Creating flower beds at their summer cottage is a pleasant and hard work. After all, it is necessary to carefully approach the choice of colors. Perennial flowers, blooming all summer - this is an ideal option and the dream of any grower. After all, such flowers easily endure harsh winters and do not need annual planting.
It is easy to decorate the cottage with flowers. After all, there are a large number of flowers that do not require hassle during planting and care. It is necessary to choose and select the plants that will emphasize the originality and seasonal characteristics of the site. The dream is feasible, so you can admire the beauty of flowers from spring to autumn.
Flowers are a decoration for the dacha and pride of a grower. After all, the bright colors of flowering plants create comfort and harmony. The flower world is amazing diversity. Choose flowers for registration of the suburban area you need those that will delight the whole season with beauty and harmony.
What perennial flowers to choose?
Some gardeners prefer annual flowers, as they are unique in their colors. But many choose perennial flowers.
The advantages of perennial flowers for giving:
In order for the flower garden to please the whole warm season, you need to take care of this in the fall. Autumn is not time to faint, you need to work in the garden in order for flowering plants to please the eye.
Planting perennial flowers can be of three types:
You can land the whole composition, which will not require a transplant in the coming years.
The rules of planting perennial flowers
- Decide on a plan for how the flowerbed will look.
- You need to clearly know what kind and growth of planting flowers. Stunted should be in the foreground, tall plants in the background.
- Remember that curb flowers to place along the paths and paths.
- Consider the colors, flowering time and harmony of each plant.
Bloom in spring
Crocuses (photo) - there are 4 species, the most popular are Dutch hybrids. All species bloom in different springtime, so plant all the varieties.
Hyacinths - the plant begins to bloom in April. There are more than 30 varieties, which differ not only in color but also in shape.
Daffodils - there are a large number of plant varieties, different colors and shapes. The bulb of the plant remarkably overwinter, so in the spring it will be able to please with beautiful and elegant flowers.
Tulips. There are a large number of groups of tulips, which differ in color, shape and variety.
Periwinkle - a short-growing flower, reaches a height of 20 centimeters, small flowers, blue. Remarkably grows in the shade.
Adonis Amur - a short growing plant. Blooms yellow, red and pink small double flowers.
Perennial flowers for the garden, which bloom in late spring and all summer
The daylily is a tall flower that has a variety of colors: pink, orange, white, and so on.
Pansies — a gentle, perennial flower that fascinates with its original shape and unusual combination of colors.
Peony is one of the spectacular tall flowers that look great not only at the summer cottage, but also in flower bouquets.
Phlox paniculata - fragrant, bright, tall flower that pleases the eye with its diversity.
Lily - a gentle and incredibly cute flower. Buds are striking in their beauty. Capricious plant, susceptible to disease. But if you carefully care for it, the flower will give you chic flowers.
Cornflower is an extraordinary tender plant. There are several species with white, pink, dark purple and purple-lavender flowers.
Astilba is a perennial tall plant that blooms all summer and pleases with bright colors. Flowers of the plant are small, can be pink, white, purple. The plant is resistant to diseases and pests, does not require special care.
Hosta The flower has large leaves, which can be of different colors. Flowering stems are long, can reach 125 centimeters.
Bell - if properly care for a flower, then it can bloom until the cold. The type and color of bells is diverse, so they can be found on almost every bed of the dacha.
Choose perennial flowers that bloom all summer so that they are easy to care for. In order to create a bed on the summer cottage that will constantly bloom is not difficult - for this it is enough to plant from 8 to 10 varieties of perennial flowers that bloom at different times. This method will provide continuous flowering of your favorite and most beautiful flowers. You need to clearly define the range and you can start.
Remember, almost every plant blooms for about 3 weeks. During this period, 2 or 3 plants may bloom, while creating a non-repeated flowering pattern on the flower garden. There are many perennial varieties of flowers that are resistant to pests and diseases. Thanks to the photo of perennial flowers you can understand in advance which flower will be in the process of flowering. This will help correctly and harmoniously make a flower bed or flower bed.
Giving preference to perennial plants, growers for a long time determine the appearance of their site. In order not to be mistaken with the selection of crops, it is useful to look in the catalog with photos and names describing perennial flowers.
The world of ornamental plants is incredibly large. But picking flowers for their beds, borders and rabatok, beginners often go about the colorful illustrations and do not take into account such important criteria as the timing of flowering and the dimensions of a particular plant. What flowers to plant in the country to bloom all summer, were clearly visible, unpretentious and perfectly combined with other "residents" of the site?
Tall garden perennials with photos and names
The planning of flower beds begins with the selection of plants that will occupy the main places in the plantings. If you have to break a flower bed with a circular view, its "main characters" will be tall, well-marked flowers. In the flower garden located near the house or the fence, such tall perennials are also indispensable.
It is important that the perennial flowers chosen for the garden not only decorate the site with bright colors, but also have decorative foliage, which, after flowering, will serve as the background for lower plants.
Various species of meadowsweet bloom in the first half of summer. Magnificent brushes resembling light, pinkish or white clouds not only gracefully hover over the carved foliage, but also scare mosquitoes from the site of gadflies, midges and especially annoying mosquitoes at this time of year. Plant height reaches one and a half meters, culture is hardy and even has medicinal properties.
From the end of June or the first decade of July it is time for luxurious stock roses. High, powerful peduncles hold up to 20 large simple or terry corolla of all shades from white, yellow to purple.
Stock-roses, or as they are called large-flowered mallow, are considered to be heat-loving plants, so not all regions of Russia will be able to calmly survive the winter. However, they can be easily replaced. For example, for the Urals there are perennial flowers blooming all summer long, with a photo and a name close to the previous culture.
This is a mallow zebraine with spectacular lilac-purple flowers, decorated with the characteristic ornaments of their veins. The non-capricious plant forms a loose grassy shrub up to 1.5–1.8 meters in height with numerous green foliage and erect inflorescences of 10–15 flowers.
Even more winter-hardy and no less decorative is the buzulnik, which grows well and blooms in the most severe conditions.
Incredibly spectacularly look dense erect inflorescences of digitalis. Cultivated varieties amaze with a variety of colors of numerous flowers-bells. This perennial flower for the garden will decorate the site from June to August.
In the middle of summer it is time for flowering of various species and varieties of species. Lilac, pink, white or reddish hats of its inflorescences will look great in open areas, near water bodies, next to dissected rudbeckia, or gold balls, and the same unpretentious alpine asters.
The latter culture is quite low, but it must necessarily be included in the list of the names of perennial flowers for Siberia, the north of Russia, the Urals and other regions where endurance is required from plants (photo above).
In a small area where the garden is adjacent to garden beds, a Jerusalem artichoke or tuberiferous sunflower with dense heart-shaped foliage, hats of yellow flowers and stems sometimes exceeding a height of 2–3 meters can be planted along the border.
Perennial flowers for a medium size garden
The flowering plants from 40 to 80 centimeters leave the middle zone of the flower bed or flower bed. This catalog of perennial flowers for giving with photos and names is incredibly extensive and for different regions of the country can include dozens and hundreds of noteworthy cultures. And in most cases, not only flowers, but also foliage can serve as a flower bed decoration.
For example, already from early spring, light green leaves of Persian poppy are shown out of the snow from under the snow. And huge corollas of red, orange and even blue colors appear from the first days of summer, along with numerous species of garden daisies, aquilegia, multicolored lupins and luxurious irises.
The perennial flower kandyk, well-known by photo and name in Siberia, will also be interesting to flower growers of the middle zone.
Flowering in April or early May, the plant has a great variety of flower beds with already traditional species of crocuses, mouse hyacinth or muscari, the same famous for their endurance and excellent survival beyond the Urals.
Under the crowns of still not fully blossomed trees and lilies of the valley feel well in the shade of buildings. They bloom in May, and then, until the second half of summer, the garden is decorated with a dense curtain of broad-lanceolous leathery foliage with bright beads of scarlet fruit.
Recently, anemones have become more and more popular, which bloom for a short time, but it is always magnificent and bright.
Along with the traditional, well-known by name and photo bulb flowers in the garden and garden there are perennials not less spectacular, but at the same time useful. This is a perennial species of onions available today to gardening lovers with large inflorescences — caps of purple, pinkish, white or greenish tones.
Equally unpretentious and beautiful are the cultivars of the common yarrow, blooming in the first month of summer and practically disappearing under the snow with inflorescences of yellow, white, pink and orange shades.
The hot summer months are the time of flowering of airy gypsophila, rivaling tenderness with such “stars” of the garden as astilbe, who feel best not in the scorching sun, but in shady corners.
Since August, motley hats are revealed above the dark green foliage of phloxes, bright corollas of daylilies, included in the list of names that bloom all summer long, as in the photo, perennial flowers for the Northwest. At the same time, the time comes for the plants of the Aster family.
Inflorescences of doronicum, small-flowered frost-resistant chrysanthemums, perennial gaylardias rise above bright rosettes of leaves. Lilac, pink and white colors brighten the bushes of perennial asters.
Perennial low-growing flowers for the garden with a photo
Foreground beds give a low plants, creating the effect of a continuous carpet. If you look into the catalog with photos and the names of perennial flowers for gardening, such a result can be achieved with the help of stonecrop of different species, which throughout the summer preserves the decorativeness and freshness of greenery.
The dense, bright cushions of the spikes and short carnations will look like excellent, bright spots on their background.
For open spaces in areas with light aerated soil can be planted arabis. This plant will quickly take its place and in the second year will delight with pink or white piles of flowers.
The group of stunted garden perennials includes flowers with the name Dusheney. Ornamental strawberries form a beautiful green cover covered with yellow flowers, on the mete of which later appear red, but, alas, inedible berries.
When decorating a dacha with perennials, you need to take care of their protection from the cold, from which bulbous plants, lilies, clematis and ornamental shrubs are most often affected. They should be covered for the winter with a mulch mixture, peat or dry foliage, and then protected with a nonwoven material.
Peculiarities of perennial care in the Urals
In the care of perennial plants in the Urals, there is nothing special: it includes the same items that gardeners perform throughout the globe.
However, there are minor nuances:
- Top dressing
Choice of colors (photos and titles)
Let us turn to the perennial flowers themselves, for which the severe frosts of the Urals do not pose a barrier: for clarity, a photo and a small description are attached to the title.
It would seem that this heat is still far away, and the snow has just begun to melt. But there are such spring flowers that make their way right from under the snow and grow on the territory of the Urals for many years.
- Lumbago or Siberian snowdrops
They come in various shades: yellow, purple, blue, white. Grow on any type of soil with other perennial plants.
Perennial bulbous flowers wintering without additional shelter. Perfectly look as in themselves, and with other flowers.
- Kandyk Siberian (Eritronium)
It sprouts right through the snow and pleases the eye with its lilac flowers-bells. It grows in length up to 35 cm.
It is an inflorescence of white, blue or purple with a large number of small bells. Looks good on curbs, small beds or alpine slides.
- Anemone (anemone)
Habitat in nature - the Siberian steppes. It grows quickly and blooms with small white flowers.
The following types of plants bloom a little later: in the middle or at the end of spring.
Yes, yes, tulips are also suitable for planting in the Urals. They can be planted with seeds or bulbs. They have bright, large enough flowers and reach a height of 15-30 cm.
Bulbous plant with beautiful flowers of interesting shape. It blooms from mid-April to early May.
- Alpine aster
It is very similar to daisies, but the color of the petals is of various shades: lilac, purple, red, etc. It usually grows more in width than in length. Blooms closer to summer, at the end of May.
- Siberian Erantis
Belongs to the family of Buttercups. It has small yellow flowers that bloom in May.
The Ural region is not happy for a long summer. But nevertheless, no matter how long the summer lasts, during this period you want to enjoy the bright flowering and the riot of colors. Consider the perennial flowers for the climate of the Urals, blooming all summer or in some of its interval.
Bloom with the beginning of summer, covering the soil with small bright flowers.
Garden varieties have delicate dull buds 3-8 cm in diameter, blooming in late May and until the end of summer.
- Bearded iris
His villi, located at the bottom of the flower, really resemble a beard. It has large buds of various shades. The stem reaches a length of about 30-40 cm.
- Lily Kinky
Bulbous plant, growing in length up to 30 cm. Flowers have an unusual shape, resembling a Turkish headdress, and are white or pink shades.
- Lily Pennsylvanian
Unlike the previous lily, it grows in length up to 120 cm. It blooms in June or July with flowers of red and orange hues, resembling a cup.
- Panicle hydrangea
It is known that hydrangeas are not resistant to cold, but it is this type that is suitable for almost any conditions. It blooms with white or pale pink flowers with four petals. It has the appearance of a shrub or small tree.
- Climbing Rose
Climbing plant whose shoots grow to a length of 5 meters. It has rich green stems and leaves on which small double flowers bloom in the first half of summer.
In autumn, when greenery and bright colors become less and less every day, you want to dilute this monotony with something.
Будет прекрасным украшением на вашей клумбе. Пышные кусты хризантем достигают 110 см в высоту, а соцветия бывают самых разнообразных оттенков. К тому же, сами цветы крупные, в диаметре достигающие 10 см, и на одном кусте может насчитываться до ста бутонов.
Кусты этого растения еще выше и достигают 250 см. Как и хризантема, имеет крупные 10-сантиметровые цветы самых разнообразных оттенков.
Имеет длинные стебли, однако само растение не очень высокое. Осенью цветет корзинками с мелкими желтыми цветами.
- Корейская хризантема
The bush of Korean chrysanthemum grows very well, its inflorescences are white, orange, lilac, red and other shades.
They have a low stem with dark-orange flowers and burgundy splashes. They will be a great addition to your garden composition.
Shelter perennials in cold climates
Many perennial flowers, for which the peculiar climate of the Urals does not pose a threat, do not require careful preparation for the winter period. Usually such frost-resistant plants are simply cut off at the root, lay a protective mat out of the compost or cover with a film.
But there are a number of plants that should be given more attention. These include roses, chrysanthemums, hydrangeas.
Shelter is carried out in two stages:
- Preparations before the shelter. Roses and chrysanthemums must be cut. Roses are up to 30-35 cm, and chrysanthemums are up to 15-20 cm. Climbing roses are removed from the support and placed on the ground. If there are hydrangeas in the garden, they should be tied up with a string. All damaged or diseased parts of the plant are removed, including flowering inflorescences.
- Shelter protective material. First, the plant spud leaves, sawdust, peat, or something else. And after that, finally, harbor.
There are several ways to hide:
- The plant is covered with agrofibre or spunbond, and after that a wire frame is placed above it. It is placed in such a way that a distance of 20-25 cm remains on the sides and top. The frame itself is also covered. The remaining space inside the frame is filled with dry leaves. It is recommended to use oak leaves, as they do not rot and have antiseptic properties.
- She is covered with spruce leaves, covered with dry leaves from above and something is covered up with something. You can use a cardboard box, a plastic bucket or a spunbond for this purpose.
Primroses for harsh regions
The most popular and proven residents of the Ural gardens:
As soon as the snow melts, Siberian snowdrops appear on the plots. They are called lumbago or sleep-grass.
Different coloring of the bells gives a special decorative effect to flowerbeds and curbs. They grow well on soils of different composition, tolerate the winter without additional shelter, get along well with other onion, withstand the conditions of the Urals. Therefore, group planting lumbar form together with crocuses, primroses and kandyk.
Very beautiful plant.
He is adored by bees and honey lovers. And to decorate the cottage in the Urals, you can pick up varieties of perennial kandyk with a different flowering period, to enjoy the beauty of the delicate plant a little longer. For example, the variety “White King” blooms in early April, “White Fang” - at the end of the month. Beginning of May is the time of flowering of the Olga variety. They all differ in color of flowers and leaves, which allows to diversify the flower gardens in the gardens and parks of the Urals. At night and in cold weather, the flower kandyk closes. As soon as the sun appears and warms the air, the petals open again. In the warm spring flowering period is slightly reduced, in the cool - kandyk blooms in the gardens of the Urals for two weeks.
The next representative primroses, withstand the climate characteristic of the Urals.
With its help it is very good to decorate the alpine hill of the Ural park, a border or a colorful island on a country lawn. Violet, blue, white muscari inflorescences are ideally combined with other perennials of Siberia and the Urals.
Her white flowers are familiar to all residents of the Siberian region. It is not long to rejoice in their flowering, but it is the anemone that will enrich the garden in the Urals with rich colors to the summer variety of flowering perennials.
Small flowers blooming in the period of spring-summer transition. Remind garden daisy. Bushes are low, growing more in breadth. Therefore, as a bed frame for the Ural gardens are very popular.
And when spring ends, in the Urals begins not too long, but beautiful summer. A large variety of perennials blooms in the plots. Let's talk about options for summer flowers for the Ural cottage.
Summer colors of the Ural gardens
Summer perennials in the Urals are hardy enough, but still require some conditions from gardeners:
- timely and sufficient watering,
- plant nutrition and soil fertilization,
- weed weeding and loosening.
These points just need to be observed in the conditions of the short Ural summer. Otherwise, perennials will be weakened and may not even bloom. Among the honorary representatives of the summer perennials in the Urals are varieties of irises.
Very beautiful and delicate flowers. Many gardeners know these plants called "northern orchids". They really resemble luxurious tropical epiphytes. But their frost resistance allows you to transfer the beauty of the tropics to the Ural gardens. Bloom in early summer, there are re-flowering varieties. Competently picking up irises by the time of flowering, it is possible to ensure decorative beds until frost.
Corned Lily (Locust)
Very good flowers for summer decoration of the Ural flower beds and parks.
The arrangement of the petals resembles an eastern turban. It is a wild form of lilies, common not only in home gardening, but also in meadows, in the forests of the Urals. Therefore, problems with the cultivation of grasshopper usually does not occur. At the present time for the Ural flower growers there is a large selection of cultivated varieties of such lilies - martagon hybrids.
Some gardeners prefer species plants to decorate their plots. In this case, the pennsylvania lily is a great choice.
Large flowers of bright color delight the eye throughout the summer. Red or orange islets of the Pennsylvania lily in the Ural flower beds look very picturesque.
Not only colorful, but also useful perennial. Frost resistance and unpretentiousness in care make it very popular among gardeners of the Ural region. Inflorescences look like luxurious bouquets of lilac, white, lilac or purple color. In addition to the decorative function, performs in the garden and the role of plants, suitable for food.
Sometimes gardeners are not limited to unpretentious calibrated varieties. For many, the beauty of the Ural flower bed is important, even if it is troublesome. On the site in the Urals zone, panicled and arboreal hydrangeas are grown.
They amaze with the luxury of their inflorescences and maintain wintering in the Ural soil.
And, of course, the queen of the garden also grows in flower arrangements of Ural gardeners.
It is capable not only to decorate a certain zone, but also to decorate an unsightly part of the garden. In the Urals, the flowering of a perennial climbing rose continues during the first half of summer, but its beautiful bush retains its freshness until the end of the season.
Among the latest "finds" of the Ural gardeners are perennial decorative clematis vines.
It is the small-flowered species that feel well in the gardens of the Urals. Most suitable:
- Knyazhiki. Siberian and alpine clematis, in particular, varieties with a blue tint of flowers.
- Tangut clematis. Used by gardeners of the Urals for gardening arbors, pergolas, fences and fences.
The list of perennials for autumn is much shorter. Frosts occur early in the Urals and many plants are not able to withstand their impact. But all the same, the autumn beds of Ural flower growers are never empty.
The second type of perennials for the fall - Korean chrysanthemums. Not all varieties can be grown in gardens and parks of the Urals, but small-flowered species are more resistant. The only requirement of these flowers in the Urals is a winter shelter.
To choose suitable flowers for the flowerbed, it is good to use the presented photos of perennials. This will facilitate the task of selecting plants and help to make a beautiful composition in the Ural flower bed.
Although the listed plants withstand cold weather, it is necessary to take measures to preserve perennials in the conditions of the Urals.
Plant protection in winter
These activities are necessary if you know that perennial may suffer from winter frost.
- Preparatory. Conduct pruning chrysanthemums and roses in the Ural flower beds. Then it is necessary to remove the leaves, shoots and damaged parts of the plant. If you have clematis and climbing roses growing on your land, they are not pruned. Carefully removed from the supports, laid on the ground. Remove any damaged or diseased areas from the flowering inflorescences.
- Shelter for the winter. First, cover the root neck. For perennials Ural is very important. Then protect all parts of the plant. For this, covering materials are used - lutrasil, agrofibre or spunbond. The first layer is covered with perennial. Then set the frame and repeat the cover of the second layer. For the conditions of the Ural region, it is necessary to create a layer between perennial and frosty air. In this opening is laid dried leaves of tree species, which is not amenable to rapid decomposition. For example, oak. If covering material is expensive for you, replace it with laparnik in the first layer and cardboard box in the second. Between them - oak foliage.
Ural gardeners greatly value perennials that can withstand the harsh climate. Therefore, these species are very popular and in demand.
20-ka best perennial flowers for the garden: the names and photos
It is so winter-hardy that it does not require any winter shelter.
Clematis burning differs from other types of clematis in small flowers, which pour a bush in the summer, like small pointed asterisks
But the most spectacular, of course, will be roses. In cold climatic conditions, varieties vaccinated on dogrose, which are stronger and stronger than their own-rooted, survive successfully. The most unpretentious - park and floribunda. More details on:
Dear flower lovers!
This is the personal site of our family gardening, which is not a commercial enterprise.
We are engaged in growing garden flowers for our own pleasure, but over time the plants grow and produce surpluses that we can offer you.
All the perennials represented here are grown on a plot located 40 km from Krasnoyarsk to the east.
Our collection of plants is formed on the basis of a combination of decorative and unpretentious.
Successfully selected assortment allows for continuous flowering of the garden throughout the season.
All saplings are adapted to the harsh Siberian climate, grow in the open field and do not require shelter for the winter.
Even a novice gardener can easily grow our planting material.
The names of perennial flowers for garden and garden: photos and descriptions
With our perennials you will definitely create the garden of your dreams!
If you decide to purchase something, we will be happy to share with you our experience and some tricks on agricultural technology.
Planting material does not happen much (only surplus collections are sold), so please do not be offended by the lack of some plants.
Before ordering, be sure to carefully read the page "conditions of the order."
Any questions you can ask on [email protected] or On t. 8-904-897-28-70 Elena
ATTENTION! IN THE 2018 SEASON RECEPTION OF ORDERS ENDED
UPDATED CATALOG FOR SPRING -2019 WILL BE AVAILABLE FOR ORDER AFTER 01.12.2018
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What perennial flowers take root best in the conditions of the Urals and Siberia
The climatic conditions of the Urals and Siberia can withstand not all cultivated plants. This creates certain difficulties for summer residents and owners of their own houses living in this region. Many people are afraid to buy interesting perennials for their plots, as they are not sure that they will survive the harsh winter. Therefore, limited to lawns and annuals. But Russian selection does not stand still, and every year in the nurseries new plant varieties are zoned, which were previously considered unsuitable for this climate. So today you can pick up and perennial flowers for Siberia, and ornamental shrubs for the Urals. But which ones are the most unpretentious and frost-resistant - let's look in more detail.
Low-growing plants are always appropriate in the landscape, because they can make out the edge of the lawn, the foreground in the flower beds, create live curbs. If you analyze the most profitable undersized perennials for Siberia, then this list will include only a few.
Delight flowering before anyone else. They can not tolerate heat, but get along well in high humidity and cool. If in the southern regions these plants try to plant in the shade so that the roots do not burn out over the summer, then Siberians can decorate with primroses absolutely any piece of the plot.
Primroses can be grown from seeds, planted in early March in containers on the windowsill or by dividing the bushes after the plants have faded.
They are distinguished by their ability to live in any conditions, adapting to the local climate. If you take a flower bed under the lilies of the valley, it will be decorative throughout the season, as in May fragrant white flowers-bells will fall over glossy dark green leaves, and by August red berries (poisonous!) Will take their place. Lily for the season pulls out the rhizome by 30 cm, so that in a couple of years it will tighten the whole area, which he will be given.
Ground Cover Flowering Perennial Plants
Even it is necessary to protect the edges of the flower bed with pieces of slate to stop the spreading of the roots. At one place the flower can grow up to 40 years.
It is better to delay the planting of lily of the valley if there are small children in the house, because they are attracted by the beautiful color of poisonous berries
Plant biennial development cycle, i.e. in the first year after the shoot, the seed grows the above-ground part, and the next summer (June-August) pleases with flowering. It can reproduce by self-sowing, although the hostesses prefer to grow them in boxes. Suitable for combined beds, because before the appearance of flowers looks pretty nondescript.
Pansies (or three-colored violet) are grown in heaps for the first year, in the far corner of the plot, and in the second year they are transplanted into the main flower garden.
Very gentle miniature plants of the Astrov family. There are annual and perennial species. More precisely, they are considered to be perennials because the daisy's flowering cycle is the same as that of pansies, and then it simply spreads on itself. Used for the design of alpine slides, as inclusions on the lawn, etc. With the free division, the daisies gradually grow wild and become small. Therefore, the breeding process is better to control, periodically replant and divide too large bushes.
Daisies can make out thin strips of land on the lawn, creating a semblance of white milk streams, because they are not afraid of mowing
The second tier, i.e. for undersized flowers, it is customary to plant plants whose height does not reach half a meter. Among such perennials that are suitable for the Urals and Siberia, we can distinguish two groups: flowering and decorative leaves.
Perennials with bright colors are different in that they can not be decorative all summer. As a rule, after flowering, the aerial part of the plant becomes nondescript and gradually dies in order to lay flower buds for the new season. This is especially true of tuberous and bulbous, which thus protect themselves from overdraft. And yet, those weeks of bright flowering, which they give, are so spectacular that every summer resident tries to decorate his flower beds with at least a couple of copies of such plants.
Which of this list is suitable for the Siberian climate:
- Tulips. For a cold climate it is worth taking varieties of early flowering. These include simple early and terry early tulips. Both varieties begin to bloom in May, but in the conditions of Siberia, this period can move forward a fortnight. Simple early tulips grow up to 40 cm, terry - up to 25 cm. They require annual digging and drying so that the bulbs do not become shallow.
- Daffodils. A child of two times - this is the name of this flower, because it tries to bloom during the period when winter fights with spring. Convenient for growing in cold climates because it does not require annual digging, does not freeze out in winter and is unpretentious to the soil. But new, only bred varieties have very large flowers that require indispensable garters. Thin flower stalks from wind and rain can break in the midst of flowering.
- Iris is netted. Amazing perennial, able to freeze out clean and reborn from one surviving kidney. In comparison with bearded irises, it is less common, but in no way inferior to the “older brothers” in decoration. Between thin, spiky, like swords, leaves, by May they shoot high peduncles with small but numerous flowers. Due to the unusually bright blue-yellow, purple-white and others colors, visible from afar. Withstand very cold weather, but do not like wet places. Therefore, they are not planted in the lowlands.
- Bearded Iris. This group of plants is distinguished by its beautiful fleshy leaves, which do not lose their decorativeness until late autumn, as well as by large flowers that delight the eye from May to June. Для Урала и Сибири эти цветы-многолетники просто находка: морозостойки, весь сезон красивы, не нуждаются в частых пересадках. Специально для холодного климата выведен сорт «ирис сибирский» с крупными сине-голубыми цветами. Способен выпускать цветоносы до метра высотой, хотя основная масса листьев расположена в районе 50-60 см.
За пару лет ирисы сетчатые разрастаются высокими кустами, так что могут стать центром любой многоярусной клумбы, но для богатого цветения их периодически надо делить
Ирис сибирский был специально выращен для сурового климата, поэтому не требует укрытия на зиму и особого тепла летом
В пару к красивоцветущим растениям стоит добавлять и многолетники с декоративной листвой. Они создадут фон для клумбы и займут место отцветающих растений, когда те начнут утрачивать красивый вид. Среди наиболее эффектных и непривередливых можно назвать хосты, астильбы, бадан, лиатрис, сныть пестролистую, разные виды очитков и бузульник.
Perfectly live in Siberia are perennial flowers, which, both before flowering and after it, do not lose spectacular foliage. These are chrysanthemums, rudbeckia, phlox, doronicum.
The photo shows: 1 - astilbs of different colors, 2 - stonecrops, 3 - liatris, 4 - buzulnik. They can be combined by creating several tiers in the flower garden
A real decoration of a Siberian or Ural flower garden can be:
1. - chrysanthemums, 2 - phlox, 3 - orebeckia, 4 - doronicum
Especially for the Siberian conditions, a special variety of clematis has been grown - clematis stinging. It is so winter-hardy that it does not require any winter shelter.
Clematis burning differs from other types of clematis in small flowers, which pour a bush in the summer, like small pointed asterisks
But the most spectacular, of course, will be roses. In cold climatic conditions, varieties vaccinated on dogrose, which are stronger and stronger than their own-rooted, survive successfully. The most unpretentious - park and floribunda. More details on:Annals include a large group of plants, which in one season have time to grow from seed, bloom and, as a rule, produce seeds. Among them are real annuals, dying after flowering and fruiting, as well as perennial species in their biology, but grown only during the summer, and sown anew the next year (fragrant tobacco, sown dahlias, antirrinum, or snapdragons).
Perennial flowers to give
Sometimes during only one season, truly perennial plants are used, the queen cells of which are transferred for wintering into a room, and in the spring they are propagated by cuttings (heliotrope, sedum, geranium, and rubber). The main advantage of the Letniki is their abundant and lush bloom, often during the whole warm season. They are very diverse in shape, color, nature of growth and tillering of the stems, requirements for heat and other features. All this allows you to compose a very beautiful composition from a one-year-old cone.
Propagated annals seeds. Unpretentious varieties are sown immediately in the ground - in spring or in October, before winter. Others, heat-loving or differing in a longer period of development, first grow seedlings, and only then they plant it at a permanent place in May or June. The dates of sowing letniki to get seedlings are different: for example, the carnation of Shabo is sown in the greenhouse already in January, and the snapdragon - in late March. If we provide the necessary lighting, good seedlings can be obtained in the room. The later the sowing time, the easier it is to do.
The use of letnikov is very wide. They are planted in flower beds and in rabatkah, placed in various containers and boxes to decorate the balconies and the entrance to the house, used for vertical gardening and indoors, grown on a slice for living bouquets. Among them are dried flowers, of which winter bouquets make up, and decorative leafy plants, indispensable for borders (kohia, cineraria) or single plantings (castor-bean).
Description of annual flowers:
Bindweed (Convolvulus L.)
Peas, rank (Lathyrus)
Ipomoea (Ipomoea L.)
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum L.)
Hops (Hamulus L.)
Immortal or immortalis: Helipterum, Helichrizum, Gomfrena, Xeranthemum, Lagurus, Statitz.
Annual ornamental plants
Kochia scinaria (Kochia scoparia)
Dance Ensemble "Flowers of the Urals"
municipal autonomous educational institution - secondary school number 10 with in-depth study of individual subjects Leninsky district of Yekaterinburg
Dance Ensemble "Flowers of the Urals" was established in the 2003-2004 school year at the school number 10 of the Leninsky district of the city of Yekaterinburg by its permanent leader Malashenko Olga Vladimirovna. Now he is known not only in Russia, but also abroad. Today, the ensemble is engaged in more than 200 children and adolescents aged 5 to 18 years. In the ensemble are classes in classical, folk, modern dance. The repertoire of the ensemble includes children's play numbers, plot performances based on folk dances and modern choreography. During the existence of the ensemble, more than 60 dance compositions were created. Constant creative search, improvement of dance skills contributes to the rapid formation and professional growth of the team. During its existence, the team has turned into a large dance ensemble with a unique creative style and traditions. Pupils gladly organize patronage concerts for conscripts, war and labor veterans. Each year, the guys give more than 50 concerts, they are warmly received at the sites of Yekaterinburg's hometown: Estrada Theater, Young Spectator's Theater, DK Lavrov, Yekaterinburg State Circus, VIZ House of Culture, Druzhba Cultural Center, Zheleznodorozhnikov DC. They were applauded by viewers in Belarus, Poland, the Czech Republic, France, Italy, Austria. The team has managed to win the love and recognition of the audience in Russia and the near and far abroad. Behind young artists there are hundreds of concerts throughout Russia and abroad, numerous honorary awards at various festivals and competitions, educational activities in the farthest corners of the Sverdlovsk region.
The educational process is organized according to the program. "Open yourself to the world: creative development by means of choreography".
Being a born teacher, OV Malashenko sees the main task not only in teaching children the skills of choreography, but also in introducing them to the world of beauty, awakening interest in the origins of Russian folk art and the culture of other nations, educating true patriots of their native land and citizens of Russia. It is on these principles over the years "Colors of the Urals" Dozens of children have gone to his school, some of whom have tied their lives with choreography. Pupils of the ensemble are Laureates of the Prize of the Governor of the Sverdlovsk Region, and fellowships of the Head of the City of Yekaterinburg.
The main principle of the head of the dance ensemble "Flowers of the Urals": "No selection!" In the ensemble, pupils of school No. 10 of the Leninsky district of the city of Yekaterinburg dance. Anyone who wants. The main thing here, along with the abilities - is the diligence and desire of the child himself, because it is no secret that behind the apparent ease and virtuosity of the dance lies hard work and daily rehearsals.
Classical and modern instrumental music blend organically with the choreographic compositions of the ensemble. Plastic, grace, elegance, freedom of movement ... Every dance "Colors of the Urals" fills the audience with inspired feeling and mood, captivates hearts and minds. Their concert programs fascinate, capture the variety of moods, the beauty of the costumes, amaze with the variety of choreographic finds.
Dance Ensemble "Flowers of the Urals" I have something to say about my creativity, art and craftsmanship, and to the head O.V. Malashenko and teachers (Popov M.V., Snegireva E.S. - teachers of modern dance, Mikhalev V.E. - teacher of classical dance, Polyakova E.V. - teacher tutor, accompanist - Somov V.M.) share experience of educational work. That is why with the support of the Department of Education of the City of Yekaterinburg, the administration of the Leninsky District in 2005 for the first time the inter-regional festival “Dance Together” was held on the basis of School No. 10. More than five hundred young dancers from seven children's choreographic groups took part in it. The young dancers had something to show each other, something to learn, something to talk about. The first festival lasted ten days and included concerts, master classes, joint activities, creative trips, excursions, and a fun disco. He became a real celebration of dance, kindness, love and peace. Thanks to this festival, the team "Flowers of the Urals" a strong friendship ensued with the dance ensemble “Constellation” of the Republic of Karelia. In the framework of the festival "Dance Together" on the basis of the dance ensemble "Flowers of the Urals" there are city seminars and master classes in choreography (for choreographer teachers, heads of dance groups of the city of Yekaterinburg), conducted by teachers of the Sozvezdie dance group (Petrozavodsk, the Republic of Karelia), "Flowers of the Urals" (Yekaterinburg).
Members of the ensemble are winners of the most prestigious festivals, reviews and contests:
- Since 2004, the ensemble has been an annual participant and winner of the choreographic festival “Dance Rhythms” as part of the district festival of children's creativity “Discover Yourself to the World”.
- Since 2004, the ensemble has been an annual participant and winner of the folk dance competition as part of the city festival of children's creativity “City of Friends”.
- August 2004 France, the city of Rodez 49th International Folklore Dance Competition. Golden medal.
- March 2005 dance marathon in Polish cities "Roads of the World".
- August 2005 France, the city of Prysak International Folklore Festival - competition. Diploma of I degree.
- March 206 Czech Republic, the city of Prague. Competition "Prague Star".
Catalog of perennial flowers for gardening: a photo with the names and description of plants
I degree diploma in 2 nominations.
About creative successDance Ensemble "Flowers of the Urals" There are numerous publications in the media: the newspaper Krasnoye Znamya, the newspaper AIF, the newspaper Ural Worker, the newspaper Ural, the newspaper Vecherny Yekaterinburg, the magazine Investments in Itself, the Oblastnaya Gazeta, etc. In 2010, the dance ensemble "Flowers of the Urals" awarded the title "Exemplary Children's Team of Russia".
A consistent approach to educational and creative activities certainly works on the result. Head of the ensemble OlgaVladimirovna Malashenko seeks to maximize the variational possibilities of the choreographic language, while preserving its artistic originality. For high creative achievements, a great personal contribution to the education of the younger generation O.V. Malashenko awarded the title "Honorary Worker of General Education of the Russian Federation.
Most popular perennial long-flowering plants
Luxurious beauty is famous for its variety of species and a huge number of hybrids and varieties, many of which can continuously bloom from early June to late autumn. Rose care is not complicated, however, as befits the queen of the garden, the culture is quite sensitive to growing conditions and susceptible to diseases and pests.
A perennial Mediterranean compact shrub with violet-blue or pale pink fragrant flowers that appear in late May and adorn the garden until the first frost. Lavender requires almost no maintenance, its fluffy bushes are great in group planting, and are a great option for decorating borders, rabatok, mixborders and alpine slides in the Mediterranean style. It goes well with roses and carnation.
Fragrant and unpretentious long-flowering perennial. Depending on the type of color palette: white, pink, purple or blue. Flowering is long - from spring to late autumn. It tolerates periodic droughts. Indispensable in the creation of a garden of spicy herbs.
Multicore or lofant
This plant is often called Mexican mint because of the pleasant aniseed smell of leaves and flowers. Great for creating mixed flower gardens and garden herbs.
Characterized by multi-colored double flowers, which resemble small pads. Height depending on the species is from 25 to 70 cm. The flowering period is from July to mid-October.
Numerous hybrids and varieties allow the garden to be painted with a wide range of warm colors, starting with shades of yellow and pumping purple. Tiny flowers are collected in large flat inflorescences that look spectacular against the background of dark green carved foliage. It grows well both in the sun and in partial shade, it is drought-resistant. Together with sage and multi-griddles you can create a magnificent composition in a rustic style.
The height of this miniature plant is only 15-20 cm. Ideal for decorating rocky gardens and rock garden in naturalistic compositions. Abundant and fragrant flowering begins in May and lasts until the end of August. It tolerates poor soil and drought. Popular varieties: bright yellow "Golden Queen", bright pink "Brilliant", snow-white "Wisley White".
Anthemis or chamomile dyeing
The long-flowering perennial with bright yellow or orange chamomile-like inflorescences and bluish openwork leaves is completely undemanding in the care. Plant height is about 60 cm. It is best to plant it in groups of several pieces.
What perennial flowers to plant in the Urals
Golden glades of Antemis look spectacular against the background of coniferous crops and in the rock garden.
Garden Echinacea pleases with its bright bloom from July to September. Group planting plants allow you to create wonderful flower beds of warm shades.
The hardy plant reaches a length of 25-35 cm and looks like mint. His pride is white, lavender-blue, purple or bright blue inflorescences, spikelets and lemon smell of foliage in some species. It is often planted in rockeries, in the herb garden next to oregano, echinacea, sage. The drought-resistant decorative look that is most popular is the cattle Fassen, which is ideal in border gardening, as well as such magnificent varieties as “Purple Haze” and “Walker’s Low”.
High up to 2 m in height, powerful stems are covered with beautiful and large flowers of blue and pink hues. Flowering period from June to the end of September. Tall handsome delphinium is an excellent solution for creating mixed flower beds, decorating low buildings and fences.
Groundcover garden geranium blooming from June to August. Loves diffused light and moist soil. This modest plant is well suited for landscaping areas around bushes and trees.
Unpretentious long-flowering perennial is popular with gardeners. His flowers are like little suns fill the garden with their golden cozy warmth from the beginning of July to September. The plant easily adapts to almost any conditions, but prefers a sunny position and moderately fertile soil.
Pink, white and lavender luxurious oblong inflorescences on long peduncles adorn the perennial from July to September. It is not for nothing that liatris is often called the “burning star.” A high sun-loving plant is characterized by endurance and high decorativeness.
The beauty of evening primrose with bright gold and pale pink flowers adorns the garden from June to August. It grows well in full sun, on fertile and moist soils. Great in group landings.
Ярко-розовые и белые цветки миниатюрной армерии, собранные в головчатые соцветия-шарики на тонких стеблях не увядают все лето. Это идеальный вариант для каменистых садиков и небольших альпийских горок.
Визитная карточка растения – яркие и крупные розовые и сиренево-голубые соцветия, сохраняющие свою декоративность после срезки в сухом виде. Совершенно нетребователен в уходе, так как в природе произрастает в степях. Полив практически не требуется. Зацветает в июле и сохраняет декоративность до самых заморозков.
Небольшой долгоцветущий многолетник, похожий на миниатюрную астру. Зацветает в июне-июле и украшает сад до первого мороза. Любит солнце и дренированные почвы.
Красочное и обильное цветение сидальцеи из семейства мальвовых длиться с июля до октября. Culture does not require special care, and its magnificent delicate flowers will adorn any garden.
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Frost-resistant unpretentious perennials for flower beds in Siberia and the Urals
Most of the articles on this site describe flowers and ornamental plants that grow in central Russia. Almost all unpretentious perennials can grow in Siberia and the Urals, but not all of them can endure the harsh Siberian and Ural winters.
In this article we will talk about winter-hardy perennial flowers that grow well in Siberia and the Urals.
Among these winter-hardy unpretentious perennials there are flowers known in Central Russia, as well as endemics of Siberia and the Far East.
Kandyk Siberian (Erythronium sibiricum (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Krylov) is a perennial herbaceous bulbous plant up to 35 cm high. It blooms in spring from mid-April to early May.
In nature, it grows in Southern Siberia, Mongolia, China, Central Asia. Listed in the Red Book of Russia.
In the decorative culture, several varieties of Siberian kandyk are displayed, differing in the shape and color of flowers and the timing of flowering.
Unpretentious, growing in one place without transplant for 8-10 years, prefers light, moist and peaty soils. It grows well in partial shade and in sunny places. Winters without shelter.
Suitable for a variety of floral design.
Clematis Tangut or clematis tangut (Clematis tangutica (Maxim.) Korsh.) - unpretentious perennial, woody liana up to 3 meters.
Flowers solitary, yellow, blooms in June - July, sometimes re-blooms in autumn. The seeds of clematis Tangut have the appearance of white fluffy balls.
In nature, it grows on stony mountain slopes in Mongolia, China, and Central Asia.
In ornamental gardening it is often used as a border plant, for decorating low fences, trellis and trellis.
Lily daur or penny lily (Lilium pensylvanicum Ker Gawl.) - perennial herb up to 140 cm high.
In the wild it grows in Eastern Siberia and the Far East, in Yakutia, on Sakhalin, in China, Mongolia and North Korea.
The flowers are blood-red, orange or yellow, up to 12 cm in diameter. It blooms in the second half of June - early July.
Dahurian lily is widely used in ornamental horticulture. We derive several garden forms and hybrids.
Errantis or spring (Eranthis Salisb.)
In culture, the most common are two types: wintering erantis (Eranthis hyemalis (L.) Salisb.), In the photo on the right, and Siberian Erantis (Eranthis sibiricus (L.) Salisb., A synonym Eranthis sibirica DC.). Siberian Erantis grows in nature in Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Altai, in the Sayan Mountains, in the riverbed of the Angara.
Vesenniki - early perennial plants. The flowers are yellow. Siberian Erantis blooms in April, wintering Erantis in May.
Vesenniki unpretentious, but prefer light, nutritious, moist soil. With the right agricultural technology multiply self-sowing.
Erantises look good in groups under trees and shrubs, in rocky gardens.
Liatris (Liatris Gaertn. ex Schreb.) is a genus of flowering perennial herbaceous plants up to 50 cm high. They grow in nature in North America and Mexico.
In culture, the most common type Liatris spiky or spiked liatris (Liatris spicata (L.) Willd.). In the Russian-language literature, the name liatris is found both feminine and masculine, there is no consensus on how to call this flower among Russian gardeners.
Liatris spiky in nature grows in eastern North America and Canada. The flowers are purple, pink and white varieties of Liatris.
Liatris blooms in July-August or September, depending on the zone of growth.
Liatris is photophilous, prefers well-drained, moist soil. But in the winter it does not tolerate overwetting, so it grows well in a continental climate.
In ornamental gardening, liatris is used in border plantings, in mixborders, in groups, and is also used for cutting.
Astra is a new Belgian (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii (L.) G.L.Nesom) - rhizomatous perennial up to 150 cm high. Many varieties have been developed with different colors of flowers.
It blooms from August to frost. Possesses high frost resistance.
Bell or adenofor (Adenophora Fisch.) - perennial with erect branched stem 50 - 150 cm high.
The flowers are large, blue, in the form of bells. Jingle bells bloom in July - August.
The bells multiply by seeds that are planted in the spring or in the winter. Bloom only in the second or third year.
In the genus of bells, more than 60 species are known that live in nature mainly in East Asia and Western Siberia.
Yakut bells (Adenophora jacutica Fed.) - a very rare species, endemic to Yakutia and the Amur region, listed in the Red Book.
Bell Golubintseva (Adenophora golubinzevaeana Reverd.) - an endemic of Siberia.
In the culture, the most common is a liliated bell (Adenophora liliifolia (L.) A.DC.), a three-pointed bell (Adenophora tricuspidata (Fisch. Ex Schult.) A.DC.) and a broad-leaf bell (Adenophora pereskiifolia (Fisch. Ex Schult.) G.Don)
The bells are unpretentious, grow on any soil, but do not like waterlogging. On well-fertilized loose soil bloom especially abundantly.
In gardening, the bells are used in group plantings on lawns, they look beautiful among shrubs. Suitable for cutting.
Buzulnik or ligularia (Ligularia Cass.) - unpretentious tall perennial up to 150 cm high. More than 150 species of buzulnik are known.
The flowers are yellow, orange.
Bouzulniki unpretentious, shade-tolerant, prefer rich soil, often grow on the banks of reservoirs. In open areas on hot days, they require additional watering.
Bouzulniki spectacular in groups. Valued for their special decorative look.
Doronicum or kazulnik(Doronicum L.) - perennial plant with bulky leaves and yellow flowers.
The most common culture Doronicum Oriental (Doronicum orientale Hoffm.) And doronicum plantain (Doronicum plantagineum L.), which are valued as early flowering plants. Bloom in mid-May.
Doronicum unpretentious, shade-tolerant, prefer open and slightly shaded areas with loose, slightly moistened soil. Under such optimal conditions, they bloom profusely and permanently, they achieve more decoration.
Doronicum is effective in groups. against the backdrop of shrubs, mixborders. Also used in the design of stony gardens and cut.
Lily of the valley (Convallaria L.) - rhizomatous perennial.
Distributed in Europe, including the European part of Russia May lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis L.). Growing in Eastern Siberia and the Far East, on Sakhalin lily of the valley or lily of the valley far east (Convallaria keiskei Miq.), Named after Japanese botanist Keisuke Ito.
Lily of the valley flowers - white bells. Blossoms in the second half of May, two or three weeks.
Lily is unpretentious, prefers penumbra, with strong shading blooms slightly. Prefers fertile soil with the addition of humus.
Lilies of the valley are effective in gardens and parks, among trees and shrubs, suitable for forcing and cutting.
Bedstraw (Galium L.) is a genus of annual, biennial, and perennial plants distributed throughout the world. Some types of bedstraws are weeds, some are medicinal plants.
Northern bedstraw or bedtime boreal (Galium boreale L.) - perennial plant, in the people it is called honey grass.
The bed flowers are small, so they are usually planted against the background of brighter and larger flowers.
Bedwheels are unpretentious, hardy, prefer penumbra and moist drained soil.
In Siberia and Altai, the bedstraw is widely used as a medicinal plant.
Many types of onions are used as ornamental plants, for example, giant bow or giant bow (Allium giganteum Regel), christopher's bow (Allium cristophii Trautv.), onions pride (Allium oreophilum C.A.Mey.), Altai onion (Allium altaicum Pall. ), is listed in the Red Book, and other types of onions.
Bows like open, well-lit areas, grow on any cultivated soils.
Bows are used for planting in groups on lawns and borders (stunted forms).
Lupine (Lupinus L.) is a genus of annual and perennial plants.
Among the perennial species of lupine in the culture most common perennial lupine (Lupinus perennis L.) many-leaf lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl.) And tree lupine (Lupinus arboreus Sims).
Lupins are unpretentious, the soil is not demanding, but can not tolerate wet areas. Hardy Enrich the soil with nitrogen using nodule bacteria that live on the roots.
Lupins are decorative both in single and group plantings on lawns, glades, slopes, as well as in mixborders.
Can be used for cutting, but in bouquets are not long.
Astilba (Astilbe Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) - perennial plants with a height of 15 to 200 cm, depending on the species. In the wild in our country astilby grow in the Far East on the island of Kunashir.
The flowers are small, white, pink, red, purple, gathered in elegant pan-shaped inflorescences. Bloom profusely all summer, from June to August.
Astilbe hardy, moisture-loving, resistant to diseases and pests. Preferred plots. In the winter plants preferably cover peat.
Astilby look spectacular in group plantings on lawns, mixborders and mixed borders.
Anemone or anemone (Anemone L.) - rhizomatous or tuberous perennials in height from 10 to 100 cm. The flowers are white, yellow, pink, blue, red, purple. There are up to 100 species of anemone distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere. About 50 types of anemone grows in Russia. They can be found in forests, meadows, in the tundra, on mountain slopes, etc.
Ural anemone (Annemone uralensis Fisch. ex DC.) - endemic to the Middle and South Urals, listed in the Red Book.
Anemone Yenisei (Annemone jenisseensis (Korsh.) Krylov) - an endemic of Siberia, grows in deciduous forests.
Baikal anemone (Annemone baicalensis Turcz.) - an endemic of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Baikal region, is listed in the Red Book.
In culture, the most common Anemone nemorosa or white anemone (Annemone nemorosa L.). The flowers are white, blooms in April and May.
Anemone unpretentious, shade-loving. Prefer easy friable fertile soils.
Anemones look spectacular in the form of groups among trees and shrubs. Suitable for cutting and winter forcing.
European claw or hoof (Asarum europaeum L.) is an evergreen perennial plant with a creeping rhizome and a shortened branched stem.
In nature, it grows in forests in the south of Western Siberia. Poisonous plant.
It blooms in April and May. It is pollinated by ants. Unpretentious, shade-tolerant, winter-hardy.
Chionodoxa Lucily (Scilla luciliae (Boiss.) Speta) - perennial bulbous plant of the genus Proleska.
It blooms in early spring. Each bulb gives 2 leaves up to 8 cm long, stems up to 10 cm high, on each stalk there are 2-3 flowers. The flowers are blue, purple, white, up to 3.5 cm in diameter.
In recent years, it has been widely cultivated in horticulture as an ornamental flowering plant. Bred several varieties that differ in color of flowers.
Thyme or thyme (Thymus L.) - semishrub with recumbent or ascending, woody stems and erect or ascending flowering shoots. In nature, thyme grows everywhere - in glades, forest edges, on stony slopes, in mountain tundra, etc.
The flowers are small, purple, pink or white. Bloom in summer, in June-August.
Thyme is unpretentious, winter-hardy, prefer sunny areas with light, fertile, well-drained soils.
As carpet plants, thyme can be used for decoration of borders, in group plantings on lawns, alpine mountains, rock gardens.
Hydrangea paniculata (Hydrangea paniculata Siebold)
Semi-shrubs or trees up to 10 meters high. In nature, grow in the south of Sakhalin, in China and Japan.
The flowers are collected in large panicles up to 30 cm in size. It blooms from mid-June to late September. Good honey plant. In the horticultural culture, there are several dozen varieties. The flowers are white and pink.
Hortensia paniculata unpretentious, prefers partial shade and fertile soil. Requires abundant watering. Frost and winter hardy.
The vast majority of phlox species, with the exception of Drummond phlox, are perennial plants. In our country, only one kind of phlox grows in the wild - Siberian phlox (Phlox sibirica L.) is a mountainous, creeping plant, blooms in late May.
Phlox - a popular garden culture. The most common type is phlox paniculata (Phlox paniculata L.), which is the ancestor of most cultivated varieties. Depending on the variety, phlox paniculata bloom from June to September.
Phloxes are unpretentious, but love fertile, loose, moist soil. Hardy
The use of phloxes in horticultural culture is diverse: in borders, flower beds, rabatkah, mixborders, in groups. They can be grown on balconies. Phloxes are also used in the cut.
Rudbeckia (Rudbeckia L.) - a genus of perennial, rarely annual and biennial rhizomatous plants up to 70 cm high.
Rudbeckia prefers open sunny places, fertile soil and abundant watering. Hardy
Used for decoration mixborders, for planting in groups and for cutting.
Primrose or primrose (Primula L.)
Primrose genus includes about 600 species. Primroses have long been known in culture as highly decorative plants. There are many varieties, garden forms and varieties.
Depending on the species, primroses bloom in April-May and June-July.
Unpretentious. Prefer penumbra and loose, fairly moist soil.
Primroses are used for planting in groups, in borders, ridges, rock gardens, as well as for cutting and forcing.
Sedum or Sedum (Sedum L.)
The following types of stonecrop are suitable for cultivation in Siberia and the Urals:
Sedum caustic (Sedum acre L.)
Sedum is false (Sedum spurium Bieb.)
Sedum Kamchatka (Sedum kamtschaticum Fisch.)
Sedum Middendorf (Sedum middendorfianum Maxim.)
Sinks are decorative throughout the growing season. Bloom in the summer.
Unpretentious, not demanding on the soil.
Sifting suitable for creating carpet beds, rabatok, borders, landscaping slopes, look good in groups and mixborders, suitable for planting in rock gardens and rock gardens.
Photo: Wolfgang Sauber, Elinor Payt, Steve Law, Anneli Salo, Nacku, Martin Olsson, Hedwig Storch, CT Johansson, KENPEI, Andrei Korzun, Anneli Salo, bastus917, Kristian Peters, H. Zell, Øyvind Holmstad, Gunnar Creutz, Svetlana Crow , Sten Porse, Lilly M, Sporti, Frank Vincentz, Dmitry Konstantinov, Per Ola Wiberg, Conxita clara, Katja Schulz.
What is the autumn planting perennials
Some perennials can be planted even in slightly frozen soil, they are completely optional sun rays.
A prerequisite for planting many crops is the stratification (hardening) of seeds. When autumn plantings, this process occurs in a natural way. The sprouts sprouted from such seeds withstand weather tests. Youngsters, as a rule, are not afraid of the returning spring cold and even frost, which would be disastrous for seedlings grown in greenhouse conditions.
Flowers that are planted in the fall have other advantages:
- they begin to bloom about half a month earlier than those sown in spring, and retain their decorativeness throughout the season,
- their immunity is stronger, they are more resistant to diseases and pests,
- in the future do not require frequent transplants, like perennials grown in the traditional way (enough 1 time in 2-3 years),
- give high-quality planting material, obtained by dividing the plant into several parts,
- they are unpretentious in care.
A small minus can be considered that the consumption of seeds during autumn plantings is slightly higher than in spring. The fact is that as a result of stratification, nonviable seeds die. However, to solve this problem, greatly deepening the seeds in the soil, it is not necessary - it does not protect them from frost, but in the spring it will impede the progress of the sprouts to the sun.
What perennial flowers can be planted in the fall: 7 best options
To the fact that ornamental bulbous and shrubby crops are planted in autumn, gardeners have long been accustomed. The fact that perennials can be grown in a similar way without springing up window sills in spring with containers with seedlings is a pleasant discovery for many. The main thing is not to be mistaken with the dates of planting in the country: in central Russia it is usually mid-November, in the southern regions - the end of the month, in the north - its beginning. Depending on the vagaries of the weather may change the schedule. It is important not only to know which flowers are planted in the fall, but also to take into account the characteristics of their planting and cultivation, as well as to take into account the time that will have to be spent on caring for them.
Asters differ not only in terms of flowering and height, but also in the structure of flowers - they are rose-shaped, peony-like, chrysanthemum-like
This culture in ornamental horticulture is striking in its diversity of species; however, early-flowering varieties, for example, alpine aster, are best suited for autumn plantings (it is customary to plant late-flowering varieties in spring).
Seeds are sown in November. Mandatory landing condition - frozen land. Sometimes perennial asters are sown even in early December, right in the snow. In order for spring shoots to appear, it is impossible to deepen the seeds by more than 0.5 cm into the soil.
For a successful growth, compliance with a number of conditions is required: moisture should not stagnate at the site, otherwise the roots will begin to rot, and the place should be sufficiently sunny - asters will die in the shade.
The flowering of early varieties that were sown in the fall begins in May-June (2-3 weeks earlier than the spring plantings). If seeds of late-flowering plants were used for planting, flowering will occur in September-November.
Весенний уход состоит в прореживании: если ростки взошли очень активно, часть из них придётся удалить — астры будут цвести пышно и ярко, если расстояние между ними составит 20–30 см. Also, landings may need to be watered when moisture generated after melting snow has been consumed. If a dense crust forms on the soil surface, it must be loosened. During the growing season, the flowers will need regular weeding, and once a season you need to feed with complex mineral fertilizer.
In late autumn, experts recommend also planning the reproduction of perennial asters with the help of seedlings - on the eve of winter, they are planted in a permanent place. Flowers have time to root well, provided that the soil for them was prepared 2-3 weeks before planting, and the place is sunny.
To shrubs bloom longer, from the flowering shoots need to get rid of with a knife
This plant is propagated by delenki, and, as a rule, in the fall. In the spring, the peony is not yet ready for this procedure - its root system is depleted, since all the power of the plant is spent on building up green mass and forming buds. In addition, after such manipulations, the pion still does not have time to bloom in the beginning season.
If reproduction by delenkami occurs in the fall (in the middle lane - in early September), the first inflorescences will appear in May. September for the formation of new bushes of pions is good because the heat ends, nighttime temperatures are significantly different from daytime (the plant is hardened), it rains more often, which has a beneficial effect on the soil condition.
In different regions, the timing of these works are slightly different:
- in Siberia, the period from August 20 to September 20 is considered optimal,
- in the Urals - from August 20 to the end of September,
- in the Volga region and the Moscow region - from the end of August to the end of September.
The main condition is that before the onset of cold weather there should be 35–45 days. This time is enough for the peony to grow additional roots and firmly hardened in the ground. Tightening the timing is fraught with the fact that a poorly rooted plant from winter will come out with a weakened immune system and will not be able to resist pests and diseases.
Caring for a newly planted plant provides watering up to 10 liters per bush. In the future, the problem is helped to solve the rains, but if the autumn is dry, the plant may need 2-3 watering before the onset of winter. Top dressing is not needed only if fertilizers were applied to the soil at the stage of preparation for planting. In any case, nitrogen is contraindicated to pion at this time - this fertilizer activates the growth of green shoots, which is highly undesirable in the run-up to winter.
Those who plan to multiply this flower with seeds that ripen in boxes at the site of the former bud, it is recommended to abandon the idea. Peony varietal peculiarities are often not saved, and it will take at least five years to wait for flowering.
Bushes should be planted in such a way that at the end of growth, plantings are closed: the primrose has a negative attitude towards excess space
Gardeners love primroses for being among the first to decorate flowerbeds with bright colors. To start flowering in May, sowing of seeds is carried out in open ground in autumn (in the middle lane - at the end of September). The seeds are buried to a minimum of 0.5 cm, planting covers to protect from severe frosts in winter.
The conditions under which you can count on the successful growth of future plants - well-chosen place of planting (primroses like penumbra), fertility and sufficient soil moisture.
If planting flowers planned for registration of rock garden, you should avoid the south side.
If it is required not planting, but transplanting plants, then in the autumn this operation should be managed in late September or October so that the primula has enough time to root before the onset of cold weather, otherwise the winter will become disastrous for it. In this case, it is easier for residents of the southern regions, they have more time.
The division of the bushes also carried out in the autumn, after the completion of the flowering phase. Young plants are recommended to cover, without waiting for the onset of severe cold.
During the purchase of planting material, you need to pay attention to the presence of up to 5 correctly painted shoots, whose length reaches about 6 cm
Phloxes are usually propagated by cuttings, since they root well, and this is best done in the fall: spring plantings postpone flowering for a whole year, and “autumn” will bloom next summer.
In the old days in Russia, phloxes were called "sitchik."
More precisely, the planting dates are determined depending on the flower varieties: early and medium-early form the so-called “renewal buds” by the end of August. This means that the plant can already be propagated. For late varieties of phlox, this period is postponed to the second decade of September. In any case, work on the reproduction and transplantation of bushes should be completed by mid-October, so that young plants are not affected by frost. Rooting of cuttings usually takes 30–40 days.
Phlox planted in autumn requires minimal care, even watering is usually not needed, as the plant provides autumn rains with moisture. But fertilizing will be the way - a complex fertilizer mixed with ash and scattered over frozen ground. In the spring of planting, water is poured with mineral fertilizer diluted in it, thanks to which the flowering becomes richer and its duration is long.
Planted in the fall of the plant protect against frost by mulching - sawdust, peat. In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, mulch is immediately removed.
Astilbe looks especially impressive against the background of ferns and in the shade of coniferous plants, but single plantings are possible.
This beautiful plant, flowering from June to August, best reproduces by dividing the bush. It is recommended to carry out the work in autumn, when the average daily temperature does not fall below +5 o C for 2-3 weeks. In central Russia, the beginning of September is considered to be a suitable time for planting astilbe.
Flowering begins as early as next summer (in the second half), but experts recommend not to allow this, cut off the emerging flower stalks. Unpopular "surgical" measures have to be taken because an insufficiently strengthened plant sometimes dies, giving the flowers all their strength.
Another feature of this culture is the growth of the root system in the form of an island that rises above the level of the soil. This seriously weakens the plant, so an astilbe needs a transplant every 4–5 years. It is carried out in early September, with a large bush divided into several small ones. If work is postponed at a later date, the soil around the fresh plantings must be mulched with sawdust, straw, or fir spruce branches so that the plants will successfully survive the winter cold.
Astilba care usually comes down to watering: as soon as it receives less water, the inflorescences become small, the leaves wither.
Astilba comfortably carries cold Russian winters (down to –37 ° C), practically does not get sick, and garden pests are not particularly interested in it.
Loosestrife life with proper care is more than 10 years
The plant, in recent years, gaining popularity with gardeners, usually propagated by seed or vegetatively. Both are usually done in the fall, but preference is still given to the second method, and this is why: the plant grown from seeds starts to bloom only in the third year. During vegetative propagation by dividing the bush flowers appear at the beginning of the nearest June and continue to delight with bright colors until mid-August.
China is the birthplace of the pluller, where you can find more than 70 species of this flower.
Landing operations are carried out in September-October. To make the plant better prepared for winter, there should not be young leaves on it at the time of planting. If a new bush is transplanted to the new place, without dividing it into several, you need to take care that the prepared hole is deeper than the previous one. This is a necessary condition for the flowering not to be late, and it began as early as next year.
Other conditions under which a collar will long retain its decorative effect are fertile land and rather high soil moisture. But he is not afraid of the winter cold, and he does not need to cover the flowers.
Having mastered the autumn planting of perennials in various ways, the gardener ensures that he does not spend time in the spring growing seedlings, and at the very beginning of the season has beds with strong plants that have been hardened by the winter cold. They do not need to adapt in the open field, they have enough strength to start flowering earlier than it happens during spring planting.