Partenocarpic self-pollinated cucumber varieties are becoming increasingly popular among gardeners. These varieties, or rather hybrids, help to get rid of many problems. Modern hybrids can be grown in greenhouses and open beds, pickled and pickled. April variety belongs to such hybrids, it is increasingly planted by summer residents in their gardens.
Characteristic and description of the April cucumber
According to the description, this species is parthenocarpic, early ripening with predominance of female inflorescences. It does not require insects for pollination, which allows it to be grown in greenhouses, in sheltered beds. With the possibility of pollination, the crop increases significantly.
Cucumber on the characteristics of resistant to bad weather, cold and rain. Fruits in unison, the harvest is always good. The first greenhouses appear after a month and a half after germination.
Fruits grow long 15-25 centimeters, The surface is ribbed and tuberous green with slight pubescence. Weight 200-250 g. The form is cylindrical. Not bitter, do not turn yellow and do not outgrow.April fruits have a length of 15-25cm
What is good April cucumber and whether it has disadvantages
- Self-pollinated no need for pollinating insects, grows well in greenhouses.
- Early, from germination to active growth of Zelentsov passes less than 45 days.
- Adequate simultaneous fruiting, productive, with a square meter with proper care, get 25 kg.
- Easy to care.
- Resistant to all major diseases of cucumbers.
- Joint fruit bearing for one month. Uncomfortable for constant long-term consumption in the summer.
- This variety is easily exposed to bactericidal disease - white rot.
What soil is required
The best time for its device - the previous autumn. Purified manure or bird droppings, potash fertilizers, superphosphate are introduced. The soil is plowed up.
Cucumbers don't like sour soilIn this case, dolomite flour, ash or lime are added in the fall. In the spring additionally fertilize ridges with nitrogen fertilizers. In the wells it is good to add humus or compost.
How to plant
For planting use seedlings or germinated seeds. Seedlings sown in April one month before landing on the garden.
If the bush grows in a greenhouse, the seeds are planted to a depth 1 cm. The distance between them is more than 30 cm, between the rows - 50 cm. The width of the ridge makes 1 meter. This distance between the bushes is convenient for care, the plants do not interfere with each other’s development, they do not obscure the neighbor.
If planted in open ground, seeds are laid by 2 cm in depth. The distances between them are similar, planted in a greenhouse.For planting April use germinated seeds or seedlings
As with all garden crops, basic care includes watering, loosening, feeding, protection from harmful insects and diseases.
High temperatures are also undesirable. From the heat falls ovary, does not form a new, the fruits begin to taste bitter. Humidity is equally important, the cucumber vine does not like dry air.
A dry crust on the soil retards the entry of air to the roots, the plant begins to wither, leaves and fruits fall. Loosening provides access of air, and when watering penetration of moisture into the soil.
Without nutrition and dressing there will be no development, the harvest will be low. Feed cucumber seedlings begin two weeks after planting. It is necessary to use complex fertilizer, which should include nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.
At first, more nitrogen is added to increase the mass. Further, it is necessary to fertilize every week. The cucumber grows quickly, bears fruits together and requires a lot of nutrition.Both organic matter and complex mineral fertilizers can be applied as a top dressing.
He likes organic. Compost, rotted manure, diluted bird droppings - his favorite fertilizer. But mineral supplements, especially trace elements, are never superfluous.
When applying fertilizers, it is important to respect the correct dosage. These plants are well absorbed by all the elements obtained, overdose will lead to an increase in nitrates in the fruit, the appearance of ugly cucumbers.
Need time remove weeds from the ridges. Not only do they take away moisture and nutrition from the plant, it is a convenient place for the development of diseases and the life of pests. By removing weeds, you solve these three problems.
There are many means of protecting the culture without harm to people and birds. Phytosporin, a microbiological preparation based on live fungi, effective in combating bactericidal diseases of plants. To control pests use the drug fitoverm.
Another condition for the successful cultivation of cucumbers - bush formation. The plant is best grown vertically. The central stem is clamped at a trellis height, 5-6 knots are left on the lateral ones, the higher the sprout is, the longer it is made.For a good harvest of April you need to make the formation of a bush
There are errors in the formation. When growing bee pollinated varieties pinch the central shoot after the 5th node. The April hybrid main fruits are formed on the main runaway. Do not forget about it.
The variety is resistant to all major cucumber diseases. The main trouble for him is white rot. This is a fungal disease that develops from disputes that live in the ground. Initially, the root part of the plant falls ill, then the rot rises along the stems.
Observe the microclimate in the greenhouse, eliminate high humidity and low temperature. To prevent disease, treat the wells with potassium permanganate. When rot appears, apply a mixture of potassium permanganate and chalk to the sore spots. Remove damaged shoots.
How to collect and store
The fruits of the April cucumber ripen in one month, together and early. Therefore, the harvest does not stretch for a long time. Zelentsy is better to shoot in the morning, until they are elastic and do not have time to heat up the sun. To remove fruits accurately, without damaging a whip.
Cucumbers convenient for saltingmarinating. For salads, it can be used for a short time, as the fruiting ends quickly. Fresh fruits without processing can be stored in a cold place no more than a week.
You met with an interesting variety of cucumbers - April. It has its own characteristics. Unpretentious in care, resistant to cold and disease. It is easy to care for him.
The variety is interesting for gardeners who grow vegetables for the market. This is facilitated by the simultaneous simultaneous ripening of fruits, a large number of which is convenient for sale. For personal use, you can use the April with other varieties.
"April F1" is a self-pollinating, cold-resistant, early and precocious hybrid. Used for planting in open ground, greenhouse and can be grown even indoors. A plant with limited lateral branching, medium-length, characterized by a female-type flowering. Although the hybrid is parthenocarpic (it can bear fruit without pollination of flowers by bees), yet the maximum number of fruits can be collected after participating in the pollination of insects. “April F1” was bred in 1977, it is still considered one of the best and experienced gardeners often choose seeds of this hybrid for sowing.
The advantages of a hybrid are:
- ability to self-pollination,
- the possibility of planting in early spring in greenhouses, growing indoors,
- resistance to adverse weather conditions,
- friendly fruiting,
- high ripening rate of greens,
- disease resistance
- lack of care in the process of growing,
- abundant fruiting, even in the absence of regular dressings.
Unlike other cucumber hybrids, the duration of fruiting of "April" is only a month. During this time, all greenhouses ripen amicably. This hybrid is not suitable for obtaining stable yields throughout the summer, therefore, other varieties or hybrids are also sown at the site.
Fruit characteristics and yield
The fruits of the "April" ripen early enough - from germination to ripening of the first Zelentsah passes no more than 50 days. Zelentsy are characterized by a saturated dark green color, not prone to yellowing, unlike other hybrids. They grow from 15 to 25 cm in length, have a cylindrical shape, they do not gum, the surface of the peel is covered with small white spikes. The average weight of cucumbers is 250 g (not prone to growth). The main amount of the crop is obtained in the first 3 weeks of fruiting, at which time more than 15 kg of product can be harvested per square meter m. For the entire period of fruiting, subject to the basic rules for growing, you can collect about 20-25 kg per 1 square. m
The key to a bountiful harvest is the correct choice of planting material, so when you buy seeds you need to be as careful as possible.
It is recommended to buy seeds in specialized stores, avoiding markets and other dubious outlets. Pay attention to the integrity of the packaging, shelf life, the main characteristics of greenhouses and recommendations for sowing.
Do not buy planting material, in which the shelf life is nearing its end, as over time the seeds lose their ability to germinate. Ask the seller for a certificate of quality for the product being purchased or other documents that confirm that the hybrid is indeed displayed in a specialized institution in compliance with all regulations.
VIDEO: HOW TO CORRECTLY CHOOSE THE SEEDS OF CUCUMBERS If possible, examine the appearance of the seeds; they should be intact, firm, with a smooth surface, uniform color. Do not buy planting material with defects in appearance, the presence of points, dents, cracks, traces of mold.
Soil and fertilizer
Cucumber "April F1" prefers to grow on loamy and sandy fertile soils. The soil has been prepared since autumn. On the site make rotted manure, superphosphates and fertilizers containing potassium. Plot with fertilizers should dig up. It is best to grow cucumbers on neutral soil, if it is acidic, then in the fall ashes, lime or dolomite flour are added to the soil. In spring, the soil is fertilized with top-dressings with a high nitrogen content, and before sowing they pour a little compost or humus into the hole. Planting cucumbers annually in the same place is not allowed, it is recommended to regularly change the area for cultivation.
It is not recommended to sow cucumbers in the place where later varieties of cabbage and carrots used to grow.
Cucumber is a light-loving plant, so it is necessary to plant it on the south side of the site. It is not recommended to sow cucumbers in a shaded area, in such a place the plants will grow slowly, bear fruit poorly, often get sick. The optimal temperature for the normal development of cucumbers is + 22 ... + 26 degrees during the day and + 17 ... + 18 at night.
If the air temperature is below +14 or above +37 degrees - the growth of the plant stops, at a temperature of +12 degrees the roots no longer absorb moisture from the soil. Even minimal short frosts can completely destroy the plant. Sudden temperature drops in a room or greenhouse can be disastrous for cucumbers. In order for the air to warm up gradually, it is necessary to slightly open the windows and doors, but ventilate longer.
Rapid plant growth and abundant formation of the ovary is achieved with high humidity (75-90%). Excessive humidity (more than 95%) may cause the development of askohitosis, and low humidity (below 50%) may cause the plant to wilt. Airing greenhouses
Before sowing seeds, they are pre-processed in order to improve germination and speed up the germination process. Initially, it is necessary to carry out the treatment with growth stimulants, which increase germination and make the plants more resistant to various diseases. Such means include “Kornevin”, “Heteroauxin”, “Novosil”, “Immunocytophit”, “Zircon”. It is necessary to use drugs carefully, according to the instruction on packaging. In case of non-compliance with the concentration of the agent or the time of keeping the seeds in the solution, you can get the opposite effect in the form of restraining the growth of the plant or the death of the planting material.
The next stage of treatment is disinfection of seeds before sowing. Previously, a popular tool for disinfection was potassium permanganate or copper sulfate. But with the development of science began to appear more effective tools on a biological basis. These include "Fitosporin-M", "Baktofit", "Albit." Each drug has its own characteristics of use, so it must be used strictly according to the instructions, while respecting the concentration and time of the seeds in the solution.
Content and location
In closed soil, cucumbers can also be grown indoors: on a glassed-in balcony, heated loggia, or on a wide, well-lit window-sill. It is necessary to sow the seeds in mid-April in order to receive seedlings ready for transplantation in a month. Peat cups are chosen as containers, which can be purchased at any specialty store.
A sapling in this case, when transplanted into the open ground, does not need to be emptied of the container, it is planted with the peat cup. The peat cup is filled with a mixture of turf land, peat, vermiculite (or sawdust), and sand. Ingredients are mixed in equal amounts.
Seed planting process
Seeds are sown in a prepared, slightly moistened substrate, 2-3 seeds in each peat cup. In the center of the glass in the substrate they dig a hole, 1.5 cm deep, place the seeds and sprinkle with soil. Capacity should be wrapped with film and put in a warm place. To remove the film is necessary after the appearance of the first shoots. If the seeds are of high quality and have been treated with a stimulant, the seedlings appear already on the fifth day after sowing.
Caring for cucumber seedlings, first of all, consists of observing the light regime. Seedlings require long-term illumination from 10 to 12 hours a day, therefore in the evening it is necessary to illuminate the seedlings with fluorescent lamps.It is also necessary to ensure regular watering using warm settled water. Watering the seedlings is necessary once every 2 days, and when the plants grow a little, they should be provided with daily watering. After watering, the soil must be regularly loosened in order to remove the crust and provide the roots with sufficient oxygen. Do this as carefully as possible, so as not to damage the roots.
2 weeks before planting seedlings in open ground, produce hardening seedlings. Seedlings carried out on the open balcony or on the street during the daytime every day. Initially, plants are kept on air for no more than 30 minutes, gradually increasing the amount of time up to 8 hours a day, bringing seedlings into the room only in the evening.
Transplanting seedlings to ground
Transplantation of seedlings in open ground occurs after 20-30 days after sowing the seeds. By this time, from 3 to 5 true leaves should form on each plant. If the seedlings are not transplanted into open ground in time, it will begin to turn yellow. Seedlings are buried in previously prepared pits, so that the peat pot is completely submerged in the soil. Between the plants it is necessary to observe a distance of 30 cm, the distance between the rows should be at least 50 cm.
When planting seedlings in the greenhouse, the optimal time interval - from April 15 to April 20, and when landing in open ground - from 2 to 10 June.
Growing cucumbers in the open ground is necessary to create optimal conditions that will influence the growth of the plant, the quality of the fruit and the abundance of the crop. The site for planting cucumbers should be well lit, protected from the wind, with fertile sandy or loamy soil. Pay attention to the plants that grew in the territory of your choice earlier (a list of recommended and undesirable precursor plants is given above).
Soil loosening and weeding
To loosen the soil should be regularly after watering to avoid the formation of a crust on the soil surface and subsequent cracking of the soil, which will adversely affect the root system of plants. In the process of weeding the area from the weeds, the soil is loosening, so these two processes are often combined. The need for loosening the soil disappears when cucumbers bloom (at this time it is only necessary to remove weeds). Weeding should be done as carefully as possible so as not to touch the roots of cucumbers, which come close to the soil surface.
Genetically laid weak branching "April" allows you to grow a good plant without forming a bush. Some experienced gardeners still resort to pasynkovanyu to increase the yield. If vertical supports or trellis are installed on the bed, then all unnecessary shoots with the exception of the main shoot are removed on the plant.
Such a formation will make the garden as accurate as possible, facilitate harvesting and caring for plants. Если выращивание происходит обычным способом и огурцы будут расти в горизонтальной плоскости, то боковые побеги прищипывают до 4-6 первых листиков.Also pinch the tip of the main shoot 2 cm to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots. In order not to harm the young plant, pasynkovan carried out when the side shoots reached at least 6 cm in length. Young shoots are quite tender, so you can remove the excess without using tools. If the recommended period of pinching was missed, then to remove the already strong and hardened shoots will have to use sharp garden shears.
To tie shoots of cucumbers is necessary in order to simplify the care of the plant, to ensure its maximum amount of sunlight. The placement of the shoots on the support stimulates the active simple side lashes, which can significantly increase the yield.
There are several ways to garter cucumbers:
- Horizontal. For the construction of using wooden or metal supports, which are installed on the edges of each row. Several rows of strong twine or rope (at different heights) are tied to supports. Already grown shoots are neatly tied to the bottom row of string with the help of soft cloth. The disadvantage of this method is the drooping of the shoots from the top point of support, if it is not high enough. Thus, the shoots will create a shadow of the rest of the plant, which will affect the yield.
- Vertical. For the construction, on the edges of the row, as in the horizontal method, supports are installed. Between the supports, at the very top, they stretch the rope, to which long ropes are tied at an equal distance so that they practically touch the ground. Grown shoots are tied to these ropes, creating a support for their growth upwards.
- Mesh. For the construction of buying a special grid for spreading plants, which are attached to the supports installed along the edge of the rows. The shoots of cucumbers just sent to the grid and they themselves are woven into the cells. This method is the most expensive in finance, but is most popular with experienced gardeners because of the simplicity and speed of construction.
After fertilizing the wells, the cucumbers should be left alone for some time. It is possible to fertilize cucumbers only 2 weeks after sowing. The first dressing should consist of ammonium nitrate (15 g per 1 sq. M). When there will be an active formation of shoots, make potash fertilizer (20 g of potassium nitrate and 25 g of superphosphate per 1 sq. M.).
The same dressing is carried out at the beginning of fruiting. Mineral feeding can be alternated with organic (mullein, chicken droppings). The prepared solution is infused for 3 days, then 1 part of this liquid is diluted with water (in a ratio of 1:10). Under each bush pour 1 liter of solution.
Pests, diseases and prevention
Cucumber "April" is resistant to most diseases, which often affect other varieties. These diseases include:
- olive spot,
- cucumber mosaic virus
- root rot.
Among the pests, the most common is aphid. The bush stops growing, leaves curl, there is no fruiting. In order to avoid plant infestation with aphids, the site is regularly cleaned of weeds. Insecticides (“Decis”, “Arrivo”) are used for fighting with aphids. Preparations are diluted in water, according to the instructions and sprayed according to the recommendations on the package.
Harvesting and storage
You can harvest after 50 days after sowing. The first greenhouses appear already on the 40th day after sowing. Since the ripening of the fruit occurs quickly and at the same time, then visit the garden regularly (at least once every two days). Due to the fact that "April" is not prone to the overgrowing of green stuff, they can wait for a long time when they are plucked, without changing the color and density of the peel. Harvesting is recommended in the early morning or late evening, when the greens are the most resilient. Do not pinch, unscrew or pull cucumbers. They are collected, carefully cutting off with scissors or a knife, leaving the stalk on the shoot. Fruits are immediately placed in a cool place for storage, shifted into a plastic bag (not tying) and covered with a damp natural cloth. The longest cucumbers can be stored at a temperature not exceeding +8 degrees and air humidity of 85-95%.
Possible problems and recommendations
Sometimes when growing cucumbers you may encounter the following problems:
- Falling ovary. Fruits, not having time to grow, turn yellow and showered, which may be due to low air temperature, very high humidity or a lack of dressings. Adjust these indicators and everything will be fine.
- Yellowing and drying of the leaves in the process of plant growth. The problem is associated with a lack of nitrogen, which can be corrected by feeding with any nitrogen-containing fertilizer.
- Withering fruits and shoots of the plant. This can be a sign of damage to the root system of the plant, which can no longer be cured - the plant will die.
- The absence of the ovary on many flowers. The reason - strong heat, excess nitrogen. Adjust the dressing mode to avoid this problem.
Characteristics and characteristics of the variety
For the earliest plantings on the window sill, select the most early ripening hybrid forms, to which the April F1 cucumber belongs. This hybrid form is ideal for growing as a room culture, as well as on balconies. Plant with an average weight. The length of green leaves is 15-25 cm.
The surface is large, white-sided. Pubescence complex, rare. The form is cylindrical. Pulp without bitterness. The average weight of marketable greens does not exceed 200-250 g. Zelentsy are not prone to yellowing and significant growth. Characterized by the presence of a hybrid complex resistance to major diseases. Resistant to olive blotch, common cucumber mosaic virus, tolerant to root rot.
The value of the hybrid form "April f1" is the harmonious formation of the harvest during the first month of fruiting. Yields in the first phase of the growing season with proper care reach 7-13 kg / sq. m. The best fruiting was observed in the presence of insect pollinators and early planting, which allows increasing the yield by about 25-30%.
Presowing seed preparation
The planting material of cucumbers "April f1" is distributed by several seed companies and agrofirms. The original seeds are produced by the seed and seed company Manul. The quality and quantity of seeds should always comply with GOST R 52171-2003. Pre-seed preparation consists of the following successive events:
- sorting and selecting the best quality seeds,
- seed heating process,
- prophylactic treatment or disinfection of seeds,
- seed germination followed by hardening.
For disinfection, potassium permanganate is most often used, the crystals of which should be diluted in warm water at the rate of 10 g per liter of water. In such a slightly pink solution, the seeds are placed for 30 minutes, after which the seeds are thoroughly washed under running water. For dry disinfection, you can use drugs such as "NIUIF-2" or "TMTD." It is advisable to conduct additional seed treatment with special biostimulants that improve growth and accelerate the development of plants.
Cucumber "April f1" allowed for cultivation in the Northern, Central, Central Black Earth, Middle Volga, North-West, Volgo-Vyatka and North-Caucasian regions of Russia. The best yield of this vegetable shows when grown in greenhouse conditions. The density of planting cucumbers on the ridges of closed ground should not exceed 2.5-3 plants per square meter. Planting cucumbers can be carried out by seeds and seedlings.
An excellent alternative to purchased vegetables is the April f1 cucumber grown at home. However, there are some subtleties of planting hybrid cucumbers in the apartment or on the balcony. In a wide flower pot filled with soil mixture for vegetable crops, it is necessary to plant the seeds that have undergone preplant preparation, and then cover the pots with film. Cucumbers are best planted for 2-3 pieces. seed in each pot.
It is recommended to pinch the central shoot at the very top of the trellis construction, and to pinch the side shoots over the third or fourth node. It is necessary to carry out the collection of greenberries at least three times a week. Pinching is also an important procedure when growing cucumbers at home.
Characteristics of the variety, yield
The April f1 variety is parthenocarpic, i.e. fruits are formed without pollination. Early-ripe hybrid, suitable for growing in the first months of spring in film greenhouses. Also, the variety has the following positive characteristics:
- undemanding in cultivation,
- calmly endures uncomfortable weather conditions,
- small bushes, medium lash,
- harmonious fruiting, which has a positive effect on the quality and quantity of the crop,
- resistant to most diseases characteristic of cucumbers.
With proper care from one square meter to collect up to 13 kg of greens. The cucumber variety has a drawback: the full growing season is 70 days, and only 30 of them bear fruit. Therefore, gardeners in parallel grow varieties with a longer fruiting period.
Preparation of planting material
"April" - a hybrid of the first generation, so the seeds must be bought every year. Even if the manufacturer produces high-quality goods, planting material still needs preparation. It:
- Calibration. Seeds of unequal sizes are planted separately - in this way, uniformity of shoots in terms is achieved.
- Treatment. Special solutions kill pathogens, increase plant resistance. A solution of pink manganese is suitable, in which the seeds are kept for 15-20 minutes, after which they are washed well.
- Germination. The process accelerates the appearance of the first fruits.
Place for seedlings, conditions
In the room with seedlings can not arrange drafts. The area should be well lit. If the plant is grown on the balcony, you need to monitor the temperature. Sharp fluctuations are destructive for young shoots.
Cucumbers should be planted 30 days before transferring young plants to a permanent place. Seedlings are better to grow in special peat cups. In the center of the tank in a pre-prepared and moistened soil make a recess of 1-1.5 cm. 2-3 seeds are put in a hole and covered with earth. The tray with glasses is placed in a warm place and covered with foil. After the first shoots appear, the material is removed.
Care for young plants
Water the seedlings 2-3 times a week with warm, settled water. Loosening is carried out after each watering, carefully, trying not to injure the roots. The plant begins to harden after 2 weeks after the first shoots. Pallets with crops take out on air or open windows in a room where they stand.
Planting seedlings in open ground
Planted seedlings in open ground, as soon as the plant will be 4-6 of these leaves. The distance between the holes is 50 cm; the depth must be such that the roots of the seedling are freely accommodated in them. The plant together with the pot is placed in a hole and covered with earth. Each planted bush plentifully watered.
Sowing seeds in open ground
The characteristics and the description of the April variety indicate that it can be grown immediately in open ground without the hassle. Planting material is sown on pre-prepared beds 1 m wide. Seeds are buried to a depth of 1.5-2 cm every 40-50 cm. Ridges are covered with a film before germination.
Subtleties of care
The April cucumbers, like other crops, need irrigation, loosening, protection from diseases and pests. The only difference is the short term of the growing season and, accordingly, the care of the plant.
The ground near the bushes should always be wet. In the hot season, to preserve moisture in the soil, mulched sawdust or dry grass is well mulched. The best option for cucumbers would be drip irrigation. This method allows you to supply water directly to the roots in small doses.
The first time fertilizer is applied when transplanting seedlings directly into the wells. The following feeding is given during the formation of shoots. Mineral fertilizers must be alternated with manure, compost. Their introduction is combined with irrigation. The procedure is carried out every 10 days.
Pest and disease prevention
Hybrid "April" resistant to diseases and pests. A plant grown in open ground is more susceptible to the harmful effects of insects. To protect apply various folk and chemicals. Before you spray the cucumber with pesticides, you should read the description and instructions.
Characteristic and description of cucumber April F1
Refers to the early maturing. This means that it can be grown not only in the open field or greenhouse, but also on the windowsill or balcony.
The length of the cylindrical fruit reaches 15 - 26 cm, and the mass of each cucumber ranges from 200 to 260 grams. The surface of its peel is covered with large tubercles, with rare pubescence.
The popularity of this cucumber variety is due to the excellent taste of the fruit, juicy pulp, which does not taste bitter. They can be used not only fresh, but also for preservation or pickling.
Note! Predominantly female flowers that have the ability to self-pollination form on the plant. This increases the yield of cucumbers several times.
Shoots appear in the first 6 days after sowing the seeds in the soil. The vegetation period lasts until the beginning of frosts. In the first phase of the period from 1m2 plot you can collect up to 14 kg of fruit.
April cucumbers have the following advantages:
- Early ripeness and ability to produce high yields.
- Excellent taste.
- Friendly shoots and fruit development.
- Resistance to the development of diseases and damage by pests.
- The possibility of self-pollination.
- Ease of care.
- A slight weight of green mass.
- The need for a minimum amount of fertilizer to feed.
- Universality of use of fruits.
These and other positive properties of April cucumbers contribute to their popularity among gardeners.
Features of growing
The first thing you should pay attention to is that planting density should not exceed 2 - 3 plants per 1 m2. Otherwise, the plants will shade each other, which will lower the yield.
Cucumbers can be planted as seeds and seedlings, as soon as the temperature of the soil reaches 12-14 degrees. This means that the plant will actively develop and give a high yield.
April can be grown on almost any type of soil. The main condition is to ensure its good aeration and drainage.
Important! Cucumbers grow much faster if, before planting seedlings or seedlings, organic fertilizers are applied to the soil, which contribute to the improvement of its structure.
Experienced gardeners do not recommend growing cucumbers at the same place more often than once for 5 years. Otherwise, it is likely that the plants will be very sick.
The optimal soil for cultivation will be the one on which corn, tomatoes or peas grew before.
The cucumber variety April f1 was derived by breeders for growing in greenhouses. But over time, it was successfully tested in open ground and as a pot culture on the balcony. Vegetable growers reviews about this sort of cucumbers are always the most positive. Parthenocarpic properties incorporated in the hybrid, allow plants to lay the ovary without the participation of insects. But it was noticed that with the free access of bees, the April variety f1 harvest significantly improved.
The April cucumber f1 seedlings are sown about a month before the installation of stable heat above + 16-17. During this time, the bushes will have time to form 4-5 true leaves and quite a powerful root. To do this, separate containers with a volume of at least 400 ml are needed. It was noted that the cultivation of cucumbers April f1 in a smaller container adversely affects the development of the root system and the plant as a whole.
Soil mixture is prepared from rotted manure, compost and peat mixed with wood ash.
To avoid many undesirable diseases, cucumber seeds are kept for half an hour in a 1% solution of manganese. Затем их промывают под проточной водой и проращивают 1-2 суток в тепле на влажной салфетке.
The April April f1 hybrid seeds are buried 2-3 cm in the soil and watered with warm water. Before the emergence of the shoots, it is better to cover the container with a film and maintain the temperature of 24-25. Then the film is removed, and the temperature is reduced to 20-21.
Cucumbers came to us from tropical rainforests, so care for this crop is aimed at bringing conditions closer to natural ones. The temperature there is almost always kept within 24-28. Therefore, cucumbers practically stop growing at + 15, and die at temperatures below +10.
To plant seedlings in open ground should not install a stable warm weather, and the shoots must be covered with a film.
The April f1 hybrid has a certain tolerance for weather conditions. Already at 20-22 ℃, it is able to develop and bear fruit, and short-term transfer of decreases to + 16-17. At lower temperatures, it is better to grow April cucumbers f1 in greenhouses.
Soil and fertilizing
The soil should always be moist, warm, light and as saturated as possible with humus. The rotted leaves, sawdust, humus, compost, crushed peat mixed with a garden layer of fertile and sand will create a familiar environment for cucumbers. Organics need to be supplemented with mineral additives: ash 200 g per 1 m², complex granular fertilizers according to the instructions. The depth of root distribution in cucumbers is small, therefore, 30 cm of this soil mixture is sufficient.
Every 10-14 days, the hybrid needs feeding. Good April responds to the alternation of organic (infusion of mullein or bird droppings) and mineral fertilizers.
Forming a bush
April f1 hybrid can be grown without the formation of a bush, as breeders laid a genetically weak branching. But in order to obtain the maximum possible yield of cucumbers, it is better to tie the plants to the trellis and form it in the form of an inverted Christmas tree.
The base of the hybrid bush should be low-off and without side shoots up to 5-6 leaves. This will ensure the planting of cucumbers with normal ventilation and will protect against fungal diseases. The first inflorescences up to the sixth internode are removed, allowing the plant to take root and grow normally.
Further side shoots pinch, first after 2 leaves, following after 3-4. When the main branches of the April cucumbers reach the top of the trellis, they are fixed and cut off the growth point. Thus, you should get a powerful non-crowded bush, able to withstand the difficult fruits of April.
For 1 m² it is better not to plant more than 3-4 plants.
Cucumbers are sensitive to sudden changes in soil moisture, since the root system of plants is on the surface and dries out very quickly.
A thick layer of mulch helps to avoid rapid evaporation of water and creates the necessary microclimate and aeration of the upper layer. For this procedure, chopped straw, rotted sawdust, peat dust will do.
Although the cucumbers are moisture-loving culture, watering is done depending on weather conditions. On cool rainy days, if you overdo it with watering, you can provoke plant rot.
It is especially important to prevent overcooling of the root system of bushes and use only warm water 23-24. On hot days, watering cucumbers is increased to 1-2 times per day, and even better to establish a permanent drip irrigation.
Pests and diseases
The general characteristics of the seed producers indicate that breeders laid in the April cucumber variety f1 resistance to common diseases of this crop:
- Cucumber mosaic virus,
- olive spot,
- tolerant to root rot,
To prevent infection of cucumbers with other diseases and pests, you can use a competent crop rotation and clean the area from weeds and plant residues.
Do not plant two years in a row in one place plants of the pumpkin family.
April cucumbers f1 perfectly feel in the beds after cabbage, legumes, root crops, greens.
In the greenhouses, with the annual cultivation of this crop, it is necessary to replace the soil and treat the entire internal part of the structure with an antiseptic.
Already 45-50 days after sprouting, the April f1 will remove the first sample of crispy cucumbers. Harvest ripen amicably, giving vegetable growers 7-12 kg per m² for the first month. Even in hybrid bushes grown on the balcony, the whole season has a stable fruiting. April cucumbers f1 long overripe, patiently waiting in the wings.
Zelentsy grow slightly spiky, krupnobugorchatye, rich green color with light stripes from the inflorescence. The flesh is tender, fragrant, without bitterness. The fruits of the April cucumbers f1 are rather large, 15-20 cm, but even and fit well into the jar as a whole with conservation. In fresh salads, April cucumbers are also always on top.
Sowing seeds and growing seedlings
It is important to calculate the sowing time.so that the size of the seedlings is optimal. Early planting of seedlings leads to freezing of the plant. Too late planting will delay the time of fruiting. The term of sowing will depend, first of all, from the place of growing cucumbers: in open ground or in a greenhouse. As a rule, cucumbers are planted in heated greenhouses in early March. In film and glazed greenhouses - in the middle of May. In the middle lane, for unheated greenhouses, sowing of seeds is carried out in mid-April, and for soil at the end of April.
Sowing it is desirable to carry out in peat cups into the soil spilled beforehand with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Also, small pots, paper cups, and jars of dairy products are used as containers. Soil is chosen with a high content of peat.
Seeds deepened by 1-2 cmsprinkled with primer. Glasses are placed in a pallet, covered with a film and put in a warm place. After the emergence of seedlings (after 3-4 days), the film is removed, the seedlings are placed on a bright window.
After germination double culling ugly or lagging behind seedlings.
Watering carried out every 2-3 days with separated water. To maintain humidity, it is recommended to put cans of water between the glasses.
At the time of planting in open ground shoots should reach the age of 2-3 weeks and have 3-4 leaves.
When and how to plant "April" cucumbers for seedlings
April - a high-yielding early cucumber hybrid, ideal for canning. The variety is self-pollinating, it can be grown on a windowsill.
Hybrid seeds are usually prepared for planting by the manufacturer. but Many gardeners additionally process seeds. In this case, the planting material is subjected to sorting, heating, etching with a solution of manganese and germination with further hardening.
Seedlings planted on the 20-25 day after germination. The increased cold resistance of this variety allows it to be planted in open ground in mid-May. Therefore, for the timely receipt of seedlings, the seeds should be sown in late April.
Differences cultivation of seedlings varieties "Herman"
Herman - superearly high-yielding variety, adapted both for cultivation in open beds, and in hotbeds. Differs powerful seedlings, poorly tolerated transplant. Sowing of seeds should be carried out in spacious containers, and it will not be difficult to remove the seedlings from them.
Poor resistance to low temperatures allows you to plant plants in open ground only after warming the air to plus 15-20 degrees without sudden drops. The first fruits appear 40 days after germination.
Planting "Chinese" cucumbers for seedlings
Sort characterized by unpretentiousness, yield, long fruits of impressive size, excellent taste indicators. Differs poor germination in the open field, so more often grown seedlings. In addition, the seedling method provides better qualities, such as size and shape.
Seed treatment and planting on seedlings is carried out in a standard way. Seeds planted in pots with a diameter of at least 25 centimeters. Shoots appear after 6-7 days, and sometimes after 2 weeks. The ideal temperature for germination is 32 degrees.
In the open ground Chinese cucumbers planted at the age of 25-30 days when reaching 15-20 cm in height. Under the covering material seedlings are planted in mid-May, and in the ground - in early June.
Sowing seeds in open ground
A good time to plant is April, planting in open ground at this time is possible in regions where there is no threat of return frost.
You must first prepare the soil in the garden. When choosing a place, it is better to give preference to a well-lit area where pumpkin crops were not grown before. Otherwise, the possibility of infection of seedlings with diseases or pests is not excluded.
It is enough to dig up the soil to a depth of 30 cm. The width between the beds should be not less than 70 cm. Humus or peat, compost or any organic fertilizer should be added to a well-excavated soil in the calculation of no more than 4.5 kg per 1 m2. The surface of the beds can be covered with a thin layer of such fertilizer as Agricol for pumpkin crops. This will help disinfect the soil.
Note! The depth of one bed should not be more than 3 cm.
Each bed is recommended to be poured intensively with a hot solution of water in which 2 capsules of a plant growth stimulator, for example, Energen, are dissolved.
Only after that you can begin to sow the seeds. The distance between them in the garden is about 55 - 65 cm. This is enough so that adult plants do not shade each other. Each seed fall asleep approximately 1 - 1, 5 liters of land.
Experienced gardeners are advised not to water the soil after this, but to spray a little black or red hot pepper on it evenly. This technique will prevent the defeat of seeds by ants, and young seedlings - by field mice.
The finished bed is covered with a layer of transparent film. This should be done in case of night frosts.