at this time begin to prepare the soil.
Perlite (the result of volcanic activity, very similar in appearance to the crushed foam balls. Appreciated by lovers of indoor plants for the ability to retain moisture well, to create the most favorable conditions for the development of the root system) immersed in distilled water and leave for a week. Then it is mixed with high-moor peat (1: 1), laid out in a pot, watered with purified water and left for a day.
After that, the seeds are planted in the soil to a depth of 3-5 mm and the pot is covered with a film or worn over a plastic bag. Do not put a pot of seeds in the sun. During this period, the temperature up to 10 degrees is enough for Dionea (you can put the pot in the fridge if the room is too hot). If done correctly, sprouts will appear in 2-3 weeks. It is necessary to make a landing in the first half of February, then with the first rays of the spring sun the plants will undergo a natural hardening and will long please their owners with a beautiful appearance.
Memo for the owners of Venus flytrap
- Observe temperature conditions (in summer - the natural temperature, in the winter - cold and shade).
- Do not use fertilizers, even if it seems to you that the plant really needs them.
- Choose a place for Dionei on the east side of the building.
- Do not use the plant for entertainment (do not touch with your fingers, do not feed on the show).
- If the leaves have turned yellow before the onset of cold weather, reduce the amount of watering.
- If brown spots appeared, but you did not use fertilizers, it means that the plant got sunburn.
Venus flytrap - the choice of those who are used to stand out from the crowd. Try to grow this predator flower at home. Follow all recommendations and be proud of the new tenant in your home.
In what soil to plant so that the plant grew healthy
Since the flycatcher lives in the swamps under natural conditions, the substrate needs a suitable type for indoor growing. For dionei, mixed sour peat, perlite and sphagnum moss in a ratio of 3: 2: 1. Perlite is a rock formation. For gardeners, it is sold in the form of porous stones of white or gray color. Before making the mixture, it should be soaked in distilled water for at least an hour, but can be left in water for several days. Stones will be saturated with moisture, they will not be taken away from the plant, and the soil will be provided with looseness and breathability. In such a mixture less often develop fungi, the roots do not rot.
It is impossible to use claydite instead of perlite! It has a lot of alkali, which will destroy the plant.
In their homeland, the plant population of this species is rapidly declining due to human activity.
How to make a transplant
- Fill the new pot with the prepared substrate.
- Carefully remove the plant with the ground from the old pot, trying not to slam the traps.
- Carefully shake the soil from the roots, while ensuring that the dirt does not fall on the leaves. We make a recess in the new pot, place the roots of Dionei in it, straighten it and fill it with soil, slightly tamping it.
- We pour a solution of Epin-extra, which will help the plant to transfer the stress of transplantation easier. The drug is diluted in distilled water, 1 sachet is designed for 5 liters.
Caring for a predatory exot
Any cultivated plant requires care, and the exotic dionea places very high demands on its owners. In order for the “predator” to grow safely at home, it always needs wet soil, good illumination and a rest period. It is not necessary for fun to artificially stimulate the process of slamming traps. A plant spends a lot of energy on it, gets a lot of stress and may even die.
Lighting - abundant
Dionea should be at least 4 hours a day in direct sunlight, and the rest of the time during the day - under the scattered. From spring to autumn, the plant can be kept on the balcony or on the street.
If it is not possible to set the flycatcher in a sunny place, it needs lighting. To do this, use two small fluorescent lamps with a capacity of 40 watts. Lamps are located at a height of 15-20 cm above the plant. It is necessary to illuminate Dionea for 16-18 hours. The best option - sodium or metal halide lamps.
Venus flytrap can not be rotated relative to the light source. If the pot has to be rearranged or moved, put a mark on it, which side it was turned to the light.
Watering - distilled or rainwater
Dionea watered only with distilled water. Ideal - water, corresponding to GOST 6709–72. It is sold in pharmacies and auto shops. Also suitable rainwater, but always clean. From above watering a flycatcher is impossible. From this the soil is compacted and its acidity decreases. Water is poured into the tray with a layer of 0.5 cm every other day. If the plant is outdoors, the water in the pan must be constantly. The soil should not dry up, otherwise the flycatcher will die.
Those flower growers who believe that a Venus flycatcher should be kept in closed aquariums, florariums and orchidariums are mistaken. From a lack of light with poor ventilation and high humidity, the plant will simply die. This is a proven fact. Dionea does not need high humidity, it grows well on the sunny windowsill. Of course, it can be placed in a low open aquarium, but then you need to carefully monitor the rate of watering. The substrate is always kept wet (except for the rest period), but not damp.
How and what to feed a trap plant
In nature, the Venus flytrap has developed a good adaptability to the harsh life and feels great on poor soils. Therefore, fertilizer fertilization should never be done!
You can feed only live insects, half the size of a trap. Venus flytrap eats quite rarely - about 1 time in one and a half, or even in two months. It is impossible to give bugs with too dense chitinous coating, insects that can damage the trap, as well as live "fish feed" (earthworms, bloodworms, etc.). Food for fish is saturated with water and can lead to plant rotting. It is strictly forbidden to put human food into traps: meat, sausage, fish, etc. The plant will not digest it at best, and will die at worst.
Whatever you put into the trap, do not try to open it with force and get it. After 1-2 days, it will open itself. Dionea growing in the open air is not necessary to feed. She feed herself.
In the autumn, it is time to stop feeding with live food, since in winter, for her, the best state is rest.
In winter, a lower temperature is needed.
If the flycatcher does not provide a rest period, then in the next season it will surely perish, that is, in typical room conditions the plant will live no more than one and a half to two years. The overwintering takes place at temperatures below + 10⁰C, and at least once, a wintered Dione will survive the frosts and down to -10C. In October-November, preparations for the rest period begin. At this time, the day shortens, the temperature decreases. The flycatcher is kept on a glassed-in balcony or at a slightly opened window. She herself reacts to natural changes and hibernates, forming at the same time wide leaves and small traps located near the ground. At positive temperatures, the leaves do not die.
The rest period lasts 3-4 months. It is necessary to isolate the window from the warm room film. At a temperature of + 5 ... + 10⁰C, a single fluorescent lamp requires more powerful light than 40 W, 8–9 hours per day. But the flycatcher can be stored in the refrigerator without light at a temperature of 0 ... + 5⁰C. To do this, in November, the plant and soil are treated with a fungicide, for example, Topaz or Maxim. Then the pot with the flower is placed in a plastic bag, making a couple of ventilation holes in it and sent to the fridge (not to the freezer!). Severely, of course, but this is the way to look after this unusual plant. In March, the flycatcher is taken out, transplanted into a new substrate and put on a bright window sill or balcony.
Watering during wintering in room conditions is necessary as the top layer of soil dries, and in the refrigerator - once a month. Water temperature should be the same as at the storage location. In artificial light, to exit the rest period, the light day is increased to 10 hours, and then smoothly during the month - to 16.
After leaving wintering in the spring, sometimes at the beginning of the summer, Diona throws out an arrow with several buds. To set the seeds, the flowers are pollinated by hand. A soft brush for drawing gently collect pollen from the stamens of one flower and transfer it to the pistil of another. Two days later, the flower will wither, and a small box will appear in its place. When this fruit dries and begins to crack, you can collect the seeds and cut the peduncle.
If there is no goal to get seeds, then the arrow is removed as early as possible before flowering. The cut is made near the soil, the resulting stump is powdered with crushed wood or activated charcoal. Timely pruning of the peduncle stimulates the formation of large traps and daughter rosettes. By the way, the arrow, along with the seeds and children, is used for breeding.
Each Dionei flower has long stamens with pollen and a pestle.
Can grow from peduncle
This is the easiest breeding option for Dionea and the most successful.
- Peduncle, grown by 3-5 cm, cut off near the ground.
- We plant vertically in a mixture of peat and perlite usual for dionei, deepening by 1 cm. There is no need to cut off the top of the head!
- Soil, lighting, temperature, humidity - as for an adult plant.
- The peduncle will turn black and dry, but a young sprout will appear in its place.
A simple way - the separation of child outlets
This is also an uncomplicated method of breeding Venus flytrap, besides familiar to all growers. With age, many plants form many babies that can be separated from the mother plant. Dionea is no exception.
- We take out the mother plant with the children from the pot.
- Carefully clean the roots and bulbs from the ground.
- Cut off with a thin sharp knife baby, which should have at least two roots.
- Cut the spots cut with powdered coal.
- Planting plants in different pots.
Dionee, consisting of several sockets, has more strength, it is more resistant to diseases and adverse conditions. Therefore, it is recommended that children be separated no more than once every 2-3 years.
Adult Dionea consists of several outlets
Option: planting cutting
The method is more laborious and survival rate is low, but still worth a try.
- Sterilize peat in advance (fry in the oven, steamed in a water bath or sprinkle with boiling water).
- We give the peat to recover for several days and pour it with a solution of fungicide in distilled water (Topaz, Maxim).
- Cut the leaf at the very bulb so as to capture the underground white part.
- Cut off the trap.
- Keep the cutting for 15–20 minutes in a growth stimulator (Heteroauxin, Ribav-extra).
- We plant in sterilized peat, deepening the entire white part and a little green, the cutting should be at a slight angle relative to the soil surface.
- We cover it with a can or put it in a greenhouse and transfer it to the lightest window sill, the humidity should be very high - almost 100%.
- If the cutting does not dry out and does not rot, then in 4–5 weeks the first leaves will appear from the peat.
- After another 2-3 months, the young Dionea can be transplanted into a beautiful pot.
Dionei's stalk is the leaf from which the trap was cut.
Stratification helps seeds germinate
- Тканевую салфетку или ватные диски смачиваем в растворе Топаза или Максима, отжимаем лишнюю воду.
- Заворачиваем семена в салфетку или укладываем между ватными дисками и упаковываем в целлофановый мешочек с замком или пластиковую ёмкость с крышкой.
- Помещаем в холодильник (+5… +7⁰C) на 4–6 недель свежие семена и на 6–8 — собранные 3–4 месяца назад.
- Once a week we reach and inspect, when mold appears, we wash the seeds in Topaz or Maxim solution. In it, we moisten a new napkin and pack the seeds again. The solution is prepared from distilled water at the same temperature at which the stratification takes place.
How to sow and care for young plants
- Peat is sterilized in advance and poured with a solution of one of the above fungicides.
- Seeds are not deepened! They can be gently pressed into the peat and sprinkled with a thin layer of soil.
- Cover the pot with crops with a film or place it in a greenhouse, put it on a warm sunny window or light it up with lamps for 16-18 hours a day. The temperature favorable for germination is 25–27⁰C.
- Shoots will appear in 2-4 weeks. Do not miss this moment. Sprouts need to be aired, gradually opening the hothouse or bending back the edge of the film.
- The young plant will develop 4–5 months and then freeze. There is a preparation for wintering. But if this winter is far away, it is necessary to transplant Dionea once in a growth period into a new substrate, washing the roots of the old with distilled water. This will push the preparation to the rest period, and the plant will grow noticeably.
- We send for wintering and follow the rules of care as well as for the adult flycatcher.
Before the emergence of seedlings, the seeds are covered with a film, and then they begin to be aired and the shelter is completely removed.